Cooperative research and development agreement

In the United States, a cooperative research and development agreement (CRADA or CRDA) is an agreement between a government agency and another government agency, a private company, non-profit, or university to work together on research and development.



Designated under the Federal Technology Transfer Act of 1986 (P.L. 99-502) (which amended the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (P.L. 96-480)),[1] a CRADA is intended to speed the commercialization of technology, optimize resources, and protect the private company involved. A CRADA allows both parties to keep research results confidential for up to five years under the Freedom of Information Act.[2] The Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is responsible for preserving the scientific and technical information generated through a CRADA and making this information readily available to the scientific community as well as the public.[3]

Private corporations participating in a CRADA are allowed to file for patent, and they retain patent rights on inventions developed by the CRADA. The government gets a license to the patents.[4]

See also



  1. ^ "Public Law 99-502" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-09-30. Retrieved 2009-11-01.
  2. ^ "U.S. Geological Survey website". Archived from the original on 2008-01-31. Retrieved 2008-02-07.
  3. ^ "Cooperative Research and Development Agreements at the Department of Energy's Office of Science Laboratories, IG-0826 | Department of Energy". Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  4. ^ "What is a CRADA? Technology Transfer, Bureau of Reclamation, U.S. Department of the Interior". 2006-10-13. Archived from the original on 2006-10-13. Retrieved 2021-08-26.

Further reading

  • Staff. "CRADAs". Office of Technology Transfer. National Institutes of Health. Retrieved 12 June 2016.