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Comparative officer ranks of World War II

The following table offers an approximate comparison for the officer ranks appointed by the major Allied powers, the major Axis powers and various occupied countries and co-belligerents during World War II.

TableEdit

Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
  British Empire
Army
[1]
                       
Field Marshal General Lieutenant-General Major-General Brigadier Colonel Lieutenant-Colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second Lieutenant Officer Cadet
  British Empire
Air Force
[1]
                       
Marshal of the RAF Air Chief Marshal Air Marshal Air Vice-Marshal Air Commodore Group Captain Wing Commander Squadron Leader Flight Lieutenant Flying Officer Pilot Officer
/Acting Pilot Officer
Officer Cadet
  British Empire
Navy
[1]
                       
Admiral of the Fleet Admiral Vice admiral Rear admiral Commodore Captain Commander Lieutenant commander Lieutenant Sub lieutenant Midshipman Officer cadet
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
  Kingdom of Bulgaria
Army & Air Force
[2]
No equivalent
                    No equivalent
General-pukovnik General-leitenant General-maior Plukovník Podplukovník Maior Kapitan Starshy leytenant Leytenant Mladsy Leytenant
  Kingdom of Bulgaria
Navy
No equivalent
                  No equivalent
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
  Republic of China
Army & Air Force
[1]
          No equivalent               No equivalent
Generalissimo
特級上將
Colonel General
一級上將
General
二級上將
Lieutenant General
中將
Major General
少將
Colonel
上校
Lieutenant Colonel
中校
Major
少校
Captain
上尉
First Lieutenant
中尉
Second Lieutenant
少尉
Warrant Officer
准尉
  Republic of China
Navy
No equivalent         No equivalent                
General Admiral
一級上將
Admiral
二級上將
Vice admiral
中將
Rear admiral
少將
Captain
上校
Commander
中校
Lieutenant commander
少校
Lieutenant
上尉
Lieutenant (junior grade)
中尉
Ensign
少尉
Warrant Officer
准尉
Officer cadet
軍校生
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
  Czechoslovakia
Army
No equivalent       No equivalent               No equivalent
Armádní generál Divizní generál Brigádní generál Plukovník Podplukovník Major Kapitán Nadporučík Poručík Podporuchik
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
  Denmark
Army
[3]
No equivalent       No equivalent     No equivalent          
General Generalløjtnant Generalmajor Oberst Oberstløjtnant Kaptajn Kaptajnløjtnant Premierløjtnant Løjtnant Sekondløjtnant
  Denmark
Navy
[4]
No equivalent       No equivalent              
Admiral Viceadmiral Kontreadmiral Kommandør Kommandørkaptajn Orlogskaptajn Kaptajnløjtnant Søløjtnant I Løjtnant Søløjtnant II
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
  Finland
Army & Air Force
[5]
        No equivalent                
Sotamarsalkka
Fältmarskalk
Kenraali
General
Kenraaliluutnantti
Generallöjtnant
Kenraalimajuri
Generalmajor
Eversti
Överste
Everstiluutnantti
Överstelöjtnant
Majuri
Major
Kapteeni
Kapten
Luutnantti
Löjtnant
Vänrikki
Fänrik
Upseerikokelas
Officersaspirant
Upseerioppilas
Officerselev
  Finland
Navy
[5]
No equivalent       No equivalent                
Amiraali Vara-amiraali Kontra-amiraali Kommodori Komentaja Komentajakapteeni Kapteeniluutnantti Luutnantti Aliluutnantti Upseerikokelas Upseerioppilas
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
  France
Army & Air Force

[1]
                         
Maréchal de France Général d'armée Général de corps d'armée Général de division Général de brigade Colonel Lieutenant-Colonel Commandant Capitaine Lieutenant Sous-Lieutenant Aspirant Élève-officier
  France
Navy
[1]
                           
Amiral de France Amiral de la Flotte Amiral Vice-amiral d'escadre Vice-amiral Contre-amiral Capitaine de vaisseau Capitaine de frégate Capitaine de corvette Lieutenant de vaisseau Enseigne de vaisseau de 1re classe Enseigne de vaisseau de 2e classe Aspirant Élève-officier
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
  Nazi Germany
Army & Air Force
[6]
                             
