Conservatory and Botanical Garden of the City of Geneva
The Conservatory and Botanical Garden of the city of Geneva (Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève) is a museum and an institution of the City of Geneva.
|Conservatory and Botanical Garden of the city of Geneva|
|Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève|
Greenhouse of botanical Garden in 2019
|Operated by||Ville de Genève|
|Vegetation||Lawns, Non-native traditional gardens|
|Connecting transport||road, bus, train, air|
|Facilities||Information centre, Gift shop, Toilets, Shelter, Cafe and Tea rooms|
Establishment and locationEdit
It was founded in 1817 in a former area of Bastions Park in 1817 by Augustin Pyramus de Candolle. The Botanical Gardens were transferred to the Console site (192 rue de Lausanne) in 1904, constructed by the Genevan architect Henri Juvet in 1902–1904 specifically to house the Delessert herbarium held at Bastions. The collection grew in 1911–1912 with the gift of the Emile Burant herbarium, then again in 1923–1924 with the posthumous donation of the de Candolle herbarium. In its present location, it occupies an area of 28 hectares (69 acres) adjacent to Lake Geneva and the park of the United Nations Office at Geneva and ranks as one of the five most important in the world. The gardens themselves were designed by Jules Allemand. The Botanical Garden's greenhouses initially remained at the Bastions site for financial reasons. Then, in 1910–1911, the architect Henri Juvet built a Winter Garden along the former Chemin de Varembe, which was moved to its present location close to the railway lines following the construction of the Palais des Nations and the various associated urban redevelopments that took place. The elegant glass and iron structure is in line with constructions of this type in fashion in the second half of the 19th century. It originally comprised two adjacent but separate sections: the Winter Garden and a greenhouse, creating an asymmetrical effect. A symmetrical wing was added to the first in 1935. The greenhouses at Bastions were removed to make way for the Wall of the Reformers.
The botanical garden includes a living collection of 14,000 species of 249 different families from around the world, and a historical herbarium of nearly 6 million botanical specimens. The library of over 220,000 volumes
The living collection is divided into several sections: an arboretum, rock gardens and banks of protected plants, medicinal and useful plants, greenhouses, horticultural plants (including a "garden of scent and touch"). The garden also incorporates a zoo dedicated to conservation and the Botanicum (a family space) near the lake.
The entire garden, including greenhouses, libraries and collections, and two mansions "Le Chene" and "La Console", is registered as a cultural asset of national importance.
The institution has a special interest in the medicinal plants of Paraguay, with about 5000 known plants thanks to the legacy of the Guaraní people, preserved by the Jesuit missions and the collections of Emil Hassler. The Paraguayan Ethnobotany Project was established in the mid 1990s in collaboration with the Botanical Garden and Zoo of Asunción. This collaborative framework has facilitated the creation of a large herbarium of Paraguayan medicinal plants and the creation of the Centro de Conservación y Educación Ambiental (Center for Conservation and Environmental Education: CCEAM), located within the Botanical Garden of Asunción.
From 1 January 2015, under leadership of head gardener Nicolas Freyre and Director Pierre-André Loizeau, the Conservatory and Botanical Gardens became 100% organic, the first public garden in Switzerland to formally meet the standards of Bio Suisse. Although previously almost entirely organic, a bachelor student from the Haute École du paysage, d'ingénierie et d'architecture de Genève validated the requirements. In 2017 the garden will be able to display the Bio Suisse 'Bud' certification label on completion of the required qualification period.
- "CJB Herbarium". Retrieved 16 April 2015.
- "L'inventaire édité par la confédération suisse, canton de Genève" [Swiss inventory of the Canton of Geneva] (PDF) (in French). Archived from the original (pdf) on 2015-02-17.
- "Exposición de nuestra flora nativa esta abierta al público en el jardín botánico" [Our native flora exhibition is open to the public in the botanical garden] (in Spanish). Municipality of Asunción. 4 May 2006. Archived from the original on 2009-07-26.
- "Comuna invita a visitar la Exposición Etnobotánica "Nuestras Plantas, Nuestra Gente"" [Community invited to visit the ethnobotanic exhibition "Our Plants, Our People"] (in Spanish). Municipality of Asunción. 8 October 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-12-11.
- "GE: les autorités souhaitent se mettre au 100 % bio en ce qui concerne tous ses espaces verts" [Geneva: The authorities want to make all public spaces 100% organic] (in French). Radio télévision suisse. 18 March 2015.
- "Le Jardin botanique est 100% biologique" [The Botanic Garden is 100% organic]. Tribune de Genève (in French). 18 March 2015.
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