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Comparison of web browsers

General informationEdit

Basic general information about the browsers: creator, company, license, price, etc. Browsers listed on a light purple background are discontinued.

Browser Creator Cost (USD) Software license Current layout engine Latest release version
Amaya (discontinued) W3C, INRIA Free W3C custom 11.4.4 (January 18, 2012; 7 years ago (2012-01-18)) [±]
AOL Explorer (discontinued) America Online, Inc Free Proprietary Trident 1.5 (May 10, 2006; 13 years ago (2006-05-10)) [±]
Arora (discontinued) Benjamin C. Meyer Free GPL WebKit 0.11.0[1] (27 September 2010; 9 years ago (2010-09-27)) [±]
Avant Avant Force Free Proprietary Blink, Gecko, Trident 2019 Build 2 (May 18, 2019; 5 months ago (2019-05-18)[2]) [±]
Basilisk Moonchild Productions Free MPL 2.0 Goanna 2019.10.32 (31 October 2019; 13 days ago (2019-10-31)[3]) [±]
Blisk Blisk team Free (Limited),
Paid (Unlimited Pro)
Proprietary Blink, V8 12.0.92.83 (June 29, 2019; 4 months ago (2019-06-29)[4]) [±]
Brave Brave Software Inc. Free MPL 2.0 Blink
Android1.0.94 / May 19, 2019; 5 months ago (2019-05-19)[5]
iOS1.9.2 / May 17, 2019; 5 months ago (2019-05-17)[6]
macOS, Windows, Linux0.64.75 / May 12, 2019; 6 months ago (2019-05-12)[7][8]
Camino (discontinued) The Camino Project Free MPL 1.1/GPL 2.0/LGPL 2.1 tri-license Gecko 2.1.2 (14 March 2012; 7 years ago (2012-03-14)[9])
Cliqz Cliqz GmbH Free MPL 2.0 Gecko 1.28.0 (1 August 2019; 3 months ago (2019-08-01)[10]) [±]
Chrome Google Free (some closed-source features), BSD (Chromium executable) [note 1] Blink
Windows, macOS, Linux78.0.3904.97 / November 6, 2019; 7 days ago (2019-11-06)[11]
Android78.0.3904.96 / November 6, 2019; 7 days ago (2019-11-06)[12]
iOS78.0.3904.84 / October 30, 2019; 14 days ago (2019-10-30)[13]
Chromium The Chromium Project Free BSD Blink (built nightly)
Comodo Dragon Comodo Dragon Free BSD Blink 76.0.3809.100 (August 26, 2019; 2 months ago (2019-08-26)[14]) [±]
Comodo IceDragon Comodo IceDragon Free MPL 2.0 Gecko 65.0.2.15 (June 19, 2019; 4 months ago (2019-06-19)[15]) [±]
Dillo (discontinued) The Dillo team Free GPL custom 3.0.5[16] (30 June 2015; 4 years ago (2015-06-30)) [±]
Dooble Dooble Team Free BSD Blink 2019.07.07 (July 7, 2019; 4 months ago (2019-07-07)[17]) [±]
ELinks (discontinued) Baudis, Fonseca, et al. Free GPL custom, fork of Links 0.11.7[18] (22 August 2009; 10 years ago (2009-08-22)) [±]
Falkon David Rosca Free GPL 3.0 Blink 3.1.0.75 (March 22, 2019; 7 months ago (2019-03-22)[19]) [±]
Flock (discontinued) Flock Inc Free Proprietary (as of 3.0) WebKit 3.5.3.4641 (February 1, 2011; 8 years ago (2011-02-01)) [±]
Galeon (discontinued) Marco Pesenti Gritti Free GPL Gecko 2.0.7 (27 September 2008; 11 years ago (2008-09-27)[20])
GNU IceCat GNU Free MPL 2.0 Gecko 60.7.0 (2 June 2019; 5 months ago (2019-06-02)[21]) [±]
iCab Alexander Clauss Free,
$20 (Pro)
Proprietary (browser), LGPL (WebKit) WebKit 5.8.6 (September 28, 2018; 13 months ago (2018-09-28)[22]) [±]
Internet Explorer Microsoft,
Spyglass
Included with Windows Proprietary Trident 11.0.160 (November 12, 2019; 1 day ago (2019-11-12)[23]) [±]
Internet Explorer for Mac (discontinued) Microsoft Free Proprietary Tasman 5.2.3 (discontinued in 2003)
K-Meleon Dorian, KKO, et al. Free GPL Gecko 75.1 (September 19, 2015; 4 years ago (2015-09-19)[24]) [±]
Konqueror KDE Free GPL KHTML, WebKit 19.08.2 (10 October 2019; 34 days ago (2019-10-10)[25]) [±]
Links Patocka, et al. Free GPL custom 2.20[26][27] (28 August 2019; 2 months ago (2019-08-28)) [±]
Lunascape Lunascape Corporation Free Proprietary Blink, Gecko, Trident 6.15.2 (February 25, 2018; 20 months ago (2018-02-25)[28]) [±]
Lynx Montulli, Grobe, Rezac, et al. Free GPL custom, fork of libwww 2.8.9rel.1[29][30] (8 July 2018; 16 months ago (2018-07-08)) [±]
Maxthon Maxthon International Limited Free Proprietary Blink, Trident
Windows5.3.8.2000 / October 25, 2019; 19 days ago (2019-10-25)[31]
Android5.2.3.3241 / January 25, 2019; 9 months ago (2019-01-25)[32]
Mac5.1.60 / August 27, 2018; 14 months ago (2018-08-27)[33]
iOS5.3.2 / September 21, 2019; 53 days ago (2019-09-21)[34]
Windows Phone2.2.0 / March 30, 2017; 2 years ago (2017-03-30)[35]
Linux1.0.5.3 / September 9, 2014; 5 years ago (2014-09-09)[36]
Microsoft Edge Microsoft Included with Windows Proprietary Blink
Windows 1044.18362.449.0 / November 12, 2019; 1 day ago (2019-11-12)[37]
Windows 10 Mobile40.15254.369 / April 10, 2018; 19 months ago (2018-04-10)
Xbox One40.15063.0 / March 29, 2017; 2 years ago (2017-03-29)[38]
Android42.0.4.3892 / August 23, 2019; 2 months ago (2019-08-23)[39]
iOS44.8.0 / September 8, 2019; 2 months ago (2019-09-08)[40]
Midori Christian Dywan, et al. Free LGPL WebKit 9.0 (July 29, 2019; 3 months ago (2019-07-29)[41]) [±]
Mosaic (discontinued) Marc Andreessen and Eric Bina, NCSA Free for non-commercial use Proprietary custom 3.0 (discontinued in 1997)
Mozilla Application Suite (discontinued) Mozilla Foundation Free MPL 1.1/GPL 2.0/LGPL 2.1 tri-license Gecko 1.7.13 (21 April 2006; 13 years ago (2006-04-21)[42])
Mozilla Firefox Mozilla Foundation Free MPL 2.0 Gecko
Standard70.0.1 / October 31, 2019; 13 days ago (2019-10-31)[43]
Extended Support Release68.2.0 / October 22, 2019; 22 days ago (2019-10-22)[44]
Netscape (v.6–7)[22] (discontinued) Netscape Communications Corporation, AOL Free Proprietary (browser), MPL 1.1/GPL 2.0/LGPL 2.1 (Gecko) Gecko 7.2 (discontinued in 2004)
Netscape Browser (v.8)[note 2] (discontinued) Mercurial Communications for AOL Free Proprietary (browser & Trident),
MPL 1.1/GPL 2.0/LGPL 2.1 (Gecko)
Gecko, Trident 8.1.3 (April 2, 2007; 12 years ago (2007-04-02)) [±]
Netscape Communicator (v.4)[note 2] (discontinued) Netscape Communications Free Proprietary custom, fork of Mosaic 4.8 (August 22, 2002; 17 years ago (2002-08-22)) [±]
Netscape Navigator (v.1–4)[note 2] (discontinued) Netscape Communications Free Proprietary custom, fork of Mosaic 4.0.8 (discontinued in 1998)
Netscape Navigator 9[note 2] (discontinued) Netscape Communications
(division of AOL)
Free Proprietary (browser), MPL 1.1/GPL 2.0/LGPL 2.1 (Gecko) Gecko 9.0.0.6 (February 20, 2008; 11 years ago (2008-02-20)) [±]
NetSurf The NetSurf Developers Free GPL custom 3.9[45] (18 July 2019; 3 months ago (2019-07-18)) [±]
OmniWeb The Omni Group Free Proprietary (browser), LGPL (WebKit) WebKit 5.11.2 (July 23, 2012; 7 years ago (2012-07-23)) [±]
Opera Opera Software Free Proprietary Blink 64.0.3417.92 (5 November 2019; 8 days ago (2019-11-05)[46])
Opera Mobile Opera Software Free Proprietary Blink
Android52.4.2517.140781 / June 27, 2019; 4 months ago (2019-06-27)[47]
Android (classic)12.1.9 / June 8, 2016; 3 years ago (2016-06-08)[48]
Symbian S6012.0.22 / June 24, 2012; 7 years ago (2012-06-24)[49]
Windows Mobile10.0 / March 16, 2010; 9 years ago (2010-03-16)[50]
Origyn Web Browser (discontinued) Sand-labs Free BSD WebKit 1.25 (AROS only)[51]
1.23r4 (AmigaOS 4 only)[52]
1.24 (15 April 2014; 5 years ago (2014-04-15)[53]) [±]
Pale Moon Moonchild Productions Free MPL 2.0 Goanna 28.7.2 (29 October 2019; 15 days ago (2019-10-29)[54]) [±]
Polarity Stanley Lim Free Proprietary (browser & Trident), BSD (Cef) Blink, Trident 9.3.9 (May 20, 2019; 5 months ago (2019-05-20)[55]) [±]
rekonq (discontinued) Andrea Diamantini Free GPL 3.0 WebKit 2.4.2[56][57] (12 January 2014; 5 years ago (2014-01-12)) [±]
Roccat Browser Runecats Free Proprietary (browser), LGPL (WebKit) WebKit 8.5 (March 15, 2019; 7 months ago (2019-03-15)[58]) [±]
Safari Apple Inc. Included with macOS and iOS Proprietary (browser), LGPL (WebKit) WebKit
macOS13 / September 19, 2019; 55 days ago (2019-09-19)[59]
iOS13 / September 19, 2019; 55 days ago (2019-09-19)[60]
SeaMonkey SeaMonkey Council Free MPL 2.0 Gecko 2.49.5 (September 4, 2019; 2 months ago (2019-09-04)[61]) [±]
Shiira (discontinued) Happy Macintosh Developing Team Free BSD WebKit 2.3 (August 11, 2009; 10 years ago (2009-08-11)) [±]
Sleipnir Fenrir Inc. Free Proprietary Blink, Trident
Windows (Sleipnir 6)

