Comparative officer ranks of World War II

The following table offers an approximate comparison for the officer ranks appointed by the major Allied powers, the major Axis powers and various occupied countries and co-belligerents during World War II.

TableEdit

Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
  British Army
[1][2]
                       
Field marshal General Lieutenant-general Major-general Brigadier[a] Colonel Lieutenant-colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second lieutenant Officer cadet
  Royal Air Force
[1][3]
                       
Marshal of the RAF Air chief marshal Air marshal Air vice-marshal Air commodore Group captain Wing commander Squadron leader Flight lieutenant Flying officer Pilot officer
/Acting pilot officer
Officer cadet
  Royal Navy
[1][4]
                       
Admiral of the Fleet Admiral Vice admiral Rear admiral Commodore Captain Commander Lieutenant commander Lieutenant Sub lieutenant Midshipman Officer cadet
Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
  Belgian Army & Military Aviation
[5]
                 
Luitenant-generaal Generaal-majoor Kolonel Luitenant-kolonel Majoor Kapitein-commandant Kapitein Luitenant Onderluitenant
  Belgian Naval Corps
[6]
             
Kolonel Luitenant-kolonel Majoor Kapitein-commandant Kapitein Luitenant Onderluitenant
Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
  Bulgarian Army & Air Force
[7]
                   
Генерал-полковник
General-pukovnik
Генерал-лейтенант
General-leytenant
Генерал-майор
General-mayor
Полковник
Polkovnik
Подполковник
Podpolkovnik
Майор
Mayor
Капитан
Kapitan
Старши лейтенант
Starshi leytenant
Лейтенант
Leytenant
Младши лейтенант
Mladsy leytenant
  Bulgarian Navy              
Kontra-admiral Kapitan I rang Kapitan II rang Kapitan III rang Leytenant Michman I rang Michman II rang
Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
  Republic of China National Army
[1][8]
                     
特級上將
Teji shangjiang
二級上將
Erji shangjiang
中將
Zhongjiang
少將
Shaojiang
上校
Shangxiao
中校
Zhongxiao
少校
Shaoxiao
上尉
Shangwei
中尉
Zhongwei
少尉
Shaowei
准尉
Zhunwei
  Republic of China Air Force
[1][8]
                   
二級上將
Erji shangjiang
中將
Zhongjiang
少將
Shaojiang
上校
Shangxiao
中校
Zhongxiao
少校
Shaoxiao
上尉
Shangwei
中尉
Zhongwei
少尉
Shaowei
准尉
Zhunwei
  Republic of China Navy
[9]
                         
特級上將
Teji shangjiang
二級上將
Erji shangjiang
中將
Zhongjiang
少將
Shaojiang
代將
Daijiang
上校
Shangxiao
中校
Zhongxiao
少校
Shaoxiao
上尉
Shangwei
中尉
Zhongwei
少尉
Shaowei
准尉
Zhunwei
軍校生
Junxiaosheng
Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
  Czechoslovak Army                    
Armádní generál Divizní generál Brigádní generál Plukovník Podplukovník Major Kapitán Nadporučík Poručík Podporuchik
Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
  Royal Danish Army
[10][11]
                   
General Generalløjtnant Generalmajor Oberst Oberstløjtnant Kaptajn Kaptajnløjtnant Premierløjtnant Løjtnant Sekondløjtnant
  Royal Danish Army
[11][12]
                   
Admiral Viceadmiral Kontreadmiral Kommandør Kommandørkaptajn Orlogskaptajn Kaptajnløjtnant Søløjtnant I Løjtnant Søløjtnant II
Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
  Finnish Army & Air Force
[13][14]
                       
Sotamarsalkka
Fältmarskalk
Kenraali
General
Kenraaliluutnantti
Generallöjtnant
Kenraalimajuri
Generalmajor
Eversti
Överste
Everstiluutnantti
Överstelöjtnant
Majuri
Major
Kapteeni
Kapten
Luutnantti
Löjtnant
Vänrikki
Fänrik
Upseerikokelas
Officersaspirant
Upseerioppilas
Officerselev
  Finnish Navy
[13][14]
                     
