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Commonwealth School is a private high school of about 150 students and 35 faculty members located in the Back Bay neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts, United States. It is accredited by the New England Association of Schools and Colleges.
|Founder||Charles E. Merrill Jr.|
|Headmaster||William D. Wharton|
|Accreditation||New England Association of Schools and Colleges|
Charles E. Merrill Jr., son of the founder of Merrill Lynch, and brother of the prominent American poet James Merrill, founded the school in 1957, locating it in Boston's Back Bay to "restore good secondary schooling to the city." He encouraged Commonwealth students to be "decent, socially responsible, generous people," actively engaged in public affairs. Merrill returned to the school once a year to give a speech on a topic of his choice, and his books are on display in the school library alongside those of Commonwealth alumni.
Merrill insisted that the school have only one rule: "No rollerskating in the halls,"—an exhortation that students should not "...act like a damn fool, but think about your actions and how they affect others."
Merrill retired in 1981, and his memoir of the first 23 years of the school's history and his experience as headmaster, The Walled Garden, was published the following year.
The school's symbol is a mermaid with a sword and shield, derived from the coat of arms of Warsaw, Poland. This symbol appears on the school flag, publications, and the outside of the building. Because the school has no official sports mascot the mermaid is sometimes used, and the school's sports teams are sometimes referred to (partly in jest) as the "fighting mermaids."
There have been five headmasters:
- 1957–1981: Charles E. Merrill Jr.
- 1981–1983: Joseph "Jay" Featherstone
- 1983–1990: Charles Chatfield
- 1990–2000: Judith Keenan
- 2000–present: William Wharton
Clubs and activitiesEdit
Student-run clubs and groups at Commonwealth include:
- Chess Club
- Commonwealth Chronicle (Newspaper)
- Community Service (Commonwealth Cares)
- Debate Team
- Diversity Committee
- Environmental Committee
- Feminism Club
- Gay-Straight Alliance
- "Knitting Cult"
- The Leek (satirical magazine)
- LitMag (literary magazine)
- Math Team
- Model United Nations
- Model Congress
- Philosophy Club
- Prom Committee
- Politics Club
- Robotics Club
- Rollerskating Committee, which provides input to the administration on issues such as rules
- Science Team
- Yearbook Committee
Each year, the rising senior class elects two non-voting representatives to Commonwealth's Board of Trustees.
Academically, the school is one of the nation's elite. A significant portion of the senior class is recognized each year by the National Merit Scholarship Program. From 2012 to 2016, 16% of students were recognized as Finalists, 20% as Semifinalists, and 43% as Commended Students. In that same period 28 students were named as AP National Scholars, 111 as Scholars with Distinction, 42 as Scholars with Honor, and 53 as Scholars by the College Board. Mean SAT scores for the classes of 2015 and 2016 were 738 in critical reading, 718 in writing, and 714 in math.
Commonwealth had a semifinalist in the Intel Science Talent Search in 2011, 2012, and 2013, the only Massachusetts school to do so.
Commonwealth is the only Massachusetts school to receive a grant from the Malone Scholars program of the Malone Family Foundation, which independently identifies top-level schools to receive an endowment. "Once endowed, the schools are empowered to perpetually fund scholarships to motivated top students based on merit and financial need."
From 2001 to 2015, the most popular college choices were Brown (22 graduates), the University of Chicago (22), Harvard (17), Tufts (17), New York University (16), Wesleyan (15), Bryn Mawr (14), Carleton (14), Columbia (14), Yale (13), Smith (13), and Haverford (13).
Commonwealth holds an assembly every Thursday. Speakers have included Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Ted Sorensen, literature critic James Wood, author Claire Messud, Michael Kelly of the Atlantic Monthly, Harvard Law Professors Charles Fried and Lani Guinier, author Samantha Power, Harvard stem cell biologist Doug Melton, philosopher & bio-ethicist Frances Kamm, poet Louise Glück, former ambassadors Peter W. Galbraith and Charles Stith, Mary Beth Cahill, acclaimed American feminist and civil rights activist Peggy McIntosh, free software pioneer Richard Stallman, Congressman Barney Frank, Senator Elizabeth Warren, former Surgeon General C. Everett Koop, Boston city councilor Tito Jackson and various musical groups. Students petition the headmaster to invite speakers they would like to hear.
While the majority of Commonwealth students identify as politically liberal, the head of school frequently schedules conservative speakers such as Charles Fried, former Assistant U.S. Attorney General Jack Goldsmith, and William Kristol.
Special assemblies are held for Thanksgiving and on the day before winter vacation. It is tradition to sing "Bringing in the Sheaves" (by Shaw and Minor) every Thanksgiving assembly, and for students and teachers to recite poems at the Winter Holiday assembly. Other assemblies highlight students' work on independent projects, fiction writing, music, and theater.
Sports and recreationEdit
Each year students participate in a competitive sport or organized exercise activity in at least two out of three seasons. Competitive sports include soccer, basketball, fencing, cross-country running, and Ultimate Frisbee. Exercise programs include running, fitness, sailing, dance, ballroom dance, and yoga.
When Charles Merrill was headmaster he started a tradition of twice-yearly trips to his family's farm in Hancock, New Hampshire. These would happen every fall and spring. The school continued to go up to the farm every semester until 1996. The "Hancock" weekend eventually moved in 1997 to Camp Winona, a summer camp in Bridgton, Maine, but the old name remains. The trip to Maine was replaced by a day trip to Provincetown in 2007, and a weekend at Camp Wing, a summer camp in Duxbury, Massachusetts, in 2008. In 2009, Spring Hancock returned to Camp Winona.
