Union Council of Ministers
The Union Council of Ministers exercises executive authority in the Republic of India. It consists of senior ministers, called 'cabinet ministers', junior ministers, called 'ministers of state' and, rarely, deputy ministers.
It is led by the Prime Minister. A smaller executive body called the Union Cabinet is the supreme decision-making body in India. Only the prime minister and ministers of the rank of cabinet minister are members of Union Cabinet in accordance with Article 75.
Pursuant to Article 75(3), the Council of Ministers is responsible collectively to the lower house of the Indian parliament, called the Lok Sabha (House of the People). When a bill introduced by a minister in the Lok Sabha is not approved by it, the entire council of ministers is responsible and not the minister. The council of ministers upon losing confidence of Lok Sabha shall resign to facilitate new government formation.
A minister shall not take any decision without being considered by the council of ministers per Article 78(c). All union cabinet members shall submit in writing to the President to propose proclamation of emergency by the president in accordance with Article 352.
According to the Constitution of India, the total number of ministers in the council of ministers must not exceed 15% of the total number of members of the Lok Sabha. Ministers must be members of parliament. Any minister who is not a member of either of the houses of the parliament for six consecutive months is automatically stripped off his or her ministerial post.
There are five categories of the council of ministers as given below, in descending order of rank:
- Prime Minister
- Deputy prime minister (if any); presides as prime minister in his absence or as the senior most cabinet minister.
- Cabinet minister: member of cabinet; leads a ministry.
- Minister of state (independent charge): junior minister not reporting to a cabinet minister.
- Minister of state (MoS): deputy minister reporting to a cabinet minister, usually tasked with a specific responsibility in that ministry.
Council of Ministers of a State
Every state in India is governed by its council of ministers with rules and procedures similar to union council of ministers per Articles 163, 164 and 167(c). There is no concept of cabinet rank minister in the council of ministers.
Current Union Council of Ministers
Council portfolios are as follows:
India cabinet ministers information-2019
Ministers of State (Independent Charge)
Ministers of State
|Faggan Singh Kulaste||BJP||Minister of State in the Ministry of Steel.|
|Ashwini Kumar Choubey||BJP||Minister of State in the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.|
|Arjun Ram Meghwal||BJP||Minister of State in the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises.|
|General (Retd.) V. K. Singh||BJP||Minister of State in the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways.|
|Krishan Pal||BJP||Minister of State in the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.|
|Danve Raosaheb Dadarao||BJP||Minister of State in the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution.|
|G. Kishan Reddy||BJP||Minister of State in the Ministry of Home Affairs|
|Parshottam Rupala||BJP||Minister of State in the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.|
|Ramdas Athawale||RPI(A)||Minister of State in the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.|
|Sadhvi Niranjan Jyoti||BJP||Minister of State in the Ministry of Rural Development.|
|Babul Supriyo||BJP||Minister of State in the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.|
|Sanjeev Kumar Balyan||BJP||Minister of State in the Ministry of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries.|
|Dhotre Sanjay Shamrao||BJP||Minister of State in the Ministry of Human Resource Development; Minister of State in the Ministry of Communications; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology.|
|Anurag Singh Thakur||BJP||Minister of State in the Ministry of Finance; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Corporate Affairs.|
|Angadi Suresh Channabasappa||BJP||Minister of State in the Ministry of Railways.|
|Nityanand Rai||BJP||Minister of State in the Ministry of Home Affairs.|
|Rattan Lal Kataria||BJP||Minister of State in the Ministry of Jal Shakti; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.|
|V. Muraleedharan||BJP||Minister of State in the Ministry of External Affairs; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs.|
|Renuka Singh Saruta||BJP||Minister of State in the Ministry of Tribal Affairs.|
|Som Parkash||BJP||Minister of State in the Ministry of Commerce and Industry.|
|Rameswar Teli||BJP||Minister of State in the Ministry of Food Processing Industries.|
|Pratap Chandra Sarangi||BJP||Minister of State in the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries.|
|Kailash Choudhary||BJP||Minister of State in the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.|
|Debasree Chaudhuri||BJP||Minister of State in the Ministry of Women and Child Development.|
- Wikisource:Constitution of India/Part V#Article 74 .7BCouncil of Ministers to aid and advise President.7D
- Wikisource:Constitution of India/Part XVIII
- Rajendran, S. (13 July 2012). "Of Deputy Chief Ministers and the Constitution". The Hindu. Bangalore. ISSN 0971-751X. OCLC 13119119. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
- "Origin and Scope of Doctrine of Pleasure in India". Retrieved 7 May 2016.
- "Who Gets What: Cabinet Portfolios Announced. Full List Here". NDTV.com. Retrieved 31 May 2019.