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Coat of arms of Costa family in Portugal

Costa (Italian: [ˈkɔsta], Portuguese: [ˈkɔʃtɐ, ˈkɔstɐ], Galician: [ˈkɔstɐ], Spanish: [ˈkosta], Catalan: [ˈkɔstə, ˈkɔsta]), sometimes da Costa or Da Costa, is an Italian, Portuguese, Galician, Spanish, Catalan, Sri Lankan, African, Maltese, French, Arab, Lebanese, Turkish, Israeli, Jewish, Swiss and Greek surname. Because of colonization, immigration, and shipment of slaves from Italy, Portugal, Galicia, Spain, Catalonia, Sri Lanka, Africa, Malta, France, Saudi Arabia, Lebanon, Turkey, Israel, Switzerland, and Greece, it is found throughout North America, South America, Oceania, The Middle East, Asia, and other parts of Europe, being particularly common in Brazil, Argentina, The United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, The United Kingdom, The United Arab Emirates, Singapore, Germany, and Norway. It is also a surname chosen by Jews and other religious groups due to Roman Catholic and other Christian conversions.

In Italy, Portugal, Galicia and Catalonia it is derived from the Latin word COSTA, "rib", which has come to mean slope, coast, in Romance languages. In the rest of Spain it comes from Catalonia or from Galicia, being the Spanish equivalent Cuesta.[1]

Mediaeval Galician inscription in a 14th-century house, in Noia: "ESTAS CASAS MANDOU FAZER VASCO DA COSTA, ERA DE MCCCLXXVII" These houses were ordered by Vasco da Costa, era 1377 (1339 AD)

Geographical distributionEdit

As of 2014, 71.0% of all known bearers of the surname Costa were residents of Brazil (frequency 1:141), 7.6% of Portugal (1:67), 5.2% of Mozambique (1:255), 3.7% of Italy (1:801), 2.4% of the United States (1:7,460), 1.9% of Guinea-Bissau (1:44), 1.5% of Spain (1:1,531), 1.2% of East Timor (1:49) and 1.2% of Argentina (1:1,809).

In Brazil, the frequency of the surname was higher than national average (1:141) in the following states:

  1. Maranhão (1:46)
  2. Amapá (1:60)
  3. Pará (1:74)
  4. Roraima (1:77)
  5. Acre (1:93)
  6. Rio Grande do Norte (1:97)
  7. Amazonas (1:98)
  8. Ceará (1:112)
  9. Bahia (1:112)
  10. Tocantins (1:113)
  11. Sergipe (1:117)
  12. Piauí (1:119)
  13. Paraíba (1:120)
  14. Alagoas (1:131)
  15. Federal District (1:131)
  16. Minas Gerais (1:140)

In Italy, the frequency of the surname was higher than national average (1:801) in the following regions:

  1. Liguria (1:214)
  2. Sicily (1:374)
  3. Piedmont (1:458)
  4. Veneto (1:489)
  5. Emilia-Romagna (1:676)
  6. Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol (1:763)
  7. Lombardy (1:784)

In Spain, the frequency of the surname was higher than national average (1:1,531) in the following autonomous communities:[2]

  1. Balearic Islands (1:399)
  2. Catalonia (1:667)
  3. Galicia (1:672)
  4. Region of Murcia (1:845)
  5. Valencian Community (1:1,001)

PeopleEdit

Dalla CostaEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Coromines, Joan (2008). Breve diccionario etimológico de la lengua castellana (1a. ed. en esta colección. ed.). Madrid: Gredos. p. 154. ISBN 978-84-473-5862-5.
  2. ^ Costa surname distribution