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The Union Council of Ministers exercises executive authority in the Republic of India.[1] It consists of senior ministers, called "Cabinet Ministers", junior ministers, called "Ministers of State" and deputy ministers.

It is led by the Prime Minister. A smaller executive body, called the Union Cabinet is the supreme decision-making body in India.[2] Only the Prime Minister and ministers of the rank of "Cabinet Minister" are members of Union Cabinet as per Article 352.

Contents

RegulationsEdit

Per Article 75(3), the Council of Ministers is responsible collectively to the lower house of the Indian Parliament, called the Lok Sabha (House of People).[1] When a bill introduced by a minister in the Lok sabha is not approved by it, entire council of ministers is responsible and not the minister. The council of ministers upon losing confidence of Lok Sabha shall resign to facilitate new government formation.

A minister shall not take any decision without being considered by the council of ministers per Article 78(c). All union cabinet members shall submit in writing to the President to propose proclamation of emergency by the president per Article 352.

According to the Constitution of India, the total number of ministers in the Council of Ministers must not exceed 15% of the total number of members of the House of the People. Ministers must be members of parliament. Any minister who is not a member of either the lower or upper houses of parliament for six consecutive months is automatically stripped off his or her ministerial post.[1]

RankingEdit

There are five categories of council of ministers as given below, in descending order of rank:

  • Prime Minister
  • Deputy Prime Minister (if any): presides as Prime Minister in his absence or as the senior most cabinet minister.
  • Cabinet Minister: member of cabinet; leads a ministry
  • Minister of State (Independent Charges): junior minister not reporting to a cabinet minister
  • Minister of State (MoS): junior minister reporting to a cabinet minister, usually tasked with a specific responsibility in that ministry

AppointmentEdit

Per Article 75, a minister who works at the pleasure of President, is appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister.

RemovalEdit

  • Upon self resignation
  • Upon dismissal by the President for minister's unconstitutional acts per Article 75(2).[3]
  • Upon direction from the Judiciary for committing violation of law.
  • Upon ceasing eligibility to be a member of Parliament.

Council of Ministers of a StateEdit

Every state in India is governed by its council of ministers with rules and procedure similar to union council of ministers per Articles 163, 164 and 167(c). There is no concept of cabinet rank minister in the council of ministers.

Current Union Council of MinistersEdit

As a collective, each successive Council of Ministers is referred to as a cabinet. The current cabinet is led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who took office on 26 May 2014.