On two mornings during each trip, students and teachers organize activities to do, and each student signs up for an activity.
In the afternoons, students are free, and activities such as swimming, boating, various sports, and hiking are offered.
On the last night of Hancock, there is a talent show prepared jointly by the students and staff. There are also two dances: the "Long Dance" the night before the talent show, and the "Short Dance" after it, both organized by the students.
The responsibility for Hancock is shared among faculty and students. Faculty oversee various tasks, such as cooking or sports. Students can sign up for jobs such as cooking meals, running the talent show and dances, and being a bike messenger. For the most part, cleaning bathrooms, collecting trash, tending fires, and other tasks are also led and staffed by students.
The jobs program at Commonwealth is a system whereby students are responsible for setting and cleaning up lunch and the recess snack and performing other custodial tasks such as emptying the recycling bins throughout the school. Students with lunch clean-up jobs work during two out of every three weeks. Generally, the jobs for lunch clean-up are cleaning up the dining area and washing dishes in the kitchen. Those who have lunch set-up, recess clean-up, and recycling jobs work once every week due to these jobs taking a significantly smaller amount of time. Student "crew heads," typically juniors and seniors, take responsibility for directing each jobs crew. The savings created by having students perform these tasks instead of additional paid staff pays for three full scholarships. Many Commonwealth students and faculty believe that the jobs program teaches students a sense of responsibility for the community; the program is often concisely described as "building character."
There are several student-run publications at Commonwealth. They include:
- Yearbook: Each year, the senior class (and a few juniors in training) produces its own yearbook.
- Literary magazine: The literary magazine club, with the school's funding, publishes a literary magazine, which accepts many types of literature and art, including poems, short stories, photographs, drawings, and paintings. It is often known as Litmag but has been published under different names.
- The Commonwealth Chronicle: The school's newspaper, which includes a satirical publication called The Leek.
The school produces CM, a twice-yearly magazine for alumni/ae and parents.
- Patrick Amory, Matador Records general manager
- Jonatha Brooke, singer/songwriter
- Evan Dando and Ben Deily of The Lemonheads
- Mark Denbeaux, attorney and civil rights activist
- John Davis of The Folk Implosion
- Liza Featherstone, journalist
- Peter W. Galbraith, diplomat
- David Altshuler, geneticist and co-founder of MIT's Broad Institute
- Jonathan Rotenberg, founder of the Boston Computer Society, while still a student at Commonwealth
- Mark Greif, co-founder, co-editor and contributor to n+1
- Melissa Glenn Haber, author
- Susanna Kaysen, author of Girl, Interrupted, among other works, and has included references to Commonwealth in her books
- Anthony Kuhn, NPR correspondent
- Kasi Lemmons, director (IMDB page)
- Hamish Linklater, actor (IMDB page)
- Steve Liss, Time Magazine Photojournalist, author of 43 Time cover photographs
- Benjamin Sargent, celebrity chef and television personality
- Jeff "JJ" Sutherland, former NPR Senior Producer, Chief Product Owner of Scrum Inc., and Co-Host of the podcast, "Shall We Play a Game?"
- Mia Matsumiya, violinist of experimental rock group Kayo Dot
- Sophia Michahelles, pageant puppet designer and co-artistic director, Processional Arts Workshop
- Ottessa Moshfegh, author
- Jesse Peretz, film director and former Lemonheads bassist (IMDB page)
- Nina Pillard, judge, U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit
- Daniel Pipes, historian, foreign policy analyst, Middle East & Islam specialist
- Cameron Russell, model
- Luke Del Tredici, television writer and producer for Brooklyn Nine-Nine, 30 Rock. (IMDB page)
- Timothy Yu, poet
Each day includes "Recess," when all students and faculty gather in the school's multi-purpose room for a snack and to hear announcements. Anyone—student or teacher—is invited to make an announcement. The Tuesday recess is longer than the others, allowing for short presentations or discussions.
Each May seniors use an extended Tuesday recess to perform skits that parody their teachers and themselves. During another recess, they give various awards to students.
Another tradition is "passing the clay," where all students take part in passing boxes of clay from the first to the fifth floor.
In June 2016, the Boston Globe reported that Commonwealth School sued Commonwealth Academy, a high school in Springfield, Massachusetts, over the use of the name "Commonwealth". It had trademarked "Commonwealth School" in 2012. The Springfield school is now known as Springfield Commonwealth Academy.
- "History — Commonwealth School". Commonwealth School. Retrieved 26 March 2018.
- "Clubs & Organizations — Commonwealth School". Commonwealth School. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
- "Prom — Commonwealth School". Retrieved 8 December 2017.
- Boston magazine Private Schools chart Archived August 31, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on 09/01/2009
- Malone Scholars page on Malone Family Foundation website. Retrieved 09/01/2009
- "Assembly — Commonwealth School". Retrieved 8 December 2017.
- "Athletics — Commonwealth School". Retrieved 8 December 2017.
- "Hancock — Commonwealth School". Retrieved 8 December 2017.
- "Magazine — Commonwealth School". Commonwealth School. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
- "Our Community — Commonwealth School". Retrieved 8 December 2017.
- Passing the Clay
- Fox, Jeremy. "Back Bay academy sues Springfield school over the name 'Commonwealth'". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 18 March 2018.