Covasna (Romanian pronunciation: [koˈvasna] (listen), Hungarian: Kovászna, Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈkovaːsnɒ] (listen), German: Kowasna) is a town in Covasna County, Transylvania, Romania, at an altitude of 550–600 m (1,800–1,970 ft). It is known for its natural mineral waters and mofettas.

Kovászna külvárosi székelykapu.JPG
Coat of arms of Covasna
Location in Covasna County
Location in Covasna County
Covasna is located in Romania
Location in Romania
Coordinates: 45°50′57″N 26°11′7″E / 45.84917°N 26.18528°E / 45.84917; 26.18528Coordinates: 45°50′57″N 26°11′7″E / 45.84917°N 26.18528°E / 45.84917; 26.18528
 • Mayor (2020–2024) József Gyerő[1] (UDMR)
155.11 km2 (59.89 sq mi)
560 m (1,840 ft)
Highest elevation
600 m (2,000 ft)
Lowest elevation
550 m (1,800 ft)
 • Density65/km2 (170/sq mi)
Time zoneEET/EEST (UTC+2/+3)
Postal code
Area code(+40) 02 67
Vehicle reg.CV

The town administers one village, Chiuruș (Hungarian: Csomakőrös). The village has a population of 451 and has an absolute Székely Hungarian majority.

Before Orbaiszék merged with Sepsiszék and Kézdiszék to create Háromszék County, in 1876, Covasna was the capital village of Orbaiszék.

Name originEdit

There are several theories regarding the origin of the city's name, the most recognized one being that it originates from the Slavic kvas, which means "bitter", referring to the taste of the mineral water springs located in the city.[citation needed]

According to Szabó Gyula (1914–1984), some legends suggest that the name of Kovászna might have been the result of a fusion between the name of "" and the word "vászon" (it means canvas in Hungarian), thus meaning "Kó's canvas". Theories suggest that the individual of "" might have been a knight, a craftsman or even the last monarch of the Fairies Fortress.[citation needed]


According to the 2011 census, Covasna has 10,265 inhabitants, of which 7,549 or 66.4% are Hungarians and 3,672 or 32.3% are Romanians.

Demographic movement according to the censuses:


  • 1548 – First mentioned as Kowazna.
  • 1567 – Mentioned in a document, as a prestigious locality, having 61 registered homes.
  • 1756 – Gets destroyed by conflagration.
  • 1840 – Gets the right to hold its own market.
  • 1880 – Covasna has flourished as a health resort since the 1880s.
  • 1837, 1856, 1885 – The Pokolsár [hu] ( in Romanian: Balta Dracului; in English: Devil's Lake) mud volcano erupts.
  • 1889–91 – the Covasna–Comandău narrow-gauge railway is built
  • 1952 – Covasna became a town.
  • 1970's – Several hotels and cure centers were built in Covasna.
  • 1996 – Forest fire in the Fairie's Valley.
  • 2000's – Covasna is a nationally important spa town in Romania, having an important cardiovascular hospital.

International relationsEdit

Twin towns – Sister citiesEdit

Covasna is twinned with:


The Hungarian explorer and linguist Sándor Kőrösi Csoma was born in Chiuruș/Csomakőrös in 1784. Kőrösi is widely seen as the founder of Tibetology, he was the compiler and author of the first Tibetan-English dictionary and grammar book. He died in Darjeeling, India in 1842.

A statue in his honour was erected in the centre of the village in 1972 and there is an exhibition in the cultural centre.


  1. ^ "Results of the 2020 local elections". Central Electoral Bureau. Retrieved 10 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Populaţia stabilă pe judeţe, municipii, oraşe şi localităti componenete la RPL_2011" (XLS). National Institute of Statistics.

External linksEdit