Court Riding Arena

The Court Riding Arena (Russian: Придворный манеж) is an historic building in Pushkin, Saint Petersburg that was once used as riding hall by the Russian Imperial family and court.

Court Riding Arena
Придворный манеж
Пушкин. Придворный манеж01.jpg
General information
Architectural styleNeoclassical
LocationPushkin
Address16 Sadovaya Street [ru]
Coordinates59°42′53″N 30°24′21″E / 59.714694°N 30.405929°E / 59.714694; 30.405929
Construction started1786
Completed1819
Design and construction
Architect(s)I. V. Neelov, Vasily Stasov

The riding hall was built in 1786, and rebuilt in 1819. It is listed as an object of cultural heritage.[1] The building is located on 16 Sadovaya Street [ru].

HistoryEdit

The first structure on the site was a wooden building erected in the middle of the 18th century by Savva Chevakinsky. It was replaced by a stone building built in 1786-1788 by I. V. Neelov. The building quickly deteriorated. Vasily Stasov, who was entrusted with repairs, instead decided on a complete rebuilding, retaining only part of the walls and increasing the size of the building. Rebuilding was completed by November 1819.

From September 1820, it was used as a riding hall by the Imperial court. It was intended for horse exercises by the officers of the retinue and the imperial convoy, and also by regiments of the Imperial Guard, which were quartered in Tsarskoye Selo.[2][3]

After the October Revolution, the arena was used as a People's Theater, where, among others, Feodor Chaliapin performed. It later housed mechanical workshops. In 1949, a gym was built there.

Today the court arena hosts sporting events. Restoration was carried out in 1951 and in 2010.[2]

ArchitectureEdit

The court arena is an extended one-story building. In the center is a Doric portico of eight columns, grouped in pairs. This has been preserved from Neelov's design, although Stasov reduced the height of the pediment.

On the ends of the longitudinal facades are loggias.[4] The windows after the restructuring of Stasov became semi-circular, lacking platbands. At the front facades, attics were constructed, but they no longer exist. The facades are decorated with a frieze with triglyphs.[2][3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Постановление Правительства РФ от 10.07.2001 № 527 о Перечне объектов исторического и культурного наследия Федерального (Общероссийского) значения, находящиеся в г. Санкт-Петербурге.
  2. ^ a b c "Садовая 16. Придворный манеж". Энциклопедия Царского Села. Retrieved 30 June 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Придворный манеж". citywalls.ru. Retrieved 30 June 2018.
  4. ^ Route 34 Corridor from the U.S. Routes 60/21 Intersection in Carter County to the Routes 34/72 Intersection in Cape Girardeau County, Carter, Reynolds, Wayne, Bollinger, and Cape Girardeau Counties: Environmental Impact Statement. 2008.

SourcesEdit