Craiglockhart Hydropathic

Craiglockhart Hydropathic, now a part of Edinburgh Napier University and known as Craiglockhart Campus, is a building with surrounding grounds in Craiglockhart, Edinburgh, Scotland. As part of a large extension programme by the university in the early 2000s the original building and surrounding campus underwent significant restoration and modernisation as a result many of the original interior features of the building are no longer visible. The exterior of the building has been preserved.

Main front showing the scale of the Hydropathic
View of the side of the campus showing the original Hydropathic building and the newly built Business School.

OriginsEdit

The estate in which the Hydropathic's building lies was sold in 1773 to Alexander Monro, who was second of three generations to be Professor of Anatomy at the University of Edinburgh. It stayed in the Monro family for more than a hundred years.

The Hydropathic and the War HospitalEdit

In 1877, the estate became the property of the Craiglockhart Hydropathic Company, who set about building a hydropathic institute.[1][2] The Hydropathic was built in the Italian style by Architects Peddie & Kinnear.[3] Craiglockhart remained as a hydropathic, until the advent of the First World War.[1][2] Between 1916 and 1919 the building was used as a military psychiatric hospital for the treatment of shell-shocked officers.

Probably the most famous patients of Craiglockhart were the poets Siegfried Sassoon and Wilfred Owen, whose poems appeared in the hospital's own magazine called The Hydra. Wilfred Owen was the editor of the magazine during his stay. Siegfried Sassoon was sent to Craiglockhart, as a response to his "Soldier's Declaration", an anti-war letter. He later wrote about his experiences at the hospital in his semi-autobiographical novel, Sherston's Progress.[4] There is now an area within the building that celebrates the life and work of both Sassoon and Owen and their meeting at Craiglockhart.

The best known of the doctors assigned there was W. H. R. Rivers. The Hospital featured in the 1991 book Regeneration by Pat Barker, and the 1997 film adaptation by the same name, in which the institution was known as Craiglockhart War Hospital.

Later usesEdit

The building then became a convent for the Society of the Sacred Heart, before serving as a Catholic teacher training college.[5] It then passed to the then Napier College, and was used by that institution and its successor, Napier Polytechnic; thus it is now part of Edinburgh Napier University. Much of the old building has been retained, and an extensive new wing has been built behind it to house the Business School.

See alsoEdit

Coordinates: 55°55′05″N 3°14′25″W / 55.91812°N 3.24019°W / 55.91812; -3.24019

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Bradley, James; Dupree, Mageurite; Durie, Alastair (1997). "Taking the Water Cure: The Hydropathic Movement in Scotland, 1840-1940" (PDF). Business and Economic History. 26 (2): 429. Retrieved 17 November 2009.
  2. ^ a b Shifrin, Malcolm (3 October 2008). "Victorian Turkish Baths Directory". Victorian Turkish Baths: Their origin, development, and gradual decline. Retrieved 12 December 2009.
  3. ^ Gifford, John; McWilliam, Colin; Walker, David (1984). The Buildings of Scotland. Edinburgh. Harmondswort, Middlesex: Penguin Books Ltd.
  4. ^ "The War Poets - Siegfried Sassoon". The War Poets at Craiglockhart. Retrieved 5 April 2013.
  5. ^ "Society of the Sacred Heart Provincial Archives". Irish Archives Resource. Retrieved 3 September 2019.

External linksEdit