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Comparison of orbital rocket engines

This page is an incomplete list of orbital rocket engine data.

Contents

Engine dataEdit

     Under development;      Operational or inactive;      Retired or canceled;

Engine Origin Designer Vehicle Use Propellant Specific impulse (s)[a] Thrust (N)[a] Mass (kg) Thrust:​weight ratio[b] Chamber pressure (bar) Oxidiser:​fuel ratio
Aestus   Europe Airbus Defence and Space Ariane 5 G, G+, ES Upper N2O4 / MMH 324[1] 30,000 111 27.6 11 1.9
Aestus II   Europe Airbus Defence and Space Ariane 5 Upper N2O4 / MMH 340[2] 55,400 138 41.0 60 1.9
AJ-60A   USA Aerojet Atlas V Booster Solid 275 1,270,000[3]
AR1   USA Aerojet Rocketdyne Vulcan (potential) 1st RP-1 / LOX 2,200,000 (SL)[4] 2.72
BE-3   USA Blue Origin New Shepard 1st LH2 / LOX 490,000[5]
BE-3U   USA Blue Origin New Glenn 2nd LH2 / LOX 710,000[6]
BE-4   USA Blue Origin New Glenn
Vulcan
1st CH4 / LOX 2,400,000[7][8] 134[9]
Boeing 601HP[c]   USA Boeing Boeing 601HP satellites Vacuum Xenon 2,568 @0.5 kW 0.018 @0.5 kW
CE-20   India LPSC GSLV Mk III Upper LH2 / LOX 443 200,000 588 34.7 60.00 5.05
CE-7.5   India LPSC GSLV Mk II Upper LH2 / LOX 454[10] 73,500 to 93,100 445 16.85 58
F-1[d]   USA Rocketdyne Saturn V 1st RP-1 / LOX 304
263 (SL)
7,770,000
6,770,000 (SL)
8,391 82.27 70 2.27
F-1A[e][11]   USA Rocketdyne 1st RP-1 / LOX 303
270 (SL)
8,989,000
8,007,000 (SL)
9,015 90.6 80 2.27
Gamma 2   United Kingdom Bristol Siddeley Black Arrow 2nd RP-1 / H2O2 265[12] 68,200 173 40.22 8
Gamma 8   United Kingdom Bristol Siddeley Black Arrow 1st RP-1 / H2O2 265[13] 234,800 342 70.01 47.40 8
Hadley   USA Ursa Major Technologies GOLauncher 1[14] 1st RP-1 / LOX 22,241 (SL)[15]
HiPEP[f]   USA NASA Jupiter Icy Moons Orbiter Vacuum Xenon 9,620 @39.3 kW 0.670 @39.3 kW
HM-7A   Europe Snecma Ariane 1 3rd LH2 / LOX 443[16]
308 (SL)
61,700 149 42.2 30 5
HM-7B   Europe Snecma Ariane 2
Ariane 3
Ariane 4
Ariane 5 ECA
Upper LH2 / LOX 446[17]
310 (SL)[18]
64,800[17]
43,600 (SL)[18]
165[17] 43.25 37[17] 5
J-2   USA Rocketdyne Saturn V
Saturn IB
2nd, 3rd LH2 / LOX 421[19]
200 (SL)
1,033,100
486,200 (SL)
1,438 73.18 30 5.5
J-2X   USA Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne SLS Upper LH2 / LOX 448[20] 1,310,000 2,470 58.41 95 5.5–4.5
Kestrel   USA SpaceX Falcon 1 Upper RP-1 / LOX 317 31,000 52 65 9.3
LE-5   Japan Mitsubishi
NASDA
H-I Upper LH2 / LOX 450[21] 103,000 245 42.87 36.0 5.5
LE-5A   Japan Mitsubishi
NASDA
H-II Upper LH2 / LOX 452[22] 121,500 242 51.19 40.0 5
