Convent and Church of Saint Anthony (Cairu)

The Church and Convent of Saint Antony (Portuguese: Igreja e Convento de Santo António) is a 17th-century Roman Catholic church located in Cairu, Bahia, Brazil. It was consecrated in 1650, but construction on the complex probably began at the beginning of the century. It is dedicated to is dedicated to Saint Anthony. The church building is noted for its elaborate façade and numerous Franciscan architectural elements. It covers 3,215 square metres (34,610 sq ft). The church was listed as a historic structure by the National Historic and Artistic Heritage Institute in 1941. The architect Mário Mendonça de Oliveira calls the convent and church "one of the most outstanding existing examples of Brazilian religious architecture and Franciscan architecture."[1][2][3]

Church and Convent of Saint Antony
Igreja e Convento de Santo António
Fachada Igreja de Santo Antônio.jpg
Façade of the Church and Convent of Saint Antony
Religion
AffiliationCatholic
RiteRoman
PatronSaint Anthony
Location
MunicipalityCairu
StateBahia
CountryBrazil
Convent and Church of Saint Anthony (Cairu) is located in Brazil
Convent and Church of Saint Anthony (Cairu)
Location of the Church and Convent of Saint Antony in Brazil
Geographic coordinates13°29′13″S 39°02′42″W / 13.48681°S 39.04511°W / -13.48681; -39.04511
Architecture
TypeBaroque
Date established1650
Interior area3,215 square metres (34,610 sq ft)
Designated1941
Reference no.258

HistoryEdit

The Convent and Church of Saint Antony of Cairu was built on the site of a small chapel, also named after Saint Antony. It was built by Daniel de São Francisco, a Franciscan friar born in Penafiel, Portugal. He arrived in Brazil, initially in Pernambuco, early in the 17th century. He became a friar in the Franciscan convent at Olinda, and moved to Salvador in 1630 during the Dutch occupation of Brazil. Daniel de São Francisco taught theology in Salvador for many years, and was then chosen to negotiate the separation of the Brazilian Franciscan convents from those in Portugal. He negotiated first with the Portuguese crown, then with the Pope in 1647; the first Brazilian Franciscan province was established in 1657.[1][4]

A cornerstone of the church dates to 1654, and construction was financed by both the Franciscans and donors in Bahia. Its design likely influenced the Convent and Church of Saint Antony in Iguape, Cachoeira, which was completed by 1680.[1][4]

StructureEdit

The Convent and Church of Saint Antony is divided into a church of Santo Antônio, a church yard with a monumental cross, and convent to the north. The chapel of the Third Order sits in ruins to the south.

Alberto Sousa asserts that the church is the first in Brazil to exhibit Baroque features, and predates the introduction of the style in Portugal.[4] No other Baroque church in Europe exhibit the characteristics of the Church of Saint Anthony. Its value is attested by the emergence of numerous Brazilian churches constructed in rapid succession in the design of the Church of Saint Anthony, notably churches and convents of the same name in Paraguaçu and Recife.[5]

Ruins of the Chapel of the Third OrderEdit

The construction of the Chapel of the Third Order of Saint Antony began in the 18th century, but was never finished. It was constructed in a location recessed from the façade as a sign of obedience to the First Order. The partially-constructed building fell into decay in the 19th century; its ruins are located to the north of the site.

AccessEdit

The church and convent are open to the public and may be visited.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Oliveira, Mário Mendonça de (2013). "Church and Convent of Saint Antony". Lisbon, Portugal: Heritage of Portuguese Influence/Património de Influência Portuguesa. Retrieved 2020-08-06.
  2. ^ Secretaria da Indústria, Comércio e Turismo (Bahia, Brazil) (1997). IPAC-BA: inventário de proteção do acervo cultural. Vol. 5 (1 ed.). Salvador, Brazil: Secretaria da Indústria e Comércio. pp. 33–34.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. ^ "Convento e Igreja de Santo Antônio" (in Portuguese). Salvador, Brazil: Sistema de Informações do Patrimônio Cultural da Bahia (SIPAC). 2020. Retrieved 2020-08-06.
  4. ^ a b c Alberto Sousa (2006). "Igreja franciscana de Cairu: a invenção do barroco brasileiro". Arquitextos (in Portuguese). 06 (070.02). ISSN 1809-6298. Wikidata Q105414670.
  5. ^ Germain Bazin, L'architecture religieuse baroque au Brésil (in French), Wikidata Q85551007