Communist Movement of Galicia

Communist Movement of Galicia (Galician: Movemento Comunista de Galiza, MCG) was a communist political party created in Galicia during the last years of the dictatorship of Franco as the Galician section of the Communist Movement, although in practice the MCG acted as an independent party.[2] The leaders of the MCG were Xesús Veiga Buxán and Carmen Santos Castroviejo.[3] Unlike other sections of Spanish left-wing political parties, the MCG was close to the Galician nationalist movement and supported self-determination and national sovereignty for Galicia.[4]

Communist Movement of Galicia

Movemento Comunista de Galiza
Secretary-GeneralXesús Veiga Buxán
Founded1976 (1976)
Dissolved1991 (1991)
Merged intoInzar
HeadquartersSantiago de Compostela, Spain
NewspaperGalicia en Loita
Youth wingGalician Revolutionary Youth
IdeologyCommunism
Galician nationalism
Leninism
Maoism[1]
ColorsRed
Local seats (1979-1983)
5 / 4,033

HistoryEdit

During the transition, the MCG was part of the Council of Galician Political Forces (CFPG), along with the Galician Socialist Party (PSG), the Galician People's Union (UPG), the Galician Social Democratic Party (PGSD) and the Carlist Party of Galicia.[5] In the Spanish elections of 1977, the MCG supported the Galician Democratic Candidacy, a coalition of socialists, communists and Christian democrats to the Senate.[6] The MCG supported the self-determination of the Galician people, promoting the "No" in the 1980 Statute of Autonomy referendum, since the organization considered the autonomy not enough.[7]

In the first Galician elections, in 1981, the MCG presented a list in coalition with the Revolutionary Communist League (LCR), obtaining 4,858 votes (0.49%). In the elections to the Parliament of Galicia 1985 the candidacy of the MCG (without the LCR) gained only 1,327 votes (0.11%). In the municipal elections of 1987 and 1991 the MCG gained a town councilor in Padrón.[8]

In 1991 the MCG was integrated into a new group, Inzar along with the LCR, a group that a few years later joined the Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Until 1983.
  2. ^ Beramendi, Xusto and Núñez Seixas, O Nacionalismo Galego. Edicións A Nosa Terra, Vigo, 1995. (in Galician)
  3. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-08-01. Retrieved 2015-02-01.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ Manuel Anxo Fernández Baz, A formación do nacionalismo contemporáneo (1963-1984). Laiovento, Santiago de Compostela, 2003. (in Galician)
  5. ^ Fernando Prieto Valdés y Alberto Romasanta Armesto: Oposición política al franquismo y exilio en Galicia: Estado de la cuestión. Espacio, Tiempo y Forma, S. V, Hª Contemporánea, t. IV, 1991, pages 117-138.
  6. ^ https://www.elpais.com/articulo/espana/ESPAnA/UNIoN_DE_CENTRO_DEMOCRaTICO/PARTIDO_COMUNISTA_DE_ESPAnA/PARTIDO_SOCIALISTA_OBRERO_ESPAnOL_/PSOE/ELECCIONES_LEGISLATIVAS_1977_/15-6-1977/TRANSICIoN_POLiTICA_ESPAnOLA/Fracaso/general/nacionalismos/elpepiesp/19770617elpepinac_9/Tes
  7. ^ Jesús de Juana López y Julio Prada Rodríguez: La dinámica política de la Galicia post-autonómica. Cuadernos de Historia Contemporánea, 2006, vol. 28, pages 323-342.
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-05-22. Retrieved 2015-02-01.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)