Amiraali Vara-amiraali Kontra-amiraali Kommodori Komentaja Komentajakapteeni Kapteeniluutnantti Luutnantti Aliluutnantti Upseerikokelas Upseerioppilas
Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
  Free French Army & Air Forces
[1][15]
                     
Maréchal de France Général d'armée Général de corps d'armée Général de division Général de brigade Colonel Lieutenant-colonel Commandant Capitaine Lieutenant Sous-lieutenant Aspirant Élève-officier
  Free French Naval Forces
[1][16]
                         
Amiral de France Amiral de la Flotte Amiral Vice-amiral d'escadre Vice-amiral Contre-amiral Capitaine de vaisseau Capitaine de frégate Capitaine de corvette Lieutenant de vaisseau Enseigne de vaisseau de 1re classe Enseigne de vaisseau de 2e classe Aspirant Élève-officier
Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
  German Army & Luftwaffe
[17]
 
Reichsmarschall
                               
General-feldmarschall Generaloberst General der Waffengattung Generalleutnant Generalmajor Oberst Oberstleutnant Major Hauptmann Oberleutnant Leutnant Fhj-StFw Fhj-OFw Fhj-Fw Fhj-UFw Fhj-Uffz
  Kriegsmarine
[18]
                         
 
Großadmiral Generaladmiral Admiral Vizeadmiral Konteradmiral Kommodore Kapitän zur See Fregatten-
kapitän
Korvetten-
kapitän
Kapitän-
leutnant
Oberleutnant
zur See
Leutnant
zur See
Oberfähnrich
zur See
Fähnrich
zur See
Seekadett Offiziersanwärter
Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
  Royal Hellenic Army
[19]
                     
Στρατάρχης
Stratarches
Στρατηγός
Stratigos
Αντιστράτηγος
Antistratigos
Υποστράτηγος
Ypostratigos
Συνταγματάρχης
Syntagmatarchis
Αντισυνταγματάρχης
Antisyntagmatarchis
Ταγματάρχης
Tagmatarchis
Λοχαγός
Lochagos
Υπολοχαγός
Ypolochagos
Ανθυπολοχαγός
Anthypolochagos
Δόκιμος Έφεδρος Αξιωματικός
Dokimos efedros aksio­matikos
  Royal Hellenic Air Force
[20]
                   
Αἰθεράρχης
Aitherárchis
Πτέραρχος
Ptérarchos
Ἀντιπτέραρχος
Antiptérarchos
Ὑποπτέραρχος
Ypoptérarchos
Σμήναρχος
Smínarchos
Ἀντισμήναρχος
Antismínarchos
Ἐπισμηναγός
Episminagós
Σμηναγός
Sminagós
Ὑποσμηναγός
Yposminagós
Ἀνθυποσμηναγός
Anthyposminagós
  Royal Hellenic Navy
[20]
                     
Στολάρχης
Stolarchis
Ναύαρχος
Navarchos
Αντιναύαρχος
Antinavarchos
Υποναύαρχος
Yponavarchos
Πλοίαρχος
Ploiarchos
Αντιπλοίαρχος
Antiploiarchos
Πλωτάρχης
Plotarchis
Υποπλοίαρχος
Ypoploiarchos
Ανθυποπλοίαρχος
Anthypoploiarchos
Σημαιοφόρος
Simaioforos
Σημαιοφόρος Επίκουρος Αξιωματικός
Simaioforos epikouros axiomatikos
Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
  Royal Hungarian Army
[21]
                       
Tábornagy Vezérezredes Altábornagy Vezérőrnagy Ezredes Alezredes Őrnagy Százados Főhadnagy Hadnagy
Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
  Imperial Japanese Army & Army Air Service
[22]
                        
大元帥陸軍大将
Daigensui-rikugun-taishō
元帥陸軍大将
Gensui-rikugun-taishō
陸軍大将
Rikugun-taishō
陸軍中将
Rikugun-chūjō
陸軍少将
Rikugun-shōshō
陸軍大佐
Rikugun-taisa
陸軍中佐
Rikugun-chūsa
陸軍少佐
Rikugun-shōsa
陸軍大尉
Rikugun-tai-i
陸軍中尉
Rikugun-chūi
陸軍少尉
Rikugun-shōi
准尉
Jun-i
  Imperial Japanese Navy
[23][24]
                          
