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Conservative temperature (Θ) is a thermodynamic property of seawater.[1] It is proportional to the potential enthalpy and is recommended as a replacement for potential temperature as it more accurately represents the heat content.[2]


  1. ^ IOC, SCOR, and IAPSO (2010). The international thermodynamic equation of seawater – 2010: Calculation and use of thermodynamic properties. Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, UNESCO (English). pp. 196pp.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. ^ McDougall, Trevor J. (2003). "Potential Enthalpy: A Conservative Oceanic Variable for Evaluating Heat Content and Heat Fluxes". Journal of Physical Oceanography. 33: 945–963. doi:10.1175/1520-0485(2003)033<0945:PEACOV>2.0.CO;2.