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Conques (Concas in Occitan) is a former commune in the Aveyron department in southern France, in the Occitanie region. On 1 January 2016, it was merged into the new commune of Conques-en-Rouergue.[2]

Conques
A general view of Conques
A general view of Conques
Coat of arms of Conques
Coat of arms
Location of Conques
Conques is located in France
Conques
Conques
Conques is located in Occitanie
Conques
Conques
Coordinates: 44°36′01″N 2°23′50″E / 44.6003°N 2.3972°E / 44.6003; 2.3972Coordinates: 44°36′01″N 2°23′50″E / 44.6003°N 2.3972°E / 44.6003; 2.3972
CountryFrance
RegionOccitanie
DepartmentAveyron
ArrondissementRodez
CantonLot et Dourdou
CommuneConques-en-Rouergue
Area
1
30.51 km2 (11.78 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
1,717
 • Density56/km2 (150/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal code
12320
Elevation221–663 m (725–2,175 ft)
(avg. 442 m or 1,450 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Contents

GeographyEdit

The village is located at the confluence of the rivers Dourdou de Conques and Ouche. It is built on a hillside and has classic narrow medieval streets. As a result, large vehicles such as buses cannot enter the historic town centre but must park outside. Consequently, most day visitors enter on foot. The town was largely passed by in the nineteenth century, and was saved from oblivion by the efforts of a small number of dedicated people. As a result, the historic core of the town has very little construction dating from between 1800 and 1950, leaving the medieval structures remarkably intact. The roads have been paved, and modern-day utility lines are buried.

The town is situated in a valley. Its name originates from Occitan conca, meaning 'basin', which is derived from Latin concha, meaning 'shell'.[3]

Abbey-Church of Saint-FoyEdit

 
The Sainte-Foy abbey-church in Conques

The Abbey Church of Saint Foy in Conques was a popular stop for pilgrims on the Camino de Santiago on their way to Santiago de Compostela in what is now Spain. The main draw for medieval pilgrims at Conques were the remains of Saint Faith ("St. Foy"), a martyred young woman from the fourth century.

The original monastery building at Conques was an eighth-century oratory built by monks fleeing the Saracens in Spain.[4] The original chapel was destroyed in the eleventh century in order to facilitate the creation of a much larger church [5] as the arrival of the relics of St. Foy caused the pilgrimage route to shift from Agen to Conques.[6] The second phase of construction, which was completed by the end of the eleventh-century, included the building of the five radiating chapels, the ambulatory with a lower roof, the choir without the gallery and the nave without the galleries.[7] The third phase of construction, which was completed early in the twelfth-century, was inspired by the churches of Toulouse and Santiago Compostela. Like most pilgrimage churches Conques is a basilica plan that has been modified into a cruciform plan.[8] Galleries were added over the aisle and the roof was raised over the transept and choir to allow people to circulate at the gallery level. The western aisle was also added to allow for increased pilgrim traffic.[5] The exterior length of the church is 59 meters. The interior length is 56 meters. the width of each transept is 4 meters. The height of the crossing tower is 26.40 meters tall.[9]

The Abbey Church of Saint Foy was added to the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1998, as part of the World Heritage Sites of the Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France. Its Romanesque architecture, albeit somewhat updated in places, is displayed in periodic self-guided tour opportunities, especially of the upper level, some of which occur at night with live music and appropriately-adjusted light levels.

PopulationEdit

YearPop.±%
17931,055—    
18001,107+4.9%
18061,234+11.5%
18211,317+6.7%
18311,309−0.6%
18361,360+3.9%
18411,418+4.3%
18461,387−2.2%
18511,117−19.5%
18561,388+24.3%
18611,288−7.2%
18661,301+1.0%
18721,220−6.2%
18761,267+3.9%
18811,282+1.2%
18861,286+0.3%
18911,211−5.8%
1896561−53.7%
1901993+77.0%
1906990−0.3%
1911902−8.9%
1921755−16.3%
1926725−4.0%
1931709−2.2%
1936686−3.2%
1946647−5.7%
1954561−13.3%
1962529−5.7%
1968479−9.5%
1975420−12.3%
1982404−3.8%
1990362−10.4%
1999302−16.6%
2008281−7.0%

MediaEdit

American author Hannah Green wrote a non-fiction work about Conques and the church entitled Little Saint, based on her visit to the town in 1975.[10]

As well as this, when designing Belle's home town in 'Beauty and the Beast' 2017, the movie's production designer took inspiration from Conques.[citation needed]

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ Arrêté préfectoral 19 November 2015
  3. ^ A Dictionary of Surnames (Oxford University Press) 1988.
  4. ^ Brockman, Norbert C. Encyclopedia of sacred places (2nd ed.). Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO. p. 109. ISBN 978-1-59884-654-6.
  5. ^ a b Stoddard, Whitney S. (1966). Art and Architecture in Medieval France. Boulder, Co.: Westview Press. p. 35.
  6. ^ Brockman, Norbert C. Encyclopedia of sacred places (2nd ed.). Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO. p. 110. ISBN 978-1-59884-654-6.
  7. ^ Stoddard, Whitney S. (1966). Art and Architecture in Medieval France. Boulder, Co.: Westview Press. p. 35.
  8. ^ Vernon, Eleanor (1963). "Romanesque Churches of the Pilgrimage Road". Gesta (Pre-Serial Issue): 12–15 [13].
  9. ^ Vernon, Eleanor (1963). "Romanesque Churches of the Pilgrimage Road". Gesta (Pre-Serial Issue): 14.
  10. ^ William Jay Smith (September 2001). "Golden spark, little saint". The New Criterion. Retrieved 4 October 2015.

External linksEdit