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"The Cosmic Ocean Reveals Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva

A cosmic ocean is a mythological motif found in the Creation myth of many cultures and civilizations. The cosmic ocean is often seen as the entire universe in a dim and nonspecific past, and the first source of gods or the world. The cosmic ocean is also often seen as still surrounding the present world.[1]


Zoroastrianism and Iranian mythologyEdit

Frāxkard (Middle Persian: plʾhwklt‎, Avestan: Vourukaša; also called Warkaš in Middle Persian) is the name of the cosmic ocean.[2]

Christianity and JudaismEdit

In the first creation story in the Bible, there is only earth and water in a disorganized state: "Now the earth was unformed and void, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God hovered over the face of the waters." (...). (Genesis 1:2.) The world is also created as a space inside of the water, and is hence surrounded of it, "And God saith, `Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.' " (Genesis 1:6).

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Stiessel, Lena (1995). Skapelsemyter från hela världen. Almquist & Wiksell. ISBN 91-21-14467-2. 
  2. ^