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Comparison of cryptography libraries

Cryptography librariesEdit

Implementation Company Development Language Open Source Software License FIPS 140 validated[1] FIPS 140-2 mode Latest Update
Botan Jack Lloyd C++ Yes Simplified BSD No No 2.12.1 (October 14, 2019; 32 days ago (2019-10-14)[2]) [±]
Bouncy Castle Legion of the Bouncy Castle Inc. Java, C# Yes MIT License Yes Yes
Java1.64 / October 7, 2019; 39 days ago (2019-10-07)[3]
Java FIPSBC-FJA 1.0.2 / August 24, 2019; 2 months ago (2019-08-24)[4]
C#1.8.5 / January 31, 2019; 9 months ago (2019-01-31)[5]
C# FIPSBC-FNA 1.0.1 / December 28, 2016; 2 years ago (2016-12-28)[6]
cryptlib Peter Gutmann C Yes Sleepycat License or commercial license No[a] Yes 3.4.5 (2019; 0 years ago (2019)[7]) [±]
Crypto++ The Crypto++ project C++ Yes Boost Software License (all individual files are public domain) No[b] No Feb 22, 2019 (8.1.0)
GnuTLS Nikos Mavrogiannopoulos, Simon Josefsson C Yes GNU LGPL v2.1+ Yes Yes 3.6.8 (May 28, 2019; 5 months ago (2019-05-28)[8]) [±]
Libgcrypt GnuPG community and g10code C Yes GNU LGPL v2.1+ Yes Yes 1.8.5 (August 29, 2019; 2 months ago (2019-08-29)[9]) [±]

1.7.10 (June 13, 2018; 17 months ago (2018-06-13)[10]) [±]

libsodium Frank Denis C Yes ISC license No No December 13, 2017 (1.0.16)
NaCl Daniel J. Bernstein, Tanja Lange, Peter Schwabe C Yes Public domain No No February 21, 2011[11]
Nettle C Yes GNU GPL v2+ or GNU LGPL v3 No No 3.5.1 (June 27, 2019; 4 months ago (2019-06-27)[12]) [±]
Network Security Services (NSS) Mozilla C Yes MPL 2.0 Yes[13] Yes 3.46 (August 30, 2019; 2 months ago (2019-08-30)[14]) [±]
OpenSSL The OpenSSL Project C Yes Apache Licence 1.0 and 4-Clause BSD Licence Yes Yes 1.1.1d (September 10, 2019; 2 months ago (2019-09-10)[15]) [±]

1.0.2t (September 10, 2019; 2 months ago (2019-09-10)[15]) [±]

RSA BSAFE Crypto-C Micro Edition RSA Security C No[c] Proprietary Yes Yes 4.1.4 (September 11, 2019; 2 months ago (2019-09-11)[16]) [±]
RSA BSAFE Crypto-J RSA Security Java No[c] Proprietary Yes Yes 6.2.5 (August 15, 2019; 3 months ago (2019-08-15)[17]) [±]
wolfCrypt wolfSSL, Inc. C Yes GPL v2 or commercial license Yes Yes 4.0.0 (March 21, 2019; 7 months ago (2019-03-21)[18]) [±]
mbed TLS ARM Limited C Yes Apache Licence 2.0 No No 2.16.2 (June 11, 2019; 5 months ago (2019-06-11)[19]) [±]

2.7.10 (March 19, 2018; 19 months ago (2018-03-19)[19]) [±]

  1. ^ The actual cryptlib is not FIPS 140 validated, although a validation exists for an adapted cryptlib as part of a third party, proprietary, commercial product.
  2. ^ Crypto++ received three FIPS 140 validations from 2003 through 2008. In 2016 NIST moved Crypto++ to the Historical Validation List. The move effectively revokes the FIPS validation and federal agencies cannot use the module for validated cryptography.
  3. ^ a b RSA BSAFE source code license was available to purchase when RSA Security was selling BSAFE.

Key operationsEdit

Key operations include key generation algorithms, key exchange agreements and public key cryptography standards.

Key generation and exchangeEdit

Implementation ECDH DH DSA RSA ElGamal NTRU DSS
Botan Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Bouncy Castle Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
cryptlib Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Crypto++ Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Libgcrypt Yes[a] Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes
libsodium Yes No No No No No No
Nettle No No Yes Yes No No No
OpenSSL Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No
RSA BSAFE Crypto-C Micro Ediition Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No
RSA BSAFE Crypto-J Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No
wolfCrypt Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes
mbed TLS Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No
  1. ^ By using the lower level interface.