6.4.1.4000 (September 5, 2019; 2 months ago (2019-09-05)[62])

Windows (Sleipnir 4)

4.6.8.4000 (June 27, 2019; 4 months ago (2019-06-27)[63])

macOS

4.6.5 (April 10, 2019; 7 months ago (2019-04-10)[64])

iOS

4.5.3 (June 12, 2019; 5 months ago (2019-06-12)[65])

Android

3.5.15 (June 24, 2019; 4 months ago (2019-06-24)[66]) [±]

SRWare Iron SRWare Free Proprietary Blink
Windows75.0.3900.0 / July 29, 2019; 3 months ago (2019-07-29)[67]
macOS75.0.3900.0 / July 31, 2019; 3 months ago (2019-07-31)[68]
Linux75.0.3900.0 / August 3, 2019; 3 months ago (2019-08-03)[69]
Android74.0.3850.0 / May 10, 2019; 6 months ago (2019-05-10)[70]
surf suckless.org Free MIT WebKit 2.0 (28 March 2017; 2 years ago (2017-03-28)[71]) [±]
Torch Browser Torch Media Free Proprietary Blink 65.0.0.1617 (February 25, 2019; 8 months ago (2019-02-25)[72]) [±]
Uzbl (discontinued) Dieter Plaetinck Free GPL 3.0 WebKit 0.9.1 (October 27, 2016; 3 years ago (2016-10-27)[73]) [±]
Vivaldi Vivaldi Technologies Free Proprietary Blink 2.8.1664.35 (September 19, 2019; 55 days ago (2019-09-19)[74]) [±]
Waterfox Alex Kontos Free MPL 2.0 Gecko
Desktop2019.10 / 23 October 2019; 21 days ago (2019-10-23)[75]
Android68.0a2 / 9 June 2019; 5 months ago (2019-06-09)[76]
Web (formerly named Epiphany) Marco Pesenti Gritti Free GPL WebKit 3.34.1[77] (7 October 2019; 37 days ago (2019-10-07)) [±]
WorldWideWeb (Later renamed Nexus) (discontinued) Tim Berners-Lee Free Public domain custom 0.18 (January 14, 1994; 25 years ago (1994-01-14)) [±]
w3m Akinori Ito Free MIT custom
Original version0.5.3 / 15 January 2011; 8 years ago (2011-01-15)[78]
Tatsuya Kinoshita versionv0.5.3+git20190105 / 5 January 2019; 10 months ago (2019-01-05)[79]
Yandex Browser Yandex Free Proprietary Blink
Windows, macOS

19.9.3 (September 2019; 2 months ago (September 2019)[80])

iOS

19.10.1.113 (October 3, 2019; 41 days ago (2019-10-03)[81])

Android

19.9.2.99 (September 30, 2019; 44 days ago (2019-09-30)[82]) [±]

Browser Creator Cost (USD) Software license Current layout engine Latest release version
  1. ^ Chromium, on which Google Chrome is based, is open source; the features Google adds to Chrome (such as H.264 and ACC decoding, built-in Adobe Flash, and an auto-updater system, among other things) are closed-source. See Chromium (web browser) § Differences from Google Chrome and Google Chrome's Terms of Service for more info.
  2. ^ a b c d There are five different products which all carry the name Netscape: Netscape versions 1 to 4, properly called Netscape Navigator, was a browser based on the original Netscape engine. Netscape 4 also was available as an Internet suite, properly called Netscape Communicator. Netscape 6 and 7 was a new Internet suite based on the Gecko engine and the Mozilla Application Suite user interface. Netscape 8, properly called Netscape Browser, was a distinct browser based on Firefox that could use either the Gecko (Firefox) or Trident (Internet Explorer) engine. Netscape resumed use of the Navigator name from Netscape Navigator 9.0 beta 1. See Netscape for more info.

Operating system supportEdit

Browsers are compiled to run on certain operating systems, without emulation.

This list is not exhaustive, but rather reflects the most common OSes today (e.g. Netscape Navigator was also developed for OS/2 at a time when macOS 10 did not exist) but does not include the growing appliance segment (for example, the Opera web browser has gained a leading role for use in mobile phones, smartphones, the Nintendo DS and Wii, and Personal Digital Assistants, and is also used in some smart TVs). Both the web browser and OS means most recent version, example: Windows 8 with Internet Explorer 10.

Browser Windows macOS Linux BSD Android iOS Other Unix
Amaya Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes
AOL Explorer Yes No No No No No No
Arora Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
Avant Yes No No No No No No
Basilisk Yes Yes[83] Yes No No No No
Brave Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes No
Camino No Yes No No No No No
Cliqz Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes No
Chrome Yes Yes[note 1] Yes No Yes Yes No
Chromium Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No
Dillo Partial Yes Yes[note 2] Yes No No Yes
Dooble Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
ELinks No Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
Falkon Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
Flock Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No
Galeon No Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
iCab No Yes No No No Yes No
GNU IceCat No No Yes No Yes No No
Internet Explorer Included Dropped (5.2) No No No No Dropped (5.0)[note 3]
K-Meleon Yes No No No No No No
Konqueror Partial Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
Links Partial Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
Lunascape Yes No No No Yes Yes No
Lynx Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
Maxthon Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes No
Microsoft Edge Win 10 or higher, included No No No Yes Yes No
Midori Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes
Mozilla Firefox Yes Yes Yes[note 4] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Mozilla Firefox ESR Yes Yes Yes[note 4] No[84] No[84] No[84] No[84]
NetSurf Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
OmniWeb No Yes No No No No No
Opera Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes[note 5] Yes
Pale Moon Yes Yes[85] Yes No Dropped No No
Polarity Yes No No No Yes[86] No No
Rekonq Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
Safari Dropped (5.1.7) Included No No No Included No
SeaMonkey Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
Shiira No Yes No No No No No
Sleipnir Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No
SRWare Iron Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
surf Partial No Yes Yes No No Yes
Torch Browser Yes Yes No No No No No
Vivaldi Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No
Web No Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
WorldWideWeb (NeXTSTEP only) No No No No No No No
w3m Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
Browser Windows macOS Linux BSD Android iOS Other Unix
  1. ^ Google Chrome is not available for PowerPC.
  2. ^ Dillo is included in some Linux distributions, i.e. Damn Small Linux and Feather Linux.
  3. ^ Internet Explorer for UNIX was available for Solaris and HP-UX.
  4. ^ a b Most Linux distributions which include a graphical user interface include a version of Firefox or a rebranded version of Firefox such as GNU IceCat.
  5. ^ Opera Mini and Coast are available for iOS

Browser featuresEdit

Information about what common browser features are implemented natively (without third-party add-ons).

Browser Bookmark management Download management Password managing[note 1] History Favorites Open tabs from previous sessions Form managing Spell checking Search engine toolbar Per-site security configuration Privacy mode Auto-updater
Amaya Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
AOL Explorer Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Yes | Arora Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Yes | Avant Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 2] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Yes | Basilisk Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Yes | Brave Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Yes | Camino Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Yes | Cliqz Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Yes | Chrome Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes name="chromium-issue-442446">"Issue 442446 - chromium - An open-source project to help move the web forward. - Monorail". bugs.chromium.org.</ref> Yes [note 3] Yes
Yes | Chromium Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes[note 4] Yes [87] Yes Yes
Yes | Dillo Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Yes | Dooble Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Yes | ELinks Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Yes | Falkon Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 5] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Yes | Flock Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes group="note" name="MozSecSep"/> Yes Yes
Yes | Galeon Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Yes | iCab Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Yes | Internet Explorer Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 6] Yes Yes Yes [note 7] Yes [note 8]
Yes | Internet Explorer for Mac Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Yes | K-Meleon Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 9] Yes [note 9] Yes
Yes | Konqueror Yes Yes [note 10] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 11] Yes Yes
Yes | Links Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Yes | Lunascape Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes[88] Yes Yes[88] Yes[88] Yes[89]
Yes | Lynx Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 12] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Yes | Maxthon Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Yes | Microsoft Edge Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes[note 4] Yes Yes Yes [note 13]
Yes | Midori Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Yes | Mosaic Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Yes | Mozilla Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Yes YesFirefoxMozilla



Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 14] Yes
Yes | Netscape Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Yes | Netscape Browser Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Yes | Netscape Navigator Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Yes | Netscape Navigator 9 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Yes | NetSurf Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Yes | OmniWeb Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 15] Yes Yes
Opera Yes [note 16] Yes Yes Yes [note 17] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Pale Moon Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Polarity Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Too All Notification
Rekonq Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Safari Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
SeaMonkey Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 18] Yes Yes
Shiira Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Sleipnir Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes YesNotifications
SRWare Iron Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
surf Yes[note 19] Yes[note 20] Yes Yes Yes Yes[note 19] Yes[note 21] Yes[note 21] Yes
Torch Browser Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Vivaldi Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Web Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes[note 4] Yes Yes Yes
WorldWideWeb Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
w3m Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Browser Bookmark management Download management Password managing [note 1] History Favorites Open tabs from previous sessions Form managing Spell checking Search engine toolbar Per-site security configuration Privacy mode Auto-updater
  1. ^ a b In many integrated password saving tools there are often leaks that make them unsafe.[91]
  2. ^ Spell checking can be added by installing an add-on like ieSpell.
  3. ^ Starting with version 4, Google Chrome can disable Cookies, Images, JavaScript, Plugins, Popups, and Geolocation individually.
  4. ^ a b c Lacks search toolbar, but search URL autocompletion provided via addressbar.
  5. ^ Available as a PIM plugin which is disabled by default, but it is part of default installation.
  6. ^ Internet Explorer 10 supports spell checking.
  7. ^ Internet Explorer 8 supports InPrivate Browsing.
  8. ^ There is no online update facility built into IE, but it gets updated by Windows Update when enabled. As of Version 10 automatic silent update is the default setting in Internet Explorer. In Microsoft Edge, the option to automatic updates via the about dialog is not included.
  9. ^ a b Through the Privacy toolbar, K-Meleon Versions 1.5 and 1.6, can individually allow Cookies, Images, JavaScript, Popups, and Plugins (e.g. Flash and Java).
  10. ^ For the download manager kdenetwork needs to be installed.
  11. ^ Konqueror can handle per-site settings for cookies, pop-ups, JavaScript, Java and NPAPI modules (e.g. Flash).
  12. ^ Lynx is able to edit text with an external editor, which can provide spell checking.
  13. ^ Cite error: The named reference style="background:#9F9;vertical-align:middle;text-align:center;" class="table-yes"|Yes"WindowsUpdate" was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  14. ^ Firefox 3.5 adds the Privacy mode. Older versions of Firefox can use the Stealther extension.
  15. ^ OmniWeb supports per-domain settings of options including support for disabling scripting, no ad blocking, java and cookies. These settings only work on top level domains.[90]
  16. ^ Opera versions before 15 had bookmarks. Newer Opera versions use a different concept called "Stash" instead.
  17. ^ Opera can auto-complete forms with your personal information and website usernames. Also there is extension AutoComplete Archived 25 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine which can complete forms with form history.
  18. ^ Mozilla based browsers like Firefox, SeaMonkey and Flock can handle per-site settings for cookies, pop-ups, add-on installs and images. For more settings, an add-on is needed ~ for example, NoScript.
  19. ^ a b Developers distribute patch enabling this functionality.
  20. ^ Cite error: The named reference external was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  21. ^ a b This browser allows choosing a custom cookie jar, making cookies from other sessions available to new session.

