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Comparison of web browsers

The following tables compare general and technical information for a number of web browsers.

Contents

General informationEdit

Basic general information about the browsers: creator, company, license, price, etc. Browsers listed on a light purple background are discontinued.

Browser Creator Cost (USD) Software license Current layout engine Latest release version
Amaya (discontinued) W3C, INRIA Free W3C custom 11.4.4 (January 18, 2012; 5 years ago (2012-01-18)) [±]
AOL Explorer (discontinued) America Online, Inc Free Proprietary Trident 1.5 (May 10, 2006; 11 years ago (2006-05-10)) [±]
Arora (discontinued) Benjamin C. Meyer Free GPL WebKit 0.11.0[1] (27 September 2010; 7 years ago (2010-09-27)) [±]
Avant Avant Force Free Proprietary Trident, Gecko, Blink 2017 build 8 (June 28, 2017; 5 months ago (2017-06-28)[2]) [±]
Blisk Blisk team Free (Limited),
$101.88 (Pro)
Proprietary Blink, V8 6.0.169.7
Brave Brave Software Inc. Free MPL 2.0 Gecko, Blink
Beta: Windows, macOS, Linux 0.20.7 beta / November 17, 2017; 30 days ago (2017-11-17)[3]
Camino (discontinued) The Camino Project Free MPL 1.1/GPL 2.0/LGPL 2.1 tri-license Gecko 2.1.2 (discontinued in 2012)
Cliqz Cliqz GmbH Free MPL 2.0 Gecko, 1.11.0
Chrome Google Free (some closed-source features), BSD (Chromium executable) [note 1] Blink
Windows, macOS, Linux 63.0.3239.108 / December 14, 2017; 3 days ago (2017-12-14)[4]
Android 63.0.3239.111 / December 15, 2017; 2 days ago (2017-12-15)[5]
iOS 63.0.3239.73 / December 5, 2017; 12 days ago (2017-12-05)[6]
Chromium The Chromium Project Free BSD Blink (built nightly)
Comodo Dragon Comodo Free Proprietary Blink 60.0.3112.114 (December 6, 2017; 11 days ago (2017-12-06)[7]) [±]
Dillo The Dillo team Free GPL custom 3.0.5[8] (30 June 2015; 2 years ago (2015-06-30)) [±]
Dooble Dooble Team Free GPL WebKit 1.56d (July 1, 2017; 5 months ago (2017-07-01)[9]) [±]


ELinks Baudis, Fonseca, et al. Free GPL custom, fork of Links 0.11.7[10] (22 August 2009; 8 years ago (2009-08-22)) [±]
Flock (discontinued) Flock Inc Free Proprietary (as of 3.0) WebKit 3.5.3.4641 (February 1, 2011; 6 years ago (2011-02-01)) [±]
Galeon (discontinued) Marco Pesenti Gritti Free GPL Gecko 2.0.7 (discontinued in 2008)
GNU IceCat GNU Free MPL 2.0 Gecko 52.3.0 (1 September 2017; 3 months ago (2017-09-01)[11]) [±]
iCab Alexander Clauss Free,
$20 (Pro)
Proprietary (browser), LGPL (WebKit) WebKit 5.8.3 (March 17, 2017; 8 months ago (2017-03-17)[12]) [±]
Internet Explorer Microsoft,
Spyglass
Included with Windows Proprietary Trident 11.0.49 (11.0.9600.18860) (November 14, 2017; 33 days ago (2017-11-14)[13]) [±]
Internet Explorer for Mac (discontinued) Microsoft Free Proprietary Tasman 5.2.3 (discontinued in 2003)
K-Meleon Dorian, KKO, et al. Free GPL Gecko 75.1 (September 19, 2015; 2 years ago (2015-09-19)[14]) [±]
Konqueror KDE Free GPL KHTML, WebKit 4.14.3 (November 11, 2014; 3 years ago (2014-11-11)) [±][15]
Links Patocka, et al. Free GPL custom 2.14[16] (3 November 2016; 13 months ago (2016-11-03)) [±]
Lunascape Lunascape Corporation Free Proprietary Trident, Gecko, Blink 6.15.1 (May 24, 2017; 6 months ago (2017-05-24)[17]) [±]
Lynx Montulli, Grobe, Rezac, et al. Free GPL custom, fork of libwww 2.8.8rel.2[18][19] (9 March 2014; 3 years ago (2014-03-09)) [±]
Maxthon Maxthon International Limited Free Proprietary Blink, Trident
Windows 5.1.2.1000 / September 18, 2017; 2 months ago (2017-09-18)[20]
Android 4.5.10.7000 / March 8, 2017; 9 months ago (2017-03-08)[21]
Mac 5.0.30 / September 22, 2017; 2 months ago (2017-09-22)[22]
iOS 5.1.13.363 / September 23, 2017; 2 months ago (2017-09-23)[23]
Windows Phone 2.2.0 / March 30, 2017; 8 months ago (2017-03-30)[24]
Linux 1.0.5.3 / September 9, 2014; 3 years ago (2014-09-09)[25]
Microsoft Edge Microsoft Included with Windows Proprietary EdgeHTML
Windows 10 41.16299.15.0 / October 5, 2017; 2 months ago (2017-10-05)[26]
Windows 10 Mobile 38.14393.693.0 / January 10, 2017; 11 months ago (2017-01-10)[27]
Xbox One 40.15063.0.0 / March 29, 2017; 8 months ago (2017-03-29)[28]
Midori Christian Dywan, et al. Free LGPL WebKit 0.5.11 (2015-08-30[29]) [±]
Mosaic (discontinued) Marc Andreessen and Eric Bina, NCSA Free for non-commercial use Proprietary custom 3.0 (discontinued in 1997)
Mozilla Application Suite (discontinued) Mozilla Foundation Free MPL 1.1/GPL 2.0/LGPL 2.1 tri-license Gecko 1.7.13 (21 April 2006; 11 years ago (2006-04-21)[30])
Mozilla Firefox Mozilla Foundation Free MPL 2.0 Gecko
Standard 57.0.2 / 7 December 2017; 10 days ago (2017-12-07)[31]
ESR 52.5.2 / 7 December 2017; 10 days ago (2017-12-07)[32]
Netscape (v.6–7)[25] (discontinued) Netscape Communications Corporation, AOL Free Proprietary (browser), MPL 1.1/GPL 2.0/LGPL 2.1 (Gecko) Gecko 7.2 (discontinued in 2004)
Netscape Browser (v.8)[note 2] (discontinued) Mercurial Communications for AOL Free Proprietary (browser & Trident),
MPL 1.1/GPL 2.0/LGPL 2.1 (Gecko)
Gecko, Trident 8.1.3 (April 2, 2007; 10 years ago (2007-04-02)) [±]
Netscape Communicator (v.4)[note 2] (discontinued) Netscape Communications Free Proprietary custom, fork of Mosaic 4.8 (August 22, 2002; 15 years ago (2002-08-22)) [±]
Netscape Navigator (v.1–4)[note 2] (discontinued) Netscape Communications Free Proprietary custom, fork of Mosaic 4.0.8 (discontinued in 1998)
Netscape Navigator 9[note 2] (discontinued) Netscape Communications
(division of AOL)
Free Proprietary (browser), MPL 1.1/GPL 2.0/LGPL 2.1 (Gecko) Gecko 9.0.0.6 (February 22, 2008; 9 years ago (2008-02-22)) [±]
NetSurf The NetSurf Developers Free GPL custom 3.7[33] (16 October 2017; 2 months ago (2017-10-16)) [±]
OmniWeb The Omni Group Free Proprietary (browser), LGPL (WebKit) WebKit 5.11.2 (July 23, 2012; 5 years ago (2012-07-23)) [±]
Opera Opera Software Free Proprietary Blink 49.0.2725.39 (November 16, 2017; 31 days ago (2017-11-16)[34])
Opera Mobile Opera Software Free Proprietary Blink
Android 44.1.2246.123029 / December 11, 2017; 6 days ago (2017-12-11)[35]
Android (classic) 12.1.8 / November 6, 2014; 3 years ago (2014-11-06)[36]
Symbian S60 12.0.22 / June 24, 2012; 5 years ago (2012-06-24)[37]
Windows Mobile 10.0 / March 16, 2010; 7 years ago (2010-03-16)[38]
Origyn Web Browser (discontinued) Sand-labs Free BSD WebKit 1.25 (AROS only)[39]
1.23r4 (AmigaOS 4 only)[40]
1.24 (15 April 2014; 3 years ago (2014-04-15)[41]) [±]
Odyssey Web Browser Fabien Coeurjoly for MorphOS, Krzysztof "Deadwood" Smiechowicz for AROS Free BSD WebKit 1.25 (AROS only)[42]
1.23r4 (AmigaOS 4 only)[43]
1.24 (15 April 2014; 3 years ago (2014-04-15)[44]) [±]
Pale Moon Moonchild Productions Free MPL 2.0 Goanna 27.6.2 (28 November 2017; 19 days ago (2017-11-28)[45]) [±]
Polarity Stanley Lim Free Proprietary (browser & Trident), BSD(Cef) Blink, Trident 9.2.6 (August 26, 2017; 3 months ago (2017-08-26)[46]) [±]
QupZilla David Rosca Free GNU GPLv3 WebKit 2.2.1 (1 November 2017; 46 days ago (2017-11-01)[47]) [±]
Rekonq (discontinued) Andrea Diamantini Free GNU GPLv3 WebKit 2.4.2[48][49] (12 January 2014; 3 years ago (2014-01-12)) [±]
Roccat Browser Runecats Free Proprietary (browser), LGPL (WebKit) WebKit 7.7 (October 24, 2017; 54 days ago (2017-10-24)[50]) [±]
Safari Apple Inc. Included with macOS and iOS Proprietary (browser), LGPL (WebKit) WebKit
macOS 11.0.2 / December 6, 2017; 11 days ago (2017-12-06)
iOS 11.1.1 / November 9, 2017; 38 days ago (2017-11-09)


SeaMonkey SeaMonkey Council Free MPL 2.0 Gecko 2.49.1 (November 4, 2017; 43 days ago (2017-11-04)[51]) [±]
Shiira (discontinued) Happy Macintosh Developing Team Free BSD WebKit 2.3 (August 11, 2009; 8 years ago (2009-08-11)) [±]
Sleipnir Fenrir Inc. Free Proprietary Blink, Trident 6.2.8 (September 20, 2017; 2 months ago (2017-09-20)[52]) [±]
SRWare Iron SRWare Free Proprietary Blink
Windows