Reichsmarschall General-feldmarschall Generaloberst General der Waffengattung Generalleutnant Generalmajor Oberst Oberstleutnant Major Hauptmann Oberleutnant Leutnant Oberfähnrich Fähnrich Fahnenjunker
  Nazi Germany
Navy
                         
 
Großadmiral Generaladmiral Admiral Vizeadmiral Konteradmiral Kommodore Kapitän zur See Fregatten-
kapitän
Korvetten-
kapitän
Kapitän-
leutnant
Oberleutnant
zur See
Leutnant
zur See
Oberfähnrich
zur See
Fähnrich
zur See
Seekadett Offiziersanwärter
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
  Kingdom of Greece
Army
        No equivalent              
Field Marshal
Στρατάρχης
General
Στρατηγός
Lieutenant-General
Αντιστράτηγος
Major-General
Υποστράτηγος
Colonel
Συνταγματάρχης
Lieutenant-Colonel
Αντισυνταγματάρχης
Major
Ταγματάρχης
Captain
Λοχαγός
Lieutenant
Υπολοχαγός
Second Lieutenant
Ανθυπολοχαγός
Officer Cadet
Δόκιμος
  Kingdom of Greece
Air Force
        No equivalent             No equivalent
Marshal of the air force
Αιθεράρχης
Air Chief Marshal
Πτέραρχος
Air Marshal
Αντιπτέραρχος
Air Vice-Marshal
Υποπτέραρχος
Group Captain
Σμήναρχος
Wing Commander
Αντισμήναρχος
Squadron Leader
Επισμηναγός
Flight Lieutenant
Σμηναγός
Flying Officer
Υποσμηναγός
Pilot Officer
/Acting Pilot Officer
Ανθυποσμηναγός
  Kingdom of Greece
Navy
        No equivalent              
Admiral of the Fleet
Αρχιναύαρχος
Admiral
Ναύαρχος
Vice admiral
Αντιναύαρχος
Rear admiral
Υποναύαρχος
Captain
Πλοίαρχος
Commander
Αντιπλοίαρχος
Lieutenant commander
Πλωτάρχης
Lieutenant
Υποπλοίαρχος
Sub lieutenant
Ανθυποπλοίαρχος
Midshipman
Σημαιοφόρος
Officer cadet
Δόκιμος
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
  Imperial Japan
Army & Air Force
          No equivalent               No equivalent
Daigensui-Rikugun-Taishō
大元帥陸軍大将
Grand Marshal
Gensui-Rikugun-Taishō
元帥陸軍大将
Field Marshal
Rikugun-Taishō
陸軍大将
General
Rikugun-Chūjō
陸軍中将
Lieutenant General
Rikugun-Shōshō
陸軍少将
Major General
Rikugun-Taisa
陸軍大佐
Colonel
Rikugun-Chūsa
陸軍中佐
Lieutenant Colonel
Rikugun-Shōsa
陸軍少佐
Major
Rikugun-Tai-i
陸軍大尉
Captain
Rikugun-Chūi
陸軍中尉
Lieutenant
Rikugun-Shōi
陸軍少尉
Junior Lieutenant
Jun-i
准尉
Warrant Officer
  Imperial Japan
Navy
[7]
          No equivalent                
Daigensui-Kaigun-Taishō
大元帥海軍大将
Grand Admiral
Gensui-kaigun-Taishō
元帥海軍大将
Fleet Admiral
Kaigun-Taishō
海軍大将
Admiral
Kaigun-Chūjō
海軍中将
Vice Admiral
Kaigun-Shōshō
海軍少将
Rear Admiral
Kaigun-Daisa
海軍大佐
Captain
Kaigun-Chūsa
海軍中佐
Commander
Kaigun-Shōsa
海軍少佐
Lieutenant Commander
Kaigun-Dai-i
海軍大尉
Lieutenant
Kaigun-Chūi
海軍中尉
Sub Lieutenant
Kaigun-Shōi
海軍少尉
Ensign
Hēsōchō
兵曹長
Warrant Officer
Kaigun shōi kōhosei
海軍少尉候補生
Midshipman
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
  Italy
Army
                                 
