Council for National Policy

The Council for National Policy (CNP) is an umbrella organization and networking group for conservative and Republican activists in the United States. It was launched in 1981 during the Reagan administration by Tim LaHaye and the Christian right, to "bring more focus and force to conservative advocacy".[1][2][3] The membership list for September 2020 was later leaked, showing that members included prominent Republicans and conservatives, wealthy entrepreneurs, and media proprietors, together with anti-abortion and anti-Islamic extremists. Members are instructed not to reveal their membership or even name the group.[4]

Council for National Policy
TypePublic policy think tank

The CNP has been described by The New York Times as "a little-known club of a few hundred of the most powerful conservatives in the country", who meet three times yearly behind closed doors at undisclosed locations for a confidential conference.[5] The Nation has called it a secretive organization that "networks wealthy right-wing donors together with top conservative operatives to plan long-term movement strategy".[6] The organization has been described by Anne Nelson as a "pluto-theocracy" (plutocracy/theocracy).[7]

Meetings and membership edit

About the CNP, Marc Ambinder of ABC News said: "The group wants to be the conservative version of the Council on Foreign Relations." The CNP was founded in 1981. Among its founding members were: Tim LaHaye, then the head of the Moral Majority, Nelson Bunker Hunt, T. Cullen Davis, William Cies, Howard Phillips,[8] and Paul Weyrich.[9]

Members of the CNP have included General John Singlaub, shipping magnate J. Peter Grace, Edwin Feulner of The Heritage Foundation, Rev. Pat Robertson of the Christian Broadcasting Network, Jerry Falwell, U.S. Senator Trent Lott, Southern Baptist Convention activists and retired Texas Court of Appeals Judge Paul Pressler, lawyer and paleoconservative activist Michael Peroutka,[10] Reverend Paige Patterson,[11] Senator Don Nickles, former United States Attorneys General Edwin Meese and John Ashcroft, gun-rights activist Larry Pratt, Colonel Oliver North, Steve Bannon, Kellyanne Conway, philanthropist Elsa Prince (mother of Blackwater founder and former CEO Erik Prince and Trump Administration Secretary of Education Betsy Devos), Leonard Leo, and [1] Virginia Thomas (wife of Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas).[1] Former California State Assemblyman Steve Baldwin was CNP's executive director from 2000 to 2008.[12] Conservative attorney Cleta Mitchell sits on the board of governors for the organization.[13]

Membership is by invitation only. The organization's membership list is considered "strictly confidential". Guests may attend "only with the unanimous approval of the executive committee." Members are instructed not to refer to the organization by name to protect against leaks.[5] The New York Times political writer David D. Kirkpatrick suggested that the organization's secrecy since its founding was intended to insulate it "from what its members considered the liberal bias of the news media."[2]

CNP's meetings are closed to the general public, reportedly to allow for a free-flowing exchange of ideas. The group meets three times per year.[14] This policy is said to be similar to the long-held policy of the Council on Foreign Relations, to which the CNP has at times been compared. CNP's 501(c)(3) tax-exempt status was revoked by the IRS in 1992 on grounds that it was not an organization run for the public benefit. The group successfully challenged this ruling in federal court. A quarterly journal aimed at educating the public, promised in the wake of this incident, has not substantially materialized. The organization has a website that contains many policy speeches from past gatherings (covering the years from 2013 up to the present).[15]

While those involved in the organization are almost entirely from the United States, their organizations and influence cover the globe, both religiously and politically. Members include corporate executives,[16] legislators[16] former high ranking government officers,[16] leaders of 'think tanks'[16] dedicated to molding society and those whom many view as "Christian leadership".[16]

In May 2016, the Southern Poverty Law Center released a leaked copy of the membership directory for 2014.[17][18]

A membership list for September 2020, leaked a year later, revealed that members, who could attend meetings together, included elite Republicans, wealthy entrepreneurs, media proprietors and pillars of the US conservative movement, and anti-abortion and anti-Islamic extremists. It was reported that members of the secretive CNP are instructed not to reveal their affiliation or even name the group.[4][19]

The leaked September 2020 list of members included:[4]

†: on the list of organizations designated by the Southern Poverty Law Center as hate groups

Conferences and political plans edit

Leading members of the CNP voted in a meeting at the Grand America Hotel in Salt Lake City, on September 29, 2007, to consider launching a third party candidate if the 2008 Republican nominee were pro-choice. (The candidacy of former New York City Mayor Rudy Giuliani, who held liberal opinions on social issues such as abortion, gay rights and gun ownership, had disturbed the Christian right.) The CNP's statement read, "If the Republican Party nominates a pro-abortion candidate, we will consider running a third-party candidate." Attending the meeting were notable social conservatives, including James Dobson, Richard Viguerie, Tony Perkins and Morton Blackwell.[24][25]

