Open main menu

Comparison of solid-fuelled orbital launch systems

This page contains the lift launch systems constructed by some solid fuel stages except final stage.

All stages solid fueledEdit

Vehicle Stage number Origin Manufacturer Height (meter) Diameter (meter) Weight (ton) Mass to
LEO
(kg)
Mass to
Other Orbit
(kg)
Maiden flight Retired Record Status
ASLV 5   India ISRO 24 1 41 150 1987 1994 2/4 Retired
Epsilon
(without PBS)
3   Japan IHI AeroSpace 24.4 2.6 90.8 2016 - 1/1 Active
J-I 2(+1)   Japan NASDA / ISAS 33.1 1.8 88.5 1000 1996 1996 1/1* Retired
Kaituozhe-1 4   China CASIC SSO: 50 2002 ? 0/2 ?
Kaituozhe-2   China CASIC 2017 1/1 Active
Kuaizhou-11 4   China CASIC ? 2.2 78 1500 SSO: 1000@700km 2017 - - Development
L-4S 4   Japan Tokyo univ. 16.5 0.735 9.4 26 1966 1970[citation needed] 1/5 Retired
Minotaur I 4   United States Orbital Sciences 19.2 1.67 36.2 580 SSO: 331 2000 - 11/11 Active
Minotaur IV Lite 3   United States Orbital Sciences 23.88[citation needed] 2.34[citation needed] 86.3[citation needed] - 2010 - 2/2* Active
Minotaur IV 4   United States Orbital Sciences 23.88[citation needed] 2.34[citation needed] 86.3[citation needed] 1735[citation needed] 2010 - 1/1 Active
Minotaur IV+ 4   United States Orbital Sciences 23.88 2.34 86.3 1985 2011 1/1 Active
Minotaur IV/Orion 38 4   United States Orbital Sciences 2017 - 1/1 Active
Minotaur V 5   United States Orbital Sciences 1.67 GTO:640 TLI:447 2013 - 1/1 Active
M-3C 3   Japan Tokyo univ. 20.2 1.41 41.8 195 1974 1979 3/4 Retired
M-3H 3   Japan Tokyo univ. 23.8 1.41 48.7 300 1977 1978 3/3 Retired
M-3S 3   Japan Tokyo univ. 23.8 1.41 48.7 300 1980 1984 4/4 Retired
M-3SII 3(+1)   Japan ISAS 27.8 1.41 61 770 1985 1995 7/8 Retired
M-4S 4   Japan Tokyo univ. 23.6 1.41 43.6 180 1970 1972 3/4 Retired
M-V 3(+1)   Japan ISAS 30.8 2.5 140 1850 Interplanetary: 500 1997 2006 6/7 Retired
Pegasus 3   United States Orbital Sciences 16.9 1.27 18.5 375 1990 10/11 ?
Pegasus XL 3   United States Orbital Sciences 17.6 1.27 23.13 443 1994 - 29/32 Active
Scout 4(?)   United States NACA 23 1.01 21.5 1961 1994 Retired
Scout-A 4   United States NACA 25 1.01 17.85 Retired
Shavit 3   Israel IAI 15.3[citation needed] 1.352[citation needed] 23.2[citation needed] 160[citation needed] 1988 1990 2/2 Retired
Shavit1 (LK-A) 3   Israel IAI 17.2 1.352 27.3 240 1995 2004 2/4 Retired
Shavit2 (LK-1) 3   Israel IAI 19.5[citation needed] 1.352[citation needed] 31.2[citation needed] 350[citation needed] 2007 - 2/2 Active
SLV 4   India ISRO 22 1 17 40 1979 1983 3/4 Retired
RPS-420 4   Indonesia LAPAN 9.5 0.42 50 (2014) - 0/0 Development
SPARK
(Super Strypi)
3   United States Hawaii, Sandia,
Aerojet Rocketdyne
SSO: 250 2015 - 0/1 Active
SS-520(3-stage) 3   Japan ISAS/JAXA 9.54 0.52 2.6 4 - 2017 - 1/2 Active
Start-1 4   Russia MIT 22.7 1.61 47.2 532 SSO: 167 1993 - 6/6 Active
Taiwan SLV 4   Republic of China NSPO 50 - - 0/0 Development
Taurus 3+1   United States Orbital Sciences 27 2.35 69 1259 SSO: 889 1994 - 5/6 ?
Taurus XL
Minotaur-C
3+1   United States Orbital Sciences 32 2.35 77 1458 SSO: 1054 2004 - 2/4 Active
VLS-1 3   Brazil AEB 19.5[citation needed] 1.01[citation needed] 50.7[citation needed] 380[citation needed] 1997 - 0/2 Development
* Including suborbital mission

All stages solid fueled except uppermost stageEdit

Vehicle Main stages Origin Manufacturer Height
(meter)
Diameter
(meter)
Weight
(ton)
Mass to… (kg) Maiden
flight
Retired Record Status
Solid Liquid LEO Other orbit
Ares I 1 1   United States Alliant Techsystems / Boeing 94 5.5 25000 (2015) 0/0 Cancelled
Athena I 2 1   United States Lockheed Martin 1995 2001 3/4 Retired
Athena Ic 2 1   United States Lockheed Martin
Alliant Techsystems
(2012) 0/0 Development
Athena II 3 1   United States Lockheed Martin 30.5 2.36 120.2 1896 1998 1999 2/3 Retired
Athena IIc 3 1   United States Lockheed Martin
Alliant Techsystems
(2012) 0/0 Development
Epsilon PBS 3 1   Japan IHI AeroSpace 24.4 2.6 90.8 2013 - 2/2 Active
Kuaizhou-1 3 1   China CASIC 18 1.4 32 ~300 SSO: 430@500km 2013 - 1/1 Active
Kuaizhou-1A 3 1   China CASIC 1.4 30 ~300 SSO: 200@700km 2014 - 2/2 Active
Long March 11 3 1   China 2015 3/3 Active
Minotaur IV HAPS   United States Orbital Sciences 23.88 2.34 86.3 2010 - 1/1 Active -
Vega 3 1   European Union ESA / ISA 30 3 137 2000(?) SSO: 1500 2012 - 10/10 Active

See alsoEdit