Elliptic curve cryptography (ECC) supportEdit

Implementation NIST SECG ECC Brainpool ECDSA ECDH Curve25519 EdDSA GOST R 34.10
Botan Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Bouncy Castle Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
cryptlib Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No
Crypto++ Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No
Libgcrypt Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
libsodium Yes No No No No Yes Yes No
Nettle Yes Partial No No No Yes Yes No
OpenSSL Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
RSA BSAFE Crypto-C Micro Edition Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No No
RSA BSAFE Crypto-J Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No No
wolfCrypt Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No
mbed TLS Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No

Public key cryptography standardsEdit

Implementation PKCS#1 PKCS#5 PKCS#8 PKCS#12 IEEE P1363 ASN.1
Botan Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Bouncy Castle Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
cryptlib Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Crypto++ Yes Yes Yes[a] No Yes Yes
Libgcrypt Yes Yes[b] Yes[b] Yes[b] Yes[b] Yes[b]
libsodium No No No No No No
Nettle Yes Yes No No No No
OpenSSL Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes
RSA BSAFE Crypto-C Micro Edition Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
RSA BSAFE Crypto-J Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes
wolfCrypt Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes
mbed TLS Yes No Yes Yes No Yes
  1. ^ The library offers X.509 and PKCS #8 encoding without PEM by default. For PEM encoding of public and private keys the PEM Pack is needed.
  2. ^ a b c d e These Public Key Cryptographic Standards (PKCS) are supported by accompanying libraries and tools, which are also part of the GnuPG framework, although not by the actual libgcrypt library.

Hash functionsEdit

Comparison of supported cryptographic hash functions. At the moment this section also includes ciphers that are used for producing a MAC tag for a message. Here hash functions are defined as taking an arbitrary length message and producing a fixed size output that is virtually impossible to use for recreating the original message.

Implementation MD5 SHA-1 SHA-2 SHA-3 RIPEMD-160 Tiger Whirlpool GOST Stribog BLAKE2
Botan Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Bouncy Castle Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
cryptlib Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Crypto++ Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Libgcrypt Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
libsodium No No Yes No No No No No No Yes
Nettle Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes No No
OpenSSL Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes
RSA BSAFE Crypto-C Micro Edition Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No Yes No No
RSA BSAFE Crypto-J Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
wolfCrypt Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No Yes
mbed TLS Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No

MAC algorithmsEdit

Comparison of implementations of message authentication code (MAC) algorithms. A MAC is a short piece of information used to authenticate a message—in other words, to confirm that the message came from the stated sender (its authenticity) and has not been changed in transit (its integrity).

Implementation HMAC-MD5 HMAC-SHA1 HMAC-SHA2 Poly1305-AES BLAKE2-MAC
Botan Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Bouncy Castle Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
cryptlib Yes Yes Yes No No
Crypto++ Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Libgcrypt Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
libsodium No No Yes Yes Yes
Nettle Yes Yes Yes Yes No
OpenSSL Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
RSA BSAFE Crypto-C Micro Edition Yes Yes Yes No No
RSA BSAFE Crypto-J Yes Yes Yes Yes No
wolfCrypt Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
mbed TLS Yes Yes Yes No No

Block ciphersEdit

Table compares implementations of block ciphers. Block ciphers are defined as being deterministic and operating on a set number of bits (termed a block) using a symmetric key. Each block cipher can be broken up into the possible key sizes and block cipher modes it can be run with.

Block cipher algorithmsEdit

Implementation AES Camellia 3DES Blowfish Twofish CAST5 IDEA GOST 28147-89 / GOST R 34.12-2015 ARIA
Botan Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Bouncy Castle[26] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
cryptlib[27] Yes No Yes Yes
Yes Yes
Crypto++ Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes[a] Yes
Libgcrypt Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
libsodium Yes[b] No No No No No No No No
Nettle Yes Yes Yes Yes
OpenSSL Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes
RSA BSAFE Crypto-C Micro Edition Yes Yes Yes No No No No Yes[c] Yes
RSA BSAFE Crypto-J Yes No Yes No No No No No No
wolfCrypt Yes Yes Yes No No No Yes No No
mbed TLS Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
  1. ^ Crypto++ provides the 64-bit version of GOST from the 1990s. The library does not provide the 128-bit version of GOST from 2015.
  2. ^ libsodium provides AES-256 only. It does not offer AES-128 or AES-192.
  3. ^ RSA BSAFE Micro Edition Suite only supports GOST 28147-89

