Condalia

Condalia is a genus of spiny shrubs in the tribe Rhamneae of the buckthorn family, Rhamnaceae.[1] It was named for Antonio Condal, an 18th Spanish physician.[2] Members of the genus are native to tropical and subtropical deserts and xeric shrublands in North and South America. The ranges of each species vary considerably; some are confined to only a few square miles, while others can be found on an area up to 1,000 sq mi (2,600 km2).[3]

Condalia
Condalia globosa 2.jpg
C. globosa
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rhamnaceae
Tribe: Rhamneae
Genus: Condalia
Cav.
Species

See text

Synonyms

Microrhamnus A.Gray[1]

Common namesEdit

Condalia species are often referred to as bluewood, purple haw, logwood,[4] or snakewood in English. Some southern hemisphere species are known as "piquillín" or "yuna". The name snakewood is broadly used and does not indicate any particular species.

TaxonomyEdit

Research performed on the members of Condalia usually concerns only the species native to North or South America; taxonomy is determined for only one group of species. As a result, a consensus has not been reached regarding the composition of the genus.

UsesEdit

The amount of research conducted on the economic and medical uses of Condalia species is small. However, biochemical features of this genus are currently being studied.[5]

The fruit of Condalia hookeri are edible, consumed by birds, and can be made into jelly.[6]

SpeciesEdit

Formerly placed hereEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Genus: Condalia Cav". Germplasm Information Resources Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2007-10-05. Archived from the original on 2011-06-06. Retrieved 2010-01-25.
  2. ^ Vines, Robert A. (1984). Trees of Central Texas. University of Texas Press. p. 277. ISBN 978-0-292-78058-3.
  3. ^ Cabrera, A. L. (1965–1970) "Flora de la provincia de Buenos Aires", Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  4. ^ Grandtner, Miroslav M. (2005). Elsevier's Dictionary of Trees: With Names in Latin, English, French, Spanish and Other Languages. 1. Elsevier. p. 245. ISBN 978-0-444-51784-5.
  5. ^ Frontera, M; Tomás, MA; Diez, A; Watson, C & Mulet, C. (2000) "Phytochemical Study of Condalia microphylla Cav.", INIQO, Departamento de Química, Universidad Nacional del Sur, Argentina.
  6. ^ Little, Elbert L. (1980). The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Trees: Eastern Region. New York: Knopf. p. 593. ISBN 0-394-50760-6.
  7. ^ "Condalia Cav". TROPICOS. Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 2009-09-24.
  8. ^ "Condalia". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2010-01-25.
  9. ^ "GRIN Species Records of Condalia". Germplasm Information Resources Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Archived from the original on 2000-06-03. Retrieved 2010-10-15.