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Conservative Party of Canada leadership election, 2017

The 2017 Conservative Party of Canada leadership election was held on May 27, 2017. Party members chose Andrew Scheer as leader, replacing Stephen Harper, who led the Conservative Party of Canada as its leader from 2004 following the merger of the Canadian Alliance and Progressive Conservative parties. Harper led the party through five federal elections: the party increased its seat count in the House of Commons in 2004, formed two minority governments in 2006, and 2008, and then a majority government in 2011. Following the defeat of the party in the 2015 federal election on October 19, Harper tendered his resignation as party leader.[3] In a statement, Conservative Party President Harry Walsh said he had spoken to Harper, "and he has instructed me to reach out to the newly elected parliamentary caucus to appoint an interim Leader and to implement the leadership selection process."[4]

Conservative leadership election, 2017
Canada
← 2004 May 27, 2017
Opinion polls
Turnout 54.57%[1]
  Andrew-Scheer-June-2017.jpg Maxime Bernier (cropped).jpg Erin O'Toole (cropped).jpg
Candidate Andrew Scheer Maxime Bernier Erin O'Toole
13th round 50.95% 49.05%
1st round 21.82% 28.89% 10.65%
Last ballot Winner 13 12
Home province Saskatchewan Quebec Ontario

  BradTrost2016 (cropped).jpg Michael Chong in Vancouver.jpg KellieLeitch2014 (cropped).jpg
Candidate Brad Trost Michael Chong Kellie Leitch
13th round
1st round 8.35% 7.55% 7.00%
Last ballot 11 10 9
Home province Saskatchewan Ontario Ontario

  Pierre Lemieux 2013.jpg Lisa Raitt - 2017 (36917974502) (cropped)2.jpg
Candidate Pierre Lemieux Lisa Raitt
13th round
1st round 7.38% 3.34%
Last ballot 8 7
Home province Ontario Ontario

Conservative Party Leadership Election 2017 Map (13th round).svg
Results of Round 13 (final round) of the vote by electoral riding

Conservative Party Leadership Election 2017 Map (First Preference).svg
Results of Round 1 (first round) of the vote by electoral riding

Leader before election

Rona Ambrose (interim)

Elected Leader

Andrew Scheer

Conservative leadership election, 2017
Date May 27, 2017
Convention Toronto Congress Centre
Resigning leader Stephen Harper
Won by Andrew Scheer
Candidates 13
Entrance Fee C$100,000
($50,000 of which is a refundable compliance deposit)[2]
Spending limit C$5,000,000

Progressive Conservative leadership elections
1927 · 1938 · 1942 · 1948 · 1956 · 1967 · 1976 · 1983 · 1993 · 1995 · 1998 · 2003
Canadian Alliance leadership elections
2000 · 2002

Conservative leadership elections
2004, 2017

259,010 party members were eligible to vote in the leadership contest.[5] 141,000 members cast a vote. According to raw voting figures, Scheer received 62,593 votes on the final ballot compared to 55,544 votes for Bernier with 23,000 voters who had voted in the first round ranking neither Scheer or Bernier in their ranked ballot. Votes were apportioned among ridings so that each riding was allocated 100 points, regardless of the number of voters, resulting in 17,222.20 points (50.95%) for Scheer and 16,577.80 points (49.05%) for Bernier.[6]

Subsequent to the election, the result and party handling of the leadership race was questioned by some supporters of runner-up Maxime Bernier and leadership candidate Kellie Leitch due to discrepancies in the final ballot count, specifically a gap between the number of ballots cast and the announced result - a 7,466 vote discrepancy, which is greater than Andrew Scheer's 7,049 votes margin of victory in the final round. There was criticism over the exact role that the accounting firm Deloitte during the voting process - a deal revealed that Deloitte was not specifically tasked with auditing the vote but "observe" the counting process" [7] [8]There was criticism about how the party memberships were handled, with some prominent members saying they never received a ballot, even after contacting the party about it.[9]

Contents

Interim leadershipEdit

Conservative Party president John Walsh's letter to caucus stated that only Members of Parliament (MPs) would vote for the interim leader, but Conservative Senators pointed out that the party constitution states that the entire parliamentary caucus votes.[10][11] The caucus allowed Senators to vote, declining to adopt the provisions of the Reform Act that would have only allowed MPs to vote.[12][13]

The caucus chose Rona Ambrose, MP for Sturgeon River—Parkland, Alberta and former Minister of Health, as interim leader at its first meeting on November 5, 2015, in a vote by preferential ballot.[14][15][16] Ambrose, as the interim leader, will also serve as Leader of the Official Opposition in the Parliament of Canada until a permanent leader is chosen. She defeated Candice Bergen, Diane Finley, Mike Lake, Rob Nicholson, Erin O'Toole, and the joint ticket of Denis Lebel and Michelle Rempel in the caucus vote.[17][18][19][16][20]

Under the party's constitution, Ambrose, as the interim leader, could not run for the permanent position.[18]

Leadership election timingEdit

Following Harper's resignation, debate emerged within the Conservative Party regarding the timing of the leadership election. Some members of the party's national council called for a leadership convention as early as May 2016 according to Maclean's magazine.[21] However, interim leader Rona Ambrose has said there is a consensus among the party's caucus that the leadership election shouldn't be rushed and should be held sometime in 2017.[22][23][23][24] In a December 2015 interview, Ambrose said the party would take its time allowing all members, including those not already involved in politics, to build a strong candidacy. "If we take a little extra time, that will mean we'll have a better leadership race."[25]

The Conservative Party's Leadership Election Organizing Committee (LEOC) met at Toronto's Albany Club January 15–17, 2016 to discuss the process for the Party to elect its next leader. Among its decisions, LEOC selected May 27, 2017, for Conservative Party members to elect their next leader.[26]

Rules and voting systemEdit

Only party members in good standing at 5pm Eastern Time on March 28, 2017, were allowed to vote.[2][27] The fee for a party membership was raised from $15 to $25, an increase that was reversed on April 23, 2016, after criticisms that the move was "elitist".[28] Membership fees could only be paid via personal cheque or credit card. Cash payments were not permitted. This new requirement was intended to prevent the election being dominated by new members, and to prevent anyone other than the individual member, such as a candidate's campaign, from signing up scores of members and paying the membership fees in cash out of campaign funds.[29] Despite this, the Conservative Party confirmed irregularities with 1,351 memberships connected to prepaid credit cards that it subsequently struck from its membership roll.[30]

Voting was on a one member one vote basis using a ranked ballot; however votes were calculated so that each electoral district had equal weight with each electoral district allocated 100 points.[31] Candidates were assigned a point total based on his or her percentage of the vote in each electoral district. To win, a candidate must receive at least 16,901 points which would be a majority.[2][32]

To register, candidates must:[2]

  • be members of the party for at least six months (can be waived),
  • submit nomination forms signed by 300 party members from at least 30 electoral districts in at least seven different provinces and territories,
  • pay a $50,000 non-refundable entrance fee, half of which must be paid when filing nomination with the other half due by the close of nominations on February 24, 2017.[33][34]
  • pay an additional $50,000 compliance deposit, by December 31, 2016, or when filing nomination for those who register in 2017, which is refundable provided the candidate complies with campaign rules.[33][34]
  • and fill out a 40-page questionnaire that asks for:
    • references,
    • criminal background and credit checks,
    • agreement with basic party principles,
    • a list of social media accounts,
    • questions about possible controversial positions the candidate has taken in the past, and
    • questions about affiliations and personal associations and behaviour that may be problematic.

A party committee reviewed the candidate's nomination form and may disqualify a potential candidate.[35] Candidates are allowed to spend a maximum of $5 million on their campaigns.[36]

TimelineEdit

 
Maxime Bernier and Andrew Scheer walking down the stairs at Parliament Hill, May 30, 2017.
  • October 19, 2015 – Federal election results in defeat of Conservative government. As Harper spoke to supporters in Calgary, making no reference to his future, a statement was released by the party announcing Harper's resignation as party leader and his request that an interim leader be chosen to lead the party in parliament until a leadership election can be held.[3]
  • November 4, 2015 – Harper resigns as prime minister; Liberal government led by Justin Trudeau sworn in.[37]
  • November 5, 2015 – Conservative caucus held its first meeting since the 2015 federal election[38] and chose former health minister[39] Rona Ambrose interim leader of the party.[10]
  • December 4–5, 2015 – National Council meets, 20-member Leadership Election Organization Committee appointed, including seven members of the National Council and MP Diane Finley, all of whom have pledged to be neutral during the leadership campaign; Dan Nowlan is appointed the committee's chair.[22][23]
  • January 15–17, 2016 – The Leadership Election Organization Committee meets at the Albany Club in Toronto to decide on the date of the leadership vote, the deadline for candidates to be nominated, campaign spending limits, the entrance fee for candidates and the appeals process for any disputes.[40]
  • May 26–28, 2016 – Conservative Party national policy convention, held at the Vancouver Convention Centre, voted on policy resolutions and elected the party president and other officials.[23] An attempt to change the party constitution to allow the party's interim leader, Rona Ambrose, to seek the permanent leadership is defeated.[41]
  • September 12, 2016 – Former Foreign Minister Peter MacKay, who had been leading public opinion polls as the most popular potential leader, announces that he will not be a candidate for the party's leadership.
  • November 2, 2016 – Only those who have registered as candidates by this date, including having paid at least $25,000 of the candidate deposit, are permitted to participate in the first leadership debate, to be held the following week. 12 candidates meet this deadline.[42]
  • November 9, 2016 – First of five official leadership debates organized by the LEOC, held in Saskatoon.[43]
  • November 13, 2016 – Leadership debate organized by the Carleton Conservative Association, held in Greely, Ontario[44]
  • December 6, 2016 – Second official debate held in Moncton in English and French.[45]
  • December 31, 2016 – Deadline for candidates who filed their nomination papers in 2016 to have paid $50,000 compliance fee.[33]
  • January 17, 2017, 6:30 pm – Third official debate held in Quebec City in French at the Quebec Convention Centre. The themes covered will be government and taxes.[46][47]
  • February 4, 2017 – Leadership debate organized by the Progressive Conservative Party of Nova Scotia was held in Halifax, Nova Scotia. The first debate involving well-known businessman Kevin O'Leary.[48]
  • February 24, 2017, 5pm ET (UTC-5) – Nomination period closes; deadline for candidates to pay any remaining balance of entrance fee.[2]
  • February 24, 2017 – Leadership debate organized by the Manning Centre for Building Democracy, held in Ottawa, Ontario[49]
  • February 28, 2017 – Fourth official debate, held in Edmonton at the Maclab Theatre in English and French.[46]
  • March 28, 2017, 5pm ET (UTC-4) – Members who have joined by this date are eligible to vote.[2]
  • April 26, 2017 – Presumed frontrunner Kevin O'Leary withdraws from the election and endorses Maxime Bernier; as O'Leary has withdrawn after the deadline, his name remains on the ballot. Final leadership debate is held.[50]
  • April 28, 2017 – Voting by mail-in ranked ballot begins.[50]
  • May 26, 2017, 5pm ET (UTC-5) – Deadline for mail-in ballots to be received.[51]
  • May 27, 2017 – In-person voting at Toronto Congress Centre and 14 polling stations across the country until 4 pm ET (UTC-5).[52] Advance and in-person ballots counted; results announced.[26][53]

