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Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources

The Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources, also Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources, and CCAMLR, is part of the Antarctic Treaty System. The Convention was opened for signature on 1 August 1980 and entered into force on 7 April 1982 by the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources, headquartered in Tasmania, Australia. The goal is to preserve marine life and environmental integrity in and near Antarctica.

Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources
Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources.gif
Logo of the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources
AbbreviationCCAMLR
Formation20 May 1980 (38 years ago) (1980-05-20)
TypeInternational organization
PurposeEnvironment
HeadquartersHobart, Australia
Coordinates42°53′12″S 147°19′28″E / 42.8866992°S 147.3243362°E / -42.8866992; 147.3243362Coordinates: 42°53′12″S 147°19′28″E / 42.8866992°S 147.3243362°E / -42.8866992; 147.3243362
Area served
Antarctic
Membership
24 Member States + 11 Acceding States
Executive Secretary
Dr David Agnew
Websitewww.ccamlr.org

It was established in large part to concerns that an increase in krill catches in the Southern Ocean could have a serious impact on populations of other marine life which are dependent upon krill for food.[1]

In 1989, CCAMLR set up the Ecosystem Monitoring Program (CEMP) to further monitor the effects of fishing and harvesting of species in the area.

In July 2013, the CCAMLR held a meeting in Bremerhaven in Germany, to decide whether to turn the Ross Sea into an MPA (Marine Protected Area). The deal failed due to Russia voting against it, citing uncertainty about whether the commission had the authority to establish a marine protected area.[2]

On 28 October 2016 at its annual meeting in Hobart, a Ross Sea marine park was finally declared by the CCAMLR, under an agreement signed by 24 countries and the European Union. It protects over 1.5 million square kilometres of sea, and is the world's largest.

Member statesEdit

Acceding and Member State[3] Acceding States only[4]
  Argentina   Bulgaria
  Australia   Canada
  Belgium   Cook Islands
  Brazil   Finland
  Chile   Greece
  China   Mauritius
  Europe   Netherlands
  France   Pakistan
  Germany   Panama
  India   Peru
  Italy   Vanuatu
  Japan
  South Korea
  Namibia
  New Zealand
  Norway
  Poland
  Russia
  South Africa
  Spain
  Sweden
  Ukraine
  United Kingdom
  United States
  Uruguay

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources". ccamlr.org. 2011. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
  2. ^ New Scientist, No. 2926, 20 July, "Fight to preserve last pristine ecosystem fails"
  3. ^ "Members of the Commission". Retrieved 16 June 2017.
  4. ^ "Acceding States | CCAMLR". www.ccamlr.org. Retrieved 16 June 2017.

External linksEdit