Cornelius T. Herring

Colonel Cornelius T. Herring (November 13, 1849 – June 29, 1931) was an American rancher, banker and hotelier. He was the owner of up to five ranches in Texas. He was the founder of the Herring Bank. He built hotels in Vernon and Amarillo, Texas. He served as the first chairman of the West Texas Chamber of Commerce.

Cornelius T. Herring
BornNovember 13, 1849
DiedJune 29, 1931 (1931-06-30) (aged 81)
Resting placeLlano Cemetery, Amarillo, Texas, U.S.
OccupationRancher, banker
Spouse(s)Sarah Jane Lawrence
Elizabeth Smithey
Children1 son, 1 daughter
Parent(s)Jesse Herring
Sarah Friend

Early lifeEdit

Cornelius Taylor Herring was born on November 13, 1849, in Sherman County, Texas.[1][2] His father was Jesse Herring and his mother, Sarah Friend.[3] His mother died when he was ten years old.[3] Meanwhile, his father remarried and served in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War.[3] He had a brother, Emerson.[3]

CareerEdit

Herring started his career as a wheat farmer in Hill County, Texas, at the age of thirteen, making $200 the first year.[2] By the second year, he purchased 100 head of cattle.[3] At the close of the civil war, Cornelius and his brother Emerson drove cattle from Navarro County, Texas, to Shreveport, Louisiana.[3] By 1872, they purchased 500 acres in Smith County, Texas.[3]

Herring moved his cattle to Archer County, Texas, in 1878.[2] Within a few years, he moved his cattle to the open range which belonged to the Comanche and Kiowa, two Native American tribes.[2][3]

 
The Herring Hotel in Amarillo, Texas.

Herring sued the Texas and Pacific Railway for "damages to cattle" in 1883.[4]

Herring invested in cattle with Bill Stinson in the late 1880s.[3] By 1887, they owned 12,000 Texas Longhorns, which they raised over 150,000 acres in Greer County, Texas.[3] In 1899, Herring founded the C. T. Herring Banking Company,[5] later known as the Herring National Bank and finally the Herring Bank in Vernon, Texas.[2] It was also in Vernon that he built his first hotel, known as the Wilbarger Hotel.[3] Additionally, he "owned thirteen lumber companies throughout North Texas"[3] like the C. T. Herring Lumber Company in Wichita Falls, Texas.[6] By the late 1890s, he raised cattle in New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Lyon County, Kansas.[3]

Herring purchased the Seven-Up Ranch in Castro County, Texas, in 1905.[3] Two years later, in 1907, he purchased 96,000 acres from the LS Ranch in Oldham County, Texas.[3][7] He also purchased the Kit Carson Ranch, the "Y Ranch near Paducah, the H-Anchor Ranch near Crowell, a ranch in the Big Bend country, and farming interests in Hartley and Moore counties."[3] With Patrick H. Landergin, he acquired the Bravo Ranch, formerly owned by Henry B. Sanborn.[8]

Herring joined the Texas and Southwestern Cattle Raisers Association.[3] He served on the executive committee of the Panhandle and Southwestern Stockmen's Association in 1912.[9] By 1919, he served as the first chairman of the West Texas Chamber of Commerce.[2][10][11] He also served as the president of the Tri-State Fair Association.[11]

Herring built the Palo Duro, a five-story hotel in Amarillo, in 1923.[2][12] He built the Herring Hotel, a 14-story hotel, for US$1 million, in 1925.[2][3] Additionally, he was a shareholder of the Amarillo Gas Company, later known as Pioneer Natural Gas.[3]

Herring was a member of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, the Rotary Club, the Odd Fellows, and the Boy Scouts of America.[3]

Personal lifeEdit

Herring married Sarah Jane Lawrence in 1869.[3] They had a son, William E. Herring of Amarillo and a daughter, Mrs L. K. Johnson of Vernon.[1][11] The couple divorced, and Herring married Elizabeth Smithey in 1889.[3] After living in Vernon, they moved into a new mansion located at 2216 Van Buren Street in Amarillo, Texas in the 1910s.[3]

Death and legacyEdit

Herring died on June 29, 1931, in Amarillo, Texas.[13][14] He was buried at the Llano Cemetery in Amarillo.[3] By the time of his death, he was worth an estimated US$10 million.[15][2]

Herring's mansion in Amarillo was demolished in 1970.[3] It is now a parking lot near the Amarillo Museum of Art.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Native Texan and Banker Dies Monday". The Brownsville Herald. Brownsville, Texas. June 29, 1931. p. 10. Retrieved January 8, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.  
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Col. C. T Herring, Long Prominent Cattleman, Dies. First President of W.T.C.C. Is Victim of Brief Illness at Amarillo Today". Pampa Daily News. Pampa, Texas. June 29, 1931. p. 1. Retrieved January 8, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.  
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z Anderson, H. Allen (June 15, 2010). "HERRING, CORNELIUS TAYLOR". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved January 8, 2016.
  4. ^ "Fort Worth". The Dallas Daily Herald. Dallas, Texas. March 11, 1883. p. 1. Retrieved January 8, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.  
  5. ^ "Herring National Bank Part of Local Scene for 8 Decades". The Vernon Daily Record. Vernon, Texas. February 26, 1978. p. 43. Retrieved January 8, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.  
  6. ^ "Local News Brevities". Wichita Daily Times. Wichita Falls, Texas. December 31, 1911. p. 6. Retrieved January 8, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.  
  7. ^ Hendrix, John M. (March 15, 1951). "Texas Brands. LS Ranch Had Many Thousand Acres of Land". The Paris News. Paris, Texas. p. 7. Retrieved January 8, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.  
  8. ^ Anderson, H. Allen (June 15, 2010). "SANBORN, HENRY BRADLEY". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved January 9, 2016.
  9. ^ "Stockmen Hold Busy Meeting. Executive Committee of Southwestern Association Plans". Amarillo Daily News. Amarillo, Texas. November 5, 1912. p. 1. Retrieved January 8, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.  
  10. ^ "WEST TEXAS CHAMBER OF COMMERCE". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. June 15, 2010. Retrieved January 8, 2016.
  11. ^ a b c "Herring Rites Are Set Today. Pioneer West Texas Cattleman And Banker Succumbs Monday in Amarillo; Recognized As Civil Leader". Lubbock Morning Avalanche. Lubbock, Texas. June 30, 1931. p. 6. Retrieved January 8, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.  
  12. ^ "C. T Herring To Erect New 100-Room Hotel in Amarillo". The Vernon Record. Vernon, Texas. September 4, 1923. p. 1. Retrieved January 8, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.  
  13. ^ "Col. Herring Dead". Clovis News-Journal. Clovis, New Mexico. June 29, 1931. p. 1. Retrieved January 8, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.  
  14. ^ "Cattleman Dies". The San Bernardino Country Sun. San Bernardino, California. June 30, 1931. p. 21. Retrieved January 8, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.  
  15. ^ "Aged Banker of Amarillo Passes Today. Was Pioneer in Cattle Industry; Worth Millions". The Eagle. Bryan, Texas. June 29, 1931. p. 1. Retrieved January 8, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.