Cite error: A list-defined reference has no name (see the help page).

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Accessibility featuresEdit

Information about what common accessibility features are implemented natively (without third-party add-ons). Browsers that do not support pop-ups have no need for pop-up blocking abilities, so that field is marked as N/A.

Browser Tabbed browsing Pop-up blocking [note 1] Auto-play blocking Incremental search Ad filtering Page zooming [note 2] Full text search of history Content-modal dialogs[note 3] Canvas fingerprinting protection
Amaya Yes N/A No No No Yes No ?
AOL Explorer Yes Yes No No No Yes No ?
Arora Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No
Avant Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No ?
Basilisk Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Brave Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes No ?
Camino Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No ?
Cliqz Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes ?
Chrome Yes Partial [note 4] 66+[92] Yes No [note 5] Yes No [note 6] Yes[note 7]
Chromium Yes Yes 66+[92] Yes No Yes ? Yes
Dillo Yes N/A No No No No No No
Dooble Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes ?
ELinks Yes N/A No Yes N/A N/A No No[note 8]
Falkon Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Optional [note 9]
Flock Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No ?
Galeon Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No
iCab Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No ?
Internet Explorer Yes [note 10] Yes [note 11] No Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 12] [93] No
Internet Explorer for Mac No No No No No No No N/A
K-Meleon Yes Yes No Yes No [note 13] Partial No ?
Konqueror Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No
Links No Yes No Yes Yes No No No[note 8]
Lunascape Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Partial ?
Lynx No N/A No No N/A N/A No No[note 8]
Maxthon Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No ?
Microsoft Edge Yes Yes No Yes No [note 5] Yes No No
Midori Yes No No Yes Yes Yes No ?
Mosaic No N/A No No No No No ?
Mozilla Yes Yes No Yes Yes [note 13] Yes No No
Mozilla Firefox Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 13] Yes No Yes[note 14] Yes (warning)
Netscape Yes Yes No Yes No [note 13] No No No
Netscape Browser Yes Yes No Yes No [note 13] No No No
Netscape Navigator No No No No No No No No
Netscape Navigator 9 Yes Yes No Yes No [note 13] No No No
NetSurf Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No ?
OmniWeb Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No ?
Opera Yes Yes No Yes Yes [note 15] Yes Yes Yes
Pale Moon Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Polarity Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Partial ?
Rekonq Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes ?
Safari Yes Yes [note 16] Yes[94][95] Yes No [note 17] Yes [note 18] Yes (only Mac) [note 19] Yes
SeaMonkey Yes Yes No Yes Yes [note 13] Yes [96] No No
Shiira Yes Yes No No No Yes No ?
Sleipnir Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No ?
SRWare Iron Yes Yes No No No Yes Yes ?
surf No[note 20] No No Yes No[note 20] Yes No[note 20] No
Torch Browser Yes ? No Yes No Yes ? ?
Web Yes Yes No Yes Yes [note 21] Yes Yes Partial
WorldWideWeb No N/A No No No No No N/A
w3m Yes N/A No Yes No No No N/A
Browser Tabbed browsing Pop-up blocking [note 1] Auto-play blocking Incremental search Ad filtering Page zooming [note 2] Full text search of history Content-modal dialogs[note 3] Canvas fingerprinting protection
  1. ^ a b A more complete list of Pop-Up blockers and addons / programs are in the following article List of pop-up blocking software.
  2. ^ a b Page zooming is different from text resizing, as it resizes not only characters, but also multimedia objects and web page layout
  3. ^ a b "Mozilla Developer Network - Using tab-modal prompts". Developer.mozilla.org. 3 February 2011. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
  4. ^ The option "Do not allow any site to show pop-ups" in Google Chrome, which is the default, actually allows sites to show pop-ups which are not considered harmful.
  5. ^ a b Ad filter support can be added by installing an extension such as AdSweep, AdThwart or Adblock Plus.
  6. ^ Feature was intentionally removed via regular patch update, due to poor impact on performance.
  7. ^ "Chromium Issue 456: Javascript alerts are modal to Chrome UI, not to individual tab". Code.google.com. 3 September 2008. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
  8. ^ a b c Although text browsers don't have dialog windows, their prompts behave as modal dialogs – block the input until answer is received.
  9. ^ Requires building with "NONBLOCK_JS_DIALOGS" compile flag enabled; may cause crashes: https://github.com/QupZilla/qupzilla/blob/master/BUILDING[permanent dead link].
  10. ^ IE6 had no tabbed browsing support.
  11. ^ IE6 included pop-up blocking with Windows XP Service Pack 2 [1]
  12. ^ Full-text history search is available through a Windows Search iFilter[93]
  13. ^ a b c d e f g Most Gecko browsers have options to block chosen images and cookies. Extended Ad filter support can be added by installing an extension such as Adblock Plus.
  14. ^ "Bug 59314 - JavaScript alerts should be content-modal, not window-modal". Bugzilla.mozilla.org. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
  15. ^ Opera 9 introduced a content blocker for webpages (Archived 9 February 2006 at the Wayback Machine). Earlier releases support wildcard protocol/domain/path and filetype blocking using a filter.ini file. ("Opera browser: Blocking unwanted ads and other cr*p using URL filtering". Archived from the original on 12 January 2013. Retrieved 12 April 2017.) More advanced Ad filtering for Opera can also be done with external software.
  16. ^ Does not allow selective blocking of pop-ups. Safari can only block all pop-ups, or none.
  17. ^ Ad filter support can be added by installing extensions.Archived 1 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ Page zooming supported in the iPhone version of Safari. Screen zooming is built into macOS.
  19. ^ Full-text history search is available through Spotlight, a feature of the macOS operating system.
  20. ^ a b c This functionality is handled by third-party software by browser's design.
  21. ^ Epiphany supports AdBlock as an official extension, in the epiphany-extensions package.

Accessibility features (continued)Edit

Information about what common accessibility features are implemented natively (without third-party add-ons).

Browser Access keys Tabbing navigation Spatial navigation Caret navigation Smart Bookmarks Mouse gesture Text-to-speech Voice control Tab Stacking Can disable font smoothing[note 1]
Amaya Yes Yes ? Yes No No No No
AOL Explorer Yes Yes No No No No No No
Arora Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No
Avant Yes Yes No No Yes No No No
Basilisk Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes No
Camino Yes Yes No Yes No [note 2] No [note 3] No No
Chrome Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 4] No [note 4] No [note 4] Disabled Dropped
Chromium Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 4] No [note 4] No [note 4] Disabled Dropped
Dillo Yes No No No No No No No
Dooble Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No
ELinks Yes Yes Yes [note 5] Yes Yes No No No No
Falkon Yes Yes Yes [note 6] Yes Yes [note 7] Yes [note 8] No No No
Flock Yes Yes No Yes No [note 9] No No No
Galeon ? Yes ? Disabled Yes No No No
iCab Yes No No No No No [note 3] No No
Internet Explorer Yes Yes Yes Yes[note 10] Yes No [note 11] Yes[note 12] Yes[note 13] No Dropped
K-Meleon Yes Yes No Disabled Yes No No No
Konqueror Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 14] Depends [note 15] No No
Links Yes Yes ? Yes Yes No No No
Lunascape No No No Yes Yes No No No
Lynx No No Yes No No No No No No
Maxthon Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No
Microsoft Edge ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Midori Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Mosaic No No No No No No No No
Mozilla Firefox Yes Yes No [note 16] Yes Yes No [note 9] No[note 17] Yes No Yes
Netscape Navigator Yes Yes No Yes No No No No
NetSurf No Yes No No No No No No
OmniWeb Yes Yes No No No [note 2] Yes Yes No
Opera Yes Yes Yes No [note 18] Yes Yes Yes Yes Dropped Dropped
Pale Moon Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes No
Polarity Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Rekonq ? Yes ? ? Yes ? ? ? ?
Safari Yes Yes Yes Yes (only Mac) [note 19] No Yes (only Mac) [note 2] Yes (only Mac) [note 3] Yes (only Mac) [note 3] Yes ?
SeaMonkey Yes Yes No Yes Yes No [note 20] No No No
Shiira ? Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No
Sleipnir Yes Yes No No Yes No No No
surf ? Yes No Yes No No No No No
Torch Browser Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No
Web Yes Yes No Yes Yes No [note 21] No No No
WorldWideWeb ? ? ? ? No No No No
w3m ? Yes Yes Yes No No No No
Browser Access keys Tabbing navigation Spatial navigation Caret navigation Smart Bookmarks Mouse gesture Text-to-speech Voice control Tab Stacking Can disable font smoothing
  1. ^ Font smoothing or font rasterization is arguably an accessibility feature affecting how the fonts are rendered and font readability. Also referred as ClearType or TrueType
  2. ^ a b c On Mac systems, gestures are available systemwide via multitouch sensing on trackpads and mice.
  3. ^ a b c d On macOS, text-to speech and speech recognition are available systemwide and is available from menu in native Cocoa browsers.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Google Chrome can be given these features using extensions like smooth gestures, speechify and voice control for google chrome.
  5. ^ ELinks 0.12 supports spatial navigation.
  6. ^ Available as of this commit.
  7. ^ Supports as of v1.7.0: https://github.com/QupZilla/qupzilla/issues/458
  8. ^ Available as a Mouse Gestures plugin which is disabled by default, but it is part of default installation.
  9. ^ a b Mouse gesture support can be added by installing extensions like All-in-One Gestures (Firefox-only) [2] and Mouse Gestures [3].
  10. ^ Internet Explorer 8 supports caret browsing.
  11. ^ Mouse gesture support is available via plug-ins, i.e. Mouse Gestures for Internet Explorer or Easy Go Back.
  12. ^ TTS in Internet Explorer is available through the operating system Speech API. For TTS, SAPI takes text as input and uses the TTS engine to output that text as spoken audio. This is the same technology used by the Windows accessibility tool, Narrator. SAPI and an English TTS engine have been embedded in all Windows operating systems since the release of Windows XP.
  13. ^ Internet Explorer can be controlled by applications which use the operating system Speech API. A built-in application called Windows Speech Recognition ships with Windows Vista and later client versions.
  14. ^ Mouse gesture support is available system-wide in KDE
  15. ^ Text-to speech support depends on the kttsd application in the kdeaccessibility package
  16. ^ Doug Turner, the Minimo lead developer, has introduced spatial navigation to some special Firefox builds "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 April 2005. Retrieved 20 April 2005.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link). It may build as a default part of Firefox "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 April 2005. Retrieved 20 April 2005.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link).
  17. ^ Firefox works with a number of screen readers such as JAWS and Microsoft Speech API through extensions.[which?]
  18. ^ "opera : a sort of caret navigation can be enabled by a button or a shortcut". Archived from the original on 1 November 2006. Retrieved 16 July 2009.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  19. ^ On macOS systems, caret navigation (called "Full Keyboard Access") can be enabled systemwide.
  20. ^ Mouse gesture support can be added by installing extensions like Mouse Gestures Suite (Seamonkey-only) [4].
  21. ^ Web supports mouse gestures as an extension from the official extensions package.