Full resultsEdit

Results by ballot
Candidate Round 1 Round 2 Round 3 Round 4 Round 5 Round 6 Round 7 Round 8 Round 9 Round 10 Round 11 Round 12 Round 13
Points % Points % Points % Points % Points % Points % Points % Points % Points % Points % Points % Points % Points %
Andrew Scheer 7,375.79 21.82% 7,383.69 21.85% 7,427.00 21.97% 7,455.34 22.06% 7,492.06 22.17% 7,597.28 22.48% 7,764.64 22.97% 8,061.08 23.85% 8,798.38 26.03% 9,557.67 28.28% 10,235.27 30.28% 12,965.47 38.36% 17,222.20 50.95%
Maxime Bernier 9,763.32 28.89% 9,823.57 29.06% 9,854.61 29.16% 9,922.23 29.36% 10,114.67 29.93% 10,208.33 30.20% 10,313.15 30.51% 10,557.48 31.24% 10,709.58 31.69% 11,570.59 34.23% 12,360.08 36.57% 13,647.14 40.38% 16,577.80 49.05%
Erin O'Toole 3,600.72 10.65% 3,609.15 10.68% 3,634.90 10.75% 3,669.07 10.86% 3,708.41 10.97% 3,769.09 11.15% 3,824.62 11.32% 4,181.26 12.37% 4,324.01 12.79% 4,947.86 14.64% 6,372.85 18.85% 7,187.38 21.26%
Brad Trost 2,820.87 8.35% 2,826.57 8.36% 2,829.77 8.37% 2,834.43 8.39% 2,843.35 8.41% 2,852.31 8.44% 2,862.22 8.47% 2,883.76 8.53% 4,340.70 12.84% 4,633.83 13.71% 4,831.80 14.30%
Michael Chong 2,552.47 7.55% 2,572.68 7.61% 2,583.56 7.64% 2,605.63 7.71% 2,618.63 7.75% 2,666.15 7.89% 2,692.83 7.97% 2,907.60 8.60% 2,939.29 8.70% 3,090.04 9.14%
Kellie Leitch 2,366.09 7.00% 2,375.00 7.03% 2,383.03 7.05% 2,398.07 7.09% 2,430.25 7.19% 2,454.84 7.26% 2,516.67 7.45% 2,615.63 7.74% 2,688.03 7.95%
Pierre Lemieux 2,495.71 7.38% 2,498.29 7.39% 2,503.92 7.41% 2,510.33 7.43% 2,518.29 7.45% 2,538.17 7.51% 2,561.77 7.58% 2,593.18 7.67%
Lisa Raitt 1,127.93 3.34% 1,137.56 3.37% 1,164.85 3.45% 1,188.15 3.52% 1,208.97 3.58% 1,244.56 3.68% 1,264.10 3.74%
Steven Blaney 426.37 1.26% 429.13 1.27% 433.00 1.28% 440.71 1.30% 448.37 1.33% 469.25 1.39%
Chris Alexander 379.10 1.12% 385.01 1.14% 391.05 1.16% 407.47 1.21% 417.00 1.23%
Kevin O'Leary 361.21 1.07% 364.74 1.08% 367.33 1.09% 368.56 1.09%
Rick Peterson 220.58 0.65% 223.09 0.66% 226.96 0.67%
Andrew Saxton 169.94 0.50% 171.50 0.51%
Deepak Obhrai 139.90 0.41%

Provincial summaryEdit

First round result
Province Alexander Bernier Blaney Chong Leitch Lemieux Obhrai O'Leary O'Toole Peterson Raitt Saxton Scheer Trost
Alberta 0.56% 35.54% 0.34% 4.63% 5.95% 6.04% 1.09% 1.52% 10.24% 0.57% 1.77% 0.28% 23.65% 7.79%
British Columbia 0.70% 24.81% 0.34% 9.60% 7.79% 7.30% 0.34% 1.07% 12.50% 1.04% 2.88% 1.46% 20.02% 10.15%
Manitoba 0.41% 28.40% 0.59% 5.75% 7.25% 13.94% 0.12% 1.43% 13.78% 0.67% 2.58% 0.27% 17.97% 6.84%
New Brunswick 0.53% 22.09% 0.62% 8.03% 7.51% 7.14% 0.03% 0.74% 14.31% 0.84% 8.94% 1.46% 22.58% 5.17%
Newfoundland and Labrador 0.32% 29.79% 0.35% 8.00% 14.09% 6.93% 0.77% 0.29% 10.92% 0.66% 5.55% 0.91% 16.17% 5.25%
Northwest Territories 0.75% 33.83% 0.00% 10.53% 9.02% 4.51% 1.50% 0.75% 11.28% 3.76% 5.26% 0.00% 17.29% 1.50%
Nova Scotia 0.82% 21.83% 0.17% 8.29% 7.07% 5.29% 0.30% 0.75% 17.25% 0.73% 13.98% 1.02% 16.98% 5.52%
Nunavut 0.00% 50.00% 0.00% 12.50% 6.25% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 6.25% 0.00% 6.25% 0.00% 18.75% 0.00%
Ontario 1.78% 24.41% 0.39% 10.85% 7.56% 9.20% 0.51% 1.35% 12.08% 0.50% 3.89% 0.27% 16.21% 11.00%
Prince Edward Island 0.52% 15.13% 0.52% 7.97% 6.38% 8.06% 0.30% 0.29% 16.87% 0.30% 6.93% 2.43% 29.42% 4.87%
Quebec 1.12% 39.38% 4.24% 3.55% 5.99% 4.43% 0.16% 0.64% 5.92% 0.73% 1.09% 0.22% 27.68% 4.86%
Saskatchewan 0.15% 18.16% 0.13% 2.10% 3.92% 7.93% 0.07% 0.76% 6.83% 0.19% 1.42% 0.18% 47.54% 10.63%
Yukon 0.94% 21.70% 0.31% 9.75% 5.66% 4.40% 0.00% 0.94% 21.70% 1.57% 13.84% 0.31% 14.15% 4.72%

DebatesEdit

Debates among candidates for the 2017 Conservative Party of Canada leadership election
No. Date Time Place Host Participants
 P  Participant
 N  Non-invitee  A  Absent invitee  O  Out of race (exploring or withdrawn)
Alexander Bernier Blaney Chong Leitch Lemieux Lindsay Obhrai O'Leary O'Toole Peterson Raitt Saxton Scheer Snow Trost
Conservative Party of Canada leadership election debates
1 November 9, 2016 6 p.m. CST Delta Bessborough
Saskatoon, SK
Conservative Party of Canada P P P P P N P P O P N P P P N P
2 November 13, 2016 1 p.m. EST Orchard View Wedding & Event Center
Greely, ON
Carleton Conservative Electoral District Association (EDA) P P A P A N A P O P N P P P N P
3 December 6, 2016 7:30 p.m. AST Crowne Plaza
Moncton, NB
Conservative Party of Canada P P P P P P P P O P P P P P N P
4 January 17, 2017 6:30 p.m. EST Hôtel Hilton
Quebec City, QC
Conservative Party of Canada P P P P P P O P O P P P P P O P
5 January 19, 2017 6:30 p.m. CST Metropolitan Entertainment Centre
Winnipeg, MB
Elmwood—Transcona Conservative EDA A P P P A P O P N P P P P P O P
6 February 4, 2017 6 p.m. EST The Westin Nova Scotian
Halifax, NS
Progressive Conservative Party of Nova Scotia P P P P P P O P P P P P P P O P
7 February 13, 2017 7 p.m. EST Holiday Inn Express & Suites Montreal Airport
Montreal, QC
Lac-Saint-Louis Conservative EDA
Pierrefonds—Dollard Conservative EDA
P P P P P N O A P P P P P P O N
8 February 19, 2017 1 p.m. EST Vogue Theatre
Vancouver, BC
Vancouver Conservatives P A P P A A O A A P P P P P O P
9 February 24, 2017 3 p.m. EST Shaw Centre
Ottawa, ON
Manning Centre P P P P P P O P P P P P P P O P
10 February 28, 2017 6 p.m. MST Citadel Theatre
Edmonton, AB
Conservative Party of Canada P P P P P P O P A P P P P P O P
11 March 1, 2017 7 p.m. MST Deerfoot Inn and Casino
Calgary, AB
Calgary Centre Conservative EDA P P P P P P O P A P P P P P O P
12 March 24, 2017 7 p.m. EDT Komoka Wellness & Recreation Centre
London, ON
Lambton—Kent—Middlesex Conservative EDA P A P P A P O A A P P P A P O P
13 April 2, 2017 2 p.m. EDT Eglinton Theatre
Eglinton, ON
Eglinton—Lawrence Conservative EDA P P P P P P O P A P P P P P O P
14 April 3–5, 2017 5 p.m. EDT 9 Channel Nine Court
Toronto, ON
CTV News P P P P P P O P P P P P P P O P
15 April 26, 2017 6 p.m. EDT St. Lawrence Centre for the Arts
Toronto, ON
Conservative Party of Canada P P P P P P O P O P P P P P O P
16 May 6, 2017 2 p.m. EDT Royal Canadian Legion Branch 586
South Bruce Peninsula, ON
Bruce—Grey—Owen Sound Conservative EDA P A A P P P O A O A A P A P O A

