Commander-in-Chief of the Pakistan Army(Redirected from Commander in Chief (Pakistan))
The Commander-in-Chief of the Pakistan Army (reporting name: C-in-C) was generally recognized to be a single and senior most appointment held by the four-star officer in the Pakistan Army.:105 Though, not a statutory office in existence, the Commander was subordinate to the Defence Minister but this was contested.
|Commander-in-Chief of the Pakistan Army
Flag of the Pakistan Army
|Ministry of Defence|
Army Secretariat-I at MoD
Rawalpindi Cantonment in Punjab, Pakistan
|Nominator||President or Prime Minister of Pakistan|
|Appointer||President or Prime Minister of Pakistan|
|Formation||August 15, 1947|
|First holder||Gen. Frank Messervy|
|Final holder||Lt. Gen. Gul Hassan Khan|
|Abolished||3 March 1972|
|Succession||Chief of Army Staff|
|Deputy||Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Pakistan Army|
Chief of General Staff
Direct appointments to the command of the Pakistan Army came from the British Army Council until 1951, when the first native commander-in-chief was nominated and appointed by the Government of Pakistan.:24
The C-in-C was assisted by deputy C-in-C till mid 60's, the last deputy C-in-C was Yahya Khan served till 1966. The C-in-C designation was changed to 'Chief of Army Staff' in 1972, Tikka Khan was the first person to hold the new title. Six men have served as C-in-C, the first two of them were native British and the post was largely akin to the post of Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Army. 
List of Commanders-in-ChiefEdit
|#||Picture||Name||Rank||Start of tenure||End of tenure||Notes|
|1||Frank Messervy||General||August 15, 1947||February 10, 1948||The first Commander-in-Chief of the Pakistan Army who took command in the rank of Acting General.|
|2||Douglas Gracey||General||February 11, 1948||January 16, 1951||The first officer with the rank of substantive full general (honorary) to hold the C-in-C title.|
|3||Ayub Khan||General||January 17, 1951||October 27, 1958||The first native Pakistani person to be the C-in-C, also the first chief to become President of the country. He was a self promoted Field Marshal after becoming the President.|
|4||Musa Khan||General||October 27, 1958||June 17, 1966||C-in-C during the Indo-Pak war of 1965 and also the longest serving officer to hold the post (8 years).|
|5||Yahya Khan||General||June 18, 1966||December 20, 1971||Last C-in-C of unified west and East Pakistan and also served as President of the country from 1969 to 1971.|
|6||Gul Hassan Khan||Lieutenant General||December 21, 1971||March 2, 1972||First C-in-C of the Pakistan Army after the secession of East Pakistan, serving till 1972 in the rank of Lieutenant General.|
- MoD, Ministry of Defence. "Organogram of MoD" (PDF). Ministry of Defence (Pakistan). Ministry of Defence Press. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
- Bajwa, Kuldip Singh (2003). "Kashmir Valley saved". Jammu and Kashmir War, 1947-1948: Political and Military Perspective (googlebooks) (1st ed.). New Delhi, India: Har-Anand Publications. p. 320. ISBN 9788124109236. Retrieved 3 December 2017.
- Harmon, Daniel E. (2008). Pervez Musharraf: President of Pakistan: Easyread Super Large 20pt Edition. ReadHowYouWant.com. ISBN 9781427092038. Retrieved 3 December 2017.
- Cheema, Pervaiz Iqbal (2002). "Defence Administration". The Armed Forces of Pakistan (google books) (1st ed.). New York, U.S.: NYU Press. p. 225. ISBN 9780814716335. Retrieved 25 July 2017.
- Shabbir, Usman (2003). "Command and Structure control of the Pakistan Army" (html). pakdef.org. PakDef Military Consortium. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
- Cloughley, Brian (2016). A History of the Pakistan Army: Wars and Insurrections. Skyhorse Publishing, Inc. ISBN 9781631440397. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
- "Pakistan: Army and Paramilitary Forces". www.factba.se. Retrieved 16 December 2013.
- Cloughley, Brian (2016). A History of the Pakistan Army: Wars and Insurrections. New York [u.s[: Skyhorse Publishing, Inc. ISBN 9781631440397. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
- "The Army Chief's". www.pakistanarmy.gov.pk. Retrieved 16 December 2013.
- "Gen. Ayub becomes President". Dawn (newspaper). 6 September 2017. Retrieved 23 October 2017.