LE-5B   Japan Mitsubishi
JAXA
H-IIA
H-IIB
Upper LH2 / LOX 447[23] 137,000 269 51.93 36.0 5
LE-7   Japan Mitsubishi
NASDA
H-II 1st LH2 / LOX 446[24] 1,078,000
843,500 (SL)
1,714 64.13 127 5.9
LE-7A   Japan Mitsubishi
JAXA
H-IIA
H-IIB
1st LH2 / LOX 438[25]
338 (SL)[25]
1,098,000 1,800 62.2 121 5.9
Lightning 1[26]   USA Firefly Aerospace Alpha 2nd RP-1 / LOX 322 70,100
Merlin 1C   USA SpaceX 1st, 2nd RP-1 / LOX 304[27]
266 (SL)[28]
480,408[27]
422,581 (SL)[27]
630 92[27] 67.7
Merlin 1D   USA SpaceX Falcon 9 v1.1 1st RP-1 / LOX 311[29]
282 (SL)[29]
723,000 470 158 97 2.34
Merlin 1D FT   USA SpaceX Falcon 9 FT
Falcon Heavy
1st RP-1 / LOX 311[29]
282 (SL)[29]
914,000[30]
845,000 (SL)[30]
470 194.5[30]
Merlin Vacuum 1C   USA SpaceX 2nd RP-1 / LOX 336[28] 413,644[28] 92
Merlin Vacuum 1D   USA SpaceX Falcon 9
Falcon Heavy
2nd RP-1 / LOX 348[31] 934,000[31] 2.36
Mira (LM10)   Italy Avio Vega E[32] 3rd[32] CH4 / LOX[32] 362.3[32] 98,100[32] 250[32] 40[32] 3.4[32]
NewtonThree   USA Virgin Galactic LauncherOne Booster RP-1 / LOX 266,893[33]
NewtonFour   USA Virgin Galactic LauncherOne 2nd RP-1 / LOX 22,241[33]
NEXT   USA NASA Vacuum Xenon 4,100 @6.9 kW 0.236 @6.9 kW
NK-33A (AJ26-62)
11Д111 / 14Д15
  Soviet Union JSC Kuznetsov Antares 100
Soyuz-2-1v
1st RP-1 / LOX 331[34] 1,638,000 1,222 136.8 145
NSTAR[35][36][g]   USA Hughes Electron Dynamics
Boeing
Deep Space 1
Dawn
Vacuum Xenon 3,100 @2.3 kW 0.0920 @2.3 kW 8.2
P80[37][38]:5[39]   Europe Vega 1st HTPB 280 2,261,000 96,000 with fuel
P120C[40]   Europe Ariane 6
Vega-C
Booster, 1st HTPB[41] 279[40] 4,650,000[40] 161,000 with fuel[40]
P230   Europe SNPE and Avio Spa (Italy) Ariane 5 Booster HTPB 286[42]
259 (SL)
6,470,000
5,860,000 (SL)
269,000 with fuel[42]
PPS-1350 (СПД-100)   Russia
OKB Fakel SMART-1 Vacuum Xenon 1,650 @1.5 kW 0.088 @1.5 kW 5.3
S139   India SDSC PSLV 1st HTPB 269[43] 4,860,000 160,200
with fuel
58
Raptor[44]   USA SpaceX BFR 1st, 2nd CH4 / LOX 356[45]
330 (SL)
1,700,000 (SL) 300[46] 3.8
Raptor Vacuum[44]   USA SpaceX BFR 2nd, 1st on Mars CH4 / LOX 380+[47] 1,900,000[45] 300[46] 3.8
RD-0120
11Д122
  Soviet Union KBKhA Energia 1st LH2 / LOX 455[48] 1,962,000
1,526,000 (SL)
3,450 57.80 219
RD-0124
14Д23
  Russia KBKhA Soyuz-2.1b
Soyuz-2-1v
Angara
2nd, 3rd RP-1 / LOX 359[49] 294,300 520 57.7 160
RD-107A
14Д22
  Russia NPO Energomash Soyuz-FG
Soyuz-2
1st RP-1 / LOX 320.2[50]
263.3 (SL)
1,019,892
839,449 (SL)
1,090 78.53 61.2
RD-108A
14Д21
  Russia NPO Energomash Soyuz-FG
Soyuz-2
2nd RP-1 / LOX 320.6[50]