62.0.3250.0 (November 6, 2017; 41 days ago (2017-11-06)[53]) [±]

macOS

62.0.3250.0 (October 2, 2017; 2 months ago (2017-10-02)[54]) [±]

Linux

62.0.3250.0 (November 6, 2017; 41 days ago (2017-11-06)[55]) [±]

surf suckless.org Free MIT Webkit 2.0 (28 March 2017; 8 months ago (2017-03-28)[56]) [±]
Torch Browser Torch Media Free Proprietary Blink 57.0.0.12335 (August 25, 2017; 3 months ago (2017-08-25)[57]) [±]
Uzbl Dieter Plaetinck Free GNU GPLv3 WebKit 0.9.1 (October 27, 2016; 13 months ago (2016-10-27)[58]) [±]
Vivaldi Vivaldi Technologies Free Proprietary Blink 1.13 (November 22, 2017; 25 days ago (2017-11-22)[59]) [±]
Waterfox Alex Kontos Free MPL 2.0 Gecko
Web (formerly named Epiphany) Marco Pesenti Gritti Free GPL WebKit 3.26.0 (13 September 2017; 3 months ago (2017-09-13)[60]) [±]
WorldWideWeb (Later renamed Nexus) (discontinued) Tim Berners-Lee Free Public domain custom 0.18 (January 14, 1994; 23 years ago (1994-01-14)) [±]
w3m Akinori Ito Free MIT custom 0.5.3[61] (15 January 2011; 6 years ago (2011-01-15)) [±]
Yandex Browser Yandex Free Proprietary Blink
Windows

17.9.0.2081 (September 13, 2017; 3 months ago (2017-09-13)[62])

iOS

17.9.1.726 (September 19, 2017; 2 months ago (2017-09-19)[63])

Android

17.1.1.359 (February 21, 2017; 9 months ago (2017-02-21)[64]) [±]

Browser Creator Cost (USD) Software license Current layout engine Latest release version
  1. ^ Chromium, on which Google Chrome is based, is open source; the features Google adds to Chrome (such as H.264 and ACC decoding, built-in Adobe Flash, and an auto-updater system, among other things) are closed-source. See Chromium (web browser) § Differences from Google Chrome and Google Chrome's Terms of Service for more info.
  2. ^ a b c d There are five different products which all carry the name Netscape: Netscape versions 1 to 4, properly called Netscape Navigator, was a browser based on the original Netscape engine. Netscape 4 also was available as an Internet suite, properly called Netscape Communicator. Netscape 6 and 7 was a new Internet suite based on the Gecko engine and the Mozilla Application Suite user interface. Netscape 8, properly called Netscape Browser, was a distinct browser based on Firefox that could use either the Gecko (Firefox) or Trident (Internet Explorer) engine. Netscape resumed use of the Navigator name from Netscape Navigator 9.0 beta 1. See Netscape for more info.

Operating system supportEdit

Browsers are compiled to run on certain operating systems, without emulation.

This list is not exhaustive, but rather reflects the most common OSes today (e.g. Netscape Navigator was also developed for OS/2 at a time when macOS 10 did not exist) but does not include the growing appliance segment (for example, the Opera web browser has gained a leading role for use in mobile phones, smartphones, the Nintendo DS and Wii, and Personal Digital Assistants, and is also used in some smart TVs). Both the web browser and OS means most recent version, example: Windows 8 with Internet Explorer 10.

Browser Windows macOS Linux BSD Android iOS Other Unix
Amaya Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
AOL Explorer Yes No No No No No No
Arora Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
Avant Yes No No No No No No
Brave Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes No
Camino No Yes No No No No No
Cliqz Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes No
Chrome Yes Yes[note 1] Yes No Yes Yes No
Chromium Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No
Dillo Partial Yes Yes[note 2] Yes No No Yes
Dooble Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
ELinks No Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
Flock Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No
Galeon No Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
iCab No Yes No No No Yes No
GNU IceCat Vista or higher Yes Yes No Yes No No
Internet Explorer Included Dropped (5.2) No No No No Dropped (5.0)[note 3]
K-Meleon Yes No No No No No No
Konqueror Partial Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
Links Partial Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
Lunascape Yes No No No Yes Yes No
Lynx Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
Maxthon Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes No
Microsoft Edge Win 10 or higher No No No Yes Yes No
Midori Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes
Mozilla Firefox Yes Yes Yes[note 4] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Mozilla Firefox ESR Yes Yes Yes[note 4] No[65] No[65] No[65] No[65]
NetSurf Beta Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
OmniWeb No Yes No No No No No
Opera Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes[note 5] Yes
Pale Moon Yes Yes[66] Yes No Dropped No No
Polarity Yes No No No Yes[67] No No
QupZilla Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
Rekonq Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
Safari Dropped (5.1.7) Included No No No Included No
Safe Browser Secure No No No No No Yes No
SeaMonkey Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
Shiira No Yes No No No No No
Sleipnir Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No
SRWare Iron Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
surf Partial No Yes Yes No No Yes
Torch Browser Yes Yes No No No No No
Web No Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
WorldWideWeb (NeXTSTEP only) No No No No No No No
w3m Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
Browser Windows macOS Linux BSD Android iOS Other Unix
  1. ^ Google Chrome is not available for PowerPC.
  2. ^ Dillo is included in some Linux distributions, i.e. Damn Small Linux and Feather Linux.
  3. ^ Internet Explorer for UNIX was available for Solaris and HP-UX.
  4. ^ a b Most Linux distributions which include a graphical user interface include a version of Firefox or a rebranded version of Firefox such as GNU IceCat.
  5. ^ Opera Mini and Coast are available for iOS

Browser featuresEdit

Information about what common browser features are implemented natively (without third-party add-ons).

Browser Bookmark management Download management Password managing[note 1] Form managing Spell checking Search engine toolbar Per-site security configuration Privacy mode Auto-updater
Amaya No No Yes No Yes No ? No No
AOL Explorer Yes No No Yes No Yes ? No ?
Arora Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes ? Yes No
Avant Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 2] Yes ? No ?
Brave Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Camino Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ? No Yes
Cliqz Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Chrome Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 3] Yes
Chromium Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial[note 4] Yes Yes Yes
Dillo Partial No No No No Partial ? No No
Dooble Yes Yes Yes No No Yes ? Yes ?
ELinks Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Flock Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial [note 5] No Yes
Galeon Yes Yes Yes No No Yes ? No No
iCab Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes ? No ?
Internet Explorer Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 6] Yes Yes Yes [note 7] Yes [note 8]
Internet Explorer for Mac Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ? No ?
K-Meleon Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 9] Yes [note 9] ?
Konqueror Yes Yes [note 10] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 11] No No
Links Yes Yes No No No No ? No No
Lunascape Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial[68] Yes Partial[68] Partial[68] Yes[69]
Lynx Yes Yes No No No [note 12] No Yes No No
Maxthon Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Microsoft Edge Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial[note 4] No Yes Yes [note 8]
Midori Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No Yes No
Mosaic Yes No No No No No ? No No
Mozilla Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Mozilla Firefox Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 13] Yes
Netscape Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ? No No
Netscape Browser Yes Yes Yes Yes ? Yes ? No Yes
Netscape Navigator Yes No No No No No ? No No
Netscape Navigator 9 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ? No Yes
NetSurf Yes Yes No No No Yes No No No
OmniWeb Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial [note 14] No Yes
Opera Yes [note 15] Yes Yes Yes [note 16] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Pale Moon Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Polarity Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes ? Yes Notification only
QupZilla Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 17] Yes Yes No Yes Notification only
Rekonq Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial Yes No
Safari Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Safe Browser Secure Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No Yes No
SeaMonkey Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial [note 5] Yes Yes
Shiira Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ? Yes ?
Sleipnir Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Notification only
SRWare Iron Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
surf No[note 18] No[note 19] No No No No[note 18] Yes/No[note 20] Yes/No[note 20] No
Torch Browser Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Web Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial[note 4] No Yes No
WorldWideWeb Yes No No No Yes No ? No No
w3m Yes No No No No No ? No No
Browser Bookmark management Download management Password managing [note 1] Form managing Spell checking Search engine toolbar Per-site security configuration Privacy mode Auto-updater
  1. ^ a b In many integrated password saving tools there are often leaks that make them unsafe.[71]
  2. ^ Spell checking can be added by installing an add-on like ieSpell.
  3. ^ Starting with version 4, Google Chrome can disable Cookies, Images, JavaScript, Plugins, Popups, and Geolocation individually.
  4. ^ a b c Lacks search toolbar, but search URL autocompletion provided via addressbar.
  5. ^ a b Mozilla based browsers like Firefox, SeaMonkey and Flock can handle per-site settings for cookies, pop-ups, add-on installs and images. For more settings, an add-on is needed ~ for example, NoScript.
  6. ^ Internet Explorer 10 supports spell checking.
  7. ^ Internet Explorer 8 supports InPrivate Browsing.
  8. ^ a b There is no online update facility built into IE, but it gets updated by Windows Update when enabled. As of Version 10 automatic silent update is the default setting in Internet Explorer. In Microsoft Edge, the option to disable automatic updates via the about dialog is not included.
  9. ^ a b Through the Privacy toolbar, K-Meleon Versions 1.5 and 1.6, can individually disable Cookies, Images, JavaScript, Popups, and Plugins (e.g. Flash and Java).
  10. ^ For the download manager kdenetwork needs to be installed.
  11. ^ Konqueror can handle per-site settings for cookies, pop-ups, JavaScript, Java and NPAPI modules (e.g. Flash).
  12. ^ Lynx is able to edit text with an external editor, which can provide spell checking.
  13. ^ Firefox 3.5 adds the Privacy mode. Older versions of Firefox can use the Stealther extension.
  14. ^ OmniWeb supports per-domain settings of options including support for disabling scripting, ad-blocking, java and cookies. These settings only work on top level domains.[70]
  15. ^ Opera versions before 15 had bookmarks. Newer Opera versions use a different concept called "Stash" instead.
  16. ^ Opera can auto-complete forms with your personal information and website usernames. Also there is extension AutoComplete Archived 25 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine. which can complete forms with form history.
  17. ^ Available as a PIM plugin which is disabled by default, but it is part of default installation.
  18. ^ a b Developers distribute patch enabling this functionality.
  19. ^ This functionality is handled via third-party software by browser's design.
  20. ^ a b This browser allows to choose custom cookie jar, making cookies from other sessions unavailable to new session.

Accessibility featuresEdit

Information about what common accessibility features are implemented natively (without third-party add-ons). Browsers that do not support pop-ups have no need for pop-up blocking abilities, so that field is marked as N/A.