Acid scoresEdit

[relevant? ]

The Acid tests are online test suites to determine aspects of standards compliance, to expose web page rendering flaws, and to rate the performance of browsers. Upon each test's release, they are designed so that no existing browser can pass without further development. In order for a browser to pass any Acid test, the latest public release of the browser (not an alpha, beta, release candidate, or other version under development or testing procedures) must meet the requirements shown below. In addition, the browser should be tested upon completion of installation, with no add-ons installed (some browsers make this easy by providing a "safe mode" option) and all the factory settings (no options have been changed from their defaults).

Acid1:

  • Final rendering looks exactly like the rendering provided by the Acid tests website.
  • Text can be highlighted and radio buttons can be selected.

Acid2:

  • Final rendering looks exactly like the rendering provided by the Acid tests website.
  • Smiley's nose turns blue when hovered over.

Acid3:

  • Final rendering looks exactly like the rendering provided by the Acid tests website.
  • Test does not report failed tests or abnormal delays (leftclick letter "A" to obtain a report)
Browser Acid1 Acid2 Acid3
Amaya No No No
AOL Explorer No No No
Arora Yes Yes 100/100
Avant No No No
Brave Yes Yes 97/100
Camino Yes Yes 99/100
Chrome Yes Yes 100/100[97]
Chromium Yes Yes 100/100
Comodo Dragon Yes Yes 100/100
Dillo No No No
Dooble Yes Yes 100/100
ELinks No No No
Falkon Yes Yes 100/100
Flock Yes Yes 80/100
Galeon ? Yes 72/100
iCab ? Yes 100/100
Internet Explorer Yes Yes 100/100
Internet Explorer for Mac Yes No No
K-Meleon Yes Yes Yes[note 1]
Konqueror Yes Yes 91/100[note 2]
Links ? No No
Lunascape ? Yes 100/100[98]
Lynx No No No
Maxthon Yes Yes 100/100
Microsoft Edge Yes Yes 100/100
Midori Yes Yes 100/100[99]
Mosaic No No No
Mozilla Yes No 35/100
Mozilla Firefox Yes Yes 100/100
Netscape Yes No 35/100
Netscape Browser Yes No 35/100
Netscape Navigator No No Crashes
Netscape Navigator 9 Yes No 59/100
NetSurf Yes ? No
OmniWeb Yes Yes No
Opera Yes Yes 100/100
Pale Moon Yes Yes 100/100
Polarity Yes Yes 100/100[100]
Rekonq Yes Yes 100/100
Safari Yes Yes Yes[101]
SeaMonkey Yes Yes 100/100
Shiira Yes Yes 74/100
Sleipnir Yes Yes ?
surf Yes Yes 100/100
Torch Browser Yes Yes 100/100
Web Yes Yes 100/100[99]
WorldWideWeb No No No
w3m No No No
Browser Acid1 Acid2 Acid3
  1. ^ K-M75++
  2. ^ Konqueror scores 91/100 when using KHTML and 100/100 when using WebKit but still does not pass.

HTML5 supportEdit

The specifications for HTML5 are still under development, but many current browsers already support many of the new features in the draft specifications. An HTML5 test suite is also under development that, while it does not test all of the new features nor the functionality of those it does detect, rates browsers' support. New tests are expected to be added to the suite as time goes by.[102]

Browser HTML5test score[103] HTML5 accessibility score[104]
Apple Safari 11 452/555 98%
Google Chrome 62 528/555 92%
Internet Explorer 11 312/555 56%
Microsoft Edge 16 476/555 100%
Mozilla Firefox 68 513/555 89%
Opera 45 518/555 81%

As new tests are added, bogus ones removed, etc., new versions of html5test.com become available as preliminary beta or even alpha versions. These are great to test development versions (e.g. nightly builds) of web browsers, but their results should be taken with a grain of salt. Especially when considering that some browsers have experimental features built in which may be switched off by default.

Web technology supportEdit

Information about what web standards, and technologies the browsers support, except for JavaScript. External links lead to information about support in future versions of the browsers or extensions that provide such functionality.

Browser CSS2.1
[note 1]
Frames
[note 2]
Nav LINKs
[note 3]
XSLT XHTML 1.0
[note 4]
XHTML 1.1
[note 4]
MathML XForms Web Forms 2.0 VoiceXML / X+V SMIL VML
Amaya Yes No ? No Yes Yes Yes No No No ? No
AOL Explorer Partial Yes No Yes No No No [note 5] No No No Yes[105] Yes
Avant Partial Yes ? Yes No No No No No No Yes[105] Yes
Arora Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No ? No
Basilisk Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No
Camino Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Chrome Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No[106] No No No No No
Dillo Partial Partial [note 6] No No No No No No No No ? No
Dooble Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No ? No
ELinks Partial Yes ? No No No No No No No ? No
Falkon Yes Yes ? Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No
Flock Yes Yes ? Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No
Galeon Yes Yes ? Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No ? No
iCab Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No ? No
Internet Explorer Yes [note 7] Yes No [note 8] Yes Yes Yes No [note 5] No [note 9] No [note 10] No Yes[105] Yes
Internet Explorer for Mac Partial Yes ? Partial No Yes No No No No ? ?
K-Meleon Yes Yes ? Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Konqueror Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No No No ? No
Links No Yes Yes No No No No No No No ? No
Lunascape Yes [109] Yes Depends [note 8] Yes Yes [109] Yes [109] Yes [109] Yes [109] No No Yes [109][105] Yes [109]
Lynx No Partial Yes No No No No No No No No No
Maxthon Partial Yes ? Yes No No No No No No Yes[105] Yes
Microsoft Edge Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No Yes No No No
Midori Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No No No ? No
Mosaic No No ? No No No No No No No No No
Mozilla Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Mozilla Firefox Yes Yes No [note 8] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 11] Yes No Yes No
Netscape Yes Yes ? Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Netscape Browser Depends [110] Yes ? Yes Depends [110] Depends [110] Depends [110] No No No No No
Netscape Navigator No Yes No No No No No No No No No No
Netscape Navigator 9 Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No
NetSurf Yes Yes No No No No No No No No ? No
OmniWeb Yes Yes ? No Yes Yes No No No No ? No
Opera Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No
Pale Moon Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No
Polarity Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No
Safari Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No
SeaMonkey Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No
Shiira Yes Yes ? Yes Yes Yes No No No No ? No
Sleipnir Partial Yes No [note 8] Yes No No No [note 5] No No [note 10] No Yes[105] Yes
surf Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No No No No ? No
Torch Browser Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No
Web Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No ? No
WorldWideWeb No No ? No No No No No No No No No
w3m ? Yes ? No Yes ? No ? No No ? No
Browser CSS2.1
[note 1]
Frames
[note 2]
Nav LINKs
[note 3]
XSLT XHTML 1.0
[note 4]
XHTML 1.1
[note 4]
MathML XForms Web Forms 2.0 VoiceXML / X+V SMIL VML
  1. ^ a b CSS 2, a W3C recommendation since 1998, is the current stable version of CSS, nevertheless, CSS 2.1 corrects a few errors in CSS2 (the most important being a new definition of the height/width of absolutely positioned elements, more influence for HTML's "style" attribute and a new calculation of the 'clip' property), and adds a few highly requested features which have already been widely implemented. CSS 2.1 is derived from and is intended to replace CSS 2. Conformance criteria are detailed at the W3C website. (CSS 3 is only in draft status at present.) For more detailed information please see comparison of layout engines (CSS).
  2. ^ a b Frames and frame sets are obsolete and non-conforming in HTML5. They should not be used by authors.
  3. ^ a b c d XHTML is based on HTML but is an application of XML, which means that XHTML must be stricter than equivalent HTML code. XHTML is meant to be read by an XML parser but for backward compatibility reasons can also be parsed as HTML; this table only notes the browsers that are able to parse XHTML as XML. For more detailed information please see comparison of layout engines (XHTML).
  4. ^ a b c Available with the MathPlayer plugin.
  5. ^ Dillo displays frames as links that the user can click on.
  6. ^ Microsoft claims Internet Explorer 8 has full CSS2.1 support,[107] however independent testing revealed several bugs.[108]
  7. ^ a b c d Not in standard install, but provided by extension.[5] Archived 14 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine [6] Archived 13 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Available with the FormsPlayer plugin and several other plugins.
  9. ^ a b Web Forms 2.0 can be emulated in IE using DHTML behaviours, available from SourceForge.
  10. ^ XForms is supported experimentally in nightly builds dated after 28 January 2005 [7]. Requires installation of an extension.