257.7 (SL)
921,825
792,377 (SL)
1,075 75.16 55.5
RD-117
11Д511
  Soviet Union NPO Energomash Soyuz-U 1st RP-1 / LOX 316[51]
253 (SL)
978,000
778,648 (SL)
1,100 72.18 54.2
RD-118
11Д512
  Soviet Union NPO Energomash Soyuz-U 2nd RP-1 / LOX 314[51]
257 (SL)
1,000,278
818,855 (SL)
1,100 75.91 59.7
RD-171M[h]11Д520   Russia NPO Energomash Zenit-2M
Zenit-3SL
Zenit-3SLB
Zenit-3SLBF
Soyuz-5
1st RP-1 / LOX 337.2[52]
309.5 (SL)
7,904,160
7,256,921 (SL)
9,300 79.57 250
RD-170[h]11Д521   Soviet Union NPO Energomash Energia 1st RP-1 / LOX 337.2
309.5 (SL)
7,904,160
7,256,921 (SL)
9,300 79.57 250
RD-180   Russia NPO Energomash Atlas V
Atlas III
1st RP-1 / LOX 338.4[53]
311.9 (SL)
4,152,136
3,826,555 (SL)
5,480 71.2 261.7 2.72
RD-181   Russia NPO Energomash Antares 200 1st RP-1 / LOX 339.2[54]
311.9 (SL)
2,085,000
1,922,000 (SL)
2,200 89 262.6
RD-191   Russia NPO Energomash Angara 1st RP-1 / LOX 337.5[55]
311.2 (SL)
2,084,894
1,922,103 (SL)
2,200 89.09 262.6
RD-193   Russia NPO Energomash Soyuz-2-1v 1st RP-1 / LOX 337.5[56]
311.2
2,084,894
1,922,103 (SL)
1,900 103.15
RD-264
11Д119
  Soviet Union NPO Energomash Dnepr 1st N2O4 / UDMH 318[57]
293 (SL)
4,521,000 3,600 128.15 206
RD-275M
14Д14М
  Russia NPO Energomash Proton-M 1st N2O4 / UDMH 315.8[58]
288 (SL)
1,831,882
1,671,053 (SL)
1,070 171.2 165.2
RD-8
11D513
  Soviet Union Pivdenne/Pivdenmash Zenit 2nd vernier LOX/RG-1 342 78,450 380 77.47 2.4
RD-801   Ukraine Pivdenne/Pivdenmash Mayak 1st LOX/RG-1 1,340,000, 1,198,000 (SL) 1,630 180 2.65
RD-805 (RD-802)   Ukraine Pivdenne/Pivdenmash upper LOX/RG-1
RD-809 (RD-809M)   Ukraine Pivdenne/Pivdenmash Antares upper LOX/RG-1
RD-809K   Ukraine Pivdenne/Pivdenmash Mayak upper LOX/RG-1
RD-810   Ukraine Pivdenne/Pivdenmash Mayak, Zenit 1st LOX/RG-1 2,105,000 1,876,000 (SL) 2,800 180 2.65
RD-843   Ukraine Pivdenne/Pivdenmash Vega upper N2O4 / UDMH 2,452,000 15.93 20.4 2.0
RD-854
8D612
  Soviet Union Pivdenne/Pivdenmash R-36ORB 3rd N2O4 / UDMH
RD-855
8D68M
  Soviet Union Pivdenne/Pivdenmash R-36, Tsyklon-2, Tsyklon-3 1st vernier N2O4 / UDMH 328,000 320 65.70 1.97
RD-856
8D69M
  Soviet Union Pivdenne/Pivdenmash R-36, Tsyklon-2, Tsyklon-3, (Tsyklon-4) 2nd vernier N2O4 / UDMH 54,230 112.5 71.60 1.98
RD-861
11D25
  Soviet Union Pivdenne/Pivdenmash Tsyklon-2, Tsyklon-3 3rd N2O4 / UDMH 78,710 123 88.8 2.1
RD-861K   Ukraine Pivdenne/Pivdenmash (Tsyklon-4) 3rd N2O4 / UDMH
RD-864
15D177
  Soviet Union Pivdenne/Pivdenmash R-36 (missile), Dnipro 3rd N2O4 / UDMH 309 high, 298 low 20,200 high, 8,450 low 199 41 high/17 low 1.8
