Corydalis (from Greek korydalís "crested lark") is a genus of about 470 species of annual and perennial herbaceous plants in the family Papaveraceae, native to the temperate Northern Hemisphere and the high mountains of tropical eastern Africa. They are most diverse in China and the Himalayas, with at least 357 species in China.

Corydalis solida - Bois d'Havré (1).jpg
Corydalis solida
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Papaveraceae
Subfamily: Fumarioideae
Tribe: Fumarieae
Subtribe: Corydalinae
Genus: Corydalis
Type species
Corydalis bulbosa


Corydalis species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species (butterflies), especially the clouded Apollo.


Corydalis cava and some other tuberous species contain the alkaloid bulbocapnine, which is occasionally used in medicine but scientific evidence is lacking in the correct dosages and side effects.[1]

Many of the species in Corydalis contain other toxins and alkaloids like canadine, which blocks calcium. The species C. caseana is poisonous to livestock.[2]


Current speciesEdit

There are about 470 species, including:

Former speciesEdit

Several former Corydalis have been moved to new genera:



  1. ^ "CORYDALIS". WebMD. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  2. ^ Whitney, Stephen (1985). Western Forests (The Audubon Society Nature Guides). New York: Knopf. p. 556. ISBN 0-394-73127-1.
  3. ^ "Corydalis palaestina (Boiss.) Prantl & Kündig | Plants of the World Online | Kew Science".

External linksEdit