Cipher modesEdit

Implementation ECB CBC OFB CFB CTR CCM GCM OCB XTS AES-Wrap Stream
Botan No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Bouncy Castle Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Yes Yes
cryptlib Yes Yes Yes Yes
No Yes
Crypto++ Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No Yes
Libgcrypt Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
libsodium No No No No Yes No Yes No No No No
Nettle Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes No No No No
OpenSSL Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
RSA BSAFE Crypto-C Micro Edition Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes
RSA BSAFE Crypto-J Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes
wolfCrypt Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes No No No No
mbed TLS Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No

Stream ciphersEdit

Table compares implementations of the various stream ciphers. Stream ciphers are defined as using plain text digits that are combined with a pseudorandom cipher digit stream. Stream ciphers are typically faster than block ciphers and may have lower hardware complexity, but may be more susceptible to attacks.

Implementation RC4 HC-256 Rabbit Salsa20 ChaCha SEAL Panama WAKE Grain VMPC ISAAC
Botan Yes No No Yes Yes No No No No No No
Bouncy Castle Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No No Yes Yes Yes
cryptlib Yes No No No No No No No No No No
Crypto++ Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No
Libgcrypt Yes No No Yes Yes No No No No No No
libsodium No No No Yes Yes No No No No No No
Nettle Yes No No Yes Yes No No No No No No
OpenSSL Yes No No No Yes No No No No No No
RSA BSAFE Crypto-C Micro Edition Yes No No No No No No No No No No
RSA BSAFE Crypto-J Yes No No No Yes No No No No No No
wolfCrypt Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No
mbed TLS Yes No No No No No No No No No No

Hardware-assisted supportEdit

Table compares the ability to utilize hardware enhanced cryptography. With using the assistance of specific hardware the library can achieve greater speeds and / or improved security than otherwise.

Smartcard, SIM and HSM protocol supportEdit

Implementation PKCS #11 PC/SC CCID
Botan Yes No No
Bouncy Castle Yes [a] No No
cryptlib Yes No No
Crypto++ No No No
Libgcrypt Yes [31] Yes [32] Yes [33]
libsodium No No No
OpenSSL Yes [34] No No
RSA BSAFE Crypto-C Micro Edition Yes No No
RSA BSAFE Crypto-J Yes[b] No No
wolfCrypt Yes No No
mbed TLS Yes [35] No No
  1. ^ In conjunction with the PKCS#11 provider, or through the implementation of operator interfaces providing access to basic operations.
  2. ^ When using RSA BSAFE Crypto-J in native mode using RSA BSAFE Crypto-C Micro Edition.

General purpose CPU / platform acceleration supportEdit

Implementation AES-NI SSSE3 / SSE4.1 AVX / AVX2 RDRAND VIA PadLock Intel QuickAssist AltiVec[a] ARMv7-A NEON ARMv8-A
Botan Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes
cryptlib Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No
Crypto++ Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes[b] No Yes Yes Yes
Libgcrypt[38] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes
libsodium Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No
OpenSSL Yes Yes Yes Yes[c] Yes No Yes Yes Yes
RSA BSAFE Crypto-C Micro Edition Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No Yes
RSA BSAFE Crypto-J Yes[d] Yes[d] Yes[d] Yes[d] No No No No Yes[d]
wolfCrypt Yes No Yes Yes No Yes[39] No No Yes[40]
  1. ^ AltiVec includes POWER4 through POWER8 SIMD processing. POWER8 added in-core crypto, which provides accelerated AES, SHA and PMUL similar to SSE and ARMv8.1.
  2. ^ Crypto++ provides access to the Padlock random number generator. Other functions, like AES acceleration, is not provided.
  3. ^ OpenSSL RDRAND support is provided through the ENGINE interface. The RDRAND generator is not used by default.
  4. ^ a b c d e When using RSA BSAFE Crypto-J in native mode using BSAFE Crypto-C Micro Edition

Microcontrollers' cryptographic accelerator supportEdit

Implementation STM32F2 STM32F4 Cavium NITROX Freescale CAU/mmCAU Microchip PIC32MZ Atmel ATECC508A TI TivaC Series CubeMX Nordic nRF51
wolfCrypt Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes[45] Yes[46] Yes Yes