Registered candidatesEdit

Candidates who have paid their entrance fee and compliance deposit and filed their nomination papers:[54]

Chris AlexanderEdit

 
Chris Alexander
Background

Chris Alexander, 49, is the former Minister of Citizenship and Immigration (2013–2015), Parliamentary Secretary to Minister of National Defence (2011– 2013)[55] and the former MP for Ajax—Pickering, Ontario (2011–2015). Prior to entering politics, he served as a member of Canada's foreign diplomatic service, most notably in the Canadian Embassy in Moscow and as the Canadian Ambassador to Afghanistan from 2003 to 2005.[56] From 2005 to 2009 he held the post of Deputy Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary General for Afghanistan.[57] In addition to English, he is fluent in both French and Russian languages.[58][citation needed]

Date campaign announced: October 12, 2016[59]
Endorsements
Policies

Chris Alexander has 40 detailed published policies that fall into three main categories: New Economy, New Country and New Role. These policies include how Canada should approach: employment, taxation, innovation, families, education, competitiveness, energy self-reliance, cities, agriculture, poverty, homelessness, First Nations peoples, the Métis, refugees, the Monarchy, justice, health care, protecting wilderness, forestry, mining, international diplomacy, terrorism, democratic reform, cyber-security, Canadian culture, northern development, and national defence.[61]

He believes that immigration is the key to "economic growth."[55] Is proposing to increase immigration to 400,000 a year[55] including 40,000 refugees and calling for doubling defence spending and "for an accelerated push to settle all outstanding land claims and to sign treaties with First Nations communities that would empower them to govern themselves".[59] Was prominent in the Conservative government's handling of the Syrian refugee crisis and in the government's promise during the 2015 election to create a telephone tip line to report so-called "barbaric cultural practices."[62] As minister, he was criticized over delays in meeting the government's commitment to resettle Syrian refugees.[63]

Maxime BernierEdit

 
Maxime Bernier
Background

Maxime Bernier, 55, is the MP for Beauce, Quebec (2006–present) and was the Shadow Minister of Innovation (2015—2016). He served in the Harper government as Minister of State for Small Business and Tourism (2011–2015), Minister of Foreign Affairs (2007–2008), and Minister of Industry (2006–2007),[64][65][66][67] Bernier is considered an advocate of limited government and has been compared to a Libertarian.[55][68][69][70] He has been nicknamed "Mad Max", the "Bloc-buster", or the "Albertan from Quebec" by his Ottawa colleagues.[71][72][73] Prior to entering federal politics in 2006, Bernier, a lawyer by training, was vice-president of the Standard Life of Canada Insurance company, MEI, and manager of corporate and international relations at the Commission des valeurs mobilières du Québec.[74]

Date candidacy announced: April 7, 2016[75]
Endorsements
Policies
  • Running a campaign based on individual freedom, personal responsibility, respect and fairness.[136] Expects support around the ideas/policies he is placing in the campaigns.[137]
  • Calls for smaller government, lower taxes everywhere, paying down the national debt, increasing investments, increase pipeline developments, and opening up markets. Opposes bailout to any corporation, and use of "corporate welfare" (business subsidies). Supports the decriminalization/legization of marijuana[138] Wants to allow MPs to vote their conscience and get rid of omnibus bills.[139]
  • Phasing control of Canada Health Transfer to the provinces for health care by replacing it with a health transfer point systems, encourage provinces to move away from a single-payer healthcare system to a two-tier healthcare system, balance the budget within two years then reduce the number of tax brackets from five to three, increase basic exemption from $11,474 to $15,000 being paid by "boutique" tax credits. Supports abolishing capital gains taxes, and lowering corporate taxes to 10% by getting rid of corporate welfare.[140][141][142][143]
  • Opposes a "Canadian values" test on the basis that it is logistically ineffective to fight terrorism. Abolish the Canadian Radio-television Telecommunications Commission, privatizing Canada Post Corporation, phasing out supply management on dairy and poultry,[55] and expanding free trade.[144][145] Ending inter-provincial barriers as a priority.[146][147]
  • He also wants to "break" Quebec's maple syrup cartel and wants to allow foreign ownership for the airline industry.[55] He wants to "streamline the process for hiring specialized workers abroad".[63] He wants to put more emphasis on economic immigration and "slightly reduce" family reunification class immigration.[63] More privately sponsored refugee and fewer government sponsored.[63] Reform temporary foreign worker programs.[148] Bernier believes first nation communities need to be consulted before the Indian Act needs to be "abolished, or changed."[149] Opposes federal control overreaching into other jurisdictions.[150] Create stricter foreign aid standards and phase out development aid.[151][152]

Steven BlaneyEdit

 
Steven Blaney
Background

Steven Blaney, 53, was the Shadow Minister of Public Works and Government Services (2015–2016) for the Conservative Opposition, and is the former Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness (2013–2015), Minister of Veterans Affairs (2011–2013). He is the MP for Bellechasse—Les Etchemins—Lévis, Quebec (2015–present) and Lévis—Bellechasse, Quebec (2006–2015).

Date campaign announced: October 23, 2016[153]
Endorsements
Policies
Supports banning the wearing of the niqab while voting, taking the citizenship oath, or by federal public servants,[55] even if such a ban would require invoking the notwithstanding clause of the Constitution in order to override the Charter of Rights and Freedoms.[156] Also advocates testing of would be citizens on "their understanding and appreciation of Canada's core principles."[157] He wants to "beef up" screening.[63] The number of immigrants he wants to bring in will be based upon labour-market studies.[63]

Michael ChongEdit

 
Michael Chong
Background

Michael Chong, 46, is the MP for Wellington—Halton Hills, Ontario (2004–present) and was the Deputy Shadow Minister of the Environment (2015–2016). He was Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs and Youth (2006)[55] and Minister of Sport (2006). Chong resigned from the Harper cabinet in 2006 to protest the government's recognition of the Québécois as a nation within Canada.[55] As a backbench MP he advocated democratic reforms in Parliament to limit the power of the Prime Minister's Office and party leaders over their caucuses and individual MPs and introduced the Reform Act to give caucuses the option of the power to remove party leaders, elect caucus chairs, and expel or readmit MPs, and elect interim leaders.[12][158][159][160] He was a member of the Progressive Conservative Party at the time of the merger.[55]

Date campaign announced: May 16, 2016[161]
Endorsements
Policies
  • Advocates modernizing democratic institutions and strengthening the independence of MPs and parliamentary committees.[161]
  • Calls for the privatization of Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation's (CMHC) mortgage insurance and securitization business, a measure he says will make housing more affordable in Canada.[191]
  • Supports introducing a revenue neutral carbon tax. Chong’s plan would phase in a carbon tax over a decade, while immediately cutting taxes by $18 billion and getting rid of green regulations and subsidies.[192][193]
  • Believes that Canada needs an evidence-based immigration policy that would put economic interests at the forefront. He has criticized face-to-face values screening as a divisive tactic.[63]

Kellie LeitchEdit

 
Kellie Leitch
Background

Kellie Leitch, 47, is the MP for Simcoe—Grey, Ontario (2011–present), and was the Shadow Minister of Health (2015–2016). In the Harper cabinet she was Minister of Labour and the Status of Women (2013–2015).[55][66][67][194][195][196][197] She is an orthopaedic pediatric surgeon at SickKids Hospital and an associate professor at the University of Toronto.[55][198]

Date campaign announced: April 6, 2016[199]
Endorsements
Policies
  • Supports the decriminalization, but not legalization, of marijuana.[215][216] Opposes a national tax on carbon emissions.[217] Has suggested screening prospective immigrants using a "Canadian values" test.[62] Described Donald J. Trump's win of the American presidency as an "exciting message and one that we need delivered in Canada as well."[218] Urged by hundreds of health professionals to honour her medical oath and work against Canada's controversial asbestos industry,[219] remained silent on the issue.[220] Calls for the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation to be defunded and dismantled with the exception of the provision of emergency services to rural and remote parts of Canada.[221]

Pierre LemieuxEdit

 
Pierre Lemieux
Background

Pierre Lemieux, 55, is the former MP for Glengarry—Prescott—Russell, Ontario (2006–2015). In the Harper government he was the Parliamentary Secretary for Official Languages (2007–2008), Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Agriculture (2008–2015), and Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Veterans Affairs (2015).[222]

Date campaign announced: August 22, 2016[222]
Endorsements
Policies
  • Running as a social conservative, highlighting his opposition to abortion and same-sex marriage.[55][222] Lemieux does not believe that screening potential immigration candidates to Canada would make Canada any safer.[63] In March 2017, Pierre Lemieux received a rating of C- from the Canadian Coalition for Firearms Rights for his policies on firearms ownership in Canada.[225]

Deepak ObhraiEdit

 
Deepak Obhrai
Background

Deepak Obhrai, 67, is the MP for Calgary Forest Lawn, Alberta (2015–present), and represented Calgary East, Alberta (1997–2015), was Shadow Minister of International Development (2015–2016), and is the Dean of the Conservative Caucus. In the Harper government he was the Parliamentary Secretary for Foreign Affairs (2006–2015).[226][227][228] Obhrai was a member of the Canadian Alliance at the time of the merger.