Plugins and syndicated content supportEdit

Information about what web standards, and technologies the browsers support. External links lead to information about support in future versions of the browsers or extensions that provide such functionality.

Browser ActiveX [note 1] NPAPI [note 1] Java [note 2] Gears RSS Atom other web feed
Amaya No ? ? No No No ?
AOL Explorer Yes No ? No Yes [note 3] Yes [note 3] ?
Avant Yes No ? ? Yes [note 3] Yes [note 3] ?
Basilisk No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ?
Camino No Yes ? ? Partial Partial ?
Chrome No Dropped[note 4] Dropped[note 4] Dropped[111] No No ?
Dillo No ? No No No No ?
ELinks No No No No No No No
Falkon No Yes No No Yes No No
Flock No Yes No Yes Yes Yes ?
Galeon No Yes No Yes No No No
iCab No Yes ? ? Yes No ?
Internet Explorer Yes No [note 5] No Yes Yes [note 3] Yes [note 3] Yes [note 6]
Internet Explorer for Mac No Yes ? No No No No
K-Meleon No Yes No ? Yes Yes ?
Konqueror No Yes No No Yes [note 7] Yes [note 7] ?
Links No No No No No No No
Lynx No No No No No No No
Maxthon Yes Yes ? ? Yes Yes ?
Microsoft Edge No No No No No No No
Mosaic No No ? No No No No
Mozilla No Yes No No No No ?
Mozilla Firefox No Dropped Dropped Yes Yes Yes ?
Netscape No Yes No No No No ?
Netscape Browser No Yes No No Yes Yes ?
Netscape Navigator No Yes No No No No ?
Netscape Navigator 9 No Yes No No Yes Yes ?
NetSurf No No No No No No No
OmniWeb No ? ? ? Yes Yes ?
Opera No Dropped No No Dropped Dropped No
Pale Moon No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ?
Polarity Yes[note 8] Yes[note 9] No No Yes ? ?
Safari No Dropped No[note 10] Partial[note 11] Dropped No ?
SeaMonkey No Yes No Yes Yes Yes ?
Shiira No ? ? ? Yes Yes ?
Sleipnir Yes ? ? Yes Yes [note 3] Yes [note 3] ?
surf No Yes No No No No No
Web No Yes No No No [note 12] No [note 12] No
WorldWideWeb No No No No No No No
w3m No No No No No No No
Browser ActiveX [note 1] NPAPI [note 1] Java Gears RSS Atom other web feed
  1. ^ a b c d Internet Explorer (and Shells) is the only browser to natively support the Component Object Model (popularly known as ActiveX). Most other browsers use the NPAPI plugin architecture. ActiveX is more powerful than NPAPI in terms of the control it affords over the browser, but it is specific to Windows whereas NPAPI is cross-platform. There is a third-party plugin that adds partial ActiveX support, that is available for certain older versions of Mozilla Suite, Mozilla Firefox and Netscape Navigator. The default settings in earlier versions of Internet Explorer allowed the automatic download, installation, and running of new ActiveX controls with minimal user intervention – this made it possible to use ActiveX on web pages to install viruses, spyware, etc. onto a user's computer.
  2. ^ Java support is for built-in support by the browser without a plugin.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Internet Explorer 7 and later
  4. ^ a b NPAPI and the Java-plugin were disabled by default in Chrome versions 42 and not supported in Chrome versions 45 and higher.
  5. ^ Internet Explorer did for a time support NPAPI plugins. Plugins that functioned in the Netscape browser also functioned in Internet Explorer. This was due to a small ActiveX control implemented within a "plugin.ocx" file that acted as a shim between the ActiveX based browser and the NPAPI plugin. The IE browser would load the control and use it to host plugins specified within the page. However, Microsoft made the claim that the NPAPI plugins (or the IE implementation of the API) were a security issue and dropped support for them in version 5.5 SP2.[112][113][114]
  6. ^ Internet Explorer 8 supports syndicated content in hAtom / hSlice microformat by the name of a feature known as Web Slices. Internet Explorer 4.0—7 supported CDF.
  7. ^ a b RSS and ATOM feed autodetection in Konqueror depends on the aKregator package which is installed with kdepim.
  8. ^ Only supported in Trident mode.
  9. ^ Only supported in Blink mode.
  10. ^ Safari had Java only on macOS, up to Safari 11. No longer supported Safari for Windows needed a plugin.
  11. ^ Safari has Gears only on Mac OS X 10.4+. Windows is not supported
  12. ^ a b RSS and ATOM feed autodetection in Epiphany depends on the Newsfeed extension which is included with Epiphany-extensions.

JavaScript supportEdit

Information about what JavaScript technologies the browsers support. Note that although XPath is used by XSLT, it is only considered here if it can be accessed using JavaScript. External links lead to information about support in future versions of the browsers or extensions that provide such functionality, e.g., Babel.

Browser JavaScript ECMAScript 3 DOM 1 DOM 2 DOM 3 XPath DHTML XMLHttpRequest Richy editing
Amaya No [note 1] No [note 1] No [note 1] No No No No No
AOL Explorer Yes Yes Partial Yes No No Yes Yes Yes
Avant Yes Yes Partial No No No Yes Yes Yes
Basilisk Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial [note 2] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Camino Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 2] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Chrome Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial Yes Yes Yes Yes
Dillo No No No No No No No No No
ELinks Partial Partial No No No No No No No
Falkon Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial Yes Yes Yes Yes
Flock Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 2] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Galeon Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 2] Yes Yes Yes Yes
GNU IceCat Partial (determined by GNU LibreJS) See Firefox ESR See Firefox ESR See Firefox ESR See Firefox ESR See Firefox ESR See Firefox ESR See Firefox ESR See Firefox ESR
iCab Yes Yes Partial Partial No No Yes Yes No
Internet Explorer Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 3] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Internet Explorer for Mac Yes Yes Partial No No No Yes No No
K-Meleon Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 2] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Konqueror Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial No Yes Yes No
Links No [note 4] No No No No No No No No
Lynx No No No No No No No No No
Maxthon Yes Yes Partial No No Yes Yes Yes Yes
Microsoft Edge Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial Yes Yes Yes Yes
Midori Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial [note 5] Yes [note 5] Yes Yes Yes
Mosaic No No No No No No No No No
Mozilla Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 2] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Mozilla Firefox Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial [note 2] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Netscape Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 2] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Netscape Browser Yes Yes Depends [110] Depends [110] No [note 2] Depends [110] Yes Yes Yes
Netscape Navigator Yes Partial No No No No Yes No No
Netscape Navigator 9 Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 2] Yes Yes Yes Yes
NetSurf No No No No No No No No No
OmniWeb Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No
Opera Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial Yes Yes Yes Yes
Pale Moon Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial [note 2] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Polarity Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial Yes Yes Yes Yes
Safari Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial [note 5] Yes Yes Yes Yes
SeaMonkey Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 2] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Shiira Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes
Sleipnir Yes Yes Partial No [note 3] No Yes Yes Yes Yes
surf Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 5] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Web Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 5] Yes Yes Yes Yes
WorldWideWeb No No No No No No No No No
w3m No No No No No No No No No
Browser JavaScript ECMAScript 3 DOM 1 DOM 2 DOM 3 XPath DHTML XMLHttpRequest Rich editing
  1. ^ a b c It is possible to compile Amaya with JavaScript enabled, using the CVS version and SpiderMonkey. However, this is still experimental and only a small subset of DOM 1 is available.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l XPath is a part of DOM 3, but is considered separately here. A large subset of DOM 3 is accessible by extensions but not by websites.
  3. ^ a b Internet Explorer 5 and above has its own event registration model and its own style sheets model, but these are incompatible with DOM 2.
  4. ^ Support for JavaScript has been removed in version 2.1pre29 (change log)
  5. ^ a b c d e SVG / XPath / (partial) DOM 3 is only available in the WebKit nightlies so far.

See what parts of DOM your browser supports

Protocol supportEdit

Information about what internet protocols the browsers support (in addition to HTTP that all (modern) browser should and do fully support[note 1]). External links lead to information about support in future versions of the browsers or extensions that provide such functionality.

More than half of web traffic from Chrome to Google's servers is handled by QUIC protocol, not TCP (or HTTP/1). Chrome (and Opera) have support for QUIC, and HTTP/3.