CNP has membership links to the Committee for the Free World, whose many other members included, among others, some members of the Unification Church of the United States, some Republican Party leaders, and counter-revolutionaries in Latin America, particularly during the 1980s.[26]Midge Decter served as Executive Director of its committee.[27][28][29] Other members included Jeane Kirkpatrick, Leszek Kołakowski, Irving Kristol, Melvin J. Lasky, Seymour M. Lipset, Donald Rumsfeld, Tom Stoppard and George Will. Eugene V. Rostow, then serving as Director of the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency under President Ronald Reagan, was a speaker at a CFW event on Poland.[30]

CNP's membership also overlaps significantly with that of the Arlington Group, a coalition of conservative Christian organizations which spearheaded ballot initiatives banning gay marriage in thirty-two states in the 2000s;[31][32][33] and with the second, third and fourth iterations of the Committee on the Present Danger.[citation needed]

In his June 1997 speech at a CNP meeting in Montreal, Quebec, then president of the National Citizens' Coalition, Stephen Harper—who later served as the prime minister of Canada from 2006 to 2015—said that the American "conservative movement, is a light and an inspiration to people [of Canada] and across the world."[34]

In 1999, a speech given to the CNP by Republican candidate George W. Bush is credited with helping him gain the support of conservatives in his successful bid for the United States Presidency in 2000. The content of the speech has never been released by the CNP or by Bush.[35]

In February 2007, the organization planned to be involved in the 2008 presidential election campaign and actively sought candidate that would represent their views. U.S. Vice President Dick Cheney[36] and former Massachusetts governor Mitt Romney[37] spoke at a four-day conference that the council held in Salt Lake City, Utah, during the last week of September 2007. The Council for National Policy scheduled a conference in late October 2007; other than Giuliani, most Republican presidential candidates pledged to appear.[38]

On August 21, 2020, President Trump attended a CNP meeting where he gave a speech.[39]

In a October 14, 2020, Washington Post article, which described the CNP as a "little-known group that has served for decades as a hub for a nationwide network of conservative activists and the donors who support them", one of the attendees of the August 2020 meeting in Arlington, warned of plans by Democrats to "steal this election". He said that, "if they get away with that, what happens? Democracy is finished because they usher in totalitarianism."[1]

Leadership edit

CNP was founded in 1981 by Southern Baptist pastor Tim LaHaye, author of The Battle for the Mind (1980) and the Left Behind series of books. Other early participants have included W. Cleon Skousen, a theologian within the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and founder of the Freemen Institute; Paul Weyrich; Phyllis Schlafly; Robert Grant; Howard Phillips, a former Republican affiliated with the Constitution Party; Richard Viguerie, the direct-mail specialist; and Morton Blackwell, a Louisiana and Virginia activist who is considered a specialist on the rules of the Republican Party.[40][41][42]

The council's first executive director was Woody Jenkins; later, Morton Blackwell and Bob Reccord served in this role. Organization presidents have included Nelson Bunker Hunt of Dallas, Amway co-founder Richard DeVos of Michigan, Pat Robertson of Virginia Beach, retired Judge Paul Pressler of Houston, former Reagan Cabinet secretaries Edwin Meese and Donald Hodel, former Reagan advisor and President of the Intercollegiate Studies Institute Kenneth Cribb, Family Research Council president Tony Perkins, and current President (as of 2014) Stuart Epperson, founder of the Salem Media Group.[42][43][44][45]

Alleged potential legal violations edit

On October 14, 2020, The Washington Post reported that it had obtained videos recorded by CNP of several meetings in February and August 2020 whose overtly partisan, political nature raised "potential issues of compliance with election laws and charity rules."[1]

Literature and podcasts edit

  • Nelson, Anne (2019). Shadow Network: Media, Money, and the Secret Hub of the Radical Right. New York: Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN 978-1-63557-319-0. OCLC 1126560275.
  • Katie Thornton (November 22, 2022). "The Divided Dial: Episode 2 - From Pulpit to Politics - On the Media". WNYC Studios (Podcast). Retrieved November 26, 2022.

