The common iliac artery is a large artery of the abdomen paired on each side. It originates from the aortic bifurcation at the level of the 4th lumbar vertebra. It ends in front of the sacroiliac joint, one on either side, and each bifurcates into the external and internal iliac arteries.
|Common iliac artery|
|Vein||common iliac veins|
|Latin||arteria iliaca communis|
The common iliac artery are about 4 cm long in adults and more than a centimeter in diameter. It begins as a branch of the aorta. This is at the level of the 4th lumbar vertebra. It runs inferolaterally, along the medial border of the psoas muscles. It bifurcates into the external iliac artery and the internal iliac artery at the pelvic brim, in front of the sacroiliac joints.
The common iliac artery, and all of its branches, exist as paired structures (that is to say, there is one on the left side and one on the right).
Both common iliac arteries are accompanied along their course by the two common iliac veins, which lie posteriorly and to the right. Their terminal bifurcation is crossed anteriorly by the ureters. This is significant, as the bifurcation of the common iliac artery is the second point of ureteric constriction.
The common iliac artery supplies the leg and the pelvic region.
Dilatation of the common iliac artery can be graded into the following categories:
|Normal||Diameter ≤ 12 mm|
|Ectasia||Diameter 12 to 18 mm|
|Aneurysm||Diameter ≥ 18 mm|
- Jacob, S. (2008). "4 - Abdomen". Human Anatomy. Churchill Livingstone. pp. 71–123. doi:10.1016/B978-0-443-10373-5.50007-5. ISBN 978-0-443-10373-5.
- Buckley, Brendan; Holden, Andrew; Merrilees, Stephen; Fernando, Rukshan (2020). "13 - Revascularization: Aortoiliac". Image-Guided Interventions - Expert Radiology (3rd ed.). Saunders. pp. 99–110. doi:10.1016/B978-0-323-61204-3.00013-0. ISBN 978-0-323-61204-3. S2CID 241869039.
- Melissa L Kirkwood. "Iliac artery aneurysm". Retrieved February 23, 2018. Last updated: Mar 27, 2017.
- Hypogastric artery - thefreedictionary.com
- Atlas image: abdo_wall75 at the University of Michigan Health System - "The Abdominal Aorta"
- Anatomy photo:40:09-0102 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center - "Posterior Abdominal Wall: The Abdominal Aorta and Paraaortic Nerve Plexus"
- Anatomy image:8969 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center