Browser HTTP/2 FTP
[note 2]
NNTP
[note 3]
SSL EV IRC Gopher IDN data:URI BitTorrent IPv6 Proxy
Amaya No No No No No No No Yes No No ? ?
AOL Explorer No Yes No Yes [note 4] Yes No No [note 5] No No No Yes ?
Avant No Yes No Yes[note 4] Yes No No [note 5] No No No Yes ?
Basilisk Yes Yes No [note 6] Yes Yes No [note 7] No Yes [note 8] Yes No [note 9] Yes Yes
Camino No Yes No Yes ? No Yes Yes Yes No Yes ?
Chrome Yes[115] Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No ? Yes
Dillo ? Yes No No [note 10] No No No No Yes No Yes ?
ELinks No Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial[note 11]
Falkon (formerly QupZilla) ? Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Flock No Yes No Yes ? No [note 7] Yes Yes Yes No Yes ?
Galeon No Yes No Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes
iCab ? Yes No Yes ? No No Yes No No Yes ?
Internet Explorer Yes[116] Yes No Yes [note 4] Yes No Dropped [note 5] Yes Partial [note 12] No Yes Yes
Internet Explorer for Mac No Yes No Yes No No Yes No No No ? ?
K-Meleon No Yes No Yes No No Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Konqueror ? Yes No Yes No No No [note 13] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Links No Yes No Yes No No No No No No No Partial[note 11]
Lynx No Yes Yes Yes No No Yes No No No Yes Partial[note 11]
Maxthon No Yes No Yes [note 4] Yes No No [note 5] Yes No No Yes Yes
Microsoft Edge Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Mosaic No Yes Yes No No No Yes No No No No ?
Mozilla No Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes [note 8] Yes No No Yes
Mozilla Firefox Yes[118][119] Yes No [note 6] Yes Yes No [note 7] Dropped [note 14] Yes [note 8] Yes No [note 9] Yes Yes
Netscape No Yes Yes Yes No No [note 7] Yes Yes Yes No ? ?
Netscape Browser No Yes No Yes No No Depends [110] Depends [110] Depends [110] No ? ?
Netscape Navigator No Yes Yes Yes No No Yes No No No ? ?
Netscape Navigator 9 No Yes No Yes No No [note 7] Yes Yes [note 8] Yes No Yes ?
NetSurf No Yes No Yes No No No No Yes No Yes ?
OmniWeb No Yes No Yes ? No Yes[120] Yes Yes No Yes ?
Opera Yes[121] Yes Dropped Yes Yes Dropped No [note 15] Yes Yes Dropped Yes Yes
Pale Moon Yes Yes No [note 6] Yes Yes No [note 7] No Yes [note 8] Yes No [note 9] Yes Yes
Polarity ? Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Safari Yes[121] Partial No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No Yes Yes
SeaMonkey ? Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 8] Yes No Yes Yes
Shiira No ? ? Yes ? No No Yes ? No Yes ?
Sleipnir ? Yes No Yes [note 4] Yes No No [note 5] Yes No No Yes ?
surf ? No No Partial[note 16] Partial[note 16] No No Yes Yes No Yes Partial[note 11]
Web ? No No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No Yes Partial[note 11]
WorldWideWeb No Yes Yes No No No No No No No No ?
w3m ? Yes No Yes ? No Yes ? ? No Yes ?
Browser HTTP/2 FTP
[note 2]
NNTP
[note 3]
SSL EV IRC Gopher IDN data:URI BitTorrent IPv6 Proxy
  1. ^ Mosaic reached only HTTP 0.9 compliance, and does not support secure communications in any way.
  2. ^ a b Many browsers have FTP support as read-only and have no upload capitilies. Read-only is marked as yes. For a comparison of clients that support upload opportunities see Comparison of FTP client software.
  3. ^ a b Many browsers have purposely avoided support for e-mail and newsgroups (Usenet), as these are reserved for their mail-client counterparts. For a comparison of such counterparts see comparison of e-mail clients and Comparison of Usenet newsreaders.
  4. ^ a b c d e Support for 256-bit ciphers (AES for example) for SSL/TLS is only available in Windows Vista and above[122][123]
  5. ^ a b c d e Internet Explorer 7 has no support of gopher; gopher support is disabled in IE6
  6. ^ a b c NNTP support can be added by installing the add-on infoRSS.
  7. ^ a b c d e f IRC support can be added by installing ChatZilla.
  8. ^ a b c d e f For security reasons, IDN domains are displayed as punycode if they contain certain characters or if the top level domain has not been whitelisted [8].
  9. ^ a b c Possible using third party extensions like FoxTorrent Archived 27 May 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ Dillo has experimental SSL integration that is by standard turned off. "How do I enable the https (SSL) support plugin for dillo?". Archived from the original on 9 May 2008. Retrieved 12 April 2017. There is no certificate caching and no authentication performed.
  11. ^ a b c d e Respects system-wide proxy settings.
  12. ^ Microsoft has limited support to certain "non-navigable" content, such as in <img> tags and CSS rules, for security reasons, including concerns that JavaScript embedded in a data URI may not be interpretable by script filters such as those used by web-based email clients.[117]
  13. ^ Konqueror has full Gopher support when the kgopher KIO plugin is installed.
  14. ^ Firefox support for the Gopher protocol was dropped in Firefox 4 (Gecko 1.9.3) per bug 388195. This and newer versions have full Gopher support when the OverbiteFF extension is installed.
  15. ^ Includes a proxy capability for gopher support.
  16. ^ a b Behavior towards malicious certificates can only be set up in compile time.

Image format supportEdit

Information about what image formats the browsers support. External links lead to information about support in future versions of the browsers or extensions that provide such functionality.

Browser JPEG JPEG 2000 JPEG XR WebP GIF PNG APNG MNG TIFF [note 1] SVG [note 2] PDF [note 3] 2D Canvas XBM BMP ICO HEIF
Amaya Yes ? No ? Yes Yes No No Yes Partial No No ? ? ? ?
AOL Explorer Yes No No No Yes Partial [note 4] No No disable No No No [note 5] No [note 6] ? ? ?
Avant Yes No No ? Yes Yes No No disable Partial No Yes No [note 6] ? ? ?
Basilisk Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Partial Yes Yes No Yes Yes ?
Camino Yes No No ? Yes Yes No No No Partial [note 7] No No Yes ? ? ?
Chrome Yes No No[124] Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 8] No No Partial Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Chromium Yes No ? Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 8] ? Yes Partial Yes Yes ? Yes Yes No
Dillo Yes No No ? Yes Yes No No No No No No No ? ? ?
ELinks No No No No No No No No No No No No No ? ? ?
Falkon Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Partial [note 9] No Yes Yes Yes ? ?
Flock Yes No No ? Yes Yes Dropped No No Partial [note 7] No Yes Yes ? ? ?
Galeon Yes No No No Yes Yes Yes No No No No No Yes ? ? ?
iCab Yes ? No ? Yes Yes Yes No No No Yes No ? ? ? ?
Internet Explorer Yes No Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes Partial No Yes ,[125][note 5] Dropped [note 6] Yes Yes No
Internet Explorer for Mac Yes No No No Yes Yes No No No No No No ? ? ? ?
K-Meleon Yes No No ? Yes Yes Yes No No Yes No No ? Yes ? ?
Konqueror Yes Yes [note 10] No ? Yes Yes No Yes Yes Partial Yes [note 11] Yes ? Yes ? ?
Links Yes No No ? Yes Yes No No Yes No No No Yes ? ? ?
Lynx Yes/No[note 12] No Yes/No[note 12] ? ?
Maxthon Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No disable Partial No Yes No [note 6] Yes ? ?
Microsoft Edge Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Partial Yes Yes No Yes Yes No
Midori Yes Yes [note 13] No ? Yes Yes Yes No Yes Partial [note 14] No Yes Yes ? ? ?
Mosaic Yes No No No Yes Yes No No No No No No Yes ? ? ?
Mozilla Yes No No No Yes Yes No Dropped [note 15] No No No No Yes ? ? ?
Mozilla Firefox Yes No[126] No[127] Yes[128] Yes Yes Yes [note 16] No[129] No[130] Partial [note 7] Yes Yes Dropped [note 17] Yes Yes No
Netscape Yes No No No Yes Yes No Dropped [note 18] No No No No Yes ? ? ?
Netscape Browser Yes No No No Yes Depends [110] No No No No No No Yes ? ? ?
Netscape Navigator Yes No No No Partial 32-bit version only No No No No No No Yes ? ? ?
Netscape Navigator 9 Yes No No No Yes Yes No No No Partial No Yes Yes ? ? ?
NetSurf Yes No No ? Yes Yes No Dropped [note 19] No Partial No No No Yes ? ?
OmniWeb Yes Yes No ? Yes Yes No No Yes Partial No No Yes ? ? ?
Opera Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes[note 20] No No Partial [note 21] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ?
Pale Moon Yes No Yes [note 22] Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Partial Yes Yes No Yes Yes ?
Polarity Yes No No Yes Yes Yes No No No Partial No Yes No Yes Yes ?
Safari Yes Dropped [note 13] No No Yes Yes Yes No Yes Partial [note 14] Yes (Mac only) Yes Yes Yes ? Yes [note 23]
SeaMonkey Yes No No No Yes Yes Yes [note 16] No No Partial [note 7] No [note 24] Yes Yes Yes ? ?
Shiira Yes ? No ? Yes Yes No No Yes Partial No Partial Yes ? ? ?
Sleipnir Yes No No ? Yes Partial [note 4] No No disable Partial No Yes No ? ? ?
surf Yes No No ? Yes Yes No No No Partial No Yes Yes Yes ? ?
Torch Browser Yes ? ? ? Yes Yes Yes [note 8] ? ? Partial No Yes ? Yes ? ?
Web Yes No No ? Yes Yes Dropped No No Partial No [note 24] Yes Yes ? ? ?
WorldWideWeb Yes No No No Yes No No No Yes No No No ? ? ? ?
w3m Yes No No No Yes Yes No ? ? ? ? No ? ? ? ?
Browser JPEG JPEG 2000 JPEG XR WebP GIF PNG APNG MNG TIFF [note 1] SVG [note 2] PDF [note 3] 2D Canvas XBM BMP ICO HEIF
  1. ^ a b Although it was one of the first suggested WWW image formats, most browsers support TIFF by using a plugin installed by the user instead of decoding it natively.
  2. ^ a b SVG here refers to SVG 1.1 Full. There are also two simplified profiles known as SVG 1.1 Tiny and SVG 1.1 Basic, which are intended for user agents with limited capabilities.
  3. ^ a b Most browsers support PDF by installing an Adobe plugin which takes over the browser window. Listed here are browsers which also support inline PDFs within other hypertext documents (such as within HTML's <img/> tag). Note that PDF (in strictly speaking) is not an image format, but a scriptable rich text document format that can contain different types of multimedia content, including vector and bitmap graphics, audio, video, forms, intra- and inter-document hypertext links and a hierarchical contents listing. The format is also the native display format under macOS.
  4. ^ a b Internet Explorer supports PNG images but is unable to correctly display images with gamma correction or color correction.[citation needed] Versions of Internet Explorer prior to version 7 are unable to correctly display images with alpha channel (for transparency) without additional coding [9].
  5. ^ a b Support for the canvas element was added to Internet Explorer 9. Earlier versions of Internet Explorer can be made to emulate canvas using the excanvas script.
  6. ^ a b c d Internet Explorer support for XBM files was removed in Version 6.
  7. ^ a b c d Firefox and SeaMonkey partially support SVG 1.1 Full. Modules that are implemented or not implemented and details of their implementation: [10].
  8. ^ a b c For Chromium prior to version 59 there is support via an extension.
  9. ^ Falkon supports as much SVG specification as WebKit does: [11].
  10. ^ Konqueror supports JPEG2000 if KDE's viewer is compiled with Jasper library.
  11. ^ Inline PDF viewing in Konqueror requires KPDF which is included in kdegraphics.
  12. ^ a b While lacking support for inline display of graphical elements, Lynx allows defining standalone image viewer and assigning programs to MIME types. Such program is called when user activates corresponding element, effectively allowing Lynx user to add support for arbitrary non-inlined file format.
  13. ^ a b Safari supported JPEG2000 through QuickTime plugin, which is an optional software bundle for Safari installation on Windows, and an integrated component in macOS until Mojave, since Safari 12 dropped support for NPAPI plugins (including QuickTime).
  14. ^ a b Safari 3 is able to render SVG documents, but not fully [12].
  15. ^ Support of MNG/JNG was dropped since 6 June 2003 [13] [14]. There are unofficial obsolete builds with MNG/JNG called Mngzilla [15].
  16. ^ a b Mozilla applications rebranded by the GNU project, such as GNU IceCat or Iceape do not support APNG.[citation needed]
  17. ^ In Gecko 1.9.2 (Firefox 3.6) XBM support was dropped.
  18. ^ Netscape 6.0, 6.01 and 7.0 included native support for MNG until the code was removed in 2003 due to code size and little actual usage.
  19. ^ Support for MNG/JNG has been dropped since 4 January 2014 [16] [17].
  20. ^ Opera is currently supporting APNG on their Beta and Dev builds.
  21. ^ Opera supports SVG 1.1 Basic.[18]
  22. ^ Pale Moon supports JPEG-XR from the first quarter of 2017. [19]
  23. ^ Safari support for HEIF pronounced in 2017 from version 11 on operating systems macOS Sierra and iOS 11. [20]
  24. ^ a b With the addition of the new Cairo version in Gecko 1.9 it will be natively possible to save pages to PDFs but not read them. This feature is not included in Firefox 3.5, however it is possible with the new Cairo backend.