Code size and code to comment ratioEdit

Implementation Source Code Size

(kSLOC = 1000 lines of source code)

Code Lines to Comment Lines Ratio
Botan 133[47] 4.55[47]
Bouncy Castle 1359[48] 5.26[48]
cryptlib 241 2.66
Crypto++ 115[49] 5.74[49]
Libgcrypt 216[50] 6.27[50]
libsodium 44[51] 21.92[51]
Nettle 111[52] 4.08[52]
OpenSSL 472[53] 4.41[53]
RSA BSAFE Crypto-C Micro Edition 1117[a] 4.04[a]
RSA BSAFE Crypto-J 271[b] 1.3[b]
wolfCrypt 39 5.69
mbed TLS 105[54] 33.9[54]
  1. ^ a b Based on CCME 4.1.4, including tests source. Generated using https://github.com/XAMPPRocky/tokei
  2. ^ a b Based on Crypto-J 6.2.5, excluding tests source. Generated using https://github.com/XAMPPRocky/tokei

PortabilityEdit

Implementation Supported Operating System Thread safe
Botan Linux, Windows, macOS, Android, iOS, FreeBSD, NetBSD, OpenBSD, DragonflyBSD, AIX, QNX, Haiku, IncludeOS Yes
Bouncy Castle General Java API: J2ME, Java Runtime Environment 1.1+, Android. Java FIPS API: Java Runtime 1.5+, Android. C# API (General & FIPS): CLR 4.
cryptlib AMX, ARINC 653, BeOS, ChorusOS, CMSIS-RTOS/mbed-rtos, DOS, DOS32, eCOS, embOS, FreeRTOS/OpenRTOS, uItron, MQX, MVS, Nucleus, OS/2, Palm OS, QNX Neutrino, RTEMS, SMX, Tandem NonStop, Telit, ThreadX, uC/OS II, Unix (AIX, FreeBSD, HP-UX, Linux, macOS, Solaris, etc.), VDK, VM/CMS, VxWorks, Win16, Win32, Win64, WinCE/PocketPC/etc, XMK Yes
Crypto++ Unix (AIX, OpenBSD, Linux, MacOS, Solaris, etc.), Win32, Win64, Android, iOS, ARM Yes[a]
Libgcrypt All 32 and 64 bit Unix Systems (GNU/Linux, FreeBSD, NetBSD, macOS etc.), Win32, Win64, WinCE and more Yes[57]
libsodium macOS, Linux, OpenBSD, NetBSD, FreeBSD, DragonflyBSD, Android, iOS, 32 and 64-bit Windows (Visual Studio, MinGW, C++ Builder), NativeClient, QNX, JavaScript, AIX, MINIX, Solaris Yes
OpenSSL Solaris, IRIX, HP-UX, MPE/iX, Tru64, Linux, Android, BSD (OpenBSD, NetBSD, FreeBSD, DragonflyBSD), NextSTEP, QNX, UnixWare, SCO, AIX, 32 and 64-bit Windows (Visual Studio, MinGW, UWIN, CygWin), UEFI, macOS (Darwin), iOS, HURD, VxWorks, uClinux, VMS, DJGPP (DOS), Haiku Yes
RSA BSAFE Crypto-C Micro Edition Solaris, HP-UX, Tru64, Linux, Android, FreeBSD, AIX, 32 and 64-bit Windows (Visual Studio), macOS (Darwin), iOS, VxWorks Yes
RSA BSAFE Crypto-J Solaris, Linux, Android, FreeBSD, AIX, 32 and 64-bit Windows, macOS (Darwin) Yes
wolfCrypt Win32/64, Linux, macOS, Solaris, ThreadX, VxWorks, FreeBSD, NetBSD, OpenBSD, embedded Linux, WinCE, Haiku, OpenWRT, iPhone (iOS), Android, Nintendo Wii and Gamecube through DevKitPro, QNX, MontaVista, NonStop, TRON/ITRON/µITRON, Micrium's µC/OS, FreeRTOS, SafeRTOS, Freescale MQX, Nucleus, TinyOS, HP-UX Yes
mbed TLS Win32/64, Unix Systems, embedded Linux, Micrium's µC/OS, FreeRTOS ?
  1. ^ Crypto++ is thread safe at the object level, i.e. there is no shared data among instances. If two different threads access the same object then the user is responsible for locking.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Validated FIPS 140 Cryptographic Modules Archived 2014-12-26 at the Wayback Machine, NIST.gov, retrieved 2015-12-22
