Metropolitan Cornelius (Russian: Митрополит Корнилий, Estonian: Metropoliit Kornelius or secular name Vjatšeslav Vassiljevitš Jakobs, or Vyacheslav Vasilyevich Yakobs, Russian: Вячеслав Васильевич Якобс; 19 June 1924, Tallinn – 19 April 2018, Tallinn) was an Estonian metropolitan bishop of Tallinn and All Estonia, the head of the Estonian Orthodox Church of Moscow Patriarchate.
In 1943, he finished school and served as a psalm reader in the Church of the Nativity of the Mother of God in Tallinn. On 19 August 1945, he was ordained a deacon by Archbishop Paul (Dmitrovsky), and later, on 8 February 1948, he was ordained a priest by bishop Isidore (Bogoyavlensky). He was appointed rector of St Mary Magdalene Church in Haapsalu.
Arrest and imprisonmentEdit
On 27 February 1957, he was arrested by the KGB and charged with "anti-Soviet agitation" (due to his possession of religious books and conversations with believers). On 16 May 1957, he was sentenced to 10 years imprisonment.
He served his sentence in the political camps of Mordovia (Dubravlag). On 12 September 1960, the Supreme Court of Mordovia reduced the sentence to five years, and then by the court's resolution he was released from custody ahead of time and put on probation. (He was rehabilitated on 14 October 1988).
In November 1960 he returned to Estonia and became rector of John the Forerunner Church in Tallinn.
In 1974 he became a widower. He was subsequently awarded the mitre and was elected chairman of the parish council.
Later ecclesiastic careerEdit
On 20 July 1990 at the first meeting of the Holy Synod, chaired by new elected Patriarch Alexius II, he was appointed Bishop of Tallinn, vicar to His Holiness the Patriarch. On 21 August 1990, he took monastic vows in the Monastery of the Dormition at Pechery near Pskov and obtained the name of Cornelius; on 6 September 1990 he was elevated to the rank of archimandrite. On 15 September 1990, he was ordained a bishop at the Cathedral of St. Alexander Nevsky in Tallinn. The chirotony (laying on of hands) was done by Alexei II with Metropolitan Tikhon (Tajakka) of Helsinki (Finnish Orthodox Church), Bishop Eugene (Zhdan) of Tambov and Michurinsk, Bishop Victor (Pyankov) of Podolsk, and Bishop Leo (Tserpitsky) of Novgorod and Staraya Russa.
In 1992 the Holy Synod granted autonomy to the Estonian Orthodox Church and bishop Cornelius became the head of the Estonian church, with the title of Bishop of Tallinn and all Estonia. On 25 February 1995 he was elevated to the rank of archbishop. On 6 November 2000, he was elevated to the rank of Metropolitan of Tallinn and all Estonia.
In 2007 he dismissed local education related protests as "useless" and called on Estonian Orthodox Christians (mostly people of Russian descent) to embrace Estonian culture.
Awards and honoursEdit
- 1966 - Patriarchal deed
- 1971 - Order of St. Vladimir Grand Duke Wladimir III degree
- 1986 - Order of St. Sergius III level
- 1991 - Order of the Finnish Orthodox Church - comandor sign of Knighthood of the Holy Lamb (Pyhan Karitsan Ritarikunnan Komentajamerkki)
- 1996 - Order of the Holy Prince Daniel of Moscow, II degree
- 1999 - Order of St. Sergius II degree;
- 2002 - Order of St. Innocent, Metropolitan of Moscow, III degree;
- 2004 - Order of St. Equal to the Apostles Prince Vladimir II degree;
- 2007 - Order of St. Innocent, Metropolitan of Moscow, II degree
- 2009 - Order of the Holy Martyr Isidore of Yuriev I degree (Estonian Orthodox Church)
- Order of St. Prince Daniel of Moscow II degree;
- 2009 - Order of St. Sergius I degree
- 2014 - Order of St. Innocent of Moscow I degree
- 2014 - Order of St. Vladimir Equal-to-the-Apostles I degree
- Metropoliit Korneliuse 80. sünnipäev (ERR Uudised, 19 June 2004) (in Estonian)
- Kornelius: protestiaktsioonid koolireformi vastu on kasutud by Natalja Kitam (ERR Uudised, 26 August 2007) (in Estonian)
- Metropoliit Kornelius tähistab 85. sünnipäeva (ERR Uudised, 19 June 2009) (in Estonian)
- "Metropoliit Kornelius esitleb elulooraamatut". PostTimees (in Estonian). 19 June 2009. Retrieved 19 April 2018.
- "Metropolitan Cornelius' 90th birthday is celebrated in Tallinn". Orthodoxy Cognate Page. 21 June 2014. Retrieved 19 April 2018.
- Корнилий, митрополит Таллинский и всея Эстонии (Якобс Вячеслав Васильевич) on Official site of the Russian Orthodox Church (in Russian)
- Tallinna ja kogu Eesti metropoliit Kornelius (in Estonian)
- Message of Kornelius Mitropolitan of Tallinn and all Estonia
- ESTONIA: MOSCOW ORTHODOX CHURCH FINALLY REGISTERED (Keston News Service, 19 April 2002)