Date campaign announced: July 14, 2016[229]
Endorsements
Policies
  • Advocates a more inclusive party.[229] Had promised to withdraw in favour of Peter MacKay if he were to run.[229] He wants to increase the number of privately sponsored refugees and cut the number of government-sponsored refugees.[63]

Erin O'TooleEdit

 
Erin O'Toole
Background

Erin O'Toole, 45, is the MP for Durham, Ontario (2012–present) and was Shadow Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness (2015–2016) for the Conservative Party in Opposition. Previously, he served as Minister of Veterans Affairs (2015).[234][235]

Date campaign announced: October 14, 2016[236]
Endorsements
Policies

O'Toole policies wants to give tax credits for youth underemployment and student debt.[55] He wants to restructure temporary foreign worker and provincial nominee programs.[55]

Rick PetersonEdit

Background

Rick Peterson, 61, is a venture capitalist, party fundraiser, the principal of Peterson Capital, and a former candidate for leadership of the British Columbia Conservative Party.[55][283] He was a member of the Progressive Conservatives at the time of the merger.[284]

Date campaign announced: October 18, 2016[285]
Endorsements
Policies
  • Advocates a flat federal income tax rate of 15% and eliminating corporate income taxes and[285] raising the GST to 9%.[288][citation needed] Supports boosting terrorist surveillance and enhance security screening for immigrants.[285]
  • Advocates offering citizenship to almost 250,000 skilled workers a year by 2022, triple today’s levels, and to 35,000 business people, more than five times today’s level while freezing refugee integration to the levels of Harper Era.[289]
  • Would reform health care provincial transfer payments and equalization payments.[290]
  • Calls for Canada Revenue Agency to withdraw from Quebec and to transfer the administration and collection of the income tax in the province to Revenue Quebec.[291]
  • Would take Canada out of the UN firearms marking scheme and to allow open carry of restricted firearms in the bush.[292] Received a rating of C- from the Canadian Coalition for Firearms Rights for his policies[293] and a rating of C from the National Firearms Association.[294]

Lisa RaittEdit

 
Lisa Raitt
Background

Lisa Raitt, 49, is the MP for Milton, Ontario (2015–present), previously Halton, Ontario (2008–2015) and the former Shadow Minister of Finance (2015–2016), Minister of Transport (2013–2015), Minister of Labour (2010–2013), Minister of Natural Resources (2008–2010), President and CEO of the Toronto Port Authority (2002–2008).[64][67][195][295] Stepped down from shadow cabinet on October 14, 2016, to prepare for leadership bid.[296]

Date campaign announced: November 2, 2016[297][298]
Endorsements
Policies
Opposes Leitch's proposal to screen immigrants for "anti-Canadian values".[325] She will "introduce balanced budgets, repeal carbon pricing legislation and prioritize the development of Canada's natural resources."[55]
  • Firearms policy. In March 2017, Raitt received a rating of C+ from the Canadian Coalition for Firearms Rights for her policies on firearms ownership in Canada.[293] In April, she received a rating of D from the National Firearms Association.[294]

Andrew SaxtonEdit

 
Andrew Saxton
Background

Andrew Saxton, 54, is the former Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Finance (2013–2015), Parliamentary Secretary to the President of the Treasury Board and for Western Economic Diversification (2011–2013), MP for North Vancouver (2008–2015), former chief executive officer of King George Financial Corporation.[326]

Date campaign announced: October 18, 2016[285]
Endorsements
Policies

Saxton's campaign is an economic platform.[55] He plans on lowering taxes and balancing the budget.[55]

Andrew ScheerEdit

 
Andrew Scheer
Background

Andrew Scheer, 38, Opposition House Leader (2015–2016), MP for Regina—Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan (2004–present), Speaker of the House of Commons (2011–2015).[55] Scheer was a member of the Canadian Alliance at the time of the merger.

Date campaign announced: September 28, 2016[331]
Endorsements
Policies

Running as an "unapologetic" Conservative who can unite all wings of the party.[374][375] He is "committed" to lower taxes,[55] fiscal responsibility,[55] and "compassion". Scheer believes that there should be a "more robust screening process."[376] Scheer is pro-life, but doesn't intend to bring any legislation on the topic.[376] Scheer advocates for immigration based process, economic indicators, and "what our society needs."[63]

Brad TrostEdit

 
Brad Trost
Background

Brad Trost, 43, MP for Saskatoon—University, Saskatchewan (2015–present), had represented Saskatoon—Humboldt, Saskatchewan (2004–2015), and was appointed Official Opposition Critic for Canada-U.S. Relations (2015–2016) following the 2015 election. Prior to election, Trost worked as an exploration geophysicist (prospector) in natural resources extraction in the north. He was also an active participant in his family's mixed grain, oilseeds and beef cattle farm operation. In his first Parliament, he founded the Conservative Party Energy Caucus and pushed for the re-creation of the Standing Committee on Natural Resources. He has served on the Standing Committees on International Trade and on Industry, and was elected vice-chair of the Canada-U.S. Parliamentary Association.[377]

Date campaign announced: August 16, 2016[378]
Endorsements
Policies
  • Running as a social conservative, opposes a carbon tax, transgender bathrooms, tax increases generally, assisted suicide and abortion, deficit financing, and legalization of marijuana. Has been outspoken against abortion and against same-sex marriage and argued unsuccessfully at the 2016 Conservative policy convention to retain the party's definition of marriage as "the Union of one man and one woman".[380][381] Advocates privatization of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation.[382]

Withdrawn candidatesEdit

Tony ClementEdit

 
Tony Clement
Background

Tony Clement, 57, is the MP for Parry Sound—Muskoka, Ontario (2006–present) and has been Shadow Minister of Foreign Affairs (2015–2016), President of the Treasury Board (2011–2015), Minister of Industry (2008–2011), Minister of Health (2006–2008), and a 2004 leadership candidate, placing third. He was an MPP in the Ontario legislature (1995–2003) and a provincial cabinet minister (1997–2003) under Premiers Mike Harris and Ernie Eves. Clement also ran for the leadership of the Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario in 2002, placing third.[64][66][67][194][383]

Date campaign announced: July 12, 2016[384]
Date withdrawn: October 12, 2016[385]
Endorsements
Other information

Daniel LindsayEdit

Background

Daniel Lindsay, 60, president of the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Manitoba, radiologist, has done five tours as a civilian medical specialist with the Canadian Armed Forces, including in Kandahar, Afghanistan.[392]

Date campaign announced: May 25, 2016[393][394]
Date withdrawn: December 28, 2016[395]
Endorsements
  • MPs:
  • Senators: (1) Betty Unger (Alberta)[396]
  • Provincial politicians:
  • Municipal politicians:
  • Former MPs:
  • Former Senators:
  • Former provincial politicians:
  • Former municipal politicians:
  • Other prominent individuals:
  • Organizations:
  • Media:
Other information
Withdrew after he was unable to fundraise enough money to meet December 31 deadline for paying the party the $50,000 leadership campaign compliance fee.[33][395]
Later endorsed Erin O'Toole.[281]

Kevin O'LearyEdit

 
Kevin O'Leary

Kevin O'Leary, 63, is a businessman, investor, journalist, writer, financial commentator and Emmy award-winning television personality.[67][397][398][399]

Endorsements
Policies

O'Leary supported using a "big stick" federally in order to bring provincial governments in-line with federal policies, cutting waste in military spending, supports a peacekeeping role for the military, cutting carbon emissions through criminal sanctions rather than a carbon tax, supports current immgration policy but also wishes to "fast-track" the citizenship applications of skilled immigrants,[411][412] asserted he would support LGBTQI people, legalize marijuana and defend reproductive rights.[31]

Date campaign announced: January 18, 2017[413]
Date withdrawn: April 26, 2017[414]
Other information
O'Leary withdrew from the election despite polls showing he was the frontrunner. He stated that while he believed he could win the leadership election, he would be unable to defeat Justin Trudeau in the next federal election due to his inability to speak French fluently and his lack of support in Quebec. He endorsed Maxime Bernier.[50] As his withdrawal took place after the deadline, O'Leary remained on the final leadership ballot.

Adrienne SnowEdit

Background

Adrienne Snow, 49, Toronto-based communications consultant, former director of policy for National Foundation for Family Research and Education. Former executive director of Centre for the Study of Civic Renewal. Announced on August 23, 2016, that she intended to be a candidate but failed to register and announced in January that she was ending her campaign.[415]

Date campaign announced: August 23, 2016[415]
Date withdrawn: January 4, 2017[416]

DeclinedEdit

Opinion pollingEdit

Some of the polls below were conducted before nominations for the leadership closed and therefore include potential candidates for the leadership race. Rona Ambrose, as interim leader, is ineligible to run for the permanent leadership unless there is a change to the party's constitution.