大元帥海軍大将
Daigensui-kaigun-taishō
元帥海軍大将
Gensui-kaigun-taishō
海軍大将
Kaigun-taishō
海軍中将
Kaigun-chūjō
海軍少将
Kaigun-shōshō
海軍大佐
Kaigun-daisa
海軍中佐
Kaigun-chūsa
海軍少佐
Kaigun-shōsa
海軍大尉
Kaigun-dai-i
海軍中尉
Kaigun-chūi
海軍少尉
Kaigun-shōi
兵曹長
Hēsōchō
海軍少尉候補生
Kaigun shōi kōhosei
Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
  Royal Italian Army
[25]
                                 
Primo maresciallo dell'Impero Maresciallo d'Italia Generale d'armata Generale designato d'armata Generale di corpo d'armata Generale di divisione Generale di brigata Colonnello comandante Colonnello Tenente colonnello Maggiore Primo capitano Capitano Primo tenente Tenente Sottotenente Aspirante
  Royal Italian Air Force
[26]
                          No insignia
Maresciallo dell'Aria Generale d'Armata Aerea Generale designato d'Armata Aerea Generale di Corpo d'Armata Aerea Generale di Divisione Aerea Generale di Brigata Aerea Colonnello Tenente Colonnello Maggiore Primo Capitano Capitano Tenente Sottotenente Aspirante
  Royal Italian Navy
[27]
                           
Grande ammiraglio Ammiraglio d'armata Ammiraglio designato d'armata Ammiraglio di squadra Ammiraglio di divisione Contrammiraglio Capitano di vascello Capitano di fregata Capitano di corvetta Primo tenente di vascello Tenente di vascello Sottotenente di vascello Guardiamarina Aspirante guardiamarina
Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
  Manchukuo Imperial Army                      
總司令
Zǒngsīlìng
上將
Shàngjiàng
中將
Zhōngjiàng
少將
Shàojiàng
上校
Shàngxiào
中校
Zhōngxiào
少校
Shàoxiào
上尉
Shàngwèi
中尉
Zhōngwèi
少尉
Shàowèi
准尉
Zhǔnwèi
  Manchukuo Imperial Navy                  
上將
Shàngjiàng
中將
Zhōngjiàng
少將
Shàojiàng
上校
Shàngxiào
中校
Zhōngxiào
少校
Shàoxiào
上尉
Shàngwèi
中尉
Zhōngwèi
少尉
Shàowèi
Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
  Mengjiang National Army                    
上將
Shàngjiàng
中將
Zhōngjiàng
少將
Shàojiàng
上校
Shàngxiào
中校
Zhōngxiào
少校
Shàoxiào
上尉
Shàngwèi
中尉
Zhōngwèi
少尉
Shàowèi
准尉
Zhǔnwèi
Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
  Royal Netherlands Army
[28]
                 
Generaal Luitenant-generaal Generaal-majoor Kolonel Luitenant-kolonel Majoor Kapitein/Ritmeester 1e Luitenant 2e Luitenant
  Royal Netherlands Navy
[28]
                   
Admiraal Luitenant-Admiraal Vice-Admiraal Schout-bij-Nacht Kapitein ter zee Kapitein-luitenant ter zee Luitenant ter zee der 1ste klasse Luitenant ter zee der 2de klasse oudste categorie Luitenant ter zee der 2de klasse Luitenant ter zee der 3de klasse
Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
  Norwegian Army
[29][30]
                   
General Generalløjtnant Generalmajor Oberst Oberstløitnant Major Kaptein/
Rittmester
Premierløitnant Sekondløitnant
  Royal Norwegian Navy
[31]
                   
Admiral Viceadmiral Kontreadmiral Kommandør Kommandørkaptein   Kaptein Løitnant Sekundløitnant  
Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
  Polish Army & Air Force
[1][32]
                     
Marszałek Polski Generał broni Generał dywizji Generał brygady Pułkownik Podpułkownik Major Kapitan[b] Porucznik Podporucznik
  Polish Navy
[1][33]
                    Various
Marszałek Polski Admirał Wiceadmirał Kontradmirał Komandor Komandor porucznik Komandor podporucznik Kapitan marynarki Porucznik marynarki Podporucznik marynarki Podchorąży
Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
  Romanian Army
[34]
                     