Primo maresciallo dell'Impero Maresciallo d'Italia Generale d'Armata Generale designato d'Armata Generale di Corpo d'Armata Generale di Divisione Generale di Brigata Colonnello Comandante Colonnello Tenente Colonnello Maggiore Primo capitano Capitano Primo Tenente Tenente Sottotenente Aspirante
  Italy
Air Force
                           
Maresciallo dell'Aria Generale d'Armata Aerea Generale designato d'Armata Aerea Generale di Corpo d'Armata Aerea Generale di Divisione Aerea Generale di Brigata Aerea Colonnello Tenente Colonnello Maggiore Primo Capitano Capitano Tenente Sottotenente Aspirante
  Italy
Navy
                           
Grande ammiraglio
/Great Admiral
Ammiraglio d'armata
/Army Admiral
Ammiraglio designato d'armata
/Appointed Army Admiral
Ammiraglio di Squadra
/Squadron Admiral
Ammiraglio di Divisione
/Divisional Admiral
Contrammiraglio
/Rear Admiral
Capitano di Vascello
/Vessel Captain
Capitano di Fregata
/Frigate Captain
Capitano di Corvetta
/Corvette Captain
Primo Tenente di Vascello
/First Vessel Lieutenant
Tenente di Vascello
/Vessel Lieutenant
Sottotenente di Vascello
/Vessel Sub Lieutenant
Guardiamarina
/Navy Guard
Aspirante Guardiamarina
/Aspirant
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
  Manchukuo
Army
        No equivalent              
General of the Army
總司令
Army General
上將
Lieutenant General
中將
Major General
少將
Colonel
上校
Lieutenant Colonel
中校
Major
少校
Captain
上尉
First Lieutenant
中尉
Second Lieutenant
少尉
Warrant Officer
准尉
  Manchukuo
Navy
No equivalent       No equivalent            
Admiral Vice admiral Rear admiral Captain Commander Lieutenant Commander Lieutenant Sub-Lieutenant Acting Sub-Lieutenant
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
  Mengjiang
Army
No equivalent       No equivalent               No equivalent
General
上将
Lieutenant General
中将
Major General
少将
Colonel
上校
Lieutenant-colonel
中校
Major
少校
Captain
上尉
Lieutenant
中尉
Junior Lieutenant
少尉
Warrant Officer
准尉
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
  Norway
Army
[8]
No equivalent       No equivalent             No equivalent
General Generalløjtnant Generalmajor Oberst Oberstløitnant Major Kaptein/
Rittmester
Premierløitnant Sekondløitnant
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
  Poland
Army & Air Force
[1]
        No equivalent               No equivalent
Marszałek Polski Generał broni Generał dywizji Generał brygady Pułkownik Podpułkownik Major Kapitan[a] Porucznik Podporucznik Chorąży
  Poland
Navy
[1]
        No equivalent               Various
Marszałek Polski Admirał Wiceadmirał Kontradmirał Komandor Komandor porucznik Komandor podporucznik Kapitan marynarki Porucznik marynarki Podporucznik marynarki Chorąży marynarki Podchorąży
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
  USA
Army & Air Force
[1]
                        Various
General of the Armies[b] General of the Army General Lieutenant General Major General Brigadier General Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain First Lieutenant Second Lieutenant Officer Candidate Officer Cadet
  USA
Navy
[1]
 
 
                      Various
Admiral of the Navy[b] Fleet Admiral Admiral Vice Admiral Rear Admiral Commodore[c] Captain Commander Lieutenant Commander Lieutenant Lieutenant (junior grade) Ensign Midshipman/Officer Candidate
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
  USSR
Army & Air Force
[1]
   