Conservative Party membersEdit

Polling firm/Link Last date
of polling
Sample
size
Margin of
error
Chris
Alexander
Maxime
Bernier
Steven
Blaney
Michael
Chong
Kellie
Leitch
Pierre
Lemieux
Kevin
O'Leary
Erin
O'Toole
Lisa
Raitt
Andrew
Scheer
Brad
Trost
Other/
Undecided
Actual results May 27, 2017 N/A 1.12% 28.89% (49.05%) 1.26% 7.55% 7.00% 7.38% 1.07% 10.65% 3.34% 21.82% (50.95%) 8.35% Rick Peterson 0.65%

Andrew Saxton 0.50%
Deepak Obhrai 0.41%

Mainstreet Research/Ipolitics May 23, 2017[441] 12,840 ±0.84% 0.70% 31.30% 0.70% 9.50% 6.80% 6.00% 12.90% 3.50% 17.20% 5.10% Undecided 4.80%

Rick Peterson 0.70%
Andrew Saxton 0.60%
Deepak Obhrai 0.30%

Mainstreet Research/Ipolitics May 14, 2017[442] 9,111 ±1.01% 1.14% 28.41% 1.10% 7.73% 6.22% 5.00% 15.20% 4.31% 19.54% 3.74% Undecided 5.96%

Rick Peterson 0.72%
Andrew Saxton 0.59%
Deepak Obhrai 0.33%

Mainstreet Research/Ipolitics May 7, 2017[443] 12,170 ±0.87% 0.88% 26.26% 1.09% 7.30% 6.55% 5.45% 13.55% 4.15% 20.11% 3.26% Undecided 9.18%

Rick Peterson 1.10%
Andrew Saxton 0.80%
Deepak Obhrai 0.33%

Mainstreet Research/Ipolitics May 2, 2017[444] 1009 ±3.09% 1.89% 31.18% 1.89% 4.18% 8.17% 4.18% 11.25% 5.48% 22.01% 3.59% Undecided 4.48%

Rick Peterson 0.8%
Andrew Saxton 0.4%
Deepak Obhrai 0.5%

Mainstreet Research/Ipolitics April 22, 2017[445] 2135 ±2.1% 2.11% 19.63% 1.31% 7.08% 11.76% 4.36% 10.26% 7.31% 18.83% 4.73% Undecided 10.96%

Rick Peterson >0.47%
Andrew Saxton >0.23%
Deepak Obhrai >0.47%

Mainstreet Research/Ipolitics April 22, 2017 2135 ±2.1% 1.36% 14.19% 0.89% 5.53% 6.60% 4.17% 26.32% 7.82% 4.87% 16.72% 4.73% Undecided 5.62%

Rick Peterson 0.47%
Andrew Saxton 0.23%
Deepak Obhrai 0.47%

Mainstreet Research/Ipolitics April 13, 2017 1740 ±2.35% 1.32% 19.02% 2.30% 5.98% 7.70% 2.07% 23.16% 10.46% 6.38% 13.10% 0.11% Undecided 5.17%

Rick Peterson 1.03%
Andrew Saxton 0.69%
Deepak Obhrai 1.49%

Mainstreet Research/Ipolitics April 6, 2017 1864 ±2.25% 2.52% 16.84% 2.41% 6.76% 9.28% 1.18% 22.14% 9.22% 6.92% 13.73% 1.55% Undecided 6.17%

Rick Peterson 0.11%
Andrew Saxton 0.97%
Deepak Obhrai 0.21%

Mainstreet Research/Ipolitics March 31, 2017 1776 ±2.32% 1.41% 16.44% 2.42% 7.55% 8.90% 2.42% 23.59% 9.91% 6.31% 13.12% 1.91% Undecided 5.74%

Rick Peterson 0%
Andrew Saxton 0.23%
Deepak Obhrai 0.06%

Mainstreet Research/Ipolitics March 24, 2017 1670 ±2.38% 1.92% 17.66% 2.16% 4.07% 8.68% 3.53% 24.85% 6.53% 7.66% 12.34% 2.46% Undecided 7.25%

Rick Peterson 0.42%
Andrew Saxton 0.36%
Deepak Obhrai 0.12%

Mainstreet Research/Ipolitics March 19, 2017 1105 ±2.8% 3.05% 14.73% 2.70% 5.48% 16.89% 1.53% 22.10% 2.88% 7.82% 9.16% 1.62% Undecided 11.05%

Deepak Obhrai 0.45%
Rick Peterson 0.36%
Andrew Saxton 0.18%

Mainstreet Research/Ipolitics March 11, 2017 1607 ±2.26% 1.97% 19.29% 2.55% 3.73% 8.53% 2.18% 23.65% 4.23% 7.78% 10.33% 3.24% Undecided 11.45%
Andrew Saxton 0.68%

Deepak Obhrai 0.25%
Rick Peterson 0.19%

Mainstreet Research/Ipolitics March 4, 2017 839 ±3.37% 2.15% 19.07% 2.38% 3.81% 6.32% 2.26% 23.96% 2.62% 7.15% 7.87% 2.15% Undecided 18.12%
Andrew Saxton 1.07%

Deepak Obhrai 0.60%
Rick Peterson 0.48%

Mainstreet Research/Ipolitics February 24, 2017 1,457 ±2.55% 1.99% 18.91% 3.51% 3.71% 7.50% 1.93% 22.49% 4.47% 7.29% 7.36% 1.79% Undecided 17.95%
Andrew Saxton 0.55%

Rick Peterson 0.34%

Deepak Obhrai 0.21%

Mainstreet Research/Ipolitics February 17, 2017 1,894 ± 2.24% 2.8% 15.3% 3.3% 5.7% 16.2% 3.1% 20.9% 4.1% 6.5% 9.9% 1.1% Undecided 7.0%
Deepak Obhrai 1.8%
Rick Peterson 1.6%
Andrew Saxton 0.8%
Mainstreet Research/Ipolitics February 12, 2017 804 ± 3.5% 6.09% 17.54% 1.24% 2.86% 20.90% 2.36% 22.01% 3.36% 3.48% 4.60% 1.74% Undecided 11.82%
Andrew Saxton 0.75%
Deepak Obhrai 0.62%
Rick Peterson 0.62%
Mainstreet Research/Ipolitics February 3, 2017 5,487 ± 1.3% 8.9% 16.55% 3.95% 4.55% 10.83% 2.24% 24.75% 3.06% 6.35% 4.57% 1.89% Undecided 10.63%
Andrew Saxton 0.62%
Deepak Obhrai 0.55%
Rick Peterson 0.55%
Forum Research January 21, 2017 111 ± 3.0% 4% 10% 2% 5% 7% 31% 14% 8% Someone else 18%
Forum Research December 7, 2016 65 ± 3.0% 9% 2% 4% 10% 8% 12% 2% 5% Someone else 48%
Forum Research May 11, 2016 118 ± 3.0% 11% 4% 23% 2% Someone else 23%
Peter MacKay 16%
Rona Ambrose 12%
Jason Kenney 9%
Forum Research April 5, 2016 112 ± 3.0% 9% 1% 28% 2% Someone else 24%
Peter MacKay 20%
Rona Ambrose 9%
Jason Kenney 7%

Conservative Party supportersEdit

Polling firm/Link Last date
of polling
Sample
size
Margin of
error
Chris
Alexander
Maxime
Bernier
Steven
Blaney
Michael
Chong
Kellie
Leitch
Pierre
Lemieux
Kevin
O'Leary
Erin
O'Toole
Lisa
Raitt
Andrew
Scheer
Brad
Trost
Other/
Undecided
Probit Inc. May 11,
2017
2,042 ± 2.17% 1% 45% 2% 6% 11% 2% 1%
(Write-in)
8% 9% 11% 1% Rona Ambrose (write-in) 1%
Rick Peterson 1%
Other 1%
Ipsos/Global News January 25, 2017 190 ± 3.5% 1% 7% 1% 1% 7% 1% 60% 3% 5% 3% 3% Andrew Saxton 5%
Deepak Obhrai 1%

Rick Peterson 1%
Forum Research January 21, 2017 434 ± 3.0% 1% 8% 3% 2% 3% 50% 7% 5% Someone else 21%
Forum Research December 7,
2016
415 ± 3.0% 8% 4% 9% 8% 6% 8% 5% 2% Someone else 49%
Mainstreet Research November 6,
2016
1,478 ± 2.55% 2% 11% 1% 12% 19% 11% 4% 14% 3% Undecided 18%
Deepak Obhrai 3%
Dan Lindsay 0%
Andrew Saxton 0%
Forum Research October 12,
2016
355 ± 3.0% 3% 17% 6% 6% 2% 6% 4% Someone else 41%
Tony Clement 14%
Mainstreet Research September 8,
2016
1,564 ± 2.48% 6% 7% 15% 9% 3% 9% Peter MacKay 19%
Undecided 12%
Tony Clement 12%
Someone else 7%
Deepak Obhrai 1%
Forum Research August 6,
2016
1,345 ± 4.9% 10% 5% 4% Tony Clement 18%
Deepak Obhrai 3%
Probit Inc. June 9,
2016
2,212 ± 2.08% 11% 3% 1% 21% 5% Peter MacKay 27%
Jason Kenney 17%
Rona Ambrose (write-in) 4%
Tony Clement 3%
Doug Ford 3%
Michelle Rempel 3%
Other 3%
Forum Research May 11,
2016
420 ± 3.0% 6% 3% 27% 2% Peter MacKay 23%
Someone else 17%
Rona Ambrose 16%
Jason Kenney 6%
Mainstreet Research April 27,
2016
1,676 ± 2.4% 6% 3% 2% 20% 1% Rona Ambrose 26%
Peter MacKay 16%
Undecided 10%
Tony Clement 7%
Jason Kenney 6%
Someone else 3%
8% 5% 4% 22% 3% Peter MacKay 23%
Undecided 16%
Tony Clement 8%
Jason Kenney 7%
Someone else 4%
EKOS April 15,
2016
1,176 ± 2.9% 4% 2% 17% 5% Stephen Harper 28%
Peter MacKay 23%

Someone else 17%
Don't know 5%
Forum Research April 5,
2016
1,455 ± 3.0% 5% 1% 24% 4% Peter MacKay 22%
Someone else 19%
Rona Ambrose 17%
Jason Kenney 8%
Abacus Data March 18
2016
1,500 ± 2.6% 5% 5% 1% 27% 8% Peter MacKay 36%
Jason Kenney 12%
Tony Clement 6%
Mainstreet Research January 15,
2016
4,937 ± 1.4% 4% 3% 23% 4% Undecided 29%
Peter MacKay 22%
Jason Kenney 8%
Someone else 3%
Abacus Data January 12,
2016
1,500 ± 2.6% 5% 4% 13% Peter MacKay 42%
Jason Kenney 19%
Tony Clement 13%
Bernard Lord 5%
Abacus Data November 25,
2015
360 ± 2.6% 6% 3% 3% 8% Peter MacKay 35%
Brad Wall 17%
Jason Kenney 12%
Jean Charest 11%
Doug Ford 4%
Forum Research November 7,
2015
334 ± 3.0% 4% Peter MacKay 32%
John Baird 18%
Jason Kenney 16%
Rona Ambrose 12%
Michelle Rempel 7%
Tony Clement 7%
Rob Nicholson 4%

