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Québec City–Windsor Corridor (Via Rail)

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The Corridor (French: Ligne de Québec à Windsor) is a Via Rail passenger train service area in the Canadian provinces of Quebec and Ontario.

The Corridor
VIA Rail Belleville 0002.jpg
A Via Rail train approaching Belleville station
Overview
TypeInter-city rail
SystemVia Rail
LocaleQuebec City–Windsor Corridor
TerminiWindsor Station
Sarnia Station
Quebec City Station
StationsToronto Union Station
Ottawa Station
Montreal Central Station
Operation
Opened1856
OwnerCanadian National
Via Rail
Metrolinx
Canadian Pacific
Operator(s)Via Rail
Technical
Number of tracks2+
Track gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Operating speedUp to 100 mph (160 km/h)
Route map
CorridorVia.svg

Contents

DescriptionEdit

Corridor is used by Via to refer to all Via inter-city passenger trains which start and end within the geographic region known as the Quebec City–Windsor Corridor. Other inter-city trains from outside the Corridor may have their terminus at stations in the Corridor, such as the Canadian and the Ocean, but are marketed by their respective train names and are not considered to be Corridor services.

The Corridor service area has the heaviest passenger train frequency in Canada, with 36 Via trains traversing the route daily.[1] About 67% of Via's revenue comes from Corridor routes.

Via runs a mix of local-service and express trains in the Corridor. Most of the trackage is owned by CN, although Via also owns three former freight lines, one from Smiths Falls, Ontario to Coteau-du-Lac, Quebec via Ottawa; one from Chatham, Ontario to Tecumseh, Ontario; and one from Smiths Falls to Brockville, Ontario.[2][3]

Prior to Via's formation in 1978, CN Rail operated its passenger trains, branded Rapido, on the same tracks and CP Rail also offered limited service.

All trains are identified by number; however, prior to 2009 these trains were named as well.

High speed proposalEdit

During the 1970s and early 1980s, CN and later Via Rail operated the Turbo Train on existing freight rail trackage. This equipment was later replaced by the Bombardier LRC (Light, Rapid, Comfortable) train sets. Beginning in the 1980s and through the 1990s, Via Rail, Bombardier and the provincial and federal governments studied the feasibility of establishing a dedicated high-speed passenger rail network linking Quebec City–Montreal–Ottawa–Toronto–Windsor similar to the French TGV as a means of reducing domestic air and highway travel between these destinations.

After a hiatus of ten years, a feasibility study on launching a high-speed rail service in the Corridor will be updated at the joint cost of the federal government, Ontario and Quebec.[4] On November 14, 2011, the three governments officially released the final report of a high-speed rail study for this corridor.[5]

ImprovementsEdit

In 2009–2010, Via used C$300 million of government stimulus money to upgrade segments of the Corridor. Notable track improvements planned were an additional 70 km (43 mi) of third main track in four segments, and a short segment of fourth main track, as well as additional yard tracks at three locations. Improvements were made to several stations along the line, with new station buildings being constructed at Belleville and Cobourg, and additional platforms for existing stations at Brockville and Oshawa. The improvements were planned to reduce delays along the route and to allow for a reduction in travel time of up to 30 minutes from end to end. They were intended to allow Via to introduce two new round-trip trains from Toronto to both Montreal and Ottawa without requiring the acquisition of new equipment.[1]

Primary inter-city routesEdit

The Corridor
 
0
Windsor
 
 
000
Sarnia
 
069
Chatham
 
124
Glencoe
 
 
0
Sarnia
 
 
22
Wyoming
 
 
63
Strathroy
 
 
 
174
95
London
 
 
 
 
 
 
205
Ingersoll
 
 
219
Woodstock
 
 
262
Brantford
 
 
130
St. Marys
 
 
147
Stratford
 
 
189
Kitchener
 
 
211
Guelph
 
 
240
Georgetown
 
 
256
Brampton
 
 
 
290
end
 
 
 
end
74
 
 
 
44
Grimsby
 
 
 
19
St. Catharines
 
 
 
1
Niagara Falls
 
 
 
 
0
 
 
 
 
 
303
Aldershot
 
 
325
Oakville
 
 
 
359
0
Toronto
 
 
021
Guildwood
 
51
Oshawa
 
101
Port Hope
 
113
Cobourg
 
163
Trenton Junction
 
182
Belleville
 
217
Napanee
 
254
Kingston
 
 
290
Gananoque
 
335
Brockville
 
 
 
 
380
Smiths Falls
 
 
428
Cornwall
 
 
430
Fallowfield
 
 
446
Ottawa
 
 
493
Casselman
 
 
533
Alexandria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
476
Coteau
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ottawa
River
West Channel
East Channel
 
520
Dorval  
 
 
539
Montreal
 
 
545
Saint-Lambert
 
 
592
Saint-Hyacinthe
 
639
Drummondville
 
785
Charny
 
 
790
Sainte-Foy
 
811
Quebec City

The Maple Leaf, a through service from Toronto to New York City, operated jointly with Amtrak, is crewed by Via as trains 97 and 98 on VIA schedules, between Toronto and Niagara Falls, and can be considered part of Corridor services as well. It is the only scheduled rail service from the Corridor line at Burlington to Niagara Falls.

Commuter railEdit

 
A GO Transit train on the main line in Toronto's west end

Two commuter rail agencies, provincially funded and independent of Via, share tracks with Via's Corridor trains.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b Warwick, Peter (December 2009). "Via's bold Corridor plan". Trains Magazine. Kalmbach Publishing.
  2. ^ "Decision No. 446-R-2008". Canadian Transportation Agency. August 29, 2008.
  3. ^ "VIA Rail Expands its Rail Network by Acquiring the Brockville Subdivision". VIA Rail Canada Inc. November 23, 2015. Retrieved November 24, 2015.
  4. ^ Greenaway, Norma (January 10, 2008). "Ontario-Quebec to study rapid rail link". National Post.[dead link]
  5. ^ "High-Speed Passenger Rail Study Released". Retrieved May 20, 2017.