Native multimedia supportEdit

InternationalizationEdit

Most browsers are available in more than one language.

Browser Languages Total
Amaya[131][132] English (en), French (fr), Finnish (fi), German (de), Italian (it), Portuguese (pt), Russian (ru), Spanish (es), Chinese (zh-CN and zh-TW), Turkish (tr), Slovak (sk), Russian (ru), Norwegian (no), Georgian (ka), Japanese (ja), Hungarian (hu), Dutch (du), Ukrainian (uk) 18
AOL Explorer English (en), French (fr), German (de) 3
Avant English (en), Arabic (ar), Basque (eu), Bulgarian (bg), Catalan (ca), Croatian (hr), Czech (cs), Chinese (zh-TW), Danish (da), Dutch (nl), French (fr), Frisian (fy), German (de), Greek (el), Hebrew (he), Hungarian (hu), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Korean (ko), Persian (fa), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt-BR), Russian (ru), Spanish (es), Thai (th), Turkish (tr), English (en-GB), Ukrainian (uk) 28
Basilisk American English (en-US) 1
Camino[133] Chinese (zh-CN, zh-TW), Czech (cs), Danish (da), Dutch (nl), English (en), French (fr), German (de), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Lithuanian (lt), Norwegian (nb, and nn), Portuguese (pt), Slovak (sk), Spanish (es), Swedish (sv) 15
Chrome Arabic (ar), Portuguese (pt-BR), Bengali (bn), Bulgarian (bg), Catalan (ca), Chinese (zh-CN zh-TW), Croatian (hr), Czech (cs), Danish (da), Dutch (nl), English (en-US en-GB), Estonian (et), Filipino (fil), Finnish (fi), French (fr), German (de), Greek (el), Gujarati (gu), Hebrew (he), Hindi (hi), Hungarian (hu), Indonesian (id), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Kanada (kn), Korean (ko), Latvian (lv), Lithuanian (lt), Malayalam (ml), Marathi (mr), Norwegian (no), Oriya (or), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Serbian (sr), Slovak (sk), Slovenian (sl), Spanish (es), Spanish (es-LA), Swedish (sv), Tamil (ta), Telugu (te), Thai (th), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Vietnamese (vi)[134] 48
Dillo[135] English (en), Japanese (ja), Polish (pl), Russian (ru) 4
ELinks[136] Bulgarian (bg), Croatian (hr), Czech (cs), Danish (da), English (en), French (fr), German (de), Hungarian (hu), Italian (it), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Slovak (sk), Ukrainian (uk) 13
Falkon[137] Arabic (ar), Basque (eu), Bulgarian (bg), Catalan (ca), Chinese (zh-CN, zh-TW), Croatian (hr), Czech (cz), Dutch (nl), English (en), Finnish (fi), French (fr), Galician (gl), Ganda (lg), Georgian (ka), German (de), Greek (el), Hebrew (he), Hungarian (hu), Indonesian (id), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Latvian (lv), N'ko (nqo), Persian (fa), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt-BR, and pt-PT), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Serbian (sr), Slovak (sk), Spanish (es), Swedish (sv), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Uzbek (uz) 35
Flock[138] Arabic (ar), Chinese (zh-CN, zh-TW), English (en), Finnish (fi), French (fr), Georgian (ka), German (de), Hungarian (hu), Korean (ko), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt-PT), Russian (ru), Slovak (sk), Spanish (es-AR, and es-ES) 14
Galeon Amharic (am), Azerbaijani (az), Belarusian (be), Bulgarian (bg), Bosnian (bs), Catalan (ca), Czech (cs), Danish (da), German (de), Greek (el), English (en), Spanish (es), Estonian (et), Basque (eu), Finnish (fi), French (fr), Irish (ga), Galician (gl), Croatian (hr), Hungarian (hu), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Korean (ko), Lithuanian (lt), Latvian (lv), Macedonian (mk), Malayalam (ml), Mongolian (mn), Malay (ms), Dutch (nl), Norwegian (no-nb, no-nn), Punjabi (pa), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Kinyarwanda (rw), Slovak (sk), Slovenian (sl), Albanian (sq), Serbian (sr), Swedish (sv), Tamil (ta), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Vietnamese (vi), Walloon (wa), Chinese (zh-TW) 48
iCab[139] German (de), English (en), Japanese (ja), Danish (da), French (fr), Spanish (es), Russian (ru), Norwegian (no), Chinese (zh-CN) 9
Internet Explorer[140] Afrikaans (af), Albanian (sq), Amharic (am), Arabic (ar), Armenian (hy), Assamese (as), Azeri (az), Bengali (bn-BD, and bd-IN)) (bn), Basque (eu), Bosnian (bs-Latn), Bulgarian (bg), Catalan (ca), Chinese (zh-HK, zh-CN, zh-TW), Croatian (hr), Czech (cs), Danish (da), Dari (af-FA), Dutch (nl), English (en), Estonian (et), Filipino (fil), Finnish (fi), French (fr), Galician (gl), Georgian (ka), German (de), Greek (el), Gujarati (gu), Hausa (ha), Hebrew (he), Hindi (hi), Hungarian (hu), Icelandic (is), Igbo (ig), Indonesian (id), Irish (ga), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Kannada (kn), Kazakh (kk), Khmer (km), KiSwahili (sw), Konkani (kok), Korean (ko), Kyrgyz (ky), Latvian (lv), Lithuanian (lt), Luxembourgish (lb), Macedonian (mk), Malay (ms-BN, ms-My), Malayalam (ml), Maltese (mt), Maori (mi), Marathi (mr), Mongolian (mn), Nepali (ne), Norwegian (no-nb, no-nn), Oriya (or), Persian (fa), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt-BR, pt-PT), Punjabi (pa), Quechua (qu), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Serbian (sr-Cyrl-BA, sr-Cyrl-RS, sr-Latn), Sesotho (st), Setswana (tn), Sinhala (si), Slovak (sk), Slovenian (sl), Spanish (es), Swedish (sv), Tamil (ta), Tatar (tt), Telugu (te), Thai (th), Turkish (tr), Turkmen (tk), Ukrainian (uk), Urdu (ur), Uzbek (uz), Vietnamese (vi), Welsh (cy), Yoruba (yo), isiXhosa (kh), isiZulu (zu) 95
Internet Explorer for Mac German (de), English (en), Spanish (es), French (fr), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Swedish (sv) 7
K-Meleon[141] Chinese (zh-CN), English (en), French (fr), German (de), Spanish (es), Russian (ru) 6
Konqueror Afrikaans (af), Arabic (ar), Belarusian (be), Bulgarian (bg), Bengali (bn), Bosnian (bs), Catalan (ca), Chinese (zh, zh-CN), Czech (cs), Welsh (cy), Danish (da), German (de), Greek (el), English (en), Esperanto (eo), Spanish (es), Estonian (et), Basque (eu), Persian (fa), Finnish (fi), French (fr), Galician (gl), Hebrew (he), Hindi (hi), Croatian (hr), Hungarian (hu), Icelandic (is), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Mongolian (mn), Malay (ms), Dutch (nl), Norwegian (no-nn, no-nb), Punjabi (pa), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Slovak (sk), Slovenian (sl), Serbian (sr), Swedish (sv), Tamil (ta), Tajik (tg), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Uzbek (uz) 46
Links Belarusian (be), Portuguese (pt-BR), Bulgarian (bg), Catalan (ca), Croatian (hr), Czech (cs), Danish (da), Dutch (nl), English (en), Estonian (et), Finnish (fi), French (fr), Galician (gl), German (de), Greek (el), Hungarian (hu), Icelandic (is), Indonesian (id), Italian (it), Lithuanian (lt), Norwegian (no), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Serbian (sr), Slovak (sk), Spanish (es), Swedish (sv), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Upper Sorbian (hsb) 32
Lunascape Chinese (zh-CN, zn-TW), English (en), French (fr), German (de), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Korean (ko), Portuguese (pt), Russian (ru), Spanish (es) 10
Lynx Catalan (ca), Czech (cs), Danish (da), German (de), Estonian (et), English (en), French (fr), Hungarian (hu), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Dutch (nl), Portuguese (Brazilian) (pt-BR), Russian (ru), Kinyarwanda (rw), Slovenian (sl), Swedish (sv), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Vietnamese (vi), Chinese (zh-CN, zh-TW) 21
Maxthon Arabic (ar), Basque (eu), Bosnian (bs), Belarusian (be), Bulgarian (bg), Chinese (zh), Croatian (hr), Czech (cs), Danish (da), Dutch (nl), English (en), Estonian (et), Persian (fa), Finnish (fi), French (fr), Frisian (stq), Galician (gl), German (de), Greek (el), Hebrew (he), Hungarian (hu), Italian (it-IT, it-RM, it-MI) (it), Japanese (ja), Korean (ko), Lithuanian (lt), Malay (ms), Norwegian (no), Piedmontese (pms), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Portuguese (Brazilian) (pt), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Serbian (sr-Cyrl, sr-Latn), Slovak (sk), Slovenian (sl), Spanish (es), Spanish (es-AR), Swedish (sv), Thai (th), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Vietnamese (vi) 44
Microsoft Edge[142] Arabic (ar-SA), Bulgarian (bg-BG), Chinese (zh-CN, zh-HK, zh-TW), Croatian (hr-HR), Czech (cs-CZ), Danish (da-DK), Dutch (nl-NL), English (en-GB, en-US), Estonian (et-EE), Finnish (fi-FI), French (fr-FR, fr-CA), German (de-DE), Greek (el-GR), Hebrew (he-IL), Hungarian (hu-HU), Italian (it-IT), Japanese (ja-JP), Korean (ko-KR), Latvian (lv-LV), Lithuanian (lt-LT), Norwegian (no-nb-NO), Polish (pl-PL), Portuguese (pt-BR pt-PT), Romanian (ro-RO), Russian (ru-RU), Serbian (sr-Latn-SP), Slovak (sk-SK), Slovenian (sl-SI), Spanish (es-ES, es-MX), Swedish (sv-SE), Thai (th-TH), Turkish (tr-TR), Ukrainian (uk-UA) 33
Mosaic English (en) 1
Mozilla Catalan (ca), Chinese (zh), Czech (cs), Danish (da), English (en), Finnish (fi), French (fr), German (de), Greek (el), Hebrew (he), Irish (ga), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Korean (ko), Lithuanian (lt), Macedonian (mk), Norwegian (no), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Punjabi (pa), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Slovak (sk), Slovenian (sl), Spanish (es), Swedish (sv), Turkish (tr), Welsh (cy) 28
Mozilla Firefox[143] Acholi (ach), Afrikaans (af), Akan (ak), Albanian (sq), Arabic (ar), Armenian (hy), Assamese (as), Asturian (ast), Azerbaijani (az), Basque (eu), Belarusian (be), Bengali (bn-IN, bn-BD) (bn), Bosnian (bs), Breton (br), Bulgarian (bg), Catalan (ca), Chinese (zh-CN, zh-TW), Croatian (hr), Czech (cs), Danish (da), Dutch (nl), English (en-GB, en-ZA, and en-US) (en), Esperanto (eo), Estonian (et), Finnish (fi), Fula (ff), French (fr), Frisian (fy), Friulian (fur), Gaelic (gd), Galician (gl), Georgian (ka), German (de), Greek (el), Gujarati (gu), Hebrew (he), Hindi (hi), Hungarian (hu), Icelandic (is), Indonesian (id), Irish (ga), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Kannada (kn), Kashubian (csb), Khmer (km), Kazakh (kk), Korean (ko), Kurdish (ku), Latvian (lv), Ligurian (lig), Lithuanian (lt), Luganda (lg), Macedonian (mk), Maithili (mai), Malay (ms), Malayalam (ml), Marathi (mr), Northern Sotho (nso), Norwegian (no-nb, no-nn), Occitan (oc), Oriya (or), Persian (fa), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt-BR, pt-PT), Punjabi (pa), Romanian (ro), Romansh (rm), Russian (ru), Serbian (sr), Sinhala (si), Slovak (sk), Slovenian (sl), Songhai (son), Spanish (es-AR, es-CL, es-MX, es-ES) (es), Swedish (sv), Tamil (ta), Tamil (ta-LK) (ta), Tatar (tt), Telugu (te), Thai (th), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Vietnamese (vi), Welsh (cy), Zulu (zu) 91
Netscape[144] Chinese (zh), English (en), French (fr), German (de), Japanese (ja), Portuguese (pt), Spanish (es) 7
Netscape Browser English (en), English (Canadian) (en) 2
Netscape Navigator[145] Portuguese (pt-BR), Chinese (zh), Czech (cs), English (en), Danish (da), Finnish (fi), French (fr), German (de), Greek (el), Hungarian (hu), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Korean (ko), Norwegian (no), Polish (pl), Russian (ru), Slovenian (sl), Spanish (es), Swedish (sv), Turkish (tr) 20
Netscape Navigator 9 English (en) 1
NetSurf Dutch (nl), English (en), French (fr), German (de) 4
OmniWeb[146] Danish (da), Dutch (nl), English (en), French (fr), German (de), Japanese (ja), Swedish (sv) 7
Opera[147] Afrikaans (af), Azerbaijani (az), Belarusian (be), Bengali (bn), Bulgarian (bg), Chinese (zh-CN, zh-TW), Croatian (hr), Czech (cs), Danish (da), Dutch (nl), English (en-GB, en-US), Estonian (et), Finnish (fi), French (fr-FR, fr-CA), Frisian (fy), Georgian (ka), German (de), Greek (el), Hindi (hi), Hungarian (hu), Indonesian (id), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Korean (ko), Lithuanian (lt), Macedonian (mk), Malay (ms), Montenegrin (mis), Norwegian (no-nb, no-nn), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt, pt-BR), Punjabi (pa), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Serbian (sr), Slovak (sk), Spanish (es-ES, es-LA), Swedish (sv), Tagalog (tl), Tamil (ta), Thai (th), Telugu (te), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Uzbek (uz), Vietnamese (vi), Zulu (zu) 47
Pale Moon Bulgarian (bg), Simplified Chinese (zh-CN), Czech (cs), Dutch (nl), American English (en-US), British English (en-GB), Filipino (tl), French (fr), Greek (el), Hungarian (hu), Italian (it), Korean (ko), Polish (pl), Brazilian Portuguese (pt-BR), European Portuguese (pt-PT), Russian (ru) Argentine Spanish (es-AR), Mexican Spanish (es-M), Castilian Spanish (es-ES), Slovak (sk) Swedish (sv-SE), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk) 23[148]
Safari Dutch (nl), English (en), French (fr), German (de), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Spanish (es), Danish (da), Finnish (fi), Korean (ko), Norwegian (no), Portuguese (pt), Russian (ru), Swedish (sv), Chinese (zh) 15
SeaMonkey[149] Belarusian (be), Catalan (ca), Chinese (zh-CN), Czech (cs), Dutch (nl), English (en-GB, en-US), Finnish (fi), French (fr), Galician (gl), Georgian (ka), German (de), Hungarian (hu), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Lithuanian (lt), Norwegian (no), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Russian (ru), Slovak (sk), Spanish (es-ES, es-LA), Swedish (sv), Turkish (tr) 23
Shiira Chinese (zh-CN, zh-TW), Danish (da), Dutch (nl), English (en), Finnish (fi), French (fr), German (de), Italian (it), Korean (ko), Norwegian (no), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Slovak (sk), Spanish (es), Swedish (sv) 15
Sleipnir Chinese (zh-CN, zh-TW), English (en), Japanese (ja) 3
SRWare Iron English (en), German (de), Russian (ru) 3
surf Browser lacks user interface elements to be translated; see WebKitGTK+ for status of engine messages' translation. 0
Torch Browser English (en), French (fr), Spanish es), Turkish (tr), Italian (it), Portuguese (pt), German (de) 7
Web[150] Amharic (am), Arabic (ar), Azerbaijani (az), Belarusian (be), Belarusian (be-Latn), Bulgarian (bg), Bengali (bn), Bosnian (bs), Catalan (ca), Czech (cs), Welsh (cy), Danish (da), German (de), Dzongkha (dz), Greek (el), English (en), Spanish (es), Estonian (et), Basque (eu), Persian (fa), Finnish (fi), French (fr), Irish (ga), Galician (gl), Gujarati (gu), Hebrew (he), Hindi (hi), Croatian (hr), Hungarian (hu), Indonesian (id), Icelandic (is), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Georgian (ka), Korean (ko), Kurdish (ku), Limburgian (li), Lithuanian (lt), Latvian (lv), Malagasy (mg), Maori (mi), Macedonian (mk), Malayalam (ml), Mongolian (mn), Marathi (mr), Malay (ms), Norwegian (Bokmål) (nb), Norwegian (Nynorsk) (nn), Nepali (ne), Dutch (nl), Oriya (or), Punjabi (pa), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Kinyarwanda (rw), Slovak (sk), Slovenian (sl), Albanian (sq), Serbian (sr), Swedish (sv), Tamil (ta), Telugu (te), Thai (th), Turkmen (tk), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Vietnamese (vi), Walloon (wa), Chinese (zh) 70
WorldWideWeb English (en) 1
w3m English (en), French (fr), German (de), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Spanish (es), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Swedish (sv) 9
Browser Languages Total