All CanadiansEdit

Polling firm/Link Last date
of polling
Sample
size
Margin of
error
Chris
Alexander
Maxime
Bernier
Steven
Blaney
Michael
Chong
Kellie
Leitch
Pierre
Lemieux
Kevin
O'Leary
Erin
O'Toole
Lisa
Raitt
Andrew
Scheer
Brad
Trost
Other/
Undecided
Nanos research February 9, 2017 1,000 ± 3.1% <1% 8.5% 2% 9.2% 2% 15% 2% 7.1% 2% <1% Someone else 34%
Ipsos January 25, 2017 1,000 ± 3.5% 2% 8% 3% 2% 2% 1% 24% 2% 5% 1% 1% Andrew Saxton 3%
Deepak Obhrai 2%

Rick Peterson 1%
Forum Research January 21, 2017 1,332 ± 3.0% 3% 11% 3% 6% 2% 27% 7% 4% Someone else 38%
Forum Research December 7,
2016
1,304 ± 3.0% 6% 5% 5% 10% 7% 8% 3% 2% Someone else 53%
Forum Research October 12,
2016
1,143 ± 3.0% 3% 14% 7% 4% 3% 5% 2% Someone else 54%
Tony Clement 9%
Ipsos September 8,
2016
1,000 ± 3.5% 15% 5% 2% 25% 2% 7% Peter MacKay 26%
Candice Bergen 10%
Tony Clement 8%
Forum Research May 11,
2016
1,517 ± 3.0% 9% 3% 14% 4% Someone else 35%
Peter MacKay 18%
Rona Ambrose 11%
Jason Kenney 6%
EKOS April 15,
2016
1,176 ± 2.9% 6% 3% 9% 4% Someone else 36%
Peter MacKay 20%
Don't know 13%
Stephen Harper 11%
Forum Research April 5,
2016
1,455 ± 3.0% 9% 2% 14% 6% Someone else 35%
Peter MacKay 18%
Rona Ambrose 10%
Jason Kenney 6%
Abacus Data March 18,
2016
1,500 ± 2.6% 10% 6% 3% 18% 12% Peter MacKay 33%
Tony Clement 9%
Jason Kenney 8%
Abacus Data November 25,
2015
360 ± 2.6% 8% 7% 4% 10% Peter MacKay 31%
Jean Charest 15%
Jason Kenney 10%
Brad Wall 9%
Doug Ford 8%
Forum Research November 7,
2015
334 ± 3.0% 9% Peter MacKay 29%
Rona Ambrose 14%
John Baird 14%
Jason Kenney 11%
Michelle Rempel 11%
Tony Clement 7%
Rob Nicholson 6%