Browser Tabbed browsing Pop-up blocking [note 1] Auto-play blocking Incremental search Ad filtering Page zooming [note 2] Full text search of history Content-modal dialogs[note 3]
Amaya Yes N/A No No No Yes No ?
AOL Explorer Yes Yes No No No Yes No ?
Arora Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No
Avant Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No ?
Brave Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No ?
Camino Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No ?
Cliqz Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes ?
Chrome Yes Partial [note 4] No Scheduled for January 2018[72] Yes No [note 5] Yes No [note 6] No[note 7]
Chromium Yes Yes No Yes No Yes ? ?
Dillo Yes N/A No No No No No No
Dooble Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes ?
ELinks Yes N/A No Yes N/A N/A No No[note 8]
Flock Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No ?
Galeon Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No
iCab Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No ?
Internet Explorer Yes [note 9] Yes [note 10] No Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 11] [73] No
Internet Explorer for Mac No No No No No No No N/A
K-Meleon Yes Yes No Yes No [note 12] Partial No ?
Konqueror Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No
Links No Yes No Yes Yes No No No[note 8]
Lunascape Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Partial ?
Lynx No N/A No No N/A N/A No No[note 8]
Maxthon Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No ?
Microsoft Edge Yes Yes No Yes No [note 5] Yes No No
Midori Yes No No Yes Yes Yes No ?
Mosaic No N/A No No No No No ?
Mozilla Yes Yes No Yes Yes [note 12] Yes No No
Mozilla Firefox Yes Yes No Yes Yes [note 12] Yes No Yes[note 13]
Netscape Yes Yes No Yes No [note 12] No No No
Netscape Browser Yes Yes No Yes No [note 12] No No No
Netscape Navigator No No No No No No No No
Netscape Navigator 9 Yes Yes No Yes No [note 12] No No No
NetSurf Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No ?
OmniWeb Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No ?
Opera Yes Yes No Yes Yes [note 14] Yes Yes Yes
Pale Moon Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Polarity Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Partial ?
QupZilla Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Optional [note 15]
Rekonq Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes ?
Safari Yes Yes [note 16] Yes[74][75] Yes No [note 17] Yes [note 18] Yes (only Mac) [note 19] Yes
Safe Browser Secure Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes
SeaMonkey Yes Yes No Yes Yes [note 12] Yes [76] No No
Shiira Yes Yes No No No Yes No ?
Sleipnir Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No ?
SRWare Iron Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes ?
surf No[note 20] No No Yes No[note 20] Yes No[note 20] No
Torch Browser Yes ? No Yes ? Yes ? ?
Web Yes Yes No Yes Yes [note 21] Yes Yes Partial
WorldWideWeb No N/A No No No No No N/A
w3m Yes N/A No Yes No No No N/A
Browser Tabbed browsing Pop-up blocking [note 1] Auto-play blocking Incremental search Ad filtering Page zooming [note 2] Full text search of history Content-modal dialogs[note 3]
  1. ^ a b A more complete list of Pop-Up blockers and addons / programs are in the following article List of pop-up blocking software.
  2. ^ a b Page zooming is different from text resizing, as it resizes not only characters, but also multimedia objects and web page layout
  3. ^ a b "Mozilla Developer Network - Using tab-modal prompts". Developer.mozilla.org. 3 February 2011. Retrieved 23 May 2012. 
  4. ^ The option "Do not allow any site to show pop-ups" in Google Chrome, which is the default, actually allows sites to show pop-ups which are not considered harmful.
  5. ^ a b Ad filter support can be added by installing an extension such as AdSweep, AdThwart or Adblock Plus.
  6. ^ Feature was intentionally removed via regular patch update, due to poor impact on performance.
  7. ^ "Chromium Issue 456: Javascript alerts are modal to Chrome UI, not to individual tab". Code.google.com. 3 September 2008. Retrieved 23 May 2012. 
  8. ^ a b c Although text browsers don't have dialog windows, their prompts behave as modal dialogs – block the input until answer is received.
  9. ^ IE6 had no tabbed browsing support.
  10. ^ IE6 included pop-up blocking with Windows XP Service Pack 2 [1]
  11. ^ Full-text history search is available through a Windows Search iFilter[73]
  12. ^ a b c d e f g Most Gecko browsers have options to block chosen images and cookies. Extended Ad filter support can be added by installing an extension such as Adblock Plus.
  13. ^ "Bug 59314 - JavaScript alerts should be content-modal, not window-modal". Bugzilla.mozilla.org. Retrieved 23 May 2012. 
  14. ^ Opera 9 introduced a content blocker for webpages (Archived 9 February 2006 at the Wayback Machine.). Earlier releases support wildcard protocol/domain/path and filetype blocking using a filter.ini file. ("Opera browser: Blocking unwanted ads and other cr*p using URL filtering". Archived from the original on 12 January 2013. Retrieved 12 April 2017. ) More advanced Ad filtering for Opera can also be done with external software.
  15. ^ Requires building with "NONBLOCK_JS_DIALOGS" compile flag enabled; may cause crashes: https://github.com/QupZilla/qupzilla/blob/master/BUILDING.
  16. ^ Does not allow selective blocking of pop-ups. Safari can only block all pop-ups, or none.
  17. ^ Ad filter support can be added by installing extensions.Archived 1 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  18. ^ Page zooming supported in the iPhone version of Safari. Screen zooming is built into macOS.
  19. ^ Full-text history search is available through Spotlight, a feature of the macOS operating system.
  20. ^ a b c This functionality is handled by third-party software by browser's design.
  21. ^ Epiphany supports AdBlock as an official extension, in the epiphany-extensions package.

Accessibility features (continued)Edit

Information about what common accessibility features are implemented natively (without third-party add-ons).

Browser Access keys Tabbing navigation Spatial navigation Caret navigation Smart Bookmarks Mouse gesture Text-to-speech Voice control Tab Stacking Can disable font smoothing[note 1]
Amaya Yes Yes ? Yes No No No No
AOL Explorer Yes Yes No No No No No No
Arora Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No
Avant Yes Yes No No Yes No No No
Camino Yes Yes No Yes No [note 2] No [note 3] No No
Chrome Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 4] No [note 4] No [note 4] Disabled Dropped
Chromium Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 4] No [note 4] No [note 4] Disabled Dropped
Dillo Yes No No No No No No No
Dooble Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No
ELinks Yes Yes Yes [note 5] Yes Yes No No No No
Flock Yes Yes No Yes No [note 6] No No No
Galeon ? Yes ? Disabled Yes No No No
iCab Yes No No No No No [note 3] No No
Internet Explorer Yes Yes Yes Yes[note 7] Yes No [note 8] Yes[note 9] Yes[note 10] No Dropped
K-Meleon Yes Yes No Disabled Yes No No No
Konqueror Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 11] Depends [note 12] No No
Links Yes Yes ? Yes Yes No No No
Lunascape No No No Yes Yes No No No
Lynx No No Yes No No No No No No
Maxthon Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No
Microsoft Edge ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Midori Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Mosaic No No No No No No No No
Mozilla Firefox Yes Yes No [note 13] Yes Yes No [note 6] No[note 14] Yes No Yes
Netscape Navigator Yes Yes No Yes No No No No
NetSurf No Yes No No No No No No
OmniWeb Yes Yes No No No [note 2] Yes Yes No
Opera Yes Yes Yes No [note 15] Yes Yes Yes Yes Dropped Dropped
Pale Moon Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes No
Polarity Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes No
QupZilla Yes Yes Yes [note 16] Yes Yes [note 17] Yes [note 18] No No No
Rekonq ? Yes ? ? Yes ? ? ? ?
Safari Yes Yes Yes Yes (only Mac) [note 19] No Yes (only Mac) [note 2] Yes (only Mac) [note 3] Yes (only Mac) [note 3] Yes ?
SeaMonkey Yes Yes No Yes Yes No [note 20] No No No
Shiira ? Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No
Sleipnir Yes Yes No No Yes No No No
surf ? Yes No Yes No No No No No
Torch Browser Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No
Web Yes Yes No Yes Yes No [note 21] No No No
WorldWideWeb ? ? ? ? No No No No
w3m ? Yes Yes Yes No No No No
Browser Access keys Tabbing navigation Spatial navigation Caret navigation Smart Bookmarks Mouse gesture Text-to-speech Voice control Tab Stacking Can disable font smoothing
  1. ^ Font smoothing or Font rasterization is arguably an accessibility feature affecting how the fonts are rendered and font readability. Also referred as ClearType or TrueType
  2. ^ a b c On Mac systems, gestures are available systemwide via multitouch sensing on trackpads and mice.
  3. ^ a b c d On macOS, text-to speech and speech recognition are available systemwide and is available from menu in native Cocoa browsers.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Google Chrome can be given these features using extensions like smooth gestures, speechify and voice control for google chrome.
  5. ^ ELinks 0.12 supports spatial navigation.
  6. ^ a b Mouse gesture support can be added by installing extensions like All-in-One Gestures (Firefox-only) [2] and Mouse Gestures [3].
  7. ^ Internet Explorer 8 supports caret browsing.
  8. ^ Mouse gesture support is available via plug-ins, i.e. Mouse Gestures for Internet Explorer or Easy Go Back.
  9. ^ TTS in Internet Explorer is available through the operating system Speech API. For TTS, SAPI takes text as input and uses the TTS engine to output that text as spoken audio. This is the same technology used by the Windows accessibility tool, Narrator. SAPI and an English TTS engine have been embedded in all Windows operating systems since the release of Windows XP.
  10. ^ Internet Explorer can be controlled by applications which use the operating system Speech API. A built-in application called Windows Speech Recognition ships with Windows Vista and later client versions.
  11. ^ Mouse gesture support is available system-wide in KDE
  12. ^ Text-to speech support depends on the kttsd application in the kdeaccessibility package
  13. ^ Doug Turner, the Minimo lead developer, has introduced spatial navigation to some special Firefox builds [4]. It may build as a default part of Firefox [5].
  14. ^ Firefox works with a number of screen readers such as JAWS (screen reader) and Microsoft Speech API through extensions.[which?]
  15. ^ opera : a sort of caret navigation can be enabled by a button or a shortcut (http://my.opera.com/shoust/blog/show.dml/305626 at the Wayback Machine (archived 1 November 2006))
  16. ^ Available as of this commit.
  17. ^ Supports as of v1.7.0: https://github.com/QupZilla/qupzilla/issues/458
  18. ^ Available as a Mouse Gestures plugin which is disabled by default, but it is part of default installation.
  19. ^ On macOS systems, caret navigation (called "Full Keyboard Access") can be enabled systemwide.
  20. ^ Mouse gesture support can be added by installing extensions like Mouse Gestures Suite (Seamonkey-only) [6].
  21. ^ Web supports mouse gestures as an extension from the official extensions package.