RD-869
15D300
  Soviet Union Pivdenne/Pivdenmash R-36M2 3rd N2O4 / UDMH 313 high, 302.3 low 20,470 high, 8,580 low 196 41 high/17 low 1.8
RD-56 (KVD-1)
11Д56У
  Russia KBKhM GSLV Mk I Upper LH2 / LOX 462[59] 69,626 282 25.17 55.9
Reaver 1[26]   USA Firefly Aerospace Alpha 1st RP-1 / LOX 295.6 184,000
RL-10A-4-2[60]   USA Aerojet Rocketdyne Atlas IIIB
Atlas V
Upper LH2 / LOX 451 99,195 168 60.27 42 5.5
RL-10B-2[60]   USA Aerojet Rocketdyne Delta III
Delta IV
SLS
Upper LH2 / LOX 465.5 110,093 301 37.27 44 5.88
RL-10C-1[60]   USA Aerojet Rocketdyne Delta III
Delta IV
SLS,
Vulcan
Upper LH2 / LOX 450 101,820 191 54.5 44 5.5
RS-25 (SSME)[i]   USA Rocketdyne Space Shuttle
SLS
1st LH2 / LOX 452.3 2,279,000
1,860,000 (SL)[61]
3,526 53.79 206.4
RS-68A[j]   USA Rocketdyne Delta IV
Delta IV Heavy
1st LH2 / LOX 414[62] 3,560,000
3,137,000 (SL)
6,747 53.80 196[unreliable source?]
Rutherford   New Zealand Rocket Lab Electron 1st, 2nd RP-1 / LOX 327 22,000
16,890 (SL)
S200   India SDSC GSLV Mk III Booster HTPB 274.5[63] 5,150,000[64][65][66] 207,000
with fuel[63]
SCE-200   India LPSC GSLV Mk III
ULV
Upper, main RP-1 / LOX 335
299 (SL)
2,030,000
1,820,000 (SL)
2,700 180
SLS Solid Rocket Booster[k]   USA Orbital ATK SLS Booster PBAN 267 16,000,000 730,000
with fuel
SLV-1   India Godrej & Boyce PSLV Booster HTPB 253[67] 502,600 10,800
with fuel
43
Space Shuttle Solid Rocket Booster[l]   USA Thiokol Space Shuttle
Ares I
Booster PBAN / APCP 268 14,000,000
12,500,000 (SL)
590,000
with fuel
SPT-100   Russia OKB Fakel LS-1300 satellites Vacuum Xenon 1,500 @1.35 kW 0.083 @1.35 kW 3.5
SRB-A   Japan IHI Aerospace
JAXA
H-IIA Booster HTPB 280[68] 2,250,000 76,400 with fuel
SRB-A3   Japan IHI Aerospace
JAXA
H-IIB
Epsilon
Booster BP-207J[69] 283.6[69] 2,305,000
2,150,000 (SL)
76,600
with fuel
111
UA1207   USA United Technologies Titan IV Booster PBAN 272[70]
245 (SL)
7,116,000
6,410,400 (SL)
319,330
with fuel
VASIMR   USA Ad Astra Rocket Company Vacuum Argon 5,000 @200 kW 5.7 @200 kW
Vikas (rocket engine)   India LPSC 2nd, main, booster N2O4 / UDMH 262 680,500–804,500
600,500–756,500 (SL)
53.0–58.5
Viking 2   Europe Snecma Ariane 1 1st N2O4 / UDMH 690,000
611,200 (SL)
776 90.67
Viking 2B   Europe Snecma Ariane 2
Ariane 3
1st N2O4 / UH 25 643,000 (SL) 776 84.5
Viking 4   Europe Snecma Ariane 1 2nd N2O4 / UDMH 713,000 826 88
Viking 4B   Europe Snecma Ariane 2
Ariane 3
Ariane 4
2nd N2O4 / UH 25 800,000 826 98.76
Viking 5C   Europe Snecma Ariane 4 1st N2O4 / UH 25 758,000
678,000 (SL)
826 93.57
