Communist Party of Armenia (Soviet Union)

The Communist Party of Armenia (Armenian: Հայաստանի կոմունիստական կուսակցություն, Russian: Коммунистическая партия Армении) was a branch of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union within Armenian SSR, and as such, the sole ruling party in Armenian SSR.

Communist Party of Armenia

Հայաստանի կոմունիստական կուսակցություն
First SecretaryAram Gaspar Sargsyan (last)
Founded1920
Dissolved1991
Split fromUnion of Armenian Social Democrats
Succeeded byDemocratic Party of Armenia
NewspaperSovetakan Hayastan
Membership (1986)170,500[1]
IdeologyCommunism
Marxism–Leninism
National affiliationCPSU

HistoryEdit

The Union of Armenian Social Democrats was founded in 1902. It split into a Bolshevik and Menshevik faction. The Bolshevik faction became the Communist Party of Armenia in 1920. Many of its leaders were accused of being Trotskyists or Dashnakist and executed in 1937.[1]

Dissolution and successionEdit

It was dissolved in 1991, and its leadership established the Democratic Party of Armenia. The same year, the new Armenian Communist Party was established under the leadership of Sergey Badalyan, which considered itself the successor of the Soviet Communist Party of Armenia.

LeadersEdit

The title of the leader of the party almost always was "First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Armenia".[2]

No. Picture Name
(Birth–Death)
Took office Left office Political party
First Secretary
1   Gevorg Sargisovich Alikhanian
(????–????)
December 1920 May 1921 CPA
General Secretary
2   Askanaz Arutyunovich Mravian
(????–????)
May 1921 January 1922 CPSU
First Secretary
3   Ashot Hovhannisyan
(1887–1972)
January 1922 6 July 1927 CPSU
4   Hayk Ovsepyan
(1891–1937)
6 July 1927 8 April 1928 CPSU
5   Arshakovich Kostanian
(????–????)
8 April 1928 7 May 1930 CPSU
6   Aghasi Khanjian
(1901–1936)
7 May 1930 9 July 1936 CPSU
7   Amatuni Vartapetyan
(1900–1938)
21 September 1936 23 September 1937 CPSU
8   Grigory Arutyunov
(1900–1957)
23 September 1937 28 November 1953 CPSU
9   Suren Tovmasyan
(????–????)
28 November 1953 28 December 1960 CPSU
10   Yakov Zarobyan
(1908–1980)
28 December 1960 5 February 1966 CPSU
11   Anton Kochinyan
(1913–1990)
5 February 1966 27 November 1974 CPSU
12   Karen Demirchyan
(1932–1999)
27 November 1974 21 May 1988 CPSU
13   Suren Harutyunyan
(????–????)
21 May 1988 5 April 1990 CPSU
14   Vladimir Movsisyan
(1933–2014)
5 April 1990 30 November 1990 CPSU
15   Stepan Pogosyan
(1932–2012)
30 November 1990 May 1991 CPSU
16   Aram Sargsyan
(1949–)
May 1991 September 1991 CPSU

PublicationsEdit

The party published the daily newspaper Sovetakan Hayastan (Soviet Armenia) and the monthly magazine Leninyan Ugiov (Lenin's Way).[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Hobday, Charles (1986). Communist and Marxist Parties of the World. Harlow: Longman. pp. 180–181. ISBN 0-582-90264-9.
  2. ^ http://whp057.narod.ru/arssr.htm