Constance of Burgundy

Constance of Burgundy (8 May 1046 – 1093) was the daughter of Duke Robert I of Burgundy and Helie de Semur-en-Brionnais.[1] She was Queen consort of Castile and León by her marriage to Alfonso VI of León and Castile. She was the granddaughter of King Robert II of France, the second monarch of the French Capetian dynasty. She was the mother of Urraca of León, who succeeded her father in both Castile and León.

Constance
Constança de Borgonha.jpg
Miniature of Constance of Burgundy, second wife of Alfonso VI of Leon and Castile
Queen consort of León
Queen consort of Castile
Empress of Spain
Tenure1079–1093
Born8 May 1046
Died1093
SpouseHughes II, Count of Chalon
Alfonso VI of León and Castile
IssueUrraca of León
HouseHouse of Burgundy
FatherRobert I of Burgundy
MotherHelie de Semur-en-Brionnais

LifeEdit

In 1065, Constance married her first husband, Hugh II, Count of Chalon.[1] They were married for fourteen years until Hughes' death in 1079, they had no children.[2]

In late 1079, Constance remarried to Alfonso VI of León and Castile.[2] The marriage appears to have been orchestrated via the Cluniac connections at Alfonso's court. He had previously been married to Agnes of Aquitaine, whom he had either divorced or had been widowed by. The marriage of Constance and Alfonso initially faced papal opposition, apparently due to a kinship between Constance and Agnes.

Constance and Alfonso had several children but only one of these lived to adulthood:

Constance died in 1093 leaving her fourteen-year-old daughter and her husband a widower. He went on to marry three further wives after her death, but only had a son by his Muslim mistress, Zaida of Seville.

BurialEdit

After her death, the corpse of Constance was taken to the town of Sahagún and was buried in the Monastery of St. Facundo and Primitivo, where her husband, King Alfonso VI would be buried along with all his wives.[4]

The grave that contained the remains of Alfonso VI was destroyed in 1810 during a fire in the Monastery. The remains of the king and several of his wives, including those of Constance, were collected and kept in the abbot's chamber until 1821. When the religious were expelled from the monastery, they were then deposited by Abbot Ramon Joys in a box that was placed on the south wall of the chapel of the Crucifix, until, in January 1835, the remains were collected and placed in another box, being brought to the archive. The purpose was to place all remaining interests in a new sanctuary that was being built then.[5] However, when the monastery of San Benito was disentailed in 1835, the monks gave the two boxes containing the actual remains to the relative of a priest, who hid them until 1902 were found by the professor Zamora Rodrigo Fernández Núñez.[5]

Today, the remains of Alfonso VI are buried in the Royal Monastery of San Benito in Sahagún, at the foot of the temple, in a stone chest covered with smooth, modern marble and in a tomb near equally plain, lie the remains of several of the king's wives, including those of Constance.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Bouchard 1987, p. 256.
  2. ^ a b Bull 1993, p. 88.
  3. ^ Bouchard 1987, p. 145.
  4. ^ a b Elorza et al 1990, p. 54.
  5. ^ a b Arco y Garay 1954, p. 195.

BibliographyEdit

  • Arco y Garay, Ricardo del (1954). Sepulcros de la Casa Real de Castilla (in Spanish). Madrid: Instituto Jerónimo Zurita. Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas. OCLC 11366237.
  • Bouchard, Constance Brittain (1987). Sword, Miter, and Cloister: Nobility and the Church in Burgundy, 980-1198. Cornell University Press.
  • Bull, Marcus Graham (1993). Knightly Piety and the Lay Response to the First Crusade: The Limousin and Gascony, C. 970-c. 1130. Clarendon Press.
  • Elorza, Juan C.; Vaquero, Lourdes; Castillo, Belén; Negro, Marta (1990). Junta de Castilla y León. Consejería de Cultura y Bienestar Social (ed.). El Panteón Real de las Huelgas de Burgos. Los enterramientos de los reyes de León y de Castilla (in Spanish). Publisher Evergráficas S.A. ISBN 84-241-9999-5.
Preceded by
Agnes of Aquitaine
Queen consort of León
1079–1093
Succeeded by
Bertha
Queen consort of Castile
1079–1093
Empress of Spain
1079–1093