Corporative Chamber

São Bento Palace, seat of the Corporative Chamber, and now of the Assembly of the Republic of Portugal.

The Corporative Chamber (Portuguese: Câmara Corporativa) was one of the two parliamentary chambers established under the Portuguese Constitution of 1933, the other being the National Assembly. Unlike the directly elected National Assembly, it had a purely consultative, rather than legislative role.

The creation of the Corporative Chamber was part of corporatist philosophy advocated by Salazar and adopted by the Estado Novo. Its function was to represent the various economic, cultural, social, and other corporations.

The Corporative Chamber met in the former Senate chamber of the São Bento Palace. It was composed of members elected by the various types of Portuguese corporations, including:

  • Provinces and Municipalities;
  • Universities and Schools;
  • Trade Unions;
  • Economic Organizations and Employers;
  • Social Welfare Organizations.

PresidentsEdit

The presidents of the Corporative Chamber were the following from 1935 to 1974:[1]

Term No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party
Took office Left office
I 1   Eduardo Augusto Marques
(1867–1944)
10 January 1935 10 June 1944 National Union
II
III
2   Domingos Fezas Vital
(1888–1953)
25 November 1944 25 November 1946 National Union
IV
3   José Gabriel Pinto Coelho
(1886–1978)
25 November 1946 25 November 1949 National Union
V 4   Marcelo Caetano
(1906–1980)
25 November 1949 8 July 1955 National Union
VI
5   João Pinto da Costa Leite
(1905–1975)
28 November 1955 28 November 1957 National Union
VII 6   Luís Supico Pinto
(1909–1990)
28 November 1957 16 November 1973 National Union (renamed People's National Action in 1970)
VIII
IX
X
XI 7   Mário Júlio de Almeida Costa
(born 1927)
16 November 1973 25 April 1974 People's National Action

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

References and footnotesEdit

  1. ^ "Estado Novo - Presidentes da Assembleia Nacional e da Câmara Corporativa". Assembleia da República. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 April 2018. Retrieved 28 April 2018.