Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Governors and Premiers
The Conference of Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Governors and Premiers is a North American organization led by the government chief executives from the Canadian provinces Ontario and Québec and the US states Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin. Through the organization, they seek to grow the region's economy and protect the Great Lakes. The organization began in the 1980s as the Council of Great Lakes Governors to encourage and facilitate environmentally responsible economic development. The Council now serves as secretariat to the Governors’ Compact Council and the Governor and Premiers’ Regional Body
Logo of the organization
|Abbreviation||GSGP (also, CGLG)|
|Great Lakes Region and Saint Lawrence River Valley|
|Gov. Tony Evers|
The Conference Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Governors and Premiers is an organization of the chief executives from Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Ontario, Pennsylvania, Québec and Wisconsin. Through the organization, the Governors and Premiers seek to expand the regional $6 trillion economy and protect the world's largest system of surface fresh water. The Conference builds upon over 30 years of work by the US's Council of Great Lakes Governors to encourage and facilitate environmentally responsible economic development.
The Governors of Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio and Wisconsin created the Council of Great Lakes Governors in 1983. The original goal was to create a non-partisan forum to promote regional agreements on issues of concern for the states of the Great Lakes region. In 1989, the Governors of New York and Pennsylvania joined the council. In more recent years, the Premiers of Ontario and Quebec joined with the Governors as associate members, and in 2015, the organization launched the "Conference of Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Governors and Premiers," to signify the increasing binational cooperation. Since its inception, the Conference has led regional efforts to protect the environment and accelerate the region's economy.
The initial focus of the organization was biomass energy. The organization administered the regional biomass energy program in coordination with the United States Department of Energy from 1983-2009. They received over $13 million in federal funding which was then provided as grants to the states geared toward biomass energy promotion.
In the following years, the Governors and Premiers entered into a number of agreements developed through the organization. In 1985, the Governors and Premiers signed the Great Lakes Charter, a regional water management agreement. In 1986, the Governors signed the Toxic Substances Control Agreement, ultimately resulting in the establishment of the Great Lakes Protection Fund in 1989, the first multi-state publicly seeded foundation and trust fund dedicated to the environment. The TSCA also helped launch the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Great Lakes Water Quality Initiative in the 1990s.
In 1988, the Governors signed the Economic Development Agreement, and with the Premiers in 1989, created Great Lakes of North America (now Great Lakes USA), a tourist promotional arm of the organization. In 1990, they opened their first international trade office in Canada. The organization has since opened trade offices in Brazil, Chile, Mexico, South Africa, Australia, India, the United Kingdom, Germany and China.
In 2003, the organization identified nine priorities to restore and protect the Great Lakes. These priorities served as the basis for the Great Lakes Regional Collaboration, which was launched following a Presidential Executive Order. In 2009, President Barack Obama launched the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative which has already provided over $2 billion in federal funding to help achieve the priorities.
In 2005, the organization completed the creation of a binding, regional framework to manage and protect the water supply of the Great Lakes—St. Lawrence River Basin. The Governors and Premiers signed the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence River Basin Sustainable Water Resources Agreement and the Governors endorsed the companion Great Lakes Compact. This Compact was enacted into United States law in 2008 following approval by the state legislatures and the United States Congress.
The organization's goals are to enhance competitiveness, grow the regional economy and create jobs. Ongoing initiatives include:
- Export promotion— Managing thirteen export offices around the world to connect regional companies with consumers in the world's most dynamic markets
- Maritime transportation—Striving to double maritime trade while shrinking the overall environmental impact of the region's transportation network
- Tourism— Marketing the region's destinations to tourists from key international markets.
- Economic Clusters—Growing regional clusters including the region's "blue economy."
The organization's goal is to restore and protect the region's waters. Ongoing initiatives include:
- Restoration and Protection—Spearheading a long-term, regional strategy to improve water quality with a focus on key priorities such as reducing nutrient enrichment and harmful algal blooms.
- Aquatic Invasive Species—Leading regional efforts to help combat Asian carp and other non-native aquatic species that threaten native species in the Great Lakes' waters.
- Water Quantity—Managing an innovative, legally binding framework to protect the region's water supply
|Gov. Tony Evers||2019–present|
|Gov. Rick Snyder*||2013–2019|
|Gov. Pat Quinn*||2013–2015|
|Gov. Mitch Daniels*||2011–2013|
|Gov. Ted Strickland*||2010–2011|
|Gov. Jim Doyle*||2004–2011|
|Gov. Bob Taft*||2001–2005|
|Gov. Tom Ridge||1996–2001|
|Gov. John Engler||1994–1996|
|Gov. George Voinovich||1992–1994|
|Gov. Tommy Thompson||1989–1992|
|Gov. Richard Celeste||1987–1989|
|Gov. James R. Thompson||1985–1987|
|Gov. Anthony Earl||1983–1985|
|Gov. Rudy Perpich||1983|
- Snyder and Quinn served as co-Chairs from January 2013 to 2015
- Daniels and Quinn served as co-Chairs from January 2011 to 2013
- Doyle and Strickland served as co-Chairs from 2010 to January 2011
- Taft and Doyle were co-Chairs in 2004–2005
- Resolution creating Conference of Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Governors and Premiers
- "Leaders Launch new Regional Collaboration"
- "Quebec becomes a regular partner of the Council of Great Lakes Governors" (Article in French)
- Council of Great Lakes Industries Report on Creation of Conference
- "Great Lakes, Amazing Connections: The Power of Cooperation in Policymaking"
- "Leaders - Innovators - Collaborators - Great Lakes Protection Fund". Great Lakes Protection Fund.
- "History", GSGP, Retrieved July 28, 2015.
- "Great Lakes Regional Collaboration - Home Page". glrc.us.
- Conference of Lakes and St. Lawrence Governors and Premiers International Trade Overview
- Conference of Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Governors and Premiers Maritime Overview
- Great Lakes USA
- "Conference of Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Governors and Premiers Restoration and Protection Overview"
- "Western Basin of Lake Erie Collaborative Agreement Resolution"
- "Great Lakes leaders agree to cut phosphorus runoff"
- "Conference of Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Governors and Premiers Aquatic Invasive Species Overview"
- "Great Lakes Governors Join Forces to Battle Invasive Species"
- "Great Lakes governors take aim at invasive species"
- "Conference of Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Governors and Premiers Water Management Overview"
- "Liquid Gold"
- Official website
- Great Lakes—St. Lawrence River Water Resources Regional Body - founded in 2005 as part of an Agreement, it includes Canadian provinces and US States
- Great Lakes-St. Lawrence River Basin Water Resources Council (Compact Council) - established by US Federal law in 2008, it includes US States