See alsoEdit

References and notesEdit

ReferencesEdit

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  2. ^ a b c d e f Conservative Party of Canada Rules and Procedures for the 2016-2017 Leadership
  3. ^ a b "Stephen Harper resigns as Conservative leader". CTV News. October 19, 2015. Retrieved October 19, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Stephen Harper resigns as Conservative leader". CTVNews. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  5. ^ http://www.cbc.ca/beta/news/politics/conservative-membership-numbers-1.4085442%
  6. ^ Éric Grenier (2017-05-29). "Popular vote numbers reveal wider margin of victory for Andrew Scheer". CBC News. Retrieved 2017-07-08. 
  7. ^ "New concerns emerge over Conservative leadership voting process". The Globe and Mail. 2017-06-04. Retrieved 2017-10-31. 
  8. ^ Fife, Robert; Stone, Laura; Leblanc, Daniel (June 2, 2017). "Bernier camp casts doubt on Conservative leadership vote". The Globe and Mail. 
  9. ^ https://beta.theglobeandmail.com/news/politics/scheer-lays-out-conservative-economic-vision-but-withholds-specifics/article35315313/
  10. ^ a b "@Kady: Tory senators (probably) won't be left out of interim leadership vote". Ottawa Citizen. October 26, 2015. Retrieved October 26, 2015. 
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  12. ^ a b "Michael Chong urges MPs to 'reclaim their influence' as Reform Act takes effect". CBC News. October 27, 2015. Retrieved October 29, 2015. 
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  28. ^ "Conservative party lowers membership fees amid pressure". CTV News. April 23, 2016. Retrieved April 24, 2016. 
  29. ^ "Rule change could have implications for Conservative leadership race". Globe and Mail. 12 February 2016. Retrieved 13 February 2016. 
  30. ^ "Conservative party uncovers fraudulent members after O'Leary alleges vote-rigging". The Canadian Press. 17 March 2017. Retrieved 17 March 2017. 
  31. ^ a b Smith, Marie-Danielle (February 14, 2017). "O'Leary displays modest French skills in Montreal debate, but is again the target of other candidates". National Post. Retrieved February 14, 2017. 
  32. ^ "Conservatives issue rules for leadership contest to replace Stephen Harper". cbc.ca. March 9, 2016. Retrieved April 6, 2016. 
  33. ^ a b c d "And then there were 13: Winnipeg doctor drops out of Conservative leadership race". National Post. December 30, 2016. Retrieved April 25, 2017. 
  34. ^ a b Grenier, Éric (December 23, 2016). "As Conservative leadership deadline looms, list of 14 could be winnowed down". CBC News. Retrieved April 25, 2017. 
  35. ^ "Detailed questionnaire greets would-be Conservative leadership candidates". Times Colonist. Archived from the original on April 20, 2016. Retrieved April 24, 2016. 
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  38. ^ "Conservatives select Rona Ambrose as interim leader". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved November 5, 2015. 
  39. ^ The Canadian Press (November 6, 2015). "Rona Ambrose named interim leader of the Conservative Party of Canada". National Post. Retrieved November 7, 2015. 
  40. ^ "Conservative leadership contest fractious before race begins". National Post. January 15, 2015. Retrieved January 14, 2016. 
  41. ^ "A View From the Hill by Keith Beardsley – CPC Convention 2016 MAY 30, 2016 – The Cornwall Free News – The Cornwall Free News". cornwallfreenews.com. Retrieved July 13, 2016. 
  42. ^ "Lisa Raitt enters Tory leadership race while Michael Chong pledges revenue-neutral carbon tax". nationalpost.com. Retrieved November 14, 2016. 
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  91. ^ Mia Rabson [@mrabson] (March 23, 2017). "Former MB MP and cabinet minister, now provincial PC MLA, Steven Fletcher is endorsing @MaximeBernier for #CPC leader. #cdnpoli #mbpoli" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
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  93. ^ Maxime Bernier [@MaximeBernier] (April 22, 2017). "Proud to announce that New Brunswick Progressive Conservative MLA Jake Stewart has endorsed my campaign. #nbpoli" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
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  95. ^ Mayor Ron Higgins [@HigginsRon] (April 30, 2017). ".@CpcLdr Today I finished my final CPC leadership platform analysis and I now fully endorse @MaximeBernier the next Prime Minister" (Tweet). Retrieved 2016 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  96. ^ Mathew Siscoe [@MatSiscoe] (April 25, 2017). "Out and about, talking to @CPC_HQ members about the man @MaximeBernier - soon to be our Party Leader!" (Tweet). Retrieved 2016 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
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  98. ^ Guillaume St-Pierre (2017-03-31). "Au tour de Maxime Bernier de récupérer le slogan du président Trump" (in French). Journaldequebec.com. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 
  99. ^ "Former MP Russ Hiebert endorses Maxime Bernier for leadership". Ipolitics.ca. 2017-02-20. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 
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  101. ^ Maxime Bernier [@MaximeBernier] (December 20, 2016). "I am proud to have the support of @ryanleefmp who will help us fight against a carbon tax and other damaging Liberal policies. #cdnpoli" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  102. ^ David Akin 🇨🇦 [@davidakin] (December 20, 2016). "Lastest [sic] #CPCLdr news: @MaximeBernier is endorsed by his former caucus colleagues, B.C.'s Gary Lunn." (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  103. ^ "Joe Oliver endorses Maxime Bernier". National Newswatch. 2017-04-05. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 
  104. ^ Maxime Bernier [@MaximeBernier] (December 22, 2016). "I am pleased to have the support of @PatPerkinsMP on my Ontario team. #cdnpoli" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
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  106. ^ Dawkins, Glen (2017-04-29). "Former Winnipeg MP gives leadership nod". Winnipeg Sun. Retrieved 2017-07-08. 
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  109. ^ Ian Bailey [@ianabailey] (March 28, 2017). "Kevin Falcon endorsing @MaximeBernier for #CPCLdr .@christyclark won #bcliberal leadership 52%-48%over Falcon,2011" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  110. ^ Heather Forsyth [@HeatherMForsyth] (February 5, 2017). "I'm honored to announce I will be joining @MaximeBernier Alberta campaign team. He will win the leadership of the @CPC_HQ and be r next PM" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  111. ^ Csillag, Ron (2017-04-07). "Jewish supporters o the Conservative party weigh in before leadership convention". Cjnews.com. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 
  112. ^ Wes McLean [@Wes_McLean] (May 7, 2017). "@Dfildebrandt I'm also proud to vote for Bernier. I'd vote for @Dfildebrandt If i lived in Alberta!" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  113. ^ Maddie Di Muccio [@MaddieDiMuccio] (January 4, 2017). "Too much "stop this person" going on in #cpcldr race. It's why I support Bernier: only one talking ideas but media likes in-fighting better" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  114. ^ Maxime Bernier [@MaximeBernier] (February 8, 2017). "Very honored to get the support of great Canadian businessman and philanthropist David Asper!" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  115. ^ Robert Benzie (2017-05-04). "Tory Patrick Brown taps former O'Leary team member to run election campaign". Toronto Star. Retrieved 2017-07-08. 
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  118. ^ Marc Emery [@MarcScottEmery] (September 13, 2016). "I am supporting and have donated to MP @MaximeBernier campaign for leadership of the Conservative Party of Canada" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  119. ^ Maxime Bernier [@MaximeBernier] (December 30, 2016). "Thank you, Sonia!" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  120. ^ Alex Nuttall MP (2017-01-04). "Alex Nuttall MP on Twitter: "Welcome @BabuNagalingam to the @MaximeBernier campaign today! This team moved over 10,000 members for @brownbarrie #excited #Maximize https://t.co/dbuuLrhBYt"". Twitter.com. Retrieved 2017-04-25.  External link in |title= (help)[permanent dead link]
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  124. ^ Maxime Bernier [@MaximeBernier] (January 27, 2017). "I am pleased to get the endorsement of the Rock Star Dragon @MWekerle one of the coolest Canadians you will ever me…" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
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  130. ^ Conrad Black (2017-05-12). "There's one Conservative who can beat the Liberals, decimate the NDP and vaporize the BQ: Maxime Bernier". National Post. Retrieved 2017-07-08. 
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  135. ^ Maxime Bernier [@MaximeBernier] (February 5, 2017). "Thanks Lauren! Here:" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
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  152. ^ Maxime Bernier [@MaximeBernier] (January 24, 2017). "$117M spent on Afghan education system that may have been embezzled. We should phase out development aid -->…" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
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  167. ^ "Michael Chong - Former MP and Cabinet Minister Pauline". Facebook.com. 2017-05-02. Retrieved 2017-07-08. 
  168. ^ Michael Chong 🇨🇦 [@MichaelChongMP] (June 28, 2016). "Honoured to have the support of @ChungsenLeung, past Toronto MP for Willowdale. He understands what Canada's cities need. -MC" (Tweet). Retrieved 2016 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  169. ^ a b Michael Chong 🇨🇦 [@MichaelChongMP] (February 22, 2017). "Proud to announce the support of former AB minister Gary Mar, ON MPP Ted Chudleigh & former MP John McDermid #cdnpoli #cpcldr" (Tweet). Retrieved 2016 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  170. ^ Michael Chong 🇨🇦 [@MichaelChongMP] (June 28, 2016). "Michael Wallace, a GTA MP for 10 years, is one of the most diligent scrutinizers of gov't spending I know. I'm honoured to have his support" (Tweet). Retrieved 2016 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  171. ^ Michael Chong 🇨🇦 [@MichaelChongMP] (May 1, 2017). "Former Saint John MP Rodney Weston announces his endorsement of my campaign. Rodney's support demonstrates I can wi…" (Tweet). Retrieved 2016 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  172. ^ Michael Chong 🇨🇦 [@MichaelChongMP] (December 22, 2016). "Terence Young, past MP for Oakville, welcome to our team! We are the winning coalition. #cpcldr" (Tweet). Retrieved 2016 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  173. ^ Michael Chong 🇨🇦 [@MichaelChongMP] (April 28, 2017). "Delighted to announce the endorsement of Senator W. David Angus, Q.C. Ad.E. Read his full statement here:…" (Tweet). Retrieved September 19, 2016 – via Twitter. 
  174. ^ Michael Chong 🇨🇦 [@MichaelChongMP] (September 19, 2016). "Thank you Erminie Cohen for your support! As a Senator you worked tirelessly to help those in need. -MC #cdnpoli" (Tweet). Retrieved September 19, 2016 – via Twitter. 
  175. ^ Michael Chong 🇨🇦 [@MichaelChongMP] (April 5, 2017). "Statement from former BC Cabinet Minister Olga Ilich. Read more: #cpcldr" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  176. ^ iPolitics Updated (2016-07-27). "Inside the CPC leaders race". Ipolitics.ca. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 
  177. ^ Michael Chong 🇨🇦 [@MichaelChongMP] (January 18, 2017). "Proud to announce the endorsement of @YaroslavB #cpcldr" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  178. ^ Michael Chong 🇨🇦 [@MichaelChongMP] (October 24, 2016). "Very proud to have the endorsement of @ChesCrosbie - thank you! #cpcldr #cdnpoli" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  179. ^ Michael Chong 🇨🇦 [@MichaelChongMP] (January 24, 2017). "Proud to have the support of Susan Elliott! #cpcldr #cdnpoli" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  180. ^ Michael Chong 🇨🇦 [@MichaelChongMP] (January 19, 2017). ""PCNB youth president Alex Lord-Giroux backing Michael Chong after 13 candidates square off in Quebec City" #cpcldr" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  181. ^ Andrew MacDougall (2017-05-05). "MacDougall: Drum roll please … my choice for Conservative leader is..." Ottawa Citizen. Retrieved 2017-07-08. 
  182. ^ Michael Chong 🇨🇦 [@MichaelChongMP] (January 20, 2017). "Proud to have the support of Harry Near! #cpcldr" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  183. ^ Michael Chong 🇨🇦 [@MichaelChongMP] (January 23, 2017). "Proud to have the support of Geoff Norquay! #cpcldr #cdnpoli" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  184. ^ https://www.chong.ca/william_stairs
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  241. ^ iPolitics Updated (2017-03-10). "Gerard Deltell endorses Erin O'Toole for leadership". Ipolitics.ca. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 
  242. ^ Erin O'Toole [@ErinOTooleMP] (March 27, 2017). "Jim is a true champion for the men and women in the many uniforms who keep Canadians safe every day. I am thrilled…" (Tweet). Retrieved 15 October 2016 – via Twitter. 
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  246. ^ Erin O'Toole [@ErinOTooleMP] (December 21, 2016). "My colleague and friend @RonLiepert has #JoinedTheMission. Honoured to have his support. Join our growing team at…" (Tweet). Retrieved 15 October 2016 – via Twitter. 
  247. ^ Larry Maguire [@LarryMaguireMP] (November 4, 2016). "I am proud to endorse @ErinOTooleMP to be the next Leader of the Conservative Party of Canada. -LM #cpcldr" (Tweet). Retrieved 15 October 2016 – via Twitter. 
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  249. ^ Brown, Mark (2017-03-26). "O'Toole Collects Local Endorsements". BlackburnNews.com. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 