Security and vulnerabilitiesEdit

For comparison of unpatched publicly known vulnerabilities in latest stable version browsers based on vulnerabilities reports see Secunia. See browser security for more details about the importance of unpatched known flaws.


See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Meyer, Benjamin (27 September 2010). "Arora 0.11.0!". Arora Development. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
  2. ^ "Avant Browser - What's New in the Latest Version?". Retrieved 18 May 2019.
  3. ^ "Basilisk: release notes". Basilisk.
  4. ^ "Blisk release 12.0.92.83". Blisk. 29 June 2019. Retrieved 2 July 2019.
  5. ^ "Brave, the browser with built-in ad blocking, tries again on Android". TechCrunch. 31 October 2016. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  6. ^ "Brave iOS vs Firefox Focus: Comparison of Privacy Browsers on iPhone". Guiding Tech. 18 May 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  7. ^ "Releases". Brave Software. Retrieved 23 April 2019 – via GitHub.
  8. ^ "First Look at Brave Browser for Windows". ghacks.net. 25 February 2016. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  9. ^ "Camino Blog". The Camino Project. Retrieved 15 February 2018.
  10. ^ "Cliqz Browser Release Notes 1.28.0 (68.0.1+1.38.1)". Cliqz Blog. 1 August 2019. Retrieved 9 August 2019.
  11. ^ "Stable Channel Update for Desktop". Chrome Releases. Blogger. 6 November 2019. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  12. ^ "Chrome for Android Update". Chrome Releases blog. Blogger. 6 November 2019. Retrieved 7 November 2019.
  13. ^ "Google Chrome on the App Store". iTunes Preview. 30 October 2019. Retrieved 30 October 2019.
  14. ^ "Comodo Dragon v76.0.3809.100 is now available for download". Comodo Group. 26 August 2019. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  15. ^ "Comodo IceDragon v65.0.2.15 is now available for download". Comodo Group. 19 June 2019. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
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