Mareșal General de armată General de corp de armată General de divizie General de brigadă Colonel Locotenent-colonel Maior Căpitan Locotenent Sublocotenent
  Royal Romanian Air Force
[35]
                     
  Royal Romanian Navy
                     
Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
  United States Army & Army Air Force
[1][36]
                        Various
General of the Armies[c] General of the Army General Lieutenant General Major General Brigadier General Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain First Lieutenant Second Lieutenant Officer Candidate Officer Cadet
  United States Navy
[1][36]
                        Various
Admiral of the Navy[c] Fleet Admiral Admiral Vice Admiral Rear Admiral Commodore[d] Captain Commander Lieutenant Commander Lieutenant Lieutenant (junior grade) Ensign Midshipman/Officer Candidate
Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
  Red Army & Soviet Air Forces
(Since Oct. 1943)
[1][37]
   
     
Гла́вный ма́ршал рода войск
Glavny marshal roda voysk
Маршал рода войск
Marshal roda voysk
Генера́л а́рмии
General armii
                     
Генерали́ссимус Сове́тского Сою́за
Generalíssimus Sovétskogo Soyúza[e]
Ма́ршал Сове́тского Сою́за
Marshal Sovétskogo Soyuza
Генера́л-полко́вник
Generál-polkóvnik
Генера́л-лейтена́нт
Generál-leytenánt
Генера́л-майо́р
Generál-mayór
Полко́вник
Polkóvnik
Подполко́вник
Podpolkóvnik
Майо́р
Mayór
Капита́н
Kapitán
Ста́рший лейтена́нт
Stárshiy leytenánt
Лейтена́нт
Leytenánt
Мла́дший лейтена́нт
Mládshiy leytenánt
  Soviet Navy
[1]
                       
Адмирал флота
Admiral flota[f]
Адмирал
Admiral
Вице-адмирал
Vitse-admiral
Контр-адмирал
Kontr-admiral
Капитан 1-го ранга
Kapitan 1-go ranga
Капитан 2-го ранга
Kapitan 2-go ranga
Капитан 3-го ранга
Kapitan 3-go ranga
Капитан-лейтенант
Kapitan-leytenant
Старший лейтенант
Starshiy leytenant
Лейтенант
Leytenant
Младший лейтенант
Mladshiy leytenant
Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
  Royal Yugoslav Army
(before 1943)
[38]
                        
Бојни Војвода
Bojni Vojvoda
Армијски генерал
Armiski general
Дивизијски генерал
Divizijski general
Бригадни генерал
Brigadni general
Пуковник
Pukovnik
Потпуковник
Potpukovnik
Мајор
Major
Капетан Прве Класе
Kapetan prve klase
Капетан Друге Класе
Kapetan druge klase
Поручник
Porucnik
Потпоручник
Potporucnik
  Royal Yugoslav Air Force
(before 1943)
[39]
                   
Армијски генерал
Armiski general
Дивизијски генерал
Diviziski general
Бригадни генерал
Brigadni general
Пуковник
Pukovnik
Потпуковник
Potpukovnik
Мајор
Major
Капетан Прве Класе
Kapetan Prve Klase
Капетан Друге Класе
Kapetan Druge Klase
Поручник
Porucnik
Потпоручник
Potporucnik
  Royal Yugoslav Navy
(before 1943)
[39]
                                       
Адмирал
Admiral
Вицеадмирал
Viceadmiral
Контраадмирал
Kontraadmiral
Капетан Бојног Брода
Kapetan Bojnog Broda
Капетан Фрегате
Kapetan Fregate
Капетан Корвете
Kapetan Korvete
Поручник Бојног Брода Прве Класе
Poručnik Bojnog Broda Prve Klase
Поручник Бојног Брода Друге Класе
Poručnik Bojnog Broda Druge Klase
Поручник Фрегате
Porucnik Fregate
Поручник Корвете
Porucnik Korvete
Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
  Yugoslav Partisans
(after 1943)
                     
