Coolock (Irish: An Chúlóg)[4 1] is one of the baronies of Ireland. It was constituted as part of the old county of Dublin. Today, it covers much of the northern parts of the city of Dublin and the south-eastern part of the modern county of Fingal. At the heart of the barony is the civil parish of the same name - Coolock - which is one of twenty civil parishes in the barony.
Legal context and historyEdit
Baronies were created after the Norman invasion of Ireland as subdivisions of counties and were used for administration. While baronies continue to be officially defined units, they are no longer used for many administrative purposes. They have been administratively obsolete since 1898. Nevertheless, they continue to be used in land registration and specification such as in planning permissions. In many cases, a barony corresponds to an earlier Gaelic túath which had submitted to the Crown. However, the status of barony is still used in modern times
It is one of seven and a half baronies that used to comprise the old county of Dublin. It stretches from Dublin Airport and the Malahide estuary to the Royal Canal and River Tolka estuary (from north to south) and from the Phoenix Park to Dublin Bay (from west to east). It is located between the baronies of Nethercross (to the north), Castleknock (to the west) and Dublin City (to the south). The northern two-thirds of the barony is now administered by Fingal County Council while the southern third is subject to Dublin City Council.
|Name in Irish||Name in English||Area in Acres 1||Modern Local Authority Area|
|Ard Aidhin||Artaine.[4 2]||557||Dublin City|
|Cill Bharróg||Kilbarrack.[4 3]||Note 1|
|Cill Easra||Killester.[4 4]||150|
|Cluain Tarbh||Clontarf.[4 5]||535|
|Cluain Torc||Clonturk.[4 6]||800 Note 2|
|Gráinseach Ghormáin||Grangegorman.[4 7]||450|
|Paróiste San Seoirse||St George's.[4 8]||Note 3|
|Glas Naíon||Glasnevin.[4 9]||600|
|An Chúlóg||Coolock.[4 10]||1199|
|Ráth Eanaigh||Raheny.[4 11]||440|
|Baile Dúill||Baldoyle.[4 13]||450||Fingal|
|Baile Ghrífín||Balgriffin.[4 14]||540|
|Binn Éadair||Howth.[4 15]||1772|
|Cionn Sáile||Kinsaley.[4 16]||1339|
|Mullach Íde||Malahide.[4 18]||606|
|Port Mearnóg||Portmarnock.[4 19]||1020|
|Sord||Swords.[4 20]||5 Note 4|
|Teampall Mhaighréide||St. Margaret's[4 21]||1140|
- Note 1 In 1773, during the reign of King George III of Great Britain, the parishes were assessed as having the acreage as set out in the above table. In addition, the parishes of Kilossory and Kilbegh are mentioned as being in the barony with 900 and 500 acres respectively. Today, Killossory is in the barony of Nethercross but the date of its presumed transfer from this barony is unknown. The identity of Kilbegh is unclear although Kilbarrack may be a candidate. The source makes no mention of St George's parish.
- Note 2 The parish of Clonturk is now mainly identified with the district of Drumcondra.
- Note 3 The parish is St George is split between this barony and the barony of the City of Dublin. That part of the parish which lies in Coolock is bounded by the River Tolka to the north, Dublin Bay to the east and the Royal Canal to the south.
- Note 4 An exclave of the parish of Swords lies in the barony. It is a single parcel of land, just over 5 acres in area - the townland of Glebe.[4 22] Today, it is the site of the Metropoint Business Park.
The table below lists the population and the number of houses in the various civil parishes according to the 1851 census of Ireland.
|Number of Houses|
(incl. Artaine town)
- Barony of Coolock
- Artaine civil parish
- Kilbarrack civil parish
- Killester civil parish
- Clontarf civil parish
- Clonturk civil parish
- Grangegorman civil parish
- St George's civil parish
- Glasnevin civil parish
- Coolock civil parish
- Raheny civil parish
- Santry civil parish
- Baldoyle civil parish
- Balgriffin civil parish
- Howth civil parish
- Kinsaley civil parish
- Cloghran civil parish
- Malahide civil parish
- Portmarnock civil parish
- Swords civil parish
- St. Margaret's civil parish
- Glebe townland
From other sources:
- Air Navigation and Transport Act, 1950 - Barony of Coolock
- State Property Act, 1954 - Barony of Coolock
- University Education (Agriculture and Dairy Science) Act, 1926 - Barony of Coolock
- According to the "Local Government Act, 2001", section 10(2): "The State continues to stand divided into local government areas to be known as counties and cities which are the areas set out in Parts 1 and 2, respectively, of Schedule 5." It is clear from SCHEDULE 5, Local Government Areas (Counties and Cities, PART 1, that "Dublin" is defined only as a city (as distinct from a county).
- The Statutes at Large, Passed in the Parliaments Held in Ireland: Volume 10; Published by James Goddard Butler, William Ball
- Census of Ireland 1851: part I, area, population, and number of houses, by townlands and electoral divisions: County and City of Dublin; HMSO, Paper No. 1553