Cool Spring Battlefield

Cool Spring Battlefield is a historic American Civil War battlefield and national historic district located near Berryville, Clarke County, Virginia. It encompasses 17 contributing buildings, 26 contributing sites, and 11 contributing structures. The district includes the terrain and hydrography over which the Battle of Cool Spring, July 16–20, 1864, was fought and which served to shape the tactical progress of the engagement in time and space. The district also includes the archaeological and architectural remnants of plantations, farmsteads, transportation, mining, and industrial centers that were a part of the economically prosperous community over which the conflict was fought. Located in the district is the separately listed Wickliffe Church.[3]

Cool Spring Battlefield
CoolSpringBattle 0284.jpg
Ferry House at Shenandoah River, April 2013
Cool Spring Battlefield is located in Northern Virginia
Cool Spring Battlefield
Cool Spring Battlefield is located in Virginia
Cool Spring Battlefield
Cool Spring Battlefield is located in the United States
Cool Spring Battlefield
LocationJct of Shenandoah R. and VA 643, near Berryville, Virginia
Coordinates39°8′1″N 77°51′59″W / 39.13361°N 77.86639°W / 39.13361; -77.86639Coordinates: 39°8′1″N 77°51′59″W / 39.13361°N 77.86639°W / 39.13361; -77.86639
Area4,064 acres (1,645 ha)
Built1864 (1864)
Architectural styleGreek Revival, Federal, Georgian
NRHP reference #97000492[1]
VLR #021-0976
Significant dates
Added to NRHPJune 6, 1997
Designated VLRDecember 6, 1995[2]

It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1997.[1] In 2014, a revision eliminated a building constructed circa 1880 and an archeological site that had been disturbed and did not relate to the Civil War period.[4]

The Civil War Trust (a division of the American Battlefield Trust) and its partners have acquired and preserved 1,226 acres (4.96 km2) of the battlefield. Since 2013, Shenandoah University has helped protect the preserved land. One hundred ninety-five acres of the battlefield are known as the Shenandoah River Campus at Cool Spring Battlefield - an outdoor classroom for the university and the general public.[5]


  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  2. ^ "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 5 June 2013.
  3. ^ Clarence R. Geier; Joseph Whitehorne; Ann McCleary (August 1995). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Cool Spring Battlefield" (PDF). Virginia Historic Landmarks Commission. and Accompanying photo
  4. ^
  5. ^ [1] American Battlefield Trust "Cool Spring battlefield" webpage. Accessed May 29, 2018.