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Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe

The Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE), also known as the U.S. Helsinki Commission, is an independent U.S. government agency created by Congress in 1975 to monitor and encourage compliance with the Helsinki Final Act and other Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) commitments. It was initiated by House representative Millicent Fenwick [1] and established in 1975 pursuant to Public Law No. 94-304 and is based at the Ford House Office Building.

The Commission consists of nine members from the U.S. House of Representatives, nine members from the United States Senate, and one member each from the Departments of State, Defense, and Commerce. The positions of Chairman and Co-Chairman are shared by the House and Senate and rotate every two years, when a new Congress convenes. A professional staff assists the Commissioners in their work.

The Commission contributes to the formulation of U.S. policy toward the OSCE and the participating states and takes part in its execution, including through Member and staff participation on official U.S. delegations to OSCE meetings and in certain OSCE bodies. Members of the Commission have regular contact with parliamentarians, government officials, NGOs, and private individuals from other OSCE participating states.

The Commission convenes public hearings and briefings with expert witnesses on OSCE-related issues; issues public reports concerning implementation of OSCE commitments in participating States; publishes a periodic Digest with up-to-date information on OSCE developments and Commission activities; and organizes official delegations to participating States and OSCE meetings to address and assess democratic, economic, and human rights developments firsthand.

In February 2018, the CSCE convened in Washington, DC to address the issue of Russian doping in international sport. Central to the discussion was an exploration of the need to protect whistle-blowers. The meeting included testimony from Jim Walden,[2] attorney for Dr. Grigory Rodchenkov, the former head of Russia's anti-doping laboratory.[3]

Contents

CommissionersEdit

Majority Minority
Senate members
House members
Executive Branch

Historical leadershipEdit

Term start Term end Chair Co-Chair Ranking Member Vice Ranking Member
1976 1979 Rep. Dante Fascell (D-FL) Sen. Claiborne Pell (D-RI) Sen. Clifford Case (R-NJ) Rep. John Buchanan (R-AL)
1979 1981 Sen. Bob Dole (R-KS)
1981 1983 Sen. Bob Dole (R-KS) Sen. Pat Leahy (D-VT) Rep. Millicent Fenwick (R-NJ)
1983 1985 Sen. Dennis DeConcini (D-AZ) Sen. Al D'Amato (R-NY) Rep. Don Ritter (R-PA)
1985 1987 Sen. Al D'Amato (R-NY) Rep. Steny Hoyer (D-MD) Rep. Jack Kemp (R-NY) Sen. Dennis DeConcini (D-AZ)
1987 1989 Rep. Steny Hoyer (D-MD) Sen. Dennis DeConcini (D-AZ) Sen. Al D'Amato (R-NY) Rep. Jack Kemp (R-NY)
1989 1991 Sen. Dennis DeConcini (D-AZ) Rep. Steny Hoyer (D-MD) Rep. John Porter (R-IL) Sen. Al D'Amato (R-NY)
1991 1993 Rep. Steny Hoyer (D-MD) Sen. Dennis DeConcini (D-AZ) Sen. Al D'Amato (R-NY) Rep. John Porter (R-IL)
1993 1995 Sen. Dennis DeConcini (D-AZ) Rep. Steny Hoyer (D-MD) Rep. Chris Smith (R-NJ) Sen. Al D'Amato (R-NY)
1995 1997 Rep. Chris Smith (R-NJ) Sen. Al D'Amato (R-NY) Sen. Russ Feingold (D-WI) Rep. Ben Cardin (D-MD)
1997 1999 Sen. Al D'Amato (R-NY) Rep. Chris Smith (R-NJ) Rep. Ben Cardin (D-MD) Sen. Russ Feingold (D-WI)
1999 2001 Rep. Chris Smith (R-NJ) Sen. Ben Campbell (R-CO) Sen. Chris Dodd (D-CT) Rep. Ben Cardin (D-MD)
2001 2003 Sen. Ben Campbell (R-CO) Rep. Chris Smith (R-NJ) Rep. Ben Cardin (D-MD) Sen. Hillary Clinton (D-NY)
2003 2005 Rep. Chris Smith (R-NJ) Sen. Ben Campbell (R-CO) Sen. Hillary Clinton (D-NY) Rep. Ben Cardin (D-MD)
2005 2007 Sen. Sam Brownback (R-KS) Rep. Chris Smith (R-NJ) Rep. Ben Cardin (D-MD) Sen. Hillary Clinton (D-NY)
2007 2009 Rep. Alcee Hastings (D-FL) Sen. Ben Cardin (D-MD) Sen. Sam Brownback (R-KS) Rep. Chris Smith (R-NJ)
2009 2011 Sen. Ben Cardin (D-MD) Rep. Alcee Hastings (D-FL) Rep. Chris Smith (R-NJ) Sen. Sam Brownback (R-KS)
2011 2013 Rep. Chris Smith (R-NJ) Sen. Ben Cardin (D-MD) Sen. Roger Wicker (R-MS) Rep. Alcee Hastings (D-FL)
2013 2015 Sen. Ben Cardin (D-MD) Rep. Chris Smith (R-NJ) Rep. Alcee Hastings (D-FL) Sen. Roger Wicker (R-MS)
2015 2017 Rep. Chris Smith (R-NJ) Sen. Roger Wicker (R-MS) Sen. Ben Cardin (D-MD) Rep. Alcee Hastings (D-FL)
2017 2019 Sen. Roger Wicker (R-MS) Rep. Chris Smith (R-NJ) Rep. Alcee Hastings (D-FL) Sen. Ben Cardin (D-MD)
2019 present Rep. Alcee Hastings (D-FL) Sen. Roger Wicker (R-MS) Sen. Ben Cardin (D-MD) Rep. Joe Wilson (R-SC)

United States Code ReferenceEdit

Title 22, Chapter 45

Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe

[1]. Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe; establishment
[2]. Function and duties of Commission
[3]. Commission membership
[4]. Testimony of witnesses, production of evidence; issuance of subpoena; administration of oaths
[5]. Report relating to Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe
[6]. Commission report to Congress; periodic reports; expenditure of appropriations
[7]. Appropriations for Commission
[8]. Commission staff
[9]. Printing and binding costs

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Crump, Thomas (2014). Brezhnev and the Decline of the Soviet Union. Routledge. p. 154. ISBN 9780415690737.
  2. ^ "Attorney Speaks Russia's Doping Program, Feb 22 2018 | Video | C-SPAN.org". C-SPAN.org. Retrieved 2018-02-23.
  3. ^ "Independent US Government agency to hold hearing on Russian doping scandal". 17 February 2018. Retrieved 2018-02-23.

External linksEdit