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b c d e O'Harrow Jr., Robert (October 14, 2020). "Videos show closed-door sessions of leading conservative activists: 'Be not afraid of the accusations that you're a voter suppressor'". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 2, 2021.
  2. ^ a b Kirkpatrick, David D. (February 24, 2007). "Christian Right Labors to Find '08 Candidate". The New York Times. Washington, DC. Retrieved March 2, 2021.
  3. ^ Nelson, Anne (2019). "Shadow Network". Bloomsbury Publishing. Retrieved 2019-11-09.
  4. ^ a b c Wilson, Jason (30 September 2021). "Top Republicans rub shoulders with extremists in secretive rightwing group, leak reveals". The Guardian.
  5. ^ a b Kirkpatrick, David K. (August 28, 2004). "The 2004 Campaign: The Conservative; Club of the Most Powerful Gathers in Strictest Privacy". The New York Times. Retrieved March 2, 2021.
  6. ^ Max Blumenthal, Secretive Right-Wing Group Vetted Palin Archived 2014-05-29 at the Wayback Machine 09/01/2008
  7. ^ Nelson, Anne (2019). Shadow Network. Bloomsbury.
  8. ^ "A History of Accomplishment". The Conservative Caucus. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
  9. ^ Inside the Council for National Policy ABC News May 8, 2008
  10. ^ Kirkpatrick, David D. (August 28, 2004). "The 2004 Campaign: The Conservatives; Club of the Most Powerful Gathers in Strictest Privacy". The New York Times.
  11. ^ The War for Thee University, page 191. November 1991. Retrieved February 16, 2011. {{cite book}}: |work= ignored (help)
  12. ^ "About Steve Baldwin". Archived from the original on 2016-03-06.
  13. ^ Nelson, Anne (February 22, 2021). "How the CNP, a Republican Powerhouse, Helped Spawn Trumpism, Disrupted the Transfer of Power, and Stoked the Assault on the Capitol". The Washington Spectator. Archived from the original on June 10, 2022. Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  14. ^ Gibbs, Nancy; Duffy, Michael (October 4, 2007). "Still Looking for Mr. Right". Time. Archived from the original on October 10, 2007.
  15. ^ "Council for National Policy - Policy speeches".
  16. ^ a b c d e Adam Clymer, "Conservatives Gather in Umbrella Council for a National Policy", The New York Times, May 20, 1981
  17. ^ "The Council for National Policy: Behind the Curtain | Southern Poverty Law Center". Retrieved May 19, 2020.
  18. ^ Berlet, Chip (2018). Trumping democracy in the United States : from Ronald Reagan to alt-right. London: Routledge. ISBN 978-1-315-43839-9. OCLC 1129904664.
  19. ^ Leonard, Kimberly; Relman, Eliza; Beckler, Hannah (24 September 2021). "One of the most secretive and powerful groups in GOP politics just had its cellphone numbers leaked. Here's what its members said about Trump 2024 when we started calling". Business Insider.
  20. ^ Wilson, Jason (September 30, 2021). "Top Republicans rub shoulders with extremists in secretive rightwing group, leak reveals". The Guardian. Retrieved October 28, 2021.
  21. ^ a b Nelson, Annie (March 24, 2021). "The Shadow Network (Council for National Policy) Is Not Going Away". Retrieved October 30, 2021.
  22. ^ Wilson, Jason (September 30, 2021). "Top Republicans rub shoulders with extremists in secretive rightwing group, leak reveals". The Guardian. Retrieved October 30, 2021.
  23. ^ "CNP Action, Inc". Archived from the original on October 20, 2021. Retrieved October 30, 2021.
  24. ^ Martin, Jonathan (2007-09-30). "Social conservatives may back 3rd party over Rudy". Retrieved 2016-04-30.
  25. ^ Scherer, Michael (2007-09-30). "Religious right may blackball Giuliani". Salon. Retrieved 2016-04-30.
  26. ^ "Committee for the Free World - Political Research Associates - Right Web". 7 January 1989. Retrieved 2010-02-20.
  27. ^ "Board of Trustees".
  28. ^ "Midge Decter". National Endowment for the Humanities.
  29. ^ Decter, Midge (2001). An old wife's tale : my seven decades in love and war. New York: Regan Books. ISBN 978-0-06-039428-8. OCLC 46421841.
  30. ^ Judith Miller, Arms control chief asserts Reagan is uncertain how to use power, The New York Times, January 23, 1982
  31. ^ Ireland, Doug (Summer 2006). "Back to the Future: GOP Revives Anti-Gay Marriage Campaign for '06". The Public Eye Magazine. Retrieved 2020-01-19 – via Political Research Associates.
  32. ^ "Blackwell is darling of foes of gay marriage". Democratic Underground. 2006-05-07. Retrieved 2020-01-19.
  33. ^ Sheryl Gay Stolberg (2005-01-25). "Backers of Gay Marriage Ban Use Social Security as Cudgel". The New York Times. Retrieved 2020-01-19.
  34. ^ "National Citizens Coalition (NCC) – Harper's presidency was a critical period]". The Harper Index. May 11, 2007. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016.
  35. ^ ABC
  36. ^ Gonzalez, Nathan C. (2007-09-28). "VP Cheney makes quick trip to Utah to address secretive conservative policy group". Salt Lake Tribune.
  37. ^ Gibbs, Nancy (2007-10-05). "Still Looking For Mr. Right". Time. Archived from the original on February 3, 2008.
  38. ^ "Christian Conservatives Vow To Back Third Party Candidate If Giuliani Wins GOP Nomination", Bismarck, SD CBS affiliate, Archived 2007-12-28 at the Wayback Machine
  39. ^ Donald Trump (August 2020), Speech by Donald Trump, Arlington{{citation}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  40. ^ "Home - Americans United".
  41. ^ "Council for National Policy".
  42. ^ a b "Behind closed doors: who is the council for national policy and what are they up to? And why don't they want you to know? - Free Online Library".
  43. ^ "Council for National Policy (CNP) - I - J - K - Member Biographies".
  44. ^ "Council for National Policy Executives & Members". Archived from the original on 2007-06-20. Retrieved 2007-10-08.
  45. ^ "Tony Perkins, President". Family Research Council. 2003-08-21. Retrieved 2020-01-19.

External links edit

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