Constituent Assembly of Portugal

The Constituent Assembly (Portuguese: Assembleia Constituinte) was the Portuguese constituent assembly elected on 25 April 1975, after the Carnation Revolution (25 April 1974), for the purpose of adopting a constitution for the Third Portuguese Republic, the Constitution of 1976.

Constituent Assembly

Assembleia Constituinte
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
History
Established2 June 1975
Disbanded2 April 1976
Succeeded byAssembly of the Republic
Leadership
President
Henrique de Barros, Socialist Party[1]
Vice Presidents
Structure
Seats250
AR Eleicoes 1975.svg
Elections
Party-list proportional representation
Last election
25 April 1975
Meeting place
Parlamento-IPPAR1.jpg
São Bento Palace, Lisbon, Portugal

BackgroundEdit

After the Carnation Revolution, the National Salvation Junta dissolved all political offices previously existing in the Estado Novo (Law no. 1/74[2]). On 14 May 1974, the President of the National Salvation Junta, António de Spínola, abolished the National Assembly and the Corporative Chamber (Law no. 2/74[3]), the two parliamentary chambers in the Estado Novo, and established a transitory constitution (Law no. 3/74[3]) to be used until the new constitution was approved.

ElectionsEdit

The election of the Constituent Assembly was carried out in Portugal on 25 April 1975, exactly one year after the Carnation Revolution and was the first free election in fifty years, the first in the new democratic regime created after the revolution.

The election was won by the Socialist Party, with the Democratic Party being the second most voted party. The parliament had a large majority of parties defending socialist or democratic socialist ideas and the Constitution, approved on 2 April 1976, reflected such influence.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Assembleia Contituinte - Cronologia" (in Portuguese). Assembly of the Republic. Archived from the original on 15 May 2009. Retrieved 19 October 2012.
  2. ^ "Diário do Governo" (PDF). Diário do Governo. 1st (in Portuguese) (97). 25 April 1974. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 April 2012. Retrieved 19 October 2012.
  3. ^ a b "Diário do Governo" (PDF). Diário do Governo. 1st (in Portuguese) (112). 14 May 1974. Retrieved 19 October 2012.