Viking 6   Europe Snecma Ariane 4 Booster N2O4 / UH 25 750,000 826 92.59
Vinci   Europe Snecma Ariane 6 Upper LH2 / LOX 467[71] 180,000 280 65.60 61
Vulcain
HM-60
  Europe Snecma Ariane 5 1st LH2 / LOX 439[72]
326 (SL)[73]
1,113,000[72]
773,200 (SL)[73]
1,300[73] 84.38 109[72]
Vulcain 2   Europe Snecma Ariane 5 1st LH2 / LOX 429[74]
318 (SL)[75]
1,359,000[74]
939,500 (SL)[75]
1,800[73] 77.04 117.3[74]
Waxwing   United Kingdom Bristol Aerojet Black Arrow Upper Solid 278[76]
245 (SL)
29,400
25,900 (SL)
87 34.48
XIPS-25   USA Boeing Boeing 702 satellites Vacuum Xenon 3,500 @4.5 kW 0.165 @4.5 kW
YF-100   China AALPT Booster, 1st RP-1 / LOX 335[77]
300 (SL)
1,340,000
1,200,000 (SL)
180
YF-115   China AALPT 2nd RP-1 / LOX 341.5 176,500
YF-21B   China AALPT Booster, 1st N2O4 / UDMH 260.66 (SL)[78] 740,400 (SL)[78]
YF-21C   China AALPT 1st N2O4 / UDMH 260.7 (SL)[78] 740,400 (SL)[78]
YF-25   China AALPT Booster N2O4 / UDMH 260.66 (SL)[78] 740,400 (SL)[78]
YF-22B   China AALPT 2nd N2O4 / UDMH 298.0[78] 738,400
YF-22C   China AALPT 2nd N2O4 / UDMH 298.0[78] 742,040
YF-22D   China AALPT 2nd N2O4 / UDMH 298.0[78] 741,400
YF-22E   China AALPT 2nd N2O4 / UDMH 298.0[78] 741,400
YF-40   China AALPT 3rd N2O4 / UDMH 303 103,000
YF-50D   China AALPT Upper N2O4 / UDMH 315.5 6,500
YF-73   China AALPT Long March 3 3rd LH2 / LOX 420.0 44,150
YF-75   China AALPT 3rd LH2 / LOX 438.0[78] 167,170
YF-75D   China AALPT Long March 5 2nd LH2 / LOX 442.0 86,260
YF-77   China AALPT Long March 5 1st LH2 / LOX 430
310.2 (SL)
700,000
510,000 (SL)
2,700 102

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b At sea level if denoted SL, in vacuum otherwise
  2. ^ Weight is calculated at standard gravity.
  3. ^ First ever ion engine used as a main engine on an operational commercial satellite (PAS-5)
  4. ^ Most powerful single-chamber liquid-fueled rocket engine ever developed
  5. ^ Tested but never flown
  6. ^ Most efficient inert gas ion thruster ever built
  7. ^ First ever ion engine used as a main engine on an operational science spacecraft (Deep Space 1)
  8. ^ a b Most powerful multi-chamber rocket engine in the world
  9. ^ Inactive since last Shuttle flight STS-135 in 2011
  10. ^ Most powerful hydrogen-fueled engine in the world
  11. ^ Largest, most powerful solid-fuel rocket motor ever built
  12. ^ Largest solid-fuel rocket motor ever flown, and the first to be used for primary propulsion on human spaceflight missions

ReferencesEdit

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