Convention for the Protection of Submarine Telegraph Cables

The Convention for the Protection of Submarine Telegraph Cables is a multilateral treaty that was signed in 1884 in order to protect submarine communications cables that had begun to be laid in the 19th century.

Convention for the Protection of Submarine Telegraph Cables
Signed14 March 1884 (1884-03-14)[1]
LocationParis, France[1]
Effective1 May 1888[1]
ConditionExchange of ratifications
Signatories27
Parties36 (as of 2013)[2]
Ratifiers47
DepositaryGovernment of the French Republic[3]
Full text
Convention for the Protection of Submarine Telegraph Cables at Wikisource

ContentEdit

The convention made it a punishable offence to damage submarine communications cables. In addition, all ships were to be regulated to staying a distance of 1 nautical mile (1.9 km) away from cable laying ships when in operation. Any ship that accidentally hooked a cable and sacrificed its fishing nets to avoid breaking it would be compensated for the lost equipment.[3]

State partiesEdit

The convention has been signed, ratified, and acceded to by the following parties. A number of dependent territories ratified the convention or had the convention extended to them. Initial signatory parties are listed in bold.

For states that were not original signatories, the date they accepted the convention is indicated.

State Signature Ratification Notes
  Algeria 1976
  Argentina 1884 1885
  Australia 1901 Upon federation, Australia accepted the ratifications of New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, and Western Australia to be applicable to the Commonwealth of Australia.
  Austria-Hungary 1884 1885 Austria and Hungary both submitted separate notifications of succession.
  Austria 1921 Notification of succession of ratification by Austria-Hungary.
  Belgium 1884 1885
  Brazil 1884 1885
  Canada 1888 Extension by the United Kingdom to cover Canada.
  Cape Colony 1888 This ratification no longer has any force for any state; South Africa has not declared its succession to the ratification.
  Colombia 1884
  Costa Rica 1884 1885
  Czechoslovakia 1925 This ratification no longer has any force for any state; neither the Czech Republic nor Slovakia have declared their succession to the ratification.
  Free City of Danzig 1926 This ratification no longer has any force for any state.
  Denmark 1884 1885
  Dominican Republic 1884 1885
  El Salvador 1884 1885
  Fiji 1971
  France 1884 1885
  Germany 1884 1885
  Greece 1884 1888
  Guatemala 1884 1885
  Hungary 1922 Notification of succession of the ratification by Austria-Hungary.
  Iran (Persia) 1884
  Italy 1884 1885
  Japan 1884
  Luxembourg 1884 1885
  Malta 1968
  Natal 1888 This ratification no longer has any force for any state; South Africa has not declared its succession to the ratification.
  Netherlands 1884 1885 Also applied to the colonies of the Dutch East Indies, Territory of Curaçao and Suriname (1892). Presently still applies to the territories making up the Territory of Curaçao: Aruba (1986), Curaçao (2010), Sint Maarten (2010), Caribbean Netherlands (2010)
  Newfoundland 1888 Extension by the United Kingdom to cover Newfoundland; this ratification is now subsumed within Canada's.
  New South Wales 1888 This ratification is now subsumed within the convention's application to Australia.
  New Zealand 1888 Extension by the United Kingdom to cover New Zealand.
  Norway 1905 Convention previously applied to Norway via the ratification of Sweden-Norway.
  Ottoman Empire 1884 1885 This ratification now applied to Turkey.
  Poland 1934
  Portugal 1884 1885
  Queensland 1886 This ratification is now subsumed within the convention's application to Australia.
  Romania 1884 1886
  Russia 1884 1885
  Serbia 1884 1885 This ratification was previously accepted as applicable to it by Yugoslavia and by Serbia and Montenegro.
  South Australia 1885 This ratification is now subsumed within the convention's application to Australia.
  Spain 1884 1885
  Sweden-Norway 1884 1885 This ratification now applies to Sweden.
  Tasmania 1888 This ratification is now subsumed within the convention's application to Australia.
  Tunisia 1889
  United Kingdom 1884 1885
  United States 1884 1885
  Uruguay 1884 1885
  Victoria 1885 This ratification is now subsumed within the convention's application to Australia.
  Western Australia 1888 This ratification is now subsumed within the Convention's application to Australia.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "International Convention on the Protection of Submarine Cables, with additional Article". Government of the Netherlands. Retrieved 29 February 2012.
  2. ^ Submarine Cables
  3. ^ a b "Convention for the Protection of Submarine Telegraph Cables (Paris, 14 March 1884)" (PDF). Commonwealth of Australia. 1999. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 25 April 2010.