Cabinet MinistersEdit

Source:[4][5][6]
Key

India cabinet ministers information-2014

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
Prime Minister
Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions
Department of Atomic Energy
Department of Space
All important policy issues and all other portfolios not allocated to any Minister.
  Narendra Modi 26 May 2014 Incumbent BJP  
Minister of Home Affairs   Rajnath Singh 26 May 2014 Incumbent BJP  
Minister of External Affairs   Sushma Swaraj 26 May 2014 Incumbent BJP  
Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs   Sushma Swaraj 26 May 2014 7 January 2016 BJP This Ministry was merged with Ministry of External Affairs
Minister of Finance
Minister of Corporate Affairs
  Arun Jaitley 26 May 2014 Incumbent BJP  
Minister of Defence   Arun Jaitley 26 May 2014 9 November 2014 BJP  
  Manohar Parrikar 9 November 2014 13 March 2017 BJP  
  Arun Jaitley 13 March 2017 3 September 2017 BJP  
  Nirmala Sitharaman 3 September 2017 Incumbent BJP  
Minister of Information and Broadcasting   Prakash Javadekar 26 May 2014 9 November 2014 BJP [7]
  Arun Jaitley 9 November 2014 5 July 2016 BJP  
  Venkaiah Naidu 5 July 2016 17 July 2017 BJP [8]
  Smriti Irani 18 July 2017 Incumbent BJP [9]
Minister of Railways   D. V. Sadananda Gowda 26 May 2014 9 November 2014 BJP  
  Suresh Prabhu 9 November 2014 3 September 2017 BJP  
  Piyush Goyal 3 September 2017 Incumbent BJP  
Minister of Urban Development
Minister of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation
  Venkaiah Naidu 26 May 2014 17 July 2017 BJP  
  Narendra Singh Tomar 18 July 2017 3 September 2017 BJP Currently Minister of state in charge
Minister of Road Transport and Highways
Minister of Shipping
  Nitin Gadkari 26 May 2014 Incumbent BJP  
Minister of Law and Justice   Ravi Shankar Prasad 26 May 2014 9 November 2014 BJP  
  D.V. Sadananda Gowda 9 November 2014 5 July 2016 BJP  
  Ravi Shankar Prasad 5 July 2016 Incumbent BJP  
Minister of Electronics and Information Technology   Ravi Shankar Prasad 26 May 2014 3 September 2017 BJP  
  Alphons Kannanthanam 3 September 2017 Incumbent BJP  
Minister of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation   Uma Bharati 26 May 2014 3 September 2017 BJP  
  Nitin Gadkari 3 September 2017 Incumbent BJP  
Minister of Drinking Water and Sanitation   Gopinath Munde 26 May 2014 3 June 2014 BJP  
  Nitin Gadkari 4 June 2014 9 November 2014 BJP  
  Chaudhary Birender Singh 9 November 2014 5 July 2016 BJP  
  Narendra Singh Tomar 5 July 2016 3 September 2017 BJP  
  Uma Bharati 3 September 2017 Incumbent BJP  
Minister of Minority Affairs   Najma A. Heptulla 26 May 2014 12 July 2016 BJP  
  Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi 12 July 2016 Incumbent BJP
Minister of Rural Development
Minister of Panchayati Raj
  Gopinath Munde 26 May 2014 3 June 2014[†] BJP  
  Nitin Gadkari 4 June 2014 9 November 2014 BJP [10]
  Birender Singh 9 November 2014 5 July 2016 BJP [11]
  Narendra Singh Tomar 5 July 2016 Incumbent BJP  
Minister of Mines   Narendra Singh Tomar 27 May 2014 5 July 2016 BJP  
  Piyush Goyal 6 July 2016 3 September 2017 BJP Minister of state was responsible
  Narendra Singh Tomar 3 September 2017 Incumbent BJP  
Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution   Ram Vilas Paswan 26 May 2014 Incumbent LJP  
Minister of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises   Kalraj Mishra 26 May 2014 31 August 2017 BJP Currently Minister of state in charge
Minister of Women and Child Development   Maneka Gandhi 26 May 2014 Incumbent BJP  
Minister of Parliamentary Affairs   Venkaiah Naidu 26 May 2014 5 July 2016 BJP  
  Ananth Kumar 5 July 2016 Incumbent BJP  
Minister of Chemicals and Fertilizers   Ananth Kumar 26 May 2014 Incumbent BJP  
Minister of Civil Aviation   Ashok Gajapathi Raju Pusapati 26 May 2014 Incumbent TDP  
Minister of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises   Anant Geete 26 May 2014 Incumbent Shiv Sena  
Minister of Food Processing Industries   Harsimrat Kaur Badal 26 May 2014 Incumbent SAD  
Minister of Steel   Narendra Singh Tomar 26 May 2014 5 July 2016 BJP  
  Chaudhary Birender Singh 5 July 2016 Incumbent BJP  
Minister of Labour and Employment   Bandaru Dattatreya 26 May 2014 9 November 2014 BJP Currently Minister of state in charge
Minister of Tribal Affairs   Jual Oram 26 May 2014 Incumbent BJP  
Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare   Radha Mohan Singh 26 May 2014 Incumbent BJP  
Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment   Thawar Chand Gehlot 26 May 2014 Incumbent BJP  
Minister of Human Resource Development   Smriti Irani 26 May 2014 5 July 2016 BJP  
  Prakash Javadekar 5 July 2016 Incumbent BJP [8]
Minister of Science and Technology   Harsh Vardhan 9 November 2014 Incumbent BJP  
Minister Of Health and Family Welfare   Harsh Vardhan 4 June 2014 9 November 2014 BJP  
  Jagat Prakash Nadda 9 November 2014 Incumbent BJP [12]
Minister of Textiles   Smriti Irani 5 July 2016 Incumbent BJP  
Minister of Statistics and Programme Implementation   Rao Inderjit Singh 26 May 2014 9 November 2014 BJP Minister of state was responsible
  V K Singh 9 November 2014 5 July 2016 BJP Minister of state was responsible
  D. V. Sadananda Gowda 5 July 2016 Incumbent BJP  
Minister Of Commerce and Industry   Nirmala Sitharaman 26 May 2014 3 September 2017 BJP Minister of state was responsible
  Suresh Prabhu 3 September 2017 Incumbent BJP  
Minister Of Coal   Piyush Goyal 26 May 2014 3 September 2017 BJP Minister of state was responsible
  Piyush Goyal 3 September 2017 Incumbent BJP  
Minister Of Petroleum and Natural Gas   Dharmendra Pradhan 26 May 2014 3 September 2017 BJP Minister of state was responsible
  Dharmendra Pradhan 3 September 2017 Incumbent BJP  

Ministers of State (Independent Charge)Edit

Minister Party Portfolio
Rao Inderjit Singh Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Planning; and

Minister of State in the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers

Santosh Kumar Gangwar Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Labour and Employment
Shripad Yasso Naik Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH)
Dr. Jitendra Singh Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region; Minister of State in the Prime Minister’s Office; Minister of State in the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions; Minister of State in the Department of Atomic Energy; and Minister of State in the Department of Space
Dr. Mahesh Sharma Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Culture; and

Minister of State in the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.

