County of Bigorre
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The county was constituted out of the dowry of Faquilène, an Aquitainian princess, for her husband Donatus Lupus I, the son of Lupus III of Gascony. The original Bigorre was considerable in size, but successive generations, following on Gascon traditions, gave out portions as appanages to younger sons. The county lost Lavedan, Aster, Aure, and Montaner in the first two generations.
The original Gascon dynasty, probably descended from Lupus II of Gascony, died out in Bigorre in the 11th century, the county passing to the House of Foix and then that of Béarn. In the 12th century, it went to the house of Marsan and then of Comminges and in the thirteenth to that of Montfort. It was briefly in the hands of the Armagnacs and passed between English and French suzerainty during the Hundred Years' War before finally being recovered by the French. In the 15th century, it fell to the House of Foix again and thence to the crown in an exchange of properties.
List of counts of BigorreEdit
House of GasconyEdit
Until 1251, probably all counts of Bigorre descended from the Ducal House of Gascony.
|Donatus Lupus I||840-?||Bigorre line||Donat descended agnatically from Lupo III Centule of Gascony.|
|Lupus I||?-910||Bigorre line||Son of the predecessor.|
|Donatus Lupus II||910-930||Bigorre line||Son of the predecessor.|
|Raymond I Donatus||930-?||Bigorre line||Son of the predecessor.|
|Arnold||?-980||Bigorre line||Son of the predecessor.|
|García Lupus||980-1030||Bigorre line||Son of the predecessor.|
|Gersenda||1030-1038||Bigorre line||Daughter of the predecessor, married Bernard, who descended agnatically from Aznar Sánchez of Gascony.|
|Bernard I Roger||1030-1034||Foix line|
|Bernard II||1038-1077||Foix line||Son of the predecessors.|
|Raymond II||1077-1080||Foix line||Son of the predecessor.|
|Beatrice I||1080-1095||Foix line||Sister of the predecessor, married Centule, who descended agnatically from Lupo III Centule of Gascony.|
|Centule I the Young||1080-1090||Béarn line|
|Bernard III||1095-1113||Béarn line||Son of the predecessors.|
|Centule II||1113-1130||Béarn line||Son of the predecessor.|
|Beatrice II||1130-1156||Béarn line||Daughter of the predecessor, married Peter, who descended agnatically from Sancho IV Garcés of Gascony.|
|Peter I||Marsan line|
|Centule III||1156-1178||Marsan line||Son of the predecessors.|
|Stephanie-Beatrice III||1178-1194||Marsan line||Daughter of the predecessor, married Bernard, who descended agnatically from Aznar Sánchez of Gascony. They were separated in 1192|
|Bernard IV of Comminges||1180-1192||Comminges line|
|Petronilla||1194-1251||Comminges line||Daughter of the predecessors, in her long countship she married various nobles:|
House of MontfortEdit
- 1251 – 1256 Alice with her second husband
- 1251-1256 Raoul of Courtenay
House of ChabanaisEdit
After this point the succession became disputed and whether the county owes allegiance to England or France was also fought over. In 1360, the Treaty of Brétigny made it decisively French. In 1407, it belonged to Bernard VII of Armagnac, who sold it that year to John I, Count of Foix. From then on it is a subsidiary title of the counts of Foix.