Sir Alfred Cooper Rawson (26 July 1876 – 11 January 1946) was a British businessman and Conservative Party politician. After a decade in local government, he sat in the House of Commons from 1922 to 1944.
Sir Cooper Rawson
|Member of Parliament |
with George Tryon (1922-1940)
Lord Erskine (1940-1941)
Anthony Marlowe (1941-1944)
|Preceded by||Sir Charles Thomas-Stanford|
|Succeeded by||Sir William Teeling|
|Born||26 July 1876|
Leicester, Leicestershire, England
|Died||11 January 1946 (aged 69)|
Hove, Sussex, England
Born in Leicester, Rawson established himself in the road stone industry, becoming chairman of several companies, including the Montsorrel Granite Company, the Endaby Stoney Stanton Granite Company, John Ellis and sons, and Durex Ltd. He was a delegate to the International Road Congress in 1923 and in 1926, and in 1930 he was president of the Granite Guild; the following year he was president of the Institute of Quarrying.
During World War I, he joined the Royal Naval Division as a sub-lieutenant, transferring in 1916 to the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve (RNVR). He served the rest of the war with the RNVR at The Crystal Palace, becoming a temporary lieutenant commander.
Rawson political career began in 1911, when he was elected to Wandsworth Council. He was a Wandsworth councillor for 11 years, serving as mayor in 1918 to 1919, and was elected to the London County Council (LCC) in 1913.
He was elected Member of Parliament (MP) for Brighton at the 1922 general election, replacing the Conservative MP Charles Thomas-Stanford, who had retired. He stood down from local government on his election to Westminster and held his seat in the Commons at the next five general elections. Rawson holds the record for the largest number of votes ever polled by a candidate at a British general election, a record he achieved in the 1931 election by polling 75,205 votes. Such a feat also makes Rawson the record holder for the largest majority for an MP, at 62,253. This record was typical of a wider contest which saw an overwhelming Tory victory.
Rawson told his local Conservative Association in October 1943 that he wanted to be relieved of his Parliamentary duties as soon as possible, and retired from Parliament on 17 January 1944, by resigning his seat through the procedural device of accepting appointment as Steward of the Manor of Northstead.
In July 1929, he was presented with a silver dinner bell by the National Federation of Granite and Roadstone Quarry Owners, in recognition of his services to the industry, and in particular of his efforts in blocking a Bill in Parliament which would have led to the expansion of council-owned quarries.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 5)
- "Sir Cooper Rawson". The Times. London. 12 January 1946. p. 6.
- "No. 32775". The London Gazette. 8 December 1922. p. 8703.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983) . British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 103. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- "Brighton M.P. To Retire". The Times. London. 25 October 1943. p. 2.
- Department of Information Services (14 January 2010). "Appointments to the Chiltern Hundreds and Manor of Northstead Stewardships since 1850" (PDF). House of Commons Library. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 February 2011. Retrieved 13 August 2010.
- "New Year Honours. Four Peerages., Tribute To Church Army". The Times. London. 1 January 1926. p. 12.
- "British Roadstone. Sir C. Rawson's Services To The Industry". The Times. London. 20 July 1929. p. 7.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Cooper Rawson
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament for Brighton
1922 – 1944
With: George Tryon 1922–1940
Lord Erskine 1940–1941
Anthony Marlowe 1941–1944