Giriraj Singh Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises.
Manoj Sinha Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Communications; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Railways.
Col. Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.
R. K. Singh Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Power; and Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy.
Hardeep Singh Puri Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.
Alphons Kannanthanam Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Tourism; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology.

Ministers of StateEdit

Minister Party Portfolio
Vijay Goel Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.
Pon Radhakrishnan Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Finance; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Shipping.
S.S. Ahluwalia Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation.
Ramesh Jigajinagi Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation.
Ramdas Athawale Republican Party of India (A) Minister of State in the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
Vishnu Deo Sai Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Steel.
Ram Kripal Yadav Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Rural Development.
Hansraj Ahir Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Home Affairs.
Haribhai Parthibhai Chaudhary Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Mines; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Coal.
Rajen Gohain Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Railways.
General (Retd.) V. K. Singh Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of External Affairs.
Parsottambhai Rupala Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare; and

Minister of State in the Ministry of Panchayati Raj.

Jayant Sinha Bharatiya Janata Party Civil Aviation
Krishan Pal Gurjar Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
Jasvantsinh Sumanbhai Bhabhor Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Tribal Affairs.
Shiv Pratap Shukla Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Finance.
Ashwini Kumar Choubey Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
Sudarshan Bhagat Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Tribal Affairs.
Kiren Rijiju Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Home Affairs.
Upendra Kushwaha Rashtriya Lok Samta Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Human Resource Development.
Dr. Virendra Kumar Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Women and Child Development; and

Minister of State in the Ministry of Minority Affairs.

Anupriya Patel Apna Dal (Sonelal) Minister of State in the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare
M. J. Akbar Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of External Affairs.
Anant Kumar Hegde Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship.
Sadhvi Niranjan Jyoti Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Food Processing Industries.
Y. S. Chowdary Telugu Desam Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Science and Technology; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Earth Sciences.
Jayant Sinha Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Civil Aviation.
Babul Supriyo Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises.
Arjun Ram Meghwal Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation.
Vijay Sampla Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
Ajay Tamta Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Textiles.
Krishna Raj Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.
Chhotu Ram Chaudhary Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
P. P. Chaudhary Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Law and Justice; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Corporate Affairs.
Dr. Subhash Ramrao Bhamre Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Defence.
Gajendra Singh Shekhawat Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.
Dr. Satya Pal Singh Bharatiya Janata Party Minister of State in the Ministry of Human Resource Development; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Wikisource:Constitution of India/Part V#Article 74 .7BCouncil of Ministers to aid and advise President.7D
  2. ^ Wikisource:Constitution of India/Part XVIII
  3. ^ "Origin and Scope of Doctrine of Pleasure in India". Retrieved 7 May 2016. 
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-12-10. Retrieved 2014-12-10. 
  5. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Full-list-PM-Modis-new-look-Cabinet/articleshow/53067400.cms%7CFull Archived 2014-12-12 at the Wayback Machine. list: PM Modi's new-look Cabinet
  6. ^ "President of India allocates portfolios of the Council of Ministers". Press Information Bureau. 3 September 2017. Retrieved 3 September 2017. 
  7. ^ "Shri Prakash Javadekar assumes charge as Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Information & Broadcasting". Press Information Bureau. 27 May 2014. Archived from the original on 27 August 2017. Retrieved 6 July 2016. 
  8. ^ a b "Smriti Irani out of HRD, Venkaiah Naidu gets I&B ministry". Indian Express. New Delhi. 5 July 2016. Archived from the original on 5 July 2016. Retrieved 5 July 2016. 
  9. ^ "Smriti Irani gets I&B ministry, NS Tomar given urban development ministry". 18 July 2017. Archived from the original on 12 December 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2017. 
  10. ^ "Nitin Gadkari given additional charge of portfolios held by Gopinath Munde". The Indian Express. Archived from the original on 2014-06-06. 
  11. ^ "Modi Cabinet rejig: Manohar Parrikar new Defence Minister, Suresh Prabhu gets Railways". Zee News. Archived from the original on 2014-11-12. 
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-12-12. Retrieved 2014-12-14. 


See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit