Communist League (New Zealand)
|Split from||Communist Party of New Zealand|
The party was founded in 1969 by students from Victoria University of Wellington, and was originally named the Socialist Action League. The new party rejected the more established groups such as the Communist Party as too authoritarian, conservative, and unimaginative, but at the same time, rejected many of the newer communist groups in New Zealand as disorganised and unfocused. It was aligned with the Fourth International (FI), an international grouping of Trotskyist parties. The party achieved a certain amount of public recognition for its role in protests against the Vietnam War, and regularly engaged in protests against adventurist United States foreign policy, in defence of the pro-choice side of the abortion debate, as well as supporting LGBT rights in New Zealand, during the 1970s and 1980s. During those decades, the SAL maintained a newspaper of its own, Socialist Action. According to the National Library of New Zealand serials catalogue, it ran from 1969 to 1988.
In the 1980s, the Socialist Workers Party in the United States broke away from Trotskyism, and left the FI. A number of other parties in FI also chose to leave, including the Socialist Action League in New Zealand. Those members of the Socialist Action League who did not agree with this departure from Trotskyism and the FI were expelled or resigned. Later, the Socialist Action League renamed itself the Communist League, following the pattern of the other pro-SWP parties that had left the FI. Today, the party is still associated with the Socialist Workers Party's so-called Pathfinder tendency.
The League holds frequent public meetings called Militant Labour Forums. The Militant newspaper and books published by Pathfinder Press are distributed from the Pathfinder Bookshop in the Auckland suburb of Onehunga.
The party stood Annalucia Vermunt as its candidate for Mayor of Auckland at the 2013 local body elections. Vermunt received 856 votes. The party stood Baskaran Appu as its candidate for City Councillor in the Manukau Ward. Appu received 1,154 votes.
The party stood two candidates in the 2014 election. The League's two candidates were Felicity Coggan, who received 92 votes in the electorate of Maungakiekie, and Annalucia Vermunt, who received 43 votes in the electorate of Manukau East. These figures represented 0.28% and 0.17% respectively of the total valid vote in those seats. The 92 votes received by Coggan was the best result for the League in a General Election since 2002.
The League ran Patrick Brown as their candidate for the 2017 Mount Albert by-election. Brown received 16 votes. Brown's press release stated "...my campaign presents a working class programme and revolutionary course to overthrow capitalist rule." It subsequently stood two candidates in the 2017 election, winning 109 votes. It is standing candidates in the 2020 general election.
Electoral results (1990–2020)Edit
|Election||candidates||seats won||votes||% of vote|
Auckland mayor (1990–2019)Edit
|Election||Candidate||votes||% of vote||position|
- McCulloch, Allison (2013). Fighting to Choose: The Abortion Rights Struggle in New Zealand. Wellington, New Zealand: Victoria University Press. pp. 42–44. ISBN 978-0-86473-886-8. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
- "Militant Labour Forums". The Militant. 80 (38). 10 October 2016. Retrieved 17 September 2019.
- "Directory of Distributors". The Militant. Retrieved 17 September 2019.
- "Summary of overall results -2002 general election". Electoral Commission. Retrieved 17 September 2019.
- "Summary of overall results - 2005 general election". Electoral Commission. Retrieved 17 September 2019.
- "Communist League announces candidates for 2008". Scoop Media. 1 October 2008. Retrieved 1 October 2008.
- "Official Count Results -- Maungakiekie". New Zealand Ministry of Justice. Retrieved 26 December 2008.
- "Official Count Results -- Manukau East". New Zealand Ministry of Justice. Retrieved 26 December 2008.
- "SuperCity: Communist candidates spread word". New Zealand Herald. 10 September 2010. Retrieved 10 September 2010.
- "21 October 2013 - Declaration of result of election for Auckland Council 2013 elections". Auckland Council. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
- "Communist League announces candidates". Scoop. 10 August 2014. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
- "Official Count Results -- Maungakiekie". www.electionresults.govt.nz. New Zealand Electoral Commission. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
- "Official Count Results -- Manukau East". Electoral Commission. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
- "2017 Mt Albert by-election - Official Result". Electoral Commission. Retrieved 17 September 2019.
- "Communist League candidate in Mt Albert by-election". Scoop. Communist League. 14 February 2017. Retrieved 17 September 2019.
- "2017 Summary of Overall Results". New Zealand Electoral Commission. Retrieved 18 September 2020.
- "2019 local elections final results – Mayor, ward councillors, local board members" (PDF).