Conrad Moench (sometimes written Konrad Mönch; 15 August 1744 – 6 January 1805) was a German botanist, professor of botany at Marburg University from 1786 until his death.

Conrad Moench
Konrad Mönch
Born(1744-08-15)15 August 1744
Died6 January 1805(1805-01-06) (aged 60)
EducationDoctorate in Medicine, 12 October 1781
Alma materMarburg University
SpouseCatharine Margarethe Schmölder
Scientific career
Fieldsbotanist / pharmacist / chemist
InstitutionsRats-Apotheke in Hanover, pharmacy of Samuel Wyttenbach in Bern, pharmacy in Kassel, assessor of Medizinalkollegs, professor of botany at the Collegium Carolinum, assessor of botany at Marburg University,
Author abbrev. (botany)Moench

He wrote 'Methodus Plantas horti botanici et agri Marburgensis' in 1794, an arranged account of plants in the fields and gardens of Marburg. In 1802 he named the plant Gillenia trifoliata in a supplement to a local flora of the city of Marburg. He also named the plant genus Echinacea (1794).[1]

The botanical genus Moenchia (family Caryophyllaceae) is named in his honor.[2]

The standard botanical author abbreviation Moench is applied to plants he described.

Principal writings

  • Enumeratio plantarum indigenarum Hassiae praesertim inferioris, secundum methodum sexualem dispositarum, 1777.
  • Moench, Conrad (1794). Methodus plantas horti botanici et agri Marburgensis: a staminum situ describendi (in Latin). Marburg: Marburgi cattorum: in officina nova libraria academiae. (published in several editions)
  • Systematische Lehre von denen gebräuchlichsten Einfachen und zusammengesezten Arzney-Mitteln : zum Gebrauch Akademischer Vorlesungen, 1795 – Systematic teaching of simple and compound medicines; academic lectures.
  • Einleitung zur Pflanzen-Kunde, 1798 – Introduction to botany.[3]


  1. ^ "Echinacea Page". Archived from the original on 2005-07-07.
  2. ^ Google Books Western Australian Plant Names and Their Meanings: A Glossary by F. A. Sharr
  3. ^ WorldCat Identities (publications by Moench)