Acid scoresEdit

[relevant? ]

The Acid tests are online test suites to determine aspects of standards compliance, to expose web page rendering flaws, and to rate the performance of browsers. Upon each test's release, they are designed so that no existing browser can pass without further development. In order for a browser to pass any Acid test, the latest public release of the browser (not an alpha, beta, release candidate, or other version under development or testing procedures) must meet the requirements shown below. In addition, the browser should be tested upon completion of installation, with no add-ons installed (some browsers make this easy by providing a "safe mode" option) and all the factory settings (no options have been changed from their defaults).

Acid1:

  • Final rendering looks exactly like the rendering provided by the Acid tests website.
  • Text can be highlighted and radio buttons can be selected.

Acid2:

  • Final rendering looks exactly like the rendering provided by the Acid tests website.
  • Smiley's nose turns blue when hovered over.

Acid3:

  • Final rendering looks exactly like the rendering provided by the Acid tests website.
  • Test does not report failed tests or abnormal delays (leftclick letter "A" to obtain a report)
Browser Acid1 Acid2 Acid3
Amaya No No No
AOL Explorer No No No
Arora Yes Yes 100/100
Avant No No No
Brave Yes Yes 100/100
Camino Yes Yes 99/100
Chrome Yes Yes 100/100[77]
Chromium Yes Yes 100/100
Comodo Dragon Yes Yes 100/100
Dillo No No No
Dooble Yes Yes 100/100
ELinks No No No
Flock Yes Yes 80/100
Galeon ? Yes 72/100
iCab ? Yes 100/100
Internet Explorer Yes Yes 100/100
Internet Explorer for Mac Yes No No
K-Meleon Yes Yes Yes[note 1]
Konqueror Yes Yes 91/100[note 2]
Links ? No No
Lunascape ? Yes 100/100[78]
Lynx No No No
Maxthon Yes Yes 100/100
Microsoft Edge Yes Yes 100/100
Midori Yes Yes 100/100[79]
Mosaic No No No
Mozilla Yes No 35/100
Mozilla Firefox Yes Yes 100/100
Netscape Yes No 35/100
Netscape Browser Yes No 35/100
Netscape Navigator No No Crashes
Netscape Navigator 9 Yes No 59/100
NetSurf Yes ? No
OmniWeb Yes Yes No
Opera Yes Yes 100/100
Pale Moon Yes Yes 100/100
Polarity Yes Yes 100/100[80]
Qupzilla Yes Yes 100/100
Rekonq Yes Yes 100/100
Safari Yes Yes Yes[81]
Safe Browser Secure Yes Yes 98/100
SeaMonkey Yes Yes 100/100
Shiira Yes Yes 74/100
Sleipnir Yes Yes ?
surf Yes Yes 100/100
Torch Browser Yes Yes 100/100
Web Yes Yes 100/100[79]
WorldWideWeb No No No
w3m No No No
Browser Acid1 Acid2 Acid3
  1. ^ K-M75++
  2. ^ Konqueror scores 91/100 when using KHTML and 100/100 when using WebKit but still does not pass.

HTML5 supportEdit

The specifications for HTML5 are still under development, but many current browsers already support many of the new features in the draft specifications. An HTML5 test suite is also under development that, while it does not test all of the new features nor the functionality of those it does detect, rates browsers' support. New tests are expected to be added to the suite as time goes by.[82]

Browser HTML5test score[83] HTML5 accessibility score[84]
Apple Safari 10.1 406/555 73%
Google Chrome 58 518/555 81%
Internet Explorer 11 312/555 56%
Microsoft Edge 15 473/555 100%
Mozilla Firefox 53 474/555 91%
Opera 45 518/555 81%

As new tests are added, bogus ones removed, etc., new versions of html5test.com become available as preliminary beta or even alpha versions. These are great to test development versions (e.g. nightly builds) of web browsers, but their results should be taken with a grain of salt. Especially when considering that some browsers have experimental features built in which may be switched off by default.

Web technology supportEdit

Information about what web standards, and technologies the browsers support, except for JavaScript. External links lead to information about support in future versions of the browsers or extensions that provide such functionality.

Browser CSS2.1 [note 1] Frames [note 2] Nav LINKs [note 3] XSLT XHTML 1.0 [note 4] XHTML 1.1 [note 4] MathML XForms Web Forms 2.0 VoiceXML / X+V SMIL VML
Amaya Yes No ? No Yes Yes Yes No No No ? No
AOL Explorer Partial Yes No Yes No No No [note 5] No No No Yes[85] Yes
Avant Partial Yes ? Yes No No No No No No Yes[85] Yes
Arora Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No ? No
Camino Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Chrome Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No[86] No No No No No
Dillo Partial Partial [note 6] No No No No No No No No ? No
Dooble Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No ? No
ELinks Partial Yes ? No No No No No No No ? No
Flock Yes Yes ? Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No
Galeon Yes Yes ? Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No ? No
iCab Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No ? No
Internet Explorer Yes [note 7] Yes No [note 8] Yes Yes Yes No [note 5] No [note 9] No [note 10] No Yes[85] Yes
Internet Explorer for Mac Partial Yes ? Partial No Yes No No No No ? ?
K-Meleon Yes Yes ? Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Konqueror Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No No No ? No
Links No Yes Yes No No No No No No No ? No
Lunascape Yes [89] Yes Depends [note 8] Yes Yes [89] Yes [89] Yes [89] Yes [89] No No Yes [89][85] Yes [89]
Lynx No Partial Yes No No No No No No No No No
Maxthon Partial Yes ? Yes No No No No No No Yes[85] Yes
Microsoft Edge Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No Yes No No No
Midori Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No No No ? No
Mosaic No No ? No No No No No No No No No
Mozilla Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Mozilla Firefox Yes Yes No [note 8] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 11] Yes No Yes No
Netscape Yes Yes ? Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Netscape Browser Depends [90] Yes ? Yes Depends [90] Depends [90] Depends [90] No No No No No
Netscape Navigator No Yes No No No No No No No No No No
Netscape Navigator 9 Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No
NetSurf Yes Yes No No No No No No No No ? No
OmniWeb Yes Yes ? No Yes Yes No No No No ? No
Opera Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No
Pale Moon Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No
Polarity Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No
QupZilla Yes Yes ? Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No
Safari Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No
SeaMonkey Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No
Shiira Yes Yes ? Yes Yes Yes No No No No ? No
Sleipnir Partial Yes No [note 8] Yes No No No [note 5] No No [note 10] No Yes[85] Yes
surf Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No No No No ? No
Torch Browser Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No
Web Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No ? No
WorldWideWeb No No ? No No No No No No No No No
w3m ? Yes ? No Yes ? No ? No No ? No
Browser CSS2.1 [note 1] Frames Nav LINKs [note 3] XSLT XHTML 1.0 [note 4] XHTML 1.1 [note 4] MathML XForms Web Forms 2.0 VoiceXML / X+V SMIL VML
  1. ^ a b CSS 2, a W3C recommendation since 1998, is the current stable version of CSS, nevertheless, CSS 2.1 corrects a few errors in CSS2 (the most important being a new definition of the height/width of absolutely positioned elements, more influence for HTML's "style" attribute and a new calculation of the 'clip' property), and adds a few highly requested features which have already been widely implemented. CSS 2.1 is derived from and is intended to replace CSS 2. Conformance criteria are detailed at the W3C website. (CSS 3 is only in draft status at present.) For more detailed information please see comparison of layout engines (CSS).
  2. ^ Frames and frame sets are obsolete and non-conforming in HTML5. They should not be used by authors.
  3. ^ a b c d XHTML is based on HTML but is an application of XML, which means that XHTML must be stricter than equivalent HTML code. XHTML is meant to be read by an XML parser but for backward compatibility reasons can also be parsed as HTML; this table only notes the browsers that are able to parse XHTML as XML. For more detailed information please see comparison of layout engines (XHTML).
  4. ^ a b c Available with the MathPlayer plugin.
  5. ^ Dillo displays frames as links that the user can click on.
  6. ^ Microsoft claims Internet Explorer 8 has full CSS2.1 support,[87] however independent testing revealed several bugs.[88]
  7. ^ a b c d Not in standard install, but provided by extension.[7][8]
  8. ^ Available with the FormsPlayer plugin and several other plugins.
  9. ^ a b Web Forms 2.0 can be emulated in IE using DHTML behaviours, available from SourceForge.
  10. ^ XForms is supported experimentally in nightly builds dated after 28 January 2005 [9]. Requires installation of an extension.

Mobile Web technology supportEdit

Information about what web standards, and technologies the browsers support, except for JavaScript. External links lead to information about support in future versions of the browsers or extensions that provide such functionality.

Browser C-HTML HDML I-mode XHTML Mobile Profile WML WBMP
Amaya ? ? ? ? No ?
AOL Explorer ? ? ? ? No ?
Avant ? ? ? ? No ?
Camino ? ? ? ? No ?
Chrome ? ? ? ? No ?
Dillo ? ? ? ? No ?
ELinks No No No No No No
Flock Partial [note 1] No No Partial [note 1] No [note 2] ?
Galeon ? ? ? ? No ?
iCab ? ? ? ? No ?
Internet Explorer ? ? ? No [note 3] No [note 3] ?
Internet Explorer for Mac ? ? ? ? No ?
Internet Explorer Mobile ? ? ? Yes[note 3] Yes Yes
UC Browser ? ? ? ? Yes ?
K-Meleon Partial [note 1] No No Partial [note 1] No ?
Konqueror ? ? ? Yes No ?
Links No No No No No No
Lynx No No No No No No
Maxthon ? ? ? ? No ?
Microsoft Mobile Explorer Yes [note 4] ? Yes[note 4] Yes[note 4] Yes[note 4] Yes
Mosaic ? ? ? ? No ?
Mozilla Partial [note 1] No No Partial [note 1] No [note 2] ?
Mozilla Firefox Partial [note 1] No No Partial [note 1] No [note 2] ?
Netscape ? No No ? No ?
Netscape Browser ? No No ? No ?
Netscape Navigator ? No No ? No ?
Netscape Navigator 9 ? No No ? No ?
NetSurf ? ? ? ? No ?
OmniWeb ? ? ? ? No ?
Opera Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes
Pale Moon Partial [note 1] No No Partial [note 1] No [note 2] ?
Polarity ? ? ? ? ? ?
Safari ? ? ? ? No ?
SeaMonkey Partial [note 1] No No Partial [note 1] No [note 2] ?
Shiira ? ? ? ? No ?
Sleipnir ? ? ? ? No ?
Web ? ? ? ? No ?
WorldWideWeb No No No No No No
w3m No No No No No No
Browser C-HTML HDML I-mode XHTML Mobile Profile WML WBMP
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Gecko-based browsers render C-HTML and XHTML Mobile Profile as an ordinary XHTML. In most cases this is quite enough to browse mobile Web.
  2. ^ a b c d e Gecko-based browsers do not support WML natively, this issue is being discussed at bug 35995. There is an extension called wmlbrowser [10], [11] which adds a partial WML support to Firefox, SeaMonkey, Mozilla Suite and Flock (without card navigation and WMLScript). In most cases this is quite enough to browse mobile Web.
  3. ^ a b c Internet Explorer Mobile 6 supports XHTML Mobile Profile.
  4. ^ a b c d Microsoft Mobile Explorer was discontinued in 2002.[91]

Plugins and syndicated content supportEdit

Information about what web standards, and technologies the browsers support. External links lead to information about support in future versions of the browsers or extensions that provide such functionality.