     
Glavny marshal roda voysk Marshal roda voysk General armii
                   
Generalissimus Sovétskogo Soyuza[d] Marshal Sovétskogo Soyuza Generál-Polkóvnik Generál-Leytenánt Generál-Mayór Polkóvnik Podpolkóvnik Mayór Kapitán Stárshiy leytenánt Leytenánt Mládshiy leytenánt
  USSR
Navy
[1]
No equivalent                      
Admiral of the fleet
Адмирал флота[e]
Admiral
Адмирал
Vice Admiral
Вице-адмирал
Rear admiral
Контр-адмирал
Captain 1st rank
Капитан 1-го ранга
Captain 2nd rank
Капитан 2-го ранга
Captain 3rd rank
Капитан 3-го ранга
Captain Lieutenant
Капитан-лейтенант
Senior lieutenant
Старший лейтенант
Lieutenant
Лейтенант
Junior lieutenant
Младший лейтенант
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
  Kingdom of Yugoslavia
(before 1943)
Army

[9]
        No equivalent              
Vojvoda
Војвода
Army general
Армијски генерал
Divisional General
Дивизијски генерал
Brigadier General
Бригадни генерал
Colonel
Пуковник
Lieutenant Colonel
Потпуковник
Major
Мајор
Captain First Class
Капетан Прве Класе
Captain Second Class
Капетан Друге Класе
Lieutenant
Поручник
Sub-Lieutenant
Потпоручник
  Kingdom of Yugoslavia
(before 1943)
Air Force

[9]
No equivalent       No equivalent              
Army general
Армијски генерал
Divisional General
Дивизијски генерал
Brigadier General
Бригадни генерал
Colonel
Пуковник
Lieutenant Colonel
Потпуковник
Major
Мајор
Captain First Class
Капетан Прве Класе
Captain Second Class
Капетан Друге Класе
Lieutenant
Поручник
Sub-Lieutenant
Потпоручник
  Kingdom of Yugoslavia
(before 1943)
Navy

[9]
No equivalent       No equivalent              
Admiral
Адмирал
Vice Admiral
Вице Адмирал
Counter Admiral
Контра Адмирал
Captain at sea
Капетан Бојног Брода
Frigate captain
Капетан Фрегате
Corvette captain
Капетан Корвете
Lieutenant
Поручник Бојног Брода Прве Класе
Lieutenant (junior grade)
Поручник Бојног Брода Друге Класе
Frigate captain
Поручник Фрегате
Corvette lieutenant
Поручник Корвете
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
  Yugoslav Partisans
(after 1943)
Army
  No equivalent                    
Maršal Jugoslavije[f] General-pukovnik General-lajtant General-major Pukovnik Potpukovnik Major Kapetan Poručnik Potporučnik Zastavnik
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Traditionally captains of Polish cavalry held the rank of rotmistrz, a direct equivalent of the rank of kapitan in other branches of the military.
  2. ^ a b This rank was never awarded during the War.
  3. ^ Reintroduced in 1943.
  4. ^ This rank was only proposed and never used.
  5. ^ Elevated to position equal to Marshal of the Soviet Union after 1944.
  6. ^ This was the highest rank of (equivalent to Soviet Marshal) and simultaneously a Yugoslav honorific title.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l DI (15 June 2015). "World War 2 Allied Officers Rank Insignia". Daily Infographics. Archived from the original on 17 October 2017. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  2. ^ "Bulgarian Army/Air Force Insignia". Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  3. ^ "Danish Army Insignia". Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  4. ^ Balsved, Johnny (22 March 2008). "Distinktioner og gradstegn" [Rank Insignia]. Navalhistory.dk (in Danish). Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  5. ^ a b "Finnish Insignia". Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  6. ^ CIA (24 August 1999). "Records Integration Title Book" (PDF). p. 18. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  7. ^ Rosignoli, Guido (1980). Naval and Marine Badges and Insignia of World War 2. Blandford Colour Series. Link House, West Street, Poole, Dorset, BH15 1LL: Blandford Press Ltd. pp. 152–153.
  8. ^ Rühl, Moritz. "The Army of Norway 1939". Uniformology. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  9. ^ a b c u oruzanim snagama KJUG - Kraljevske Jugoslovenske vojske (KJUG) - Ranks of Royal Yugoslav Armed Forces of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia - Royal Yugoslav Armed Forces (RYAF).jpg File:Ranks of Royal Yugoslav Armed Forces.jpg

External linksEdit