Community of Saint Martin
The Community of Saint Martin is a public association of clerics according to pontifical law, gathering Roman Catholic priests and deacons. It was founded in 1976 by Fr. Jean-François Guérin, a priest from the archdiocese of Tours (France), under the protection of Cardinal Giuseppe Siri, archbishop of Genoa (Italy).
Serving the DiocesesEdit
The Community of Saint Martin places its members at the disposal of bishops who entrust the Community with various apostolates: parishes, schools or nursing homes, chaplaincies, sanctuaries … in France and throughout the world. The two main characteristics of the Community are the mobility of its members and the fact that they live their ministry together. The priests and deacons of the Community are sent in small groups of at least three to live and pray together in a spiritual and practical brotherhood.
Between 1965 and 1976, Fr. Guérin was active in Paris. There, he was chaplain of the Sacré Cœur of Montmartre, but he also had an important apostolate with the youth as many had chosen him as their spiritual director. Many chose to enter a religious order, mainly in the Benedictine and Carmelite traditions. However some thought that their call was to become secular priests in the same way that Fr Guérin was. This meant living their priesthood in community with others and pursuing his liturgical spirit rooted in the Latin and Gregorian tradition of the Roman rite, and in the liturgical movement as it found its clear expression in the Second Vatican Council.
As Cardinal Siri sought to help the French Church and promoting the renewal of priestly training, he received Fr. Guérin and his first seminarians in his diocese in 1976. Thus the Community of Saint Martin was founded in Italy to give priests to the Catholic Church in France. Fr. Guérin and his students established themselves in the Capuchin convent of Genoa-Voltri. The seminarians followed the academic part of their training in the Genoa seminary, while Fr. Guérin took charge of their human and spiritual formation.
In 1983 the Community got its first pastoral mission in the diocese of Fréjus-Toulon, in South-Eastern France. In the following years, other French bishops entrusted parishes to the Community. In 1993 there was an opportunity to leave Italy, and to establish the Community's House of Training in France, in the village of Candé-sur-Beuvron, near Blois, in the historical Loire valley (about 200 km / 125 miles southwards of Paris). After 20 years there, the Community moved to Évron in North-Western France to accommodate for the sharp increase in vocations.
In 2018, the Community of Saint Martin has 115 priests, and more than 100 seminarians. It is present in 22 French dioceses and in Cuba and Italy. Some members of the Community are also at the service of the Holy See, and entrusted with various missions in Rome or in apostolic nunciatures.
The first canonical recognition of the Community was granted by Cardinal Siri in 1979. His successor as the archbishop of Genoa, Cardinal Giovanni Canestri, recognized the Community as a public clerical association of diocesan right. In 2000 it got the status of a public clerical association of pontifical right and in 2008 the Congregation for the Clergy gave the power to the Moderator-General of the Community to incardinate its members, priests and deacons.
Move to Évron AbbeyEdit
In September 2014, the Community moved its Mother House and House of Training to the former Évron Abbey in the department of Mayenne. There the intellectual formation of the seminarians is given by their School of Theology affiliated with the Pontifical Lateran University since 2007. The human and spiritual formation is given by a team of 6 priests full-time while the pastoral formation takes place during the vacations and during the intermediate year between the cycle of philosophy and theology when each seminarian spends one year living in a parish of the Community. Their training consists of 8 years in all to become a priest, but some choose to become unmarried permanent deacons.
“Martinian” spirituality has three sources :
- The Benedictine tradition of the Congregation of Solesmes, as Fr. Guérin was an oblate of the Abbey of Fontgombault and a disciple of Dom Guéranger's spirituality of the liturgical year. He was also inherited from the developpements of the twentieth century by the liturgical movement.
- The French school of spirituality with figures such as Pierre de Bérulle or St Vincent de Paul as well as the society of Saint Sulpice.
- The communal life as lived out by St Augustine's Canons Regular.
Drawing from these three traditions, the practice of the Lectio Divina is a daily practice for the Community as well as the celebration of the Divine Office sung in Community, in Latin (according to the Ordinary form of the Roman rite).