Browser ActiveX [note 1] NPAPI [note 1] Java [note 2] Gears RSS Atom other web feed
Amaya No ? ? No No No ?
AOL Explorer Yes No ? No Yes [note 3] Yes [note 3] ?
Avant Yes No ? ? Yes [note 3] Yes [note 3] ?
Camino No Yes ? ? Partial Partial ?
Chrome No Dropped[note 4] Dropped[note 4] Dropped[92] No No ?
Dillo No ? No No No No ?
ELinks No No No No No No No
Flock No Yes No Yes Yes Yes ?
Galeon No Yes No Yes No No No
iCab No Yes ? ? Yes No ?
Internet Explorer Yes No [note 5] No Yes Yes [note 3] Yes [note 3] Yes [note 6]
Internet Explorer for Mac No Yes ? No No No No
K-Meleon No ? No ? Yes Yes ?
Konqueror No Yes No No Yes [note 7] Yes [note 7] ?
Links No No No No No No No
Lynx No No No No No No No
Maxthon Yes No ? ? Yes Yes ?
Microsoft Edge No No No No No No No
Mosaic No No ? No No No No
Mozilla No Yes No No No No ?
Mozilla Firefox No Dropped Dropped Yes Yes Yes ?
Netscape No Yes No No No No ?
Netscape Browser No Yes No No Yes Yes ?
Netscape Navigator No Yes No No No No ?
Netscape Navigator 9 No Yes No No Yes Yes ?
NetSurf No No No No No No No
OmniWeb No ? ? ? Yes Yes ?
Opera No Yes No No Dropped Dropped No
Pale Moon No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ?
Polarity Yes[note 8] Yes[note 9] No No Yes ? ?
QupZilla No Yes No No Yes No No
Safari No Yes Yes[note 10] Partial[note 11] Dropped No ?
SeaMonkey No Yes No Yes Yes Yes ?
Shiira No ? ? ? Yes Yes ?
Sleipnir Yes ? ? Yes Yes [note 3] Yes [note 3] ?
surf No Yes No No No No No
Web No Yes No No No [note 12] No [note 12] No
WorldWideWeb No No No No No No No
w3m No No No No No No No
Browser ActiveX [note 1] NPAPI [note 1] Java Gears RSS Atom other web feed
  1. ^ a b c d Internet Explorer (and Shells) is the only browser to natively support the Component Object Model (popularly known as ActiveX). Most other browsers use the NPAPI plugin architecture. ActiveX is more powerful than NPAPI in terms of the control it affords over the browser, but it is specific to Windows whereas NPAPI is cross-platform. There is a third-party plugin that adds partial ActiveX support, that is available for certain older versions of Mozilla Suite, Mozilla Firefox and Netscape Navigator. The default settings in earlier versions of Internet Explorer allowed the automatic download, installation, and running of new ActiveX controls with minimal user intervention – this made it possible to use ActiveX on web pages to install viruses, spyware, etc. onto a user's computer.
  2. ^ Java support is for built-in support by the browser without a plugin.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Internet Explorer 7 and later
  4. ^ a b NPAPI and the Java-plugin were disabled by default in Chrome versions 42 and not supported in Chrome versions 45 and higher.
  5. ^ Internet Explorer did for a time support NPAPI plugins. Plugins that functioned in the Netscape browser also functioned in Internet Explorer. This was due to a small ActiveX control implemented within a "plugin.ocx" file that acted as a shim between the ActiveX based browser and the NPAPI plugin. The IE browser would load the control and use it to host plugins specified within the page. However, Microsoft made the claim that the NPAPI plugins (or the IE implementation of the API) were a security issue and dropped support for them in version 5.5 SP2.[93][94][95]
  6. ^ Internet Explorer 8 supports syndicated content in hAtom / hSlice microformat by the name of a feature known as Web Slices. Internet Explorer 4.0—7 supported CDF.
  7. ^ a b RSS and ATOM feed autodetection in Konqueror depends on the aKregator package which is installed with kdepim.
  8. ^ Only supported in Trident mode.
  9. ^ Only supported in Blink mode.
  10. ^ Safari has Java only on macOS. Safari for Windows needs a plugin.
  11. ^ Safari has Gears only on Mac OS X 10.4+. Windows is not supported
  12. ^ a b RSS and ATOM feed autodetection in Epiphany depends on the Newsfeed extension which is included with Epiphany-extensions.

JavaScript supportEdit

Information about what JavaScript technologies the browsers support. Note that although XPath is used by XSLT, it is only considered here if it can be accessed using JavaScript. External links lead to information about support in future versions of the browsers or extensions that provide such functionality.

Browser JavaScript ECMAScript 3 DOM 1 DOM 2 DOM 3 XPath DHTML XMLHttpRequest Rich editing
Amaya No [note 1] No [note 1] No [note 1] No No No No No No
AOL Explorer Yes Yes Partial Yes No No Yes Yes Yes
Avant Yes Yes Partial No No No Yes Yes Yes
Camino Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 2] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Chrome Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial Yes Yes Yes Yes
Dillo No No No No No No No No No
ELinks Partial Partial No No No No No No No
Flock Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 2] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Galeon Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 2] Yes Yes Yes Yes
GNU IceCat Partial (determined by GNU LibreJS) See Firefox ESR See Firefox ESR See Firefox ESR See Firefox ESR See Firefox ESR See Firefox ESR See Firefox ESR See Firefox ESR
iCab Yes Yes Partial Partial No No Yes Yes No
Internet Explorer Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 3] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Internet Explorer for Mac Yes Yes Partial No No No Yes No No
K-Meleon Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 2] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Konqueror Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial No Yes Yes No
Links No [note 4] No No No No No No No No
Lynx No No No No No No No No No
Maxthon Yes Yes Partial No No Yes Yes Yes Yes
Microsoft Edge Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial Yes Yes Yes Yes
Midori Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial [note 5] Yes [note 5] Yes Yes Yes
Mosaic No No No No No No No No No
Mozilla Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 2] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Mozilla Firefox Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial [note 2] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Netscape Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 2] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Netscape Browser Yes Yes Depends [90] Depends [90] No [note 2] Depends [90] Yes Yes Yes
Netscape Navigator Yes Partial No No No No Yes No No
Netscape Navigator 9 Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 2] Yes Yes Yes Yes
NetSurf No No No No No No No No No
OmniWeb Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No
Opera Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial Yes Yes Yes Yes
Pale Moon Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial [note 2] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Polarity Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial Yes Yes Yes Yes
QupZilla Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial Yes Yes Yes Yes
Safari Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial [note 5] Yes Yes Yes Yes
SeaMonkey Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 2] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Shiira Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes
Sleipnir Yes Yes Partial No [note 3] No Yes Yes Yes Yes
surf Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 5] Yes Yes Yes Yes
Web Yes Yes Yes Yes No [note 5] Yes Yes Yes Yes
WorldWideWeb No No No No No No No No No
w3m No No No No No No No No No
Browser JavaScript ECMAScript 3 DOM 1 DOM 2 DOM 3 XPath DHTML XMLHttpRequest Rich editing
  1. ^ a b c It is possible to compile Amaya with JavaScript enabled, using the CVS version and SpiderMonkey. However, this is still experimental and only a small subset of DOM 1 is available.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k XPath is a part of DOM 3, but is considered separately here. A large subset of DOM 3 is accessible by extensions but not by websites.
  3. ^ a b Internet Explorer 5 and above has its own event registration model and its own style sheets model, but these are incompatible with DOM 2.
  4. ^ Support for JavaScript has been removed in version 2.1pre29 (change log)
  5. ^ a b c d e SVG / XPath / (partial) DOM 3 is only available in the WebKit nightlies so far.

See what parts of DOM your browser supports

Protocol supportEdit

Information about what internet protocols the browsers support. External links lead to information about support in future versions of the browsers or extensions that provide such functionality.

