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Comparison of space station cargo vehicles

A number of different spacecraft have been used to carry cargo to and from space stations.

     Under development;      Operational or inactive;      Retired or canceled;

Spacecraft Origin Manufacturer Launch system Length (m) Dry mass (kg) Launch mass (kg) Payload (kg) Payload volume (m³) Return payload (kg) Diameter (m) Generated power (W) Automated docking Status (no. of flights)
Progress 7K-TG  Soviet Union Energia Soyuz-U None No Retired (43)
Progress-M
11F615A55
 Soviet Union
 Russia
Energia Soyuz-U
Soyuz-U2
7.2 7,130 2,600 7.6 150, with optional Raduga capsule 2.72 600[1] Yes Retired (66)
Progress-M1
 Russia Energia Soyuz-U
Soyuz-FG
None Yes Retired (11)
Progress-M
11F615A60
 Russia Energia Soyuz-U
Soyuz-2.1a
7.2 7,150 2,230 7.6 None 2.72 700 Yes Retired (27 + 2 failed)
Progress-MS  Russia Energia Soyuz-U
Soyuz-2.1a
7.2 7,150 2,230 None Yes Operational[2]
Soyuz GVK  Russia Energia Soyuz-2.1b 7.23 8,020 1,966 500 2.72 Yes Development[3]
TKS  Soviet Union TsKBM Proton-K 17.51 13,688 21,620 12,600 4.15 2,400 No Retired (4)
ATV  Europe EADS Ariane 5ES 10.3 10,470[4] 20,750[4] 7,667[4] 48, pressurized None 4.5 3,800[5] Yes Retired (5)
HTV  Japan JAXA H-IIB 10 10,500[6] 16,500[6] 3,000, pressurized; 1,000, unpressurized[6] 14, pressurized; 16, unpressurized[6] 20, with optional HSRC[7] 4.4 200 No Operational
HTV-X  Japan JAXA H3 Launch Vehicle[8] 10 with cargo module, 6.2 without 8,300 15,500, combined[9] 4,069, pressurized; optional 1,750, unpressurized 78, combined 4.4 1,000 No, technology trial of an automated IDSS docking port fitted in place of unpressurised cargo module being planned Development
Dragon  USA SpaceX Falcon 9 6.1 4,200[10] 10,200 3,310, in any combination of pressurized or unpressurized[11] 10.0, pressurized; 14, unpressurized; 34, unpressurized with extended trunk[12] 2,500, capsule return[13] 3.7 2,000[14] No Operational
Dragon 2 cargo  USA SpaceX Falcon 9 8.1 6,400 3,310 10.0, pressurized; 14, unpressurized 2,500 3.7 Yes Operational
Cygnus (standard)  USA Orbital Antares 1x0 5.14 1,500[15] 2,000[15] 18.9[15] None 3.07 3,500[16] No Retired (3 + 1 failed)
Cygnus (enhanced)  USA Northrop Grumman Antares 230
Atlas V 401
6.34 1,800[17] 3,500[17] 27[17] None 3.07 No Operational
Tianzhou  China CAST Long March 7 9 13,500 6,500, incl. 2,000 propellant None 3.35 Yes Operational
Dream Chaser Cargo System  USA Sierra Nevada Corporation Atlas V
Vulcan[18]
5,000, pressurized; 500, unpressurized[19] 1,750[19] Yes Development
Unmanned resupply spacecraft comparison.png

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Progress M". Archived from the original on 3 August 2009. Retrieved 29 May 2012.
  2. ^ "Upgraded Progress MS docks with the ISS". NASASpaceflight.com. 23 December 2015. Retrieved 26 December 2015.
  3. ^ "Retrievable Soyuz GVK spacecraft". RussianSpaceWeb. Retrieved 24 January 2019.
  4. ^ a b c "ESA Automated Transfer Vehicle". ESA. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
  5. ^ "ATV Utilization Relevant Data" (PDF). Retrieved 29 May 2012.
  6. ^ a b c d "JAXA transition examination of the new space station supply machine (HTV-X)" (PDF). JAXA. Retrieved 6 February 2018.
  7. ^ "HTV 搭載小型回収カプセルの開発" (PDF) (in Japanese). Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency. 12 November 2014. Retrieved 2016-10-21.
  8. ^ "H3,H‐IIA/Bのミッション割当て(案)" (PDF) (in Japanese). MEXT. 8 March 2016. Retrieved 2016-03-10.
  9. ^ http://www.jaxa.jp/press/2017/12/files/20171206_HTV-X.pdf
  10. ^ "SpaceX Brochure v7" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 March 2012. Retrieved 29 May 2012.
  11. ^ Bergin, Chris (19 October 2012). "Dragon enjoying ISS stay, despite minor issues – Falcon 9 investigation begins". NASASpaceflight.com. Retrieved 21 October 2012. CRS-2 will debut the use of Dragon’s Trunk section, capable of delivering unpressurized cargo, prior to the payload being removed by the ISS’ robotic assets after berthing.
  12. ^ http://www.spacex.com/sites/spacex/files/pdf/DragonLabFactSheet.pdf
  13. ^ http://www.nasaspaceflight.com/2012/10/falcon-9loft-dragon-crs-1-mission-iss-attempt1/
  14. ^ "Dragonlab Datasheet" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 January 2011. Retrieved 29 May 2012.
  15. ^ a b c "Cygnus Fast Sheet" (PDF). Orbital Sciences Co. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
  16. ^ "The Annual Compendium of Commercial Space Transportation: 2012" (PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. February 2012. Retrieved 8 February 2013.
  17. ^ a b c "Cygnus Spacecraft Information". Spaceflight101.
  18. ^ "NSRC Day 2 Summary". Parabolic Arc. Retrieved 6 June 2016.
  19. ^ a b "Sierra Nevada Hopes Dream Chaser Finds "Sweet Spot" of ISS Cargo Competition". SpaceNews. Retrieved 20 February 2016.