Maršal Jugoslavije[g] General-pukovnik General-lajtant General-major Pukovnik Potpukovnik Major Kapetan Poručnik Potporučnik Zastavnik
Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ an appointment rather than a substantive rank
  2. ^ Traditionally captains of Polish cavalry held the rank of rotmistrz, a direct equivalent of the rank of kapitan in other branches of the military.
  3. ^ a b This rank was never awarded during the War.
  4. ^ Reintroduced in 1943.
  5. ^ This rank was only proposed and never used.
  6. ^ Elevated to position equal to Marshal of the Soviet Union in 1945.
  7. ^ This was the highest rank of (equivalent to Soviet Marshal) and simultaneously a Yugoslav honorific title.

ReferencesEdit

Citations
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Military Courtesy 1943.
  2. ^ Mollo 2001, p. 121.
  3. ^ Mollo 2001, p. 123.
  4. ^ Mollo 2001, p. 126.
  5. ^ Mollo 2001, pp. 49, 51.
  6. ^ Mollo 2001, p. 51.
  7. ^ Littlejohn 1994b, p. 62-63.
  8. ^ a b Mollo 2001, p. 192.
  9. ^ Mollo 2001, p. 194.
  10. ^ "Danish Army Insignia". Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  11. ^ a b Mollo 2001, p. 39.
  12. ^ Balsved, Johnny (22 March 2008). "Distinktioner og gradstegn" [Rank Insignia]. Navalhistory.dk (in Danish). Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  13. ^ a b "Finnish Insignia". Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  14. ^ a b Mollo 2001, p. 29.
  15. ^ Mollo 2001, p. 58.
  16. ^ Mollo 2001, p. 61.
  17. ^ Mollo 2001, pp. 11, 16.
  18. ^ Mollo 2001, p. 19.
  19. ^ Mollo 2001, p. 99.
  20. ^ a b Mollo 2001, p. 101.
  21. ^ Littlejohn 1994a, p. 129-131.
  22. ^ Mollo 2001, p. 180.
  23. ^ Rosignoli 1980, pp. 152–153.
  24. ^ Mollo 2001, p. 187.
  25. ^ Mollo 2001, p. 86.
  26. ^ Mollo 2001, p. 89.
  27. ^ Mollo 2001, p. 93.
  28. ^ a b Mollo 2001, p. 47.
  29. ^ Rühl n.d.
  30. ^ Mollo 2001, p. 41.
  31. ^ Mollo 2001, p. 42.
  32. ^ Mollo 2001, p. 23.
  33. ^ Mollo 2001, p. 25.
  34. ^ Littlejohn 1994b, p. 95-96.
  35. ^ Littlejohn 1994b, p. 98-99.
  36. ^ a b Mollo 2001, p. 161.
  37. ^ Shalito, Savchenkov & Mollo 1993, p. 5.
  38. ^ Mollo 2001, p. 104.
  39. ^ a b Mollo 2001, p. 105.
Bibliography
  • "Military Courtesy". Newsmap. 1 (48). 22 March 1943. Retrieved 6 September 2021.
  • Mollo, Andrew (2001). The Armed Forces of World War II: Uniforms, Insignia & Organisation. Leicester: Silverdale books. ISBN 1-85605-603-1.
  • Littlejohn, David (1994a). Foreign Legions of the Third Reich. Volume 3 (2nd ed.). United States of America: R. James Publishing. ISBN 0-912138-29-7.
  • Littlejohn, David (1994b). Foreign Legions of the Third Reich. Volume 4 (2nd ed.). United States of America: R. James Publishing. ISBN 0-912138-36-X.
  • Shalito, Anton; Savchenkov, Ilya; Mollo, Andrew (1993). Red Army Uniforms of World War II in Colour Photographs. London: Windrow & Greene. ISBN 978-1872004594.
  • Rosignoli, Guido (1980). Naval and Marine Badges and Insignia of World War 2. Blandford Colour Series. Link House, West Street, Poole, Dorset, BH15 1LL: Blandford Press Ltd.CS1 maint: location (link)
  • Rühl, Moritz (n.d.). "The Army of Norway 1939". Uniformology. Retrieved 30 April 2019.