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A coronation crown is a crown used by a monarch when being crowned. In some monarchies, monarchs have or had a number of crowns for different occasions, such as a coronation crown for the moment of coronation and a state crown for general usage in state ceremonial.
List of famous coronation crownsEdit
|Name||Date of manufacture||Image||Comment|
|Imperial Crown of the Holy Roman Empire||960 - 1027||The coronation crown of the Holy Roman Emperors. It was made in the late 10th or early 11th century. Unlike many other crowns, it has an octagonal rather than a circular shape, and is constructed from eight hinged plates.|
|St Edward's Crown||1661||The traditional English then British coronation crown. It has been used a number of coronations since the restoration of the monarchy in 1660, but not, in fact the majority. The monarchs crowned with St. Edward's Crown were Charles II (1661), James II (1685), William III (1689), George V (1911), George VI (1937) and Elizabeth II (1953). King Edward VII intended to be crowned with St. Edward's Crown but in the event used instead the lighter Imperial State Crown (St Edward's Crown being judged too heavy for the King to wear soon after his illness).|
|Crown of Scotland||1540||The traditional Scottish coronation crown. It was made, or at least remodelled, for King James V in 1540. The other monarchs crowned with it were Mary Queen of Scots (1543), James VI and I (1567), Charles I (1633) and finally Charles II (1651).|
|Crown of Charlemagne||840||The coronation crown of Kings of France up to and including King Louis XVI. It was destroyed during the French Revolution.|
|Crown of Christian V||1671||The coronation crown of the Danish absolute monarchs. It was made by German jeweller Paul Kurtz and used to crown Danish monarchs from King Christian V to King Christian VIII. After the end of absolute monarchy in Denmark in 1849, the crown ceased to be used in this way.|
|Crown of Norway||1818||The coronation crown of Norway. It was made in 1818 for the coronation of King Carl III Johan, who was king of both Sweden and Norway. The other monarchs crowned with it were Carl IV (1860), Oscar II (1873) and Haakon VII (1906). The present King Harald V had the crown presented to him in 1991, but it was not actually placed on his head.|
|Crown of Eric XIV||1561||The traditional Swedish coronation crown. It was made by Flemish goldsmith Cornelius ver Welden and used to crown Swedish monarchs from King Eric XIV to King Oscar II.|
|Crown of St. Stephen||1000 / 1100 - 1300||No Hungarian king was ever regarded as being truly legitimate without first being crowned with it. The original was a gift from Pope Sylvester II and was used to crown St. Stephen I, the first Christian king of Hungary, in 1000 or 1001. It was later stolen and replaced with the current version, which is featured on Hungary's coat of arms.|
|Crown of Saint Wenceslas||1347||The coronation crown of the Kingdom of Bohemia since 1347.|
|Crown of Bolesław I the Brave||1000 / 1320||The traditional coronation crown of the Polish monarchs. According to legend Bolesław I the Brave received it from Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor. The original crown was lost in the course of history. It was only in 1320 that a new set of regalia was prepared for the coronation of King Władysław I the Elbow-high and survived as long as until the 18th century.|
|Imperial Crown of Russia||1762||The Imperial Crown of Russia, designed by Jérémie Pauzié in 1762 for the coronation of Catherine the Great. Inspired by the Byzantine Empire design, the crown was constructed of two gold and silver half spheres, representing the eastern and western Roman empires, divided by a foliate garland and fastened with a low hoop. The crown contains 75 pearls and 4,936 Indian diamonds forming laurel and oak leaves, the symbols of power and strength, and is surmounted by a 398.62 carat ruby spinel, that previously belonged to the Empress Elizabeth, and a diamond cross. The crown was produced in a record two months and weighted only 2.3 kg. From 1762, the crown created by Jérémie Pauzié was the coronation crown of all Romanov emperors, till the monarchy's abolition and the death of last Romanov, Nikolas II in 1918. It is considered to be one of the main treasures of the Romanov dynasty, and is now on display in the Moscow Kremlin Armoury Museum in Russia.|
|Great Crown of Victory||1785||Created in 1785 for the second coronation of King Rama I of Siam. The crown is used during the ceremony of the coronation of the Thai monarch and not worn on any other occasion. During the coronation the king puts the crown unto his own head. The crown is made of gold and weighs over 16 lb (7.3 kg). On other state occasions the kings can wear the Kathina Crown, which is a lighter alternative.|
- Norwich, John Julius, ed. (1983). Britain's Heritage. Granada. p. 76. ISBN 0246118407.
- "The Russian Crown Jewels". Famousdiamonds.tripod.com. Archived from the original on 2014-06-27. Retrieved 2014-06-11.
- "Diamond Fund Treasures". Almazi.net. Archived from the original on 2007-07-26. Retrieved 2014-06-11.