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The Cortes Gerais (Portuguese: General Courts; pre-1911: Cortes Geraes[1]) were the legislature of the Kingdom of Portugal during the Constitutional Monarchy period.[2] The Cortes were established by provision of the 1822 Portuguese Constitution as a unicameral parliament.[2] However, the Constitutional Charter of 1826 reformed the Cortes as a bicameral legislature, with the Chamber of Most Worthy Peers of the Kingdom as its upper house and the Chamber of Gentlemen Deputies of the Portuguese Nation as its lower house.[2]

General Courts

Cortes Gerais
Brasão de armas do reino de Portugal.svg
Type
Type
Unicameral
(1822-1826)
Bicameral
(1826-1910)
HousesChamber of Peers
Chamber of Deputies
History
Founded1822
Disbanded1910
Leadership
First President of the Chamber of Peers
Nuno Caetano Álvares Pereira de Melo, 6th Duke of Cadaval
Last President of the Chamber of Peers
Gonçalo Pereira da Silva de Sousa e Menezes, 3rd Count of Bertiandos
First President of the Chamber of Deputies
Father Francisco de São Luís Saraiva
Last President of the Chamber of Deputies
José Capelo Franco Frazão, 1st Count of Penha Garcia
Seats90 Peers of the Realm
148 Deputies of the Nation
Meeting place
Palácio das Cortes (anterior a 1895).png
São Bento Palace
Lisbon, Kingdom of Portugal

The name of the legislature originates from the traditional Portuguese Cortes, the parliament convening the three estates during the absolute monarchy.

The uniform of Peers of the Realm while the Chamber of Most Worthy Peers was in session; 1860.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://repository.library.brown.edu/studio/item/bdr:574055/PDF/
  2. ^ a b c Assembly of the Republic, A Monarquia Constitucional (1820-1910) (in Portuguese), Lisbon