  250. ^ a b David Akin 🇨🇦 [@davidakin] (December 19, 2016). "#CPCLdr news: @ErinOTooleMP is endorsed by MP @karen_vecchio and frmr MP Ed Holder" (Tweet). Retrieved 15 October 2016 – via Twitter. 
  251. ^ Erin O'Toole [@ErinOTooleMP] (January 20, 2017). "Enjoying my time in BC and thrilled to announce that @DianneLWatts has #JoinedTheMission. Join our growing team at…" (Tweet). Retrieved 15 October 2016 – via Twitter. 
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  253. ^ Cathy McLeod MP [@Cathy_McLeod] (March 27, 2017). "Welcome aboard Jim & also @SenNGreeneRaine" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  254. ^ Janice Dickson [@janicedickson] (March 13, 2017). "Senator Bob Runciman endorses @ErinOTooleMP for leadership #cpcldr" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  255. ^ Erin O'Toole [@ErinOTooleMP] (April 29, 2017). "Honoured to have the endorsement of Senator Vernon White in this leadership race. Senator White is a strong public…" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  256. ^ Bob Bailey [@BobBaileyPC] (March 25, 2017). "Pleased to announce support for Erin O'Toole for leader of the CPC party of Canada. Experience and family values will make him a great PM" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  257. ^ Erin O'Toole [@ErinOTooleMP] (February 6, 2017). "Today @JamieBaillie #JoinedTheMission. Liberals think they own Atlantic Canada, but I'll never take you for granted…" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  258. ^ a b c d e f g h i "10 Ontario MPPs endorse Erin O'Toole for Leadership of the Conservative Party of Canada". 
  259. ^ Michael Harris [@Michaelharrispc] (February 4, 2017). "Air Force captain, corporate lawyer, veterans affairs minister and dad. #jointhemission erinotoole.ca for #cpcldr…" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  260. ^ a b c "O'Toole unveils northern policy and three endorsements". Ipolitics.ca. 2017-04-05. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 
  261. ^ Brian Macdonald [@BrianTMacdonald] (December 16, 2016). "Great to have my friend @ErinOTooleMP back in #NB. I'm proud to support Erin for the leadership of @CPC_HQ #JoinTheMission" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  262. ^ Todd Smith [@ToddSmithPC] (May 13, 2017). "Proud to endorse @ErinOTooleMP for next leader @CPC_HQ during visit to @BAY_OF_QUINTE. #onpoli #canpoli #leadership" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  263. ^ Nancy Deni 🇨🇦 [@deni_nancy] (April 24, 2017). "I just signed up to support @ErinOTooleMP for Conservative Leader. #JoinTheMission at erinotoole.ca #cpcldr #cdnpoli" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  264. ^ Erin O'Toole [@ErinOTooleMP] (March 28, 2017). "Thanks for the support @kellyelliottmcm! @late2game - #JoinTheMission check out policies here:" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  265. ^ Jody Mitic 🇨🇦 [@JODYMITIC] (October 15, 2016). "@jpphaneuf @ErinOTooleMP @CPC_HQ -Sure have. He has my full support whatever I can do" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  266. ^ Dave Myette [@MyetteDave] (November 4, 2016). "I support Erin O'Toole for Conservative Leader — Proven Ready. And for the next Prime Minister of Canada!" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  267. ^ Janice Dickson [@janicedickson] (March 6, 2017). "Diane Ablonczy, former MP for Calgary-Nose Hill, endorses @ErinOTooleMP for leadership #cdnpoli #cpcldr" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  268. ^ Erin O'Toole [@ErinOTooleMP] (December 20, 2016). "Laurie Hawn has #JoinedTheMission to bring common sense back to Ottawa. Are you with us?…" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  269. ^ a b c d e "Five Former MPs endorse Erin O'Toole for Leadership of the Conservative Party of Canada". Erin O'Toole Leadership Campaign. December 6, 2016. Retrieved December 6, 2016. 
  270. ^ a b "O'Toole gathers more endorsements in dying days of campaign". Ipolitics.ca. 2017-05-15. Retrieved 2017-07-08. 
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  272. ^ Melanie Paradis [@Melanie_Paradis] (February 8, 2017). "Another major endorsement for @ErinOTooleMP this morning - former Nova Scotia Premier John Hamm! #cpcldr #cdnpoli…" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  273. ^ Erin O'Toole [@ErinOTooleMP] (March 31, 2017). "Fortunate to have former Ontario Minister @Frank_Klees #JoinTheMission. A friend & early champion of a united Conservative party. #CPCLdr" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  274. ^ Pessian, Parvaneh (October 14, 2016). "Durham MP Erin O'Toole launches Conservative leadership bid in Bowmanville". durhamregion.com. Retrieved October 14, 2016. 
  275. ^ Steve Paikin [@spaikin] (February 2, 2017). "just saw former mike harris cab. min. bill saunderson. says he's backing @ErinOTooleMP 4 @CPC_HQ leader but hadn't…" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  276. ^ Erin O'Toole [@ErinOTooleMP] (March 12, 2017). "Merci @counmichbranch!" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  277. ^ Erin O'Toole [@ErinOTooleMP] (May 8, 2017). "Honoured to have the support and endorsement of candidate, business leader and veteran @deandrysdalecpc in this lea…" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  278. ^ David Bertschi [@David_Bertschi] (December 21, 2016). "Nice to see Canadians care about democracy and support strong, experienced leadership" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  279. ^ David Bertschi [@David_Bertschi] (December 7, 2016). "Thank you for taking a substantive approach to leadership @ErinOTooleMp" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  280. ^ Ted Laking (2017-04-21). "Ted Laking (@tedlaking)". Twitter. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 
  281. ^ a b iPolitics (2017-01-12). "Former candidate and physician endorses O'Toole". Ipolitics.ca. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 
  282. ^ "Pro-CANZUK Leader Meets With". CANZUK International. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 
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  299. ^ Lisa Raitt [@lraitt] (December 10, 2016). "Thanks @DeanAllisonMP! Join our growing team: #cpcldr #cdnpoli" (Tweet). Retrieved 2016 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  300. ^ Lisa Raitt [@lraitt] (December 19, 2016). "Let's keep growing: #cdnpoli #cpcldr" (Tweet). Retrieved 2016 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  301. ^ Lisa Raitt [@lraitt] (December 9, 2016). "Join our team: #cpcldr #cdnpoli" (Tweet). Retrieved 2016 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  302. ^ Lisa Raitt [@lraitt] (December 16, 2016). "Join our growing team: #cdnpoli #cpcldr" (Tweet). Retrieved 2016 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  303. ^ Lisa Raitt [@lraitt] (December 23, 2016). "Join us: #cdnpoli #cpcldr" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  304. ^ Lisa MacLeod [@MacLeodLisa] (November 3, 2016). "Proud to support @lraitt" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  305. ^ a b c d e f g Lisa Raitt [@lraitt] (January 18, 2017). "Our team keeps growing! I am proud to announce 8 new endorsements. Join our team today:" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  306. ^ Lisa Raitt [@lraitt] (November 5, 2016). "Such a warm welcome at home in Cape Breton. Thanks to @MayorCBRM and all who came to our rally! #cdnpoli #cpcldr" (Tweet). Retrieved 2016 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  307. ^ Councillor Mike Cluett [@Mike_Cluett] (January 3, 2017). "If you haven't already signed up to support @lraitt Lisa Raitt for CPC leader, go visit tod…" (Tweet). Retrieved 2016 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  308. ^ Lisa Raitt [@lraitt] (December 22, 2016). "Join our growing team: #cdnpoli #cpcldr" (Tweet). Retrieved 2016 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  309. ^ Lisa Raitt [@lraitt] (December 7, 2016). "Day 2 of our 20 Days of Endorsements! We're building a team of the best and brightest to win in 2019:…" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  310. ^ Lisa Raitt [@lraitt] (December 8, 2016). "We're building the best and brightest team. Join us: #cpcldr #cdnpoli" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  311. ^ Lisa Raitt [@lraitt] (December 15, 2016). "Join our team: #cpcldr #cdnpoli" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  312. ^ Lisa Raitt [@lraitt] (April 12, 2017). "Lots of energy at our events today in #BC as my #cpcldr campaign is endorsed by former Minister of Health Mary Coll…" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  313. ^ Lisa Raitt [@lraitt] (December 12, 2016). "Join our team: #cpcldr #cdnpoli" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  314. ^ a b c Lisa Raitt [@lraitt] (May 5, 2017). "Proud to have such a dedicated team working across Canada on my #CPCldr campaign! Show your support here:…" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  315. ^ Lisa Raitt [@lraitt] (December 6, 2016). "Thanks Robert! Join our growing team: #cpcldr #cdnpoli" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  316. ^ Lisa Raitt [@lraitt] (December 14, 2016). "We're building the best and brightest team. Join us: #cpcldr #cdnpoli" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  317. ^ Lisa Raitt [@lraitt] (January 26, 2017). "Happy to welcome @TedMenzies to our team! #cpcldr" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  318. ^ Phil Gillies [@PhilGillies] (February 4, 2017). "I'm all in with @lraitt for #cpc leader! Smart, focused on economy. Compassionate, experienced - Lisa's right for Canada! #canpoli" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  319. ^ Lisa Raitt [@lraitt] (April 11, 2017). "Leaving Whitehorse on the heels of a huge endorsement from former Premier @DarrellPasloski Thank you for your suppo…" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  320. ^ Lisa Raitt [@lraitt] (December 13, 2016). "Let's keep growing! Join our team: #cdnpoli #cpcldr" (Tweet). Retrieved 2016 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  321. ^ Lisa Raitt [@lraitt] (December 17, 2016). "We're building the best and brightest team. Join us: #cpcldr #cdnpoli" (Tweet). Retrieved 2016 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  322. ^ "Waste-of-time candidates should get off Conservative ballot". Torontosun.com. 2017-03-30. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 
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  324. ^ Rick Salutin (2017-01-12). "Lisa Raitt or Kevin O'Leary? That's easy: Salutin". Toronto Star. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 
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  327. ^ Andrew Saxton [@Andrewesaxton] (April 24, 2017). "Proud to have the endorsement of my friend and former MP for Winnipeg South Centre Joyce Bateman. #cpcldr…" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  328. ^ a b "Andrew Saxton – Conservative Leadership". andrewsaxton.ca. Retrieved December 7, 2016. 
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  333. ^ Andrew Scheer [@AndrewScheer] (April 5, 2017). ".@DavidAndersonSK joins the team! Thank you for you support! #ScheerMomentum" (Tweet). Retrieved September 28, 2016 – via Twitter. 
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  337. ^ "Saskatchewan MP Andrew Scheer running for Conservative Party leadership". Regina Leader-Post. July 26, 2016. 
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  341. ^ Andrew Scheer [@AndrewScheer] (December 14, 2016). "Very honoured to have @DonPlett on my team. He brings a wealth of experience building a winning team! #cpcldr" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  342. ^ John Paul Tasker [@JPTasker] (February 8, 2017). "Trusted Harper staffer turned Conservative Senator Carolyn Stewart-Olsen has endorsed @andrewscheer #cdnpoli #hw" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  343. ^ John Barlow [@JohnBarlowMP] (February 4, 2017). "Honoured to have Senator Scott Tannas join Team Andrew Scheer as National Fundraising Chair. Scott is an..." (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  344. ^ "Senator Betty Unger Endorses Andrew Scheer". Andrewscheer.com. 2017-03-14. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 
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  347. ^ a b "NEW BRUNSWICK MLA'S JEFF CARR AND CARL URQUHART ENDORSE ANDREW SCHEER FOR CONSERVATIVE LEADER". andrewscheer.com. Retrieved December 7, 2016. 
  348. ^ "Five Alberta MLAs endorse Andrew Scheer for Conservative Leader". Andrewscheer.com. 2017-03-01. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 
  349. ^ "Nova Scotia MLA Larry Harrison endorses Andrew Scheer for Conservative Leader". Andrewscheer.com. 2017-03-21. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 
  350. ^ Monte McNaughton [@MonteMcNaughton] (March 8, 2017). "Today I endorsed @andrewscheer to be leader of the Conservative Party of Canada. Join our team at…" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  351. ^ "Andrew Scheer. Real Conservative. Real Leader". Andrewscheer.com. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 
  352. ^ "Andrew Scheer. Real Conservative. Real Leader". Andrewscheer.com. Retrieved 2017-07-08. 
  353. ^ Andrew Scheer [@AndrewScheer] (February 22, 2017). "Pleased to have the support of Garry Breitkreuz. Read about my common sense firearms policy" (Tweet). Retrieved 2017 – via Twitter.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  354. ^ a b "Former Ontario MPs Calandra and Watson endorse Andrew Scheer for Conservative Leader". Andrew Scheer. Real Conservative. Real Leader. Retrieved 2016-11-29. 
  355. ^ "Andrew Scheer Earns Endorsement of Former Ottawa-area MP". Andrew Scheer. Real Conservative. Real Leader. Retrieved 2017-02-06. 
  356. ^ "Former M.P. and Minister Hon. Bal Gosal endorses Andrew Scheer for Conservative Leader". Andrewscheer.com. 2017-03-15. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 
  357. ^ "Former MP Jim Gouk endorses Andrew Scheer". Andrewscheer.com. 2017-03-08. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 
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