  2. ^ "Botan: Newslog". Retrieved 2019-08-04.
  3. ^ "Latest Java Releases - bouncycastle.org". 2019-10-07. Retrieved 2019-10-08.
  4. ^ "Java FIPS Resources - bouncycastle.org". 2019-08-24. Retrieved 2019-08-29.
  5. ^ "The Legion of the Bouncy Castle C# Cryptography APIs". 2019-01-31. Retrieved 2019-03-17.
  6. ^ "C# .NET FIPS Resources - bouncycastle.org". 2016-11-11. Retrieved 2017-08-28.
  7. ^ Gutmann, Peter (2019). "Downloading". cryptlib. University of Auckland School of Computer Science. Retrieved 2019-08-07.
  8. ^ "The GnuTLS Transport Layer Security Library". Retrieved 4 June 2019.
  9. ^ "Release 1.8.5". dev.gnupg.org. 2019-08-29. Retrieved 2019-08-29.
  10. ^ "Release 1.7.10". dev.gnupg.org. 2018-06-13. Retrieved 2018-06-13.
  11. ^ Downloading and installing NaCl, Bernstein, Lange, Schwabe, retrieved 2017-05-22
  12. ^ "Nettle ChangeLog file @ git tag nettle_3.5.1_release_20190627".
  13. ^ "FIPS". Mozilla Foundation. 2012-02-01. Archived from the original on 2013-05-02. Retrieved 2013-05-17.
  14. ^ "NSS Changelog". Retrieved 2019-09-04.
  15. ^ a b "OpenSSL: Newslog". Retrieved 2019-09-11.
  16. ^ "RSA announces the release of RSA BSAFE® Crypto-C Micro Edition 4.1.4".
  17. ^ "RSA announces the release of RSA BSAFE® Crypto-J 6.2.5".
  18. ^ "wolfSSL ChangeLog". 2019-03-21. Retrieved 2019-03-21.
  19. ^ a b "Mbed TLS 2.16.0, 2.7.9 and 2.1.18 released". 2018-12-21. Retrieved 2018-03-24.
  20. ^ Bouncy Castle Specifications, bouncycastle.org, retrieved 2018-04-10
  21. ^ cryptlib Encryption Toolkit, Peter Gutmann, retrieved 2015-11-28
  22. ^ With Scute, scute.org
  23. ^ With GnuPG's SCdaemon & gpg-agent, gnupg.org
  24. ^ With GnuPG's SCdaemon & gpg-agent, gnupg.org
  25. ^ With an libp11 engine
  26. ^ With an libp11 engine
  27. ^ hwfeatures.c, dev.gnupg.org
  28. ^ https://www.wolfssl.com/wolfSSL/Blog/Entries/2017/1/18_wolfSSL_Asynchronous_Intel_QuickAssist_Support.html
  29. ^ https://www.wolfssl.com/wolfSSL/Blog/Entries/2016/10/13_wolfSSL_ARMv8_Support.html
  30. ^ https://www.wolfssl.com/wolfSSL/wolfssl-atmel.html
  31. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-05-21. Retrieved 2017-05-01.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  32. ^ a b Language Analysis of Botan, OpenHub.net, retrieved 2018-07-18
  33. ^ a b Language Analysis of Bouncy Castle, OpenHub.net, retrieved 2015-12-23
  34. ^ a b Language Analysis of Crypto++, OpenHub.net, retrieved 2018-07-18
  35. ^ a b Language Analysis of Libgcrypt, OpenHub.net, retrieved 2015-12-23
  36. ^ a b Language Analysis of libsodium, OpenHub.net, retrieved 2017-05-07
  37. ^ a b Language Analysis of Nettle, OpenHub.net, retrieved 2015-12-23
  38. ^ a b Language Analysis of OpenSSL, OpenHub.net, retrieved 2017-05-07
  39. ^ a b Language Analysis of mbed-tls, OpenHub.net, retrieved 2019-09-15
  40. ^ GnuPG documentation: Libgcrypt overview - thread safety, GnuPG.org, retrieved 2016-04-16