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Cornelia (wife of Aemilius Paullus)

Cornelia (after 49 BC[1]–16 BC) was the daughter of Scribonia and her second husband, a consular named Publius Cornelius Scipio.[2] She was stepdaughter to the Emperor Augustus through her mother's third marriage and half-sister to Julia the Elder, Augustus' only biological child.

Much of what we know of her life comes from her funeral eulogy composed by Propertius.[3] Through her father's lineage she was descended from Scipio Aemilianus Africanus Numantinus. There is some debate over her father's identity; Publius Cornelius Scipio, a consul suffect in 35 BC and probable second-born or adopted son of Metellus Scipio, is most commonly proposed.[4][5][6]

She married only once to Lucius Aemilius Lepidus Paullus, who was censor in 22 BC.[2] Their children were:

Cornelia died in the same year of her brother's consulship; her brother is identified by modern historians as Cornelius Scipio, consul in 16 BC.[1][8] Augustus, her stepfather, grieved her death as he found her a worthy elder sister to his daughter, Julia.[9]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Fantham, Elaine (2006). Julia Augusti: The Emperor's Daughter. Trowbridge: Routledge. p. 18. ISBN 978-0415331463. Fantham argues Scribonia's marriage to Cornelia's father would have taken place in or before 47 BC for her brother to be of age to be elected the consul in 16 BC. Moreover, Scribonia was married previously to this; "It is most likely that the elder Marcellinus [Scribonia's most likely first husband] died soon after his last known activity as a supporter of Pompey in 49 BCE." Therefore, the earliest Cornelia's birth took place was 49 BC.
  2. ^ a b Smith, William (1849). Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology. Boston: C.C. Little and J. Brown. p. 769.
  3. ^ Sextus Propertius, Eulogies, Book IV, 11:1-102.
  4. ^ Syme, Ronald (1985). The Augustan Aristocracy. Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. 250–1. ISBN 978-0198148593.
  5. ^ Fantham, (2006) Julia Augusti, p. 148, n. 4.
  6. ^ Leon, Ernestine F. (1951). "Scribonia and Her Daughters". Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association. 82 (1951): 168–175. doi:10.2307/283429. JSTOR 283429.
  7. ^ Lightman, Marjorie; Lightman, Benjamin (2008). A to Z of ancient Greek and Roman women (Rev. ed.). New York: Facts On File. p. 98. ISBN 9780816067107.
  8. ^ Morwood, Maurice Balme & James (2003). On the margin : marginalized groups in ancient Rome (1st publ. ed.). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Press. p. 9. ISBN 978-0199124008.
  9. ^ Hope, Valerie M. (2007). Death in ancient Rome : a source book (1st ed.). London: Routledge. p. 208. ISBN 9780415331579.