Open main menu

The Commonwealth Heritage List is a heritage register which lists places under the control of the Australian government, usually on land or in waters directly owned by the Crown (i.e., the Crown in right of the Commonwealth of Australia). Such places must have importance in relation to the natural, indigenous and historic heritage of Australia. The List was established under the Federal Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act).[1]

Commonwealth Heritage List
Old parliament house opening.jpg
A copy of the commemorative picture to mark the opening of the first Commonwealth Parliament at Old Parliament House, on 9 May 1927.
TypeHeritage register of natural, historic and indigenous places that are owned by the Commonwealth of Australia
CountryAustralia
Years2012 (2012) – present
Preceded byRegister of the National Estate
Compiled byCommonwealth of Australia via the Australian Heritage Council

Places protected under the Act include federally owned telegraph stations, defence sites, migration centres, customs houses, lighthouses, national institutions such as Parliament and High Court buildings, memorials, islands and marine areas.

HistoryEdit

In 2004, a new heritage management system was introduced by the Australian Government to protect Australia’s heritage places. Key elements are amendments to the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (Cwth), which include explicit requirements for cultural heritage protection, the creation of an Australian National Heritage List and a Commonwealth Heritage List and the establishment of the Australian Heritage Council under the Australian Heritage Council Act 2003. The Register of the National Estate was retained but lost its statutory power.

The National Heritage List is to include a small number of places of outstanding heritage significance to Australia.

CriteriaEdit

The Commonwealth Heritage criteria for a place are any or all of the following:[2]

(a) the place has significant heritage value because of the place’s importance in the course, or pattern, of Australia’s natural or cultural history

(b) the place has significant heritage value because of the place’s possession of uncommon, rare or endangered aspects of Australia’s natural or cultural history

(c) the place has significant heritage value because of the place’s potential to yield information that will contribute to an understanding of Australia’s natural or cultural history

(d) the place has significant heritage value because of the place’s importance in demonstrating the principal characteristics of:

(i) a class of Australia’s natural or cultural places; or

(ii) a class of Australia’s natural or cultural environments;

(e) the place has significant heritage value because of the place’s importance in exhibiting particular aesthetic characteristics valued by a community or cultural group;

(f) the place has significant heritage value because of the place’s importance in demonstrating a high degree of creative or technical achievement at a particular period;

(g) the place has significant heritage value because of the place’s strong or special association with a particular community or cultural group for social, cultural or spiritual reasons;

(h) the place has significant heritage value because of the place’s special association with the life or works of a person, or group of persons, of importance in Australia’s natural or cultural history;

(i) the place has significant heritage value because of the place’s importance as part of Indigenous tradition.

CompositionEdit

As of 28 September 2017, the Commonwealth Heritage List comprised 398 heritage places as follows:[3]

State/territory Number of places
Australian Capital Territory 83
New South Wales 130
Northern Territory 12
Queensland 31
South Australia 11
Tasmania 20
Victoria 41
Western Australia 20

ListEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999, Section 324A". Australasian Legal Information Institute. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
  2. ^ "Commonwealth Heritage List criteria". Department of the Environment and Energy. Australian Government. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
  3. ^ "Search: Commonwealth Heritage List". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment and Energy, Australian Government. Retrieved 28 September 2017.

AttributionEdit

  •   This article incorporates text by Commonwealth of Australia ( Department of the Environment and Energy) available under the CC BY 4.0 license.

External linksEdit