Cosmorhoe

Cosmorhoe is a monotypic moth genus in the family Geometridae erected by Jacob Hübner in 1825. Its only species, Cosmorhoe ocellata, the purple bar, was described by Carl Linnaeus in his 1758 10th edition of Systema Naturae.[1]

Purple bar
Geometridae - Cosmorhoe ocellata.JPG
Cosmorhoe ocellata SLU.JPG
Cosmorhoe ocellata
Scientific classification
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Genus:
Cosmorhoe

Hübner, 1825
Species:
C. ocellata
Binomial name
Cosmorhoe ocellata
Synonyms

Generic

  • Lyncometra Prout, 1914

Specific

  • Phalaena ocellata Linnaeus, 1758

DistributionEdit

The species can be found in the Palearctic ecozone, which includes western and central Europe including the British Isles, Central Asia, Asia Minor and Kyrgyzstan.[2]

HabitatEdit

In the Alps, it can be found at elevations up to 1500 meters. The species is found in many habitats, including heathland, deciduous and mixed forests, forest clearings, bushy places, grasslands, fens, scrub, gardens and park-like landscapes.[3]

DescriptionEdit

Their wingspan is between 20–29 mm and the length of their forewings is between 13–15 mm.[3] The ground colour of the forewings is creamy white to bright white. The base and midfield are coloured black to blue black. The latter is crossed by two bright lines. In the midfield band is a deep, jagged spot. In the bright areas between the basal area and the midfield as well as in the marginal field are grey or black spots of varying degrees. The hindwings are whitish and show a small black middle spot.[4]

Caterpillars are brownish, with bright angled markings on their backs and bright stripes on the sides. The pupa is usually shiny red brown.[5][6]

BiologyEdit

This species shows two generations in the southern United Kingdom (from May to early July and from August to mid-October),[3] but a single brood further north. The moths fly from May to August in the British Isles, and from mid-April till October in other parts of the range.[7] They are active from dusk onwards.[7] The larvae feed from June to September on various species of bedstraw (mainly Galium mollugo and Galium verum). The larvae hibernates as a full-grown larva. They pupate in a cocoon.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Savela, Markku. "Cosmorhoe Hübner, 1825". Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms. Retrieved April 25, 2019.
  2. ^ Fauna Europaea
  3. ^ a b c "Suffolk Moths". Archived from the original on 2017-03-25. Retrieved 2019-04-25.
  4. ^ Butterflies and Moths of Northern Ireland
  5. ^ Lepiforum e.V.
  6. ^ Kimmo Silvonen Larvae of North-European Lepidoptera
  7. ^ a b Lepidoptera of Belgium

External linksEdit