Browser HTTP FTP [note 1] NNTP[note 2] SSL EV IRC Gopher IDN data:URI BitTorrent IPv6 Proxy HTTP/2
Amaya Yes No No No No No No Yes No No ? ? No
AOL Explorer Yes Yes No Yes [note 3] Yes No No [note 4] No No No Yes ? No
Avant Yes Yes No Yes[note 3] Yes No No [note 4] No No No Yes ? No
Camino Yes Yes No Yes ? No Yes Yes Yes No Yes ? ?
Chrome Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No ? Yes Yes[96]
Dillo Yes Yes No No [note 5] No No No No Yes No Yes ? ?
ELinks Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial[note 6] ?
Flock Yes Yes No Yes ? No [note 7] Yes Yes Yes No Yes ? No
Galeon Yes Yes No Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes ?
iCab Yes Yes No Yes ? No No Yes No No Yes ? ?
Internet Explorer Yes Yes No Yes [note 3] Yes No Dropped [note 4] Yes Partial [note 8] No Yes Yes Yes[98]
Internet Explorer for Mac Yes Yes No Yes No No Yes No No No ? ? ?
K-Meleon Yes Yes No Yes No No Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes No
Konqueror Yes Yes No Yes No No No [note 9] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ?
Links Yes Yes No Yes No No No No No No No Partial[note 6] No
Lynx Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes No No No Yes Partial[note 6] No
Maxthon Yes Yes No Yes [note 3] Yes No No [note 4] Yes No No Yes Yes No
Microsoft Edge Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes
Mosaic Partial [note 10] Yes Yes No No No Yes No No No No ? No
Mozilla Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes [note 11] Yes No No Yes No
Mozilla Firefox Yes Yes No [note 12] Yes Yes No [note 7] Dropped [note 13] Yes [note 11] Yes No [note 14] Yes Yes Yes[99][100]
Netscape Yes Yes Yes Yes No No [note 7] Yes Yes Yes No ? ? ?
Netscape Browser Yes Yes No Yes No No Depends [90] Depends [90] Depends [90] No ? ? ?
Netscape Navigator Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes No No No ? ? ?
Netscape Navigator 9 Yes Yes No Yes No No [note 7] Yes Yes [note 11] Yes No Yes ? ?
NetSurf Yes Yes No Yes No No No No Yes No Yes ? ?
OmniWeb Yes Yes No Yes ? No Yes[101] Yes Yes No Yes ? ?
Opera Yes Yes Dropped Yes Yes Dropped No [note 15] Yes Yes Dropped Yes Yes Yes[102]
Pale Moon Yes Yes No [note 12] Yes Yes No [note 7] No Yes [note 11] Yes No [note 14] Yes Yes Yes
Polarity Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No Yes Yes ?
QupZilla Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No Yes Yes ?
Safari Yes Partial No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes[102]
SeaMonkey Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 11] Yes No Yes Yes ?
Shiira Yes ? ? Yes ? No No Yes ? No Yes ? ?
Sleipnir Yes Yes No Yes [note 3] Yes No No [note 4] Yes No No Yes ? ?
surf Yes No No Partial[note 16] Partial[note 16] No No Yes Yes No Yes Partial[note 6] ?
Web Yes No No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No Yes Partial[note 6] ?
WorldWideWeb Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No No No ? ?
w3m Yes Yes No Yes ? No Yes ? ? No Yes ? ?
Browser HTTP FTP [note 1] NNTP[note 2] SSL EV IRC Gopher IDN data:URI BitTorrent IPv6 Proxy HTTP/2
  1. ^ a b Many browsers have FTP support as read-only and have no upload capitilies. Read-only is marked as yes. For a comparison of clients that support upload opportunities see Comparison of FTP client software.
  2. ^ a b Many browsers have purposely avoided support for e-mail and newsgroups (Usenet), as these are reserved for their mail-client counterparts. For a comparison of such counterparts see comparison of e-mail clients and Comparison of Usenet newsreaders.
  3. ^ a b c d e Support for 256-bit ciphers (AES for example) for SSL/TLS is only available in Windows Vista and above[103][104]
  4. ^ a b c d e Internet Explorer 7 has no support of gopher; gopher support is disabled in IE6
  5. ^ Dillo has experimental SSL integration that is by standard turned off. "How do I enable the https (SSL) support plugin for dillo?". Retrieved 12 April 2017.  There is no certificate caching and no authentication performed.
  6. ^ a b c d e Respects system-wide proxy settings.
  7. ^ a b c d e IRC support can be added by installing ChatZilla.
  8. ^ Microsoft has limited support to certain "non-navigable" content, such as in <img> tags and CSS rules, for security reasons, including concerns that JavaScript embedded in a data URI may not be interpretable by script filters such as those used by web-based email clients.[97]
  9. ^ Konqueror has full Gopher support when the kgopher KIO plugin is installed.
  10. ^ Mosaic reached only HTTP 0.9 compliance, and does not support secure communications in any way.
  11. ^ a b c d e For security reasons, IDN domains are displayed as punycode if they contain certain characters or if the top level domain has not been whitelisted [12].
  12. ^ a b NNTP support can be added by installing the add-on infoRSS.
  13. ^ Firefox support for the Gopher protocol was dropped in Firefox 4 (Gecko 1.9.3) per bug 388195. This and newer versions have full Gopher support when the OverbiteFF extension is installed.
  14. ^ a b Possible using third party extensions like FoxTorrent
  15. ^ Includes a proxy capability for gopher support.
  16. ^ a b Behavior towards malicious certificates can only be set up in compile time.

Image format supportEdit

Information about what image formats the browsers support. External links lead to information about support in future versions of the browsers or extensions that provide such functionality.

Browser JPEG JPEG 2000 JPEG XR WebP GIF PNG APNG MNG TIFF [note 1] SVG [note 2] PDF [note 3] 2D Canvas XBM BMP ICO HEIF
Amaya Yes ? No ? Yes Yes No No Yes Partial No No ? ? ? ?
AOL Explorer Yes No No No Yes Partial [note 4] No No disable No No No [note 5] No [note 6] ? ? ?
Avant Yes No No ? Yes Yes No No disable Partial No Yes No [note 6] ? ? ?
Camino Yes No No ? Yes Yes No No No Partial [note 7] No No Yes ? ? ?
Chrome Yes No No[105] Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 8] No No Partial Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Chromium Yes No ? Yes Yes Yes Yes [note 8] ? Yes Partial Yes Yes ? Yes Yes No
Dillo Yes No No ? Yes Yes No No No No No No No ? ? ?
ELinks No No No No No No No No No No No No No ? ? ?
Flock Yes No No ? Yes Yes Dropped No No Partial [note 7] No Yes Yes ? ? ?
Galeon Yes No No No Yes Yes Yes No No No No No Yes ? ? ?
iCab Yes ? No ? Yes Yes Yes No No No Yes No ? ? ? ?
Internet Explorer Yes No Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes Partial No Yes ,[106][note 5] Dropped [note 6] Yes Yes No
Internet Explorer for Mac Yes No No No Yes Yes No No No No No No ? ? ? ?
K-Meleon Yes No No ? Yes Yes Yes No No Yes No No ? Yes ? ?
Konqueror Yes Yes [note 9] No ? Yes Yes No Yes Yes Partial Yes [note 10] Yes ? Yes ? ?
Links Yes No No ? Yes Yes No No Yes No No No Yes ? ? ?
Lynx Yes/No[note 11] No Yes/No[note 11] ? ?
Maxthon Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No disable Partial No Yes No [note 6] Yes ? ?
Microsoft Edge Yes No Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes Partial Yes Yes No Yes Yes No
Midori Yes Yes [note 12] No ? Yes Yes Yes No Yes Partial [note 13] No Yes Yes ? ? ?
Mosaic Yes No No No Yes Yes No No No No No No Yes ? ? ?
Mozilla Yes No No No Yes Yes No Dropped [note 14] No No No No Yes ? ? ?
Mozilla Firefox Yes No[107] No[108] No[109] Yes Yes Yes [note 15] No[110] No[111] Partial [note 7] Yes Yes Dropped [note 16] Yes Yes No
Netscape Yes No No No Yes Yes No Dropped [note 17] No No No No Yes ? ? ?
Netscape Browser Yes No No No Yes Depends [90] No No No No No No Yes ? ? ?
Netscape Navigator Yes No No No Partial 32-bit version only No No No No No No Yes ? ? ?
Netscape Navigator 9 Yes No No No Yes Yes No No No Partial No Yes Yes ? ? ?
NetSurf Yes No No ? Yes Yes No Dropped [note 18] No Partial No No No Yes ? ?
OmniWeb Yes Yes No ? Yes Yes No No Yes Partial No No Yes ? ? ?
Opera Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes[note 19] No No Partial [note 20] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ?
Pale Moon Yes No Yes [note 21] Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Partial Yes Yes No Yes Yes ?
Polarity Yes No No Yes Yes Yes No No No Partial No Yes No Yes Yes ?
QupZilla Yes Yes No ? Yes Yes No No Yes Partial [note 22] No Yes Yes Yes ? ?
Safari Yes Yes [note 12] No No Yes Yes Yes No Yes Partial [note 13] Yes (Mac only) Yes Yes Yes ? Yes [note 23]
SeaMonkey Yes No No No Yes Yes Yes [note 15] No No Partial [note 7] No [note 24] Yes Yes Yes ? ?
Shiira Yes ? No ? Yes Yes No No Yes Partial No Partial Yes ? ? ?
Sleipnir Yes No No ? Yes Partial [note 4] No No disable Partial No Yes No ? ? ?
surf Yes No No ? Yes Yes No No No Partial No Yes Yes Yes ? ?
Torch Browser Yes ? ? ? Yes Yes Yes [note 8] ? ? Partial No Yes ? Yes ? ?
Web Yes No No ? Yes Yes Dropped No No Partial No [note 24] Yes Yes ? ? ?
WorldWideWeb Yes No No No Yes No No No Yes No No No ? ? ? ?
w3m Yes No No No Yes Yes No ? ? ? ? No ? ? ? ?
Browser JPEG JPEG 2000 JPEG XR WebP GIF PNG APNG MNG TIFF [note 1] SVG [note 2] PDF [note 3] 2D Canvas XBM BMP ICO HEIF
  1. ^ a b Although it was one of the first suggested WWW image formats, most browsers support TIFF by using a plugin installed by the user instead of decoding it natively.
  2. ^ a b SVG here refers to SVG 1.1 Full. There are also two simplified profiles known as SVG 1.1 Tiny and SVG 1.1 Basic, which are intended for user agents with limited capabilities.
  3. ^ a b Most browsers support PDF by installing an Adobe plugin which takes over the browser window. Listed here are browsers which also support inline PDFs within other hypertext documents (such as within HTML's <img/> tag). Note that PDF (in strictly speaking) is not an image format, but a scriptable rich text document format that can contain different types of multimedia content, including vector and bitmap graphics, audio, video, forms, intra- and inter-document hypertext links and a hierarchical contents listing. The format is also the native display format under macOS.
  4. ^ a b Internet Explorer supports PNG images but is unable to correctly display images with gamma correction or color correction.[citation needed] Versions of Internet Explorer prior to version 7 are unable to correctly display images with alpha channel (for transparency) without additional coding [13].
  5. ^ a b Support for the canvas element was added to Internet Explorer 9. Earlier versions of Internet Explorer can be made to emulate canvas using the excanvas script.
  6. ^ a b c d Internet Explorer support for XBM files was removed in Version 6.
  7. ^ a b c d Firefox and SeaMonkey partially support SVG 1.1 Full. Modules that are implemented or not implemented and details of their implementation: [14].
  8. ^ a b c For Chromium prior to version 59 there is support via an extension.
  9. ^ Konqueror supports JPEG2000 if KDE's viewer is compiled with Jasper library.
  10. ^ Inline PDF viewing in Konqueror requires KPDF which is included in kdegraphics.
  11. ^ a b While lacking support for inline display of graphical elements, Lynx allows defining standalone image viewer and assigning programs to MIME types. Such program is called when user activates corresponding element, effectively allowing Lynx user to add support for arbitrary non-inlined file format.
  12. ^ a b Safari supports JPEG2000 through QuickTime plugin, which is an optional software bundle for Safari installation on Windows, and an integrated component in macOS.
  13. ^ a b Safari 3 is able to render SVG documents, but not fully [15].
  14. ^ Support of MNG/JNG was dropped since 6 June 2003 [16] [17]. There are unofficial obsolete builds with MNG/JNG called Mngzilla [18].
  15. ^ a b Mozilla applications rebranded by the GNU project, such as GNU IceCat or Iceape do not support APNG.[citation needed]
  16. ^ In Gecko 1.9.2 (Firefox 3.6) XBM support was dropped.
  17. ^ Netscape 6.0, 6.01 and 7.0 included native support for MNG until the code was removed in 2003 due to code size and little actual usage.
  18. ^ Support for MNG/JNG has been dropped since 4 January 2014 [19] [20].
  19. ^ Opera is currently supporting APNG on their Beta and Dev builds.
  20. ^ Opera supports SVG 1.1 Basic.[21]
  21. ^ Pale Moon supports JPEG-XR from the first quarter of 2017. [22]
  22. ^ QupZilla supports as much SVG specification as WebKit does: [23].
  23. ^ Safari support for HEIF pronounced in 2017 from version 11 on operating systems MAC Sierra and iOS 11. [24]
  24. ^ a b With the addition of the new Cairo version in Gecko 1.9 it will be natively possible to save pages to PDFs but not read them. This feature is not included in Firefox 3.5, however it is possible with the new Cairo backend.

Native multimedia supportEdit

InternationalizationEdit

Most browsers are available in more than one language.

Browser Languages Total
Amaya[112][113] English (en), French (fr), Finnish (fi), German (de), Italian (it), Portuguese (pt), Russian (ru), Spanish (es), Chinese (zh-CN and zh-TW), Turkish (tr), Slovak (sk), Russian (ru), Norwegian (no), Georgian (ka), Japanese (ja), Hungarian (hu), Dutch (du), Ukrainian (uk) 18
AOL Explorer English (en), French (fr), German (de) 3
Avant English (en), Arabic (ar), Basque (eu), Bulgarian (bg), Catalan (ca), Croatian (hr), Czech (cs), Chinese (zh-TW), Danish (da), Dutch (nl), French (fr), Frisian (fy), German (de), Greek (el), Hebrew (he), Hungarian (hu), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Korean (ko), Persian (fa), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt-BR), Russian (ru), Spanish (es), Thai (th), Turkish (tr), English (en-GB), Ukrainian (uk) 28
Camino[114] Chinese (zh-CN, zh-TW), Czech (cs), Danish (da), Dutch (nl), English (en), French (fr), German (de), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Lithuanian (lt), Norwegian (nb, and nn), Portuguese (pt), Slovak (sk), Spanish (es), Swedish (sv) 15
Chrome Arabic (ar), Portuguese (pt-BR), Bengali (bn), Bulgarian (bg), Catalan (ca), Chinese (zh-CN zh-TW), Croatian (hr), Czech (cs), Danish (da), Dutch (nl), English (en-US en-GB), Estonian (et), Filipino (fil), Finnish (fi), French (fr), German (de), Greek (el), Gujarati (gu), Hebrew (he), Hindi (hi), Hungarian (hu), Indonesian (id), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Kanada (kn), Korean (ko), Latvian (lv), Lithuanian (lt), Malayalam (ml), Marathi (mr), Norwegian (no), Oriya (or), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Serbian (sr), Slovak (sk), Slovenian (sl), Spanish (es), Spanish (es-LA), Swedish (sv), Tamil (ta), Telugu (te), Thai (th), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Vietnamese (vi)[115] 48
Dillo[116] English (en), Japanese (ja), Polish (pl), Russian (ru) 4
ELinks[117] Bulgarian (bg), Croatian (hr), Czech (cs), Danish (da), English (en), French (fr), German (de), Hungarian (hu), Italian (it), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Slovak (sk), Ukrainian (uk) 13
Flock[118] Arabic (ar), Chinese (zh-CN, zh-TW), English (en), Finnish (fi), French (fr), Georgian (ka), German (de), Hungarian (hu), Korean (ko), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt-PT), Russian (ru), Slovak (sk), Spanish (es-AR, and es-ES) 14
Galeon Amharic (am), Azerbaijani (az), Belarusian (be), Bulgarian (bg), Bosnian (bs), Catalan (ca), Czech (cs), Danish (da), German (de), Greek (el), English (en), Spanish (es), Estonian (et), Basque (eu), Finnish (fi), French (fr), Irish (ga), Galician (gl), Croatian (hr), Hungarian (hu), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Korean (ko), Lithuanian (lt), Latvian (lv), Macedonian (mk), Malayalam (ml), Mongolian (mn), Malay (ms), Dutch (nl), Norwegian (no-nb, no-nn), Punjabi (pa), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Kinyarwanda (rw), Slovak (sk), Slovenian (sl), Albanian (sq), Serbian (sr), Swedish (sv), Tamil (ta), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Vietnamese (vi), Walloon (wa), Chinese (zh-TW) 48
iCab[119] German (de), English (en), Japanese (ja), Danish (da), French (fr), Spanish (es), Russian (ru), Norwegian (no), Chinese (zh-CN) 9
Internet Explorer[120] Afrikaans (af), Albanian (sq), Amharic (am), Arabic (ar), Armenian (hy), Assamese (as), Azeri (az), Bengali (bn-BD, and bd-IN)) (bn), Basque (eu), Bosnian (bs-Latn), Bulgarian (bg), Catalan (ca), Chinese (zh-HK, zh-CN, zh-TW), Croatian (hr), Czech (cs), Danish (da), Dari (af-FA), Dutch (nl), English (en), Estonian (et), Filipino (fil), Finnish (fi), French (fr), Galician (gl), Georgian (ka), German (de), Greek (el), Gujarati (gu), Hausa (ha), Hebrew (he), Hindi (hi), Hungarian (hu), Icelandic (is), Igbo (ig), Indonesian (id), Irish (ga), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Kannada (kn), Kazakh (kk), Khmer (km), KiSwahili (sw), Konkani (kok), Korean (ko), Kyrgyz (ky), Latvian (lv), Lithuanian (lt), Luxembourgish (lb), Macedonian (mk), Malay (ms-BN, ms-My), Malayalam (ml), Maltese (mt), Maori (mi), Marathi (mr), Mongolian (mn), Nepali (ne), Norwegian (no-nb, no-nn), Oriya (or), Persian (fa), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt-BR, pt-PT), Punjabi (pa), Quechua (qu), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Serbian (sr-Cyrl-BA, sr-Cyrl-RS, sr-Latn), Sesotho (st), Setswana (tn), Sinhala (si), Slovak (sk), Slovenian (sl), Spanish (es), Swedish (sv), Tamil (ta), Tatar (tt), Telugu (te), Thai (th), Turkish (tr), Turkmen (tk), Ukrainian (uk), Urdu (ur), Uzbek (uz), Vietnamese (vi), Welsh (cy), Yoruba (yo), isiXhosa (kh), isiZulu (zu) 95
Internet Explorer for Mac German (de), English (en), Spanish (es), French (fr), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Swedish (sv) 7
K-Meleon[121] Chinese (zh-CN), English (en), French (fr), German (de), Spanish (es), Russian (ru) 6
Konqueror Afrikaans (af), Arabic (ar), Belarusian (be), Bulgarian (bg), Bengali (bn), Bosnian (bs), Catalan (ca), Chinese (zh, zh-CN), Czech (cs), Welsh (cy), Danish (da), German (de), Greek (el), English (en), Esperanto (eo), Spanish (es), Estonian (et), Basque (eu), Persian (fa), Finnish (fi), French (fr), Galician (gl), Hebrew (he), Hindi (hi), Croatian (hr), Hungarian (hu), Icelandic (is), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Mongolian (mn), Malay (ms), Dutch (nl), Norwegian (no-nn, no-nb), Punjabi (pa), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Slovak (sk), Slovenian (sl), Serbian (sr), Swedish (sv), Tamil (ta), Tajik (tg), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Uzbek (uz) 46
Links Belarusian (be), Portuguese (pt-BR), Bulgarian (bg), Catalan (ca), Croatian (hr), Czech (cs), Danish (da), Dutch (nl), English (en), Estonian (et), Finnish (fi), French (fr), Galician (gl), German (de), Greek (el), Hungarian (hu), Icelandic (is), Indonesian (id), Italian (it), Lithuanian (lt), Norwegian (no), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Serbian (sr), Slovak (sk), Spanish (es), Swedish (sv), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Upper Sorbian (hsb) 32
Lunascape Chinese (zh-CN, zn-TW), English (en), French (fr), German (de), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Korean (ko), Portuguese (pt), Russian (ru), Spanish (es) 10
Lynx Catalan (ca), Czech (cs), Danish (da), German (de), Estonian (et), English (en), French (fr), Hungarian (hu), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Dutch (nl), Portuguese (Brazilian) (pt-BR), Russian (ru), Kinyarwanda (rw), Slovenian (sl), Swedish (sv), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Vietnamese (vi), Chinese (zh-CN, zh-TW) 21
Maxthon Arabic (ar), Basque (eu), Bosnian (bs), Belarusian (be), Bulgarian (bg), Chinese (zh), Croatian (hr), Czech (cs), Danish (da), Dutch (nl), English (en), Estonian (et), Persian (fa), Finnish (fi), French (fr), Frisian (stq), Galician (gl), German (de), Greek (el), Hebrew (he), Hungarian (hu), Italian (it-IT, it-RM, it-MI) (it), Japanese (ja), Korean (ko), Lithuanian (lt), Malay (ms), Norwegian (no), Piedmontese (pms), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Portuguese (Brazilian) (pt), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Serbian (sr-Cyrl, sr-Latn), Slovak (sk), Slovenian (sl), Spanish (es), Spanish (es-AR), Swedish (sv), Thai (th), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Vietnamese (vi) 44
Microsoft Edge[122] Arabic (ar-SA), Bulgarian (bg-BG), Chinese (zh-CN, zh-HK, zh-TW), Croatian (hr-HR), Czech (cs-CZ), Danish (da-DK), Dutch (nl-NL), English (en-GB, en-US), Estonian (et-EE), Finnish (fi-FI), French (fr-FR, fr-CA), German (de-DE), Greek (el-GR), Hebrew (he-IL), Hungarian (hu-HU), Italian (it-IT), Japanese (ja-JP), Korean (ko-KR), Latvian (lv-LV), Lithuanian (lt-LT), Norwegian (no-nb-NO), Polish (pl-PL), Portuguese (pt-BR pt-PT), Romanian (ro-RO), Russian (ru-RU), Serbian (sr-Latn-SP), Slovak (sk-SK), Slovenian (sl-SI), Spanish (es-ES, es-MX), Swedish (sv-SE), Thai (th-TH), Turkish (tr-TR), Ukrainian (uk-UA) 33
Mosaic English (en) 1
Mozilla Catalan (ca), Chinese (zh), Czech (cs), Danish (da), English (en), Finnish (fi), French (fr), German (de), Greek (el), Hebrew (he), Irish (ga), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Korean (ko), Lithuanian (lt), Macedonian (mk), Norwegian (no), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Punjabi (pa), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Slovak (sk), Slovenian (sl), Spanish (es), Swedish (sv), Turkish (tr), Welsh (cy) 28
Mozilla Firefox[123] Acholi (ach), Afrikaans (af), Akan (ak), Albanian (sq), Arabic (ar), Armenian (hy), Assamese (as), Asturian (ast), Azerbaijani (az), Basque (eu), Belarusian (be), Bengali (bn-IN, bn-BD) (bn), Bosnian (bs), Breton (br), Bulgarian (bg), Catalan (ca), Chinese (zh-CN, zh-TW), Croatian (hr), Czech (cs), Danish (da), Dutch (nl), English (en-GB, en-ZA, and en-US) (en), Esperanto (eo), Estonian (et), Finnish (fi), Fula (ff), French (fr), Frisian (fy), Friulian (fur), Gaelic (gd), Galician (gl), Georgian (ka), German (de), Greek (el), Gujarati (gu), Hebrew (he), Hindi (hi), Hungarian (hu), Icelandic (is), Indonesian (id), Irish (ga), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Kannada (kn), Kashubian (csb), Khmer (km), Kazakh (kk), Korean (ko), Kurdish (ku), Latvian (lv), Ligurian (lig), Lithuanian (lt), Luganda (lg), Macedonian (mk), Maithili (mai), Malay (ms), Malayalam (ml), Marathi (mr), Northern Sotho (nso), Norwegian (no-nb, no-nn), Occitan (oc), Oriya (or), Persian (fa), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt-BR, pt-PT), Punjabi (pa), Romanian (ro), Romansh (rm), Russian (ru), Serbian (sr), Sinhala (si), Slovak (sk), Slovenian (sl), Songhai (son), Spanish (es-AR, es-CL, es-MX, es-ES) (es), Swedish (sv), Tamil (ta), Tamil (ta-LK) (ta), Tatar (tt), Telugu (te), Thai (th), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Vietnamese (vi), Welsh (cy), Zulu (zu) 91
Netscape[124] Chinese (zh), English (en), French (fr), German (de), Japanese (ja), Portuguese (pt), Spanish (es) 7
Netscape Browser English (en), English (Canadian) (en) 2
Netscape Navigator[125] Portuguese (pt-BR), Chinese (zh), Czech (cs), English (en), Danish (da), Finnish (fi), French (fr), German (de), Greek (el), Hungarian (hu), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Korean (ko), Norwegian (no), Polish (pl), Russian (ru), Slovenian (sl), Spanish (es), Swedish (sv), Turkish (tr) 20
Netscape Navigator 9 English (en) 1
NetSurf Dutch (nl), English (en), French (fr), German (de) 4
OmniWeb[126] Danish (da), Dutch (nl), English (en), French (fr), German (de), Japanese (ja), Swedish (sv) 7
Opera[127] Afrikaans (af), Azerbaijani (az), Belarusian (be), Bengali (bn), Bulgarian (bg), Chinese (zh-CN, zh-TW), Croatian (hr), Czech (cs), Danish (da), Dutch (nl), English (en-GB, en-US), Estonian (et), Finnish (fi), French (fr-FR, fr-CA), Frisian (fy), Georgian (ka), German (de), Greek (el), Hindi (hi), Hungarian (hu), Indonesian (id), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Korean (ko), Lithuanian (lt), Macedonian (mk), Malay (ms), Montenegrin (mis), Norwegian (no-nb, no-nn), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt, pt-BR), Punjabi (pa), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Serbian (sr), Slovak (sk), Spanish (es-ES, es-LA), Swedish (sv), Tagalog (tl), Tamil (ta), Thai (th), Telugu (te), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Uzbek (uz), Vietnamese (vi), Zulu (zu) 47
Pale Moon Chinese (zh-CN), Czech (cs), Dutch (nl), English (en-US, en-GB), French (fr), German (de), Hungarian (hu), Italian (it), Korean (ko), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt-BR, pt-PT), Russian (ru) Spanish (es-AR, es-MX, es-ES), Swedish (sv-SE), Turkish (tr) 15[128]
QupZilla[129] Arabic (ar), Basque (eu), Bulgarian (bg), Catalan (ca), Chinese (zh-CN, zh-TW), Croatian (hr), Czech (cz), Dutch (nl), English (en), Finnish (fi), French (fr), Galician (gl), Ganda (lg), Georgian (ka), German (de), Greek (el), Hebrew (he), Hungarian (hu), Indonesian (id), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Latvian (lv), N'ko (nqo), Persian (fa), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt-BR, and pt-PT), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Serbian (sr), Slovak (sk), Spanish (es), Swedish (sv), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Uzbek (uz) 35
Safari Dutch (nl), English (en), French (fr), German (de), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Spanish (es), Danish (da), Finnish (fi), Korean (ko), Norwegian (no), Portuguese (pt), Russian (ru), Swedish (sv), Chinese (zh) 15
SeaMonkey[130] Belarusian (be), Catalan (ca), Chinese (zh-CN), Czech (cs), Dutch (nl), English (en-GB, en-US), Finnish (fi), French (fr), Galician (gl), Georgian (ka), German (de), Hungarian (hu), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Lithuanian (lt), Norwegian (no), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Russian (ru), Slovak (sk), Spanish (es-ES, es-LA), Swedish (sv), Turkish (tr) 23
Shiira Chinese (zh-CN, zh-TW), Danish (da), Dutch (nl), English (en), Finnish (fi), French (fr), German (de), Italian (it), Korean (ko), Norwegian (no), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Slovak (sk), Spanish (es), Swedish (sv) 15
Sleipnir Chinese (zh-CN, zh-TW), English (en), Japanese (ja) 3
SRWare Iron English (en), German (de), Russian (ru) 3
surf Browser lacks user interface elements to be translated; see WebKitGTK+ for status of engine messages' translation. 0
Torch Browser English (en), French (fr), Spanish es), Turkish (tr), Italian (it), Portuguese (pt), German (de) 7
Web[131] Amharic (am), Arabic (ar), Azerbaijani (az), Belarusian (be), Belarusian (be-Latn), Bulgarian (bg), Bengali (bn), Bosnian (bs), Catalan (ca), Czech (cs), Welsh (cy), Danish (da), German (de), Dzongkha (dz), Greek (el), English (en), Spanish (es), Estonian (et), Basque (eu), Persian (fa), Finnish (fi), French (fr), Irish (ga), Galician (gl), Gujarati (gu), Hebrew (he), Hindi (hi), Croatian (hr), Hungarian (hu), Indonesian (id), Icelandic (is), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Georgian (ka), Korean (ko), Kurdish (ku), Limburgian (li), Lithuanian (lt), Latvian (lv), Malagasy (mg), Maori (mi), Macedonian (mk), Malayalam (ml), Mongolian (mn), Marathi (mr), Malay (ms), Norwegian (Bokmål) (nb), Norwegian (Nynorsk) (nn), Nepali (ne), Dutch (nl), Oriya (or), Punjabi (pa), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Romanian (ro), Russian (ru), Kinyarwanda (rw), Slovak (sk), Slovenian (sl), Albanian (sq), Serbian (sr), Swedish (sv), Tamil (ta), Telugu (te), Thai (th), Turkmen (tk), Turkish (tr), Ukrainian (uk), Vietnamese (vi), Walloon (wa), Chinese (zh) 70
WorldWideWeb English (en) 1
w3m English (en), French (fr), German (de), Italian (it), Japanese (ja), Spanish (es), Polish (pl), Portuguese (pt), Swedish (sv) 9
Browser Languages Total

PrivacyEdit

Security and vulnerabilitiesEdit

This comparison of unpatched publicly known vulnerabilities in latest stable version browsers is based on vulnerabilities reports by Secunia. See browser security for more details about the importance of unpatched known flaws.

Browser Known unpatched vulnerabilities according to Flexera Software
Extremely critical
(number / oldest)
Highly critical
(number / oldest)
Moderately critical
(number / oldest)
Less critical
(number / oldest)
Not critical
(number / oldest)
Google Chrome 42[132] 0 0 0 0 0
Internet Explorer 9[133] 0 0 0 0 2
6 December 2011; 6 years ago (2011-12-06)
Internet Explorer 10[134] 0 0 0 0 1
6 May 2013; 4 years ago (2013-05-06)
Internet Explorer 11[135] 0 0 0 0 1
6 May 2013; 4 years ago (2013-05-06)
Mozilla Firefox 38[136] 0 0 0 0 0
Mozilla Firefox 38 ESR[136] 0 0 0 0 0
Opera 29[137] 0 0 0 0 0
Opera 12 (classic)[138] 0 0 0 0 0
Safari 8[139] 0 0 0 0 0
SeaMonkey 2.33[140] 0 0 0 0 0

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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  2. ^ "Avant Browser - What's New in the Latest Version?". Retrieved 2017-09-24. 
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  4. ^ "Stable Channel Update for Desktop". Chrome Releases. Blogger. 2017-12-14. Retrieved 2017-12-14. 
  5. ^ "Google Chrome". OmahaProxy CSV Viewer. Chromium team. 
  6. ^ "Chrome - web browser by Google". iTunes Preview. December 5, 2017. Retrieved December 6, 2017. 
  7. ^ "Comodo Dragon v60.0.3112.114 is now available for download". Comodo Group. 2017-12-06. Retrieved 2017-12-08. 
  8. ^ Arellano Cid, Jorge (2015). "ChangeLog". www.dillo.org. Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  9. ^ "Dooble Web Browser - Browse Files". sourceforge.net. July 1, 2017. Retrieved September 22, 2017. 
  10. ^ "ELinks - Full-Featured Text WWW Browser". elinks.or.cz. Retrieved 30 August 2014. 
  11. ^ "IceCat 52.3.0 release". lists.gnu.org. 1 September 2017. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 
  12. ^ Clauss, Alexander (2017-03-17). "iCab Download". iCab - Internet Browser. Retrieved 2017-09-24. 
  13. ^ "Cumulative security update for Internet Explorer: December 12, 2017". Support (18 ed.). Microsoft. 12 December 2017. 
  14. ^ "News". kmeleon.sourceforge.net. September 19, 2015. Retrieved October 3, 2015. 
  15. ^ "KDE Ships KDE Applications and Platform 4.14.3". KDE. 11 November 2014. Retrieved 13 November 2015. 
  16. ^